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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 64 matches for " desirability "
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Handling Contradicting Requirements Using Desirability Functions
Zsolt Réthy,Zoltán Koczor,József Erdélyi
Acta Polytechnica Hungarica , 2004,
Abstract: Desirability functions serve to turn multiple response optimization problems into single response problems. A new set of these functions will be introduced within this paper that are based on an analogous probabilistic model for predicting the optimal starting time of a process to meet a given time schedule. We use loss-function-like functions and the probability of not meeting a given target to find the optimal set of input parameters where statistical properties are as we expect.
Response Distortion on the NEO PI-R among Candidates Taking the Entrance Examination to the National School of Civil Aviation (ENAC-France)  [PDF]
Jacques Juhel, Sophie Brunot, Gérard Zapata
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.35055
Abstract: This study examined the effect of a selection context on the responses to a five factor personality questionnaire (Revised NEO Personality Inventory) of 974 candidates taking the entrance examination to the ENAC (National School of Civil Aviation, France). A response distortion index was calculated using Schinka, Kinder and Kremer (1997)’s method. The results indicate: 1) lower neuroticism scores but higher conscientiousness, agreeableness and extraversion scores compared to standard conditions; 2) a high estimated effect of the response distortion index on all dimensions of the NEO PI-R except for Openness to experience; 3) substantial stability of scores at a one-year interval (N = 117). The paper discusses the conceptual and practical value of this response distortion index for measuring the dimensions of the NEO PI-R in candidates taking the entrance examination to the ENAC.
Impacts of social desirability response bias on sexuality care of cancer patients among Chinese nurses  [PDF]
Ding-Mei Li, Abbey Hyde, Yingchun Zeng
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.24050
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to detect social desirable response bias on Chinese nurses’ attitudes and beliefs toward sexuality care of cancer patients. A cross-sectional self-reported questionnaire based survey was used. Measures included a 12-item Inventory of Sexuality Attitude and Belief Survey (SABS) and a 10-item Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. Total social desirability scores were significantly correlated with four individual items of the SABS, and significantly predicted the total SABS scores (β=﹣0.155, p= 0.028). Before controlling social desirability variable, nurses’ age, marital status, years of working experience, and working units were significantly correlated with total SABS scores. After controlling social desirability variable, only nurses’ age and working units were statistically significant predictors of SABS. Social desirable response bias had impacts on Chinese nurses’ attitudes and beliefs toward sexuality care of cancer patients. Study findings demonstrated that social desirable response bias would potentially jeopardize human sexuality assessment and counseling in nursing practice. Controlling social desirable response should consider using a social desirability scale to detect and control potential social desirability bias during data analysis.
The Influence of Social Desirability on Self-Reported Sexual Behavior in HIV Survey in Rural Ethiopia  [PDF]
Alexander Vu, Kiemanh Pham, Nhan Tran, Saifuddin Ahmed
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2013.34044
Abstract:

Objective: It is in order to examine associations between social desirability (SD) and self-reports of abstinence among youths in rural Ethiopia. Methods: Youths of ages 15-24 (114 participants) were administered questionnaire to assess HIV knowledge and primary abstinence and a modified Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale to assess SD bias. The relationships between SD groups (dichotomized into high and low) and abstinence by various characteristics were assessed by using Fisher’s exact p-values. Results: The odds of individuals reporting abstinence were 13.2 times greater in the high SD group compared to the low SD group (p-value 0.002) when adjusted for education, gender, age group, and HIV knowledge. The differences in abstinence between the high and low SD score groups were also examined for selected variables. Conclusions: Individuals who exhibited more SD bias were more likely to report primary abstinence. SD bias should be considered when conducting self-reported surveys to measure the effectiveness of HIV prevention programs.

Correlates of Internet Addiction among Adolescents  [PDF]
Alfred D. Waldo
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.518203
Abstract: Internet addiction is a broad concept. Despite inconclusive or inconsistent definition for this disorder, usage of the internet is growing rapidly each year especially among adolescents, making it imperative to look into factors that can be correlated to it. The study provided description on adolescent internet addiction and examined significant differences in terms of gender, type of school and online behaviors. Further, the relationship of adolescent internet addiction to spiritual intelligence, psychological wellbeing and social desirability was explored. Questionnaires were used in the data collection; findings suggest that adolescents are frequent online users and that there are significant differences in terms of gender, school type, and online behaviors; social desirability had a strong positive relationship with adolescent internet addiction.
O impacto da mobilidade de renda sobre o bem-estar econ?mico no Brasil
Figueiredo, Erik Alencar de;
Economia Aplicada , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-80502009000300007
Abstract: the study of figueiredo e ziegelmann (2007) showed that in brazil there was a gain in welfare related to increasing of income mobility. however, this results did not consider one of the side effects related to this phenomenon: the increase of uncertainty associated to the behavior of consumption. according to this approach, this study questions how desirable is the income mobility in brazil. it was used an index that separates the negative and positive effects related to mobility. the results showed, considering a coefficient of risk aversion, that an increase of income mobility will have positive effects only if the inequality parameter is superior to 2.95.
Tradu??o da escala de desejo de aceita??o social de Marlowe & Crowne para a língua portuguesa
Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza;Cordás, Táki Athanássios;Polacow, Viviane Ozores;Coelho, Desire;Alvarenga, Marle;Philippi, Sonia Tucunduva;Lancha Jr, Antonio Herbert;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832004000600001
Abstract: social desirability can bias the parameters measured by self-report. the aims of this study were: a) to translate into portuguese the marlowe-crowne social desirability scale, which quantifies social desirability and; b) to evaluate its precision. the version was obtained through a process of translation and back translation. a test-retest was conducted, in which the scale was administered twice, with one-month interval, to dietetics students (n = 57). a wilcoxon matched pairs test verified if there was difference between the two applications. the spearman correlation coefficient between the applications was calculated. the scores obtained were 13.6 ± 4.4 (median 13) in the first application, and 13.4 ± 5.3 (median 13) in the second application. there was no difference between the means of the two applications (z = 1.66; p = 0.10) and correlation between them was 0.82 (p = 0.0000001). the score obtained was similar to those obtained by students in developed countries, which suggests that translation did not modify the scale's original meaning. precision was high and compatible with that one obtained with the original version. these results indicate that the brazilian version of the marlowe-crowne social desirability scale is precise and adequate.
Sugestionabilidade interrogativa em crian?as de 8 e 9 anos de idade
Costa,André; Pinho,Maria Salomé;
Análise Psicológica , 2010,
Abstract: to study the influence of the variables age, intelligence, memory, general anxiety and social desirability in suggestibility, 8 and 9-year-old children were assessed using the bonn test of statement suggestibility (btss). the effect of the variables memory and non-verbal intelligence was studied in 145 children while, in a subsample of 74 children, the variables verbal intelligence, general anxiety and social desirability were also taken into account besides the ones previously referred to. eight-year-old children are more suggestible than older children. in the eight-year-old group, those with better performances in non-verbal intelligence (measured by raven’s coloured progressive matrices - rcpm), and in the btss story recall are less suggestible compared to the children with worse performances in these tests. similarly, the worse the performance achieved by nine-year-old children in rcpm, in the btss story recall and in the subtests of information, vocabulary and arithmetic of wisc-iii are, the more suggestible they are. the children belonging to this age group who show high social desirability (evaluated by rcmas) are also more suggestible. these results are discussed according to its relevance in the scope of the forensic field.
Uso de descritores morfológicos e herdabilidade de caracteres em clones de capim-elefante de porte baixo
Silva, Sharlyton Harysson Barbosa da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Dubeux Junior, José Carlos Batista;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982009000800008
Abstract: the experiment was carried out with the objectives to evaluate the use of morphologic descriptor in the characterization and selection of dwarf elephant grass genotypes, and to evaluate the heritability of the evaluated traits. nine dwarf elephant grass clones were used (taiwan a.146 - 2.14, taiwan a.146 - 2.27, taiwan a.146 - 2.37, taiwan a.146 - 2.114, merker méxico - 6.2, merker méxico - 6.5, merker méxico - 6.31, cv. mott, and cnpgl92f198.7) was allotted to a randomized complete block design was used with three replications. the morphologic descriptors were applied every 60 days after the staging cut. a total of five cuts were performed at 60-day intervals using a height of 10 cm from ground level. among the evaluated dwarf elephant grass clones the tallest ones were more desirable, and this trait should be considered at the moment of selection. heritability estimate was high for all evaluated traits of dwarf elephant grass, varying from 66% for sheath wax to 100% for mid-rib color. the taiwan a.146 - 2.37 clone was similar to the mott cultivar. heritability values showed genetic variability among clones, detected at 60 days regrowth. some of the used morphologic descriptors allowed characterization of the evaluated genotypes. the clones taiwan a. 146-2.27, taiwan a. 146-2.37, taiwan a. 146-2.114, and merker méxico 6.31 were the tallest and showed greater total tillering intensity, and were more desirable, presenting greater potential for use under cutting.
Percep??es de transtorno mental de usuários da Estratégia Saúde da Família
Camara, Mariana Cristina;Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472010000400017
Abstract: this research aimed to identify perceptions of mental disease by subjects who receive mental health assistance from the family health strategy. the method is qualitative, with 12 subjects answering semi-structured interviews. using the thematic analysis model, we found perceptions about the topics: history of life, suffering and family conflicts. mental disease was related to experiences of poverty, lack of affect and relationships, which increase vulnerability and reveal the scope of risk factors for mental ilness. in the reports, the possibility of suicide was often mentioned. we call attention to the importance of hearing and taking into consideration concepts elaborated by the subjects who are receiving mental health care, indicating the necessity of organizational directions to account for a diversity of situations.
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