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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36424 matches for " del Puerto Rodríguez "
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Indicadores para evaluar productos y tecnologías ambientales de importación y de producción nacional
Puerto Rodríguez,Asela M. del; Prieto Díaz,Vicente;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2004,
Abstract: the environmental health strategy is directed to the establishment of programs of prevention and control of environment risks for human health, the increase of trade carried on by national, mixed and foreing enterprises, as well as the development of tourism during the last years in cuba. therefore, it is very important to guarantee the use of chemicals and efficient environmental technologies with a minimum risk level for human health. the records of products and environmental products subject to the process of sanitary registry from 1998 to 2003 were reviewed.the products and technologies related to environment and its health and, among therm, those used in the treatment and disinfection of drinking water, water devoted to recreational activities and sewage, were classified. the most significant indicators allowing the expert committee to evaluate this situation, were also defined.
Salud, medio ambiente y desarrollo en Cuba: Una mirada realista
Puerto Rodríguez,Asela M. Del; Diego Olite,Francisca;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2004,
Abstract: the human development report 2003 states that in order to revert the decrease of the economic growth experienced by numerous nations in 2000, the development strategies should focus not only on economic growth, but also on a more equitable distribution of wealth and services. what has cuba done about it? in this paper, it its summarized the relation between indicators associated with human development, environment and health in different stages of the cuban revolutionary process, in which equity ,social justice and the state's concern on this regard are constant. the fundamental results obtained in these spheres and some elements characterizing the conscious and foresighted work done after the triumph of the revolution in connection with the protection of the environment and the health of the population, as well as the utilization of the available resources to potentiate the human capital, are dealt with. the main moments of the national environmental strategy, with particular emphasis on the development of environmental health, are included. it is made a summary of the international legal instruments regarding the environmental aspects that have been signed by the greatest island of the antilles in the last three decades.
Indicadores para evaluar productos y tecnologías ambientales de importación y de producción nacional Indicators to evaluate import and national environmental products and technologies
Asela M. del Puerto Rodríguez,Vicente Prieto Díaz
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2004,
Abstract: La estrategia en salud ambiental va encaminada hacia el establecimiento de programas de prevención y control de los riesgos del ambiente sobre la salud humana, el auge del comercio a cargo de empresas nacionales, mixtas y extranjeras, así como el desarrollo del turismo que ha tenido lugar en los últimos a os en Cuba. Por tal motivo, es de gran importancia garantizar el uso de productos químicos y tecnologías ambientales eficaces con un nivel de riesgo mínimo para la salud humana. Para el presente trabajo se realizó una revisión de los expedientes de productos y tecnologías ambientales sujetos al proceso de registro sanitario en el período comprendido de 1996 al 2003. Se clasificaron los productos y tecnologías vinculadas al ambiente y la salud, entre ellas las utilizadas en el tratamiento y desinfección de las aguas potables, recreativas y residuales, y se definieron los indicadores de mayor relevancia que permitan la evaluación por parte del comité de expertos. The environmental health strategy is directed to the establishment of programs of prevention and control of environment risks for human health, the increase of trade carried on by national, mixed and foreing enterprises, as well as the development of tourism during the last years in Cuba. Therefore, it is very important to guarantee the use of chemicals and efficient environmental technologies with a minimum risk level for human health. The records of products and environmental products subject to the process of sanitary registry from 1998 to 2003 were reviewed.The products and technologies related to environment and its health and, among therm, those used in the treatment and disinfection of drinking water, water devoted to recreational activities and sewage, were classified. The most significant indicators allowing the Expert Committee to evaluate this situation, were also defined.
Salud, medio ambiente y desarrollo en Cuba: Una mirada realista Health, environment and development in Cuba. A realistic look
Asela M. Del Puerto Rodríguez,Francisca Diego Olite
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2004,
Abstract: El informe sobre el desarrollo humano 2003 sostiene que para revertir el descenso del crecimiento económico experimentado por numerosas naciones en el 2000, las estrategias de desarrollo han de centrarse no sólo en el crecimiento económico, sino también en una distribución más equitativa de la riqueza y de los servicios. Qué ha hecho Cuba al respecto? En este trabajo se resume la relación entre indicadores asociados al desarrollo humano, el medio ambiente y la salud en diferentes etapas del proceso revolucionario cubano, en el que sobresale una constante: la equidad, la justicia social y la ocupación del Estado con este propósito. Se reflejan los resultados fundamentales obtenidos en esas esferas y algunos elementos que caracterizan la labor consciente y previsora después del triunfo de la Revolución en la protección del medio ambiente y la salud de la población, así como la utilización de los recursos disponibles en función de potenciar el desarrollo del capital humano. Incluye los principales momentos de la estrategia ambiental nacional, con particular énfasis en el desarrollo de la salud ambiental, y se muestra un resumen de los instrumentos jurídicos internacionales relacionados con el aspecto ambiental firmados por la isla mayor de las Antillas en las 3 últimas décadas. The human development report 2003 states that in order to revert the decrease of the economic growth experienced by numerous nations in 2000, the development strategies should focus not only on economic growth, but also on a more equitable distribution of wealth and services. What has Cuba done about it? In this paper, it its summarized the relation between indicators associated with human development, environment and health in different stages of the Cuban revolutionary process, in which equity ,social justice and the State's concern on this regard are constant. The fundamental results obtained in these spheres and some elements characterizing the conscious and foresighted work done after the triumph of the Revolution in connection with the protection of the environment and the health of the population, as well as the utilization of the available resources to potentiate the human capital, are dealt with. The main moments of the national environmental strategy, with particular emphasis on the development of environmental health, are included. It is made a summary of the international legal instruments regarding the environmental aspects that have been signed by the greatest island of the Antilles in the last three decades.
Conocimientos y actitud de la población en relación con el saneamiento básico ambiental
del Puerto Quintana,Conrado; Concepción Rojas,Miriam; Puerto Rodríguez,Asela del; Prieto Díaz,Vicente;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2000,
Abstract: with the objective of exploridng knowledge and attitudes of the population of centro havana municipality as to basic environmental sanitaion, a descriptive crosswise study was made qith 136 577 people who represent the total population aged 15 years or over living in the 5 people?s councils of this municpality. a questionnaire was prepared to this end and applied to a sample selected by a simple random sampling without replacement, and the size of the sample was adjusted to 200 people from each council. they were questioned about water supply, disposal of liquid and solid wastes and the control of vectors, among others. variables related to knowledge and attitudes were evaluated by giving a value of 10 points to each of them. the final evaluation consisted of grading the answers to each variable and classifying them in five levels. for the analysis of the results there was a data base with acces processor. the outcome shows a poor sanitary education of a sizeable part of the population, which in turns has an incidence on the inhabitants′ attitudes.
Conocimientos y actitud de la población en relación con el saneamiento básico ambiental
Conrado del Puerto Quintana,Miriam Concepción Rojas,Asela del Puerto Rodríguez,Vicente Prieto Díaz
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2000,
Abstract: Con el fin de explorar los conocimientos y actitudes de la población del municipio Centro Habana relacionadas con el saneamiento básico ambiental, se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, cuyo universo estuvo constituido por 136 577 personas que representan el total de la población de 15 a os o más residentes en los 5 consejos populares. Se confeccionó un cuestionario que fue aplicado a una muestra seleccionada por muestreo simple aleatorio sin reemplazo, y se ajustó el tama o a 200 personas por consejo. Se exploró el abastecimiento de agua, la disposición de residuales líquidos y desechos sólidos, y el control de vectores, entre otros. La evaluación de las variables relativas a conocimientos y actitudes se realizó asignando a cada una un valor de 10 puntos. La evaluación final de cada encuesta se realizó calificando las respuestas obtenidas en cada variable y clasificándose en 5 niveles. Para el análisis de los resultados se creó una base de datos mediante el procesador ACCES. Los resultados obtenidos muestran una insuficiencia en la educación sanitaria en una parte apreciable de la población, lo que a su vez incide en la actitud de los habitantes. With the objective of exploridng knowledge and attitudes of the population of Centro Havana municipality as to basic environmental sanitaion, a descriptive crosswise study was made qith 136 577 people who represent the total population aged 15 years or over living in the 5 people?s councils of this municpality. A questionnaire was prepared to this end and applied to a sample selected by a simple random sampling without replacement, and the size of the sample was adjusted to 200 people from each council. They were questioned about water supply, disposal of liquid and solid wastes and the control of vectors, among others. Variables related to knowledge and attitudes were evaluated by giving a value of 10 points to each of them. The final evaluation consisted of grading the answers to each variable and classifying them in five levels. For the analysis of the results there was a data base with ACCES processor. The outcome shows a poor sanitary education of a sizeable part of the population, which in turns has an incidence on the inhabitants′ attitudes.
Epidemiología del carcinoma hepatocelular en un área rural: Papel de los virus hepatotropos en la supervivencia
Rodríguez-Vidigal,F. F.; Baz,M. J.; Romero,J.; Puerto,M. del;
Anales de Medicina Interna , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S0212-71992005000400002
Abstract: background: chronic hepatitis c and b are the main causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc) worldwide. it is not clear whether chronic hepatitis c or b virus (hcv or hbv) infection is a prognostic factor for hcc. this study aimed to asses epidemiology of hcc in a rural area and to determine if chronic hcv or hbv infection had any impact on survival after the diagnosis of hcc. material and methods: fifty-one consecutive patients were retrospectively studied. all of them were diagnosed of hcc between january 1994 and december 2002 in a first level hospital. the following variables were analysed: age, sex, hcv and hbv infection, chronic alcohol abuse (daily intake upper 80 g), clinical presentation, child stage, number ol liver nodules, therapeutic options and survival. results: the mean age at diagnosis of hcc was 68,5 years old (age range 45-90) and 45 patients (88,6%) were male. heavy alcohol intake (66%) and chronic hcv infection (42,8%) were the most prevalent etiologic factors. chronic hbv was found in 11,9%. chronic hcv or hbv infection was present in 48,9%. twenty-five percent were asymptomatic and 66% were in child stage a. the rate single lesion / multilobular hcc was 52/48. only 6% of all patients could be treated with a curative intention. the mean survival was 10,9 ± 9,1 months, and there were no differences in age, sex, child stage and number of nodules. there was a significantly higher survival in patients with chronic hcv or hbv infection (16,7 ± 13,1 months versus 4,75 ± 5,3 months in seronegative patients; p=0.02). on multivariate analysis, only chronic hcv or hbv infection was associated with survival longer than 10 months (or 22,3; ci 95% 1,8-277,9). conclusions: in our area, heavy alcohol abuse and hcv infection were the most prevalent etiologic factors of hcc. chronic hcv or hbv infection was associated with longer survival in patientes with hcc.
Impacto en el ambiente y la salud de las medidas de intervención social del "Proyecto Cayo Hueso"
García Baluja,Rodolfo; Puerto Rodríguez,Asela del; Ca?as Pérez,Regla;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2002,
Abstract: a comparative and descriptive study on the existing situation at the beginning and after the implementation of the "cayo hueso project" was conducted for a year. the working universe was made up of the population of this locality. it had 2 stages: the initial evaluation stage and the stage following the intervention. the characteristics of the community, the environmental sanitation, the housing state and the behavior of morbidity from food-borne diseases, leptospirosis and pulmonary tuberculosis were evaluated in both stages. the magnitude of the change was appreciated by professional judgement and public perception. there was an improvement in the habitability degree of the houses and in the studied morbidity indicators. as regards the environmental indicators, no changes were observed in the quality of water, in the sewage overflowing and in the vector indecis.
Evaluación sanitaria de productos y tecnologías ambientales. Experiencias y proyecciones
Suárez Pita,Maritza T; Puerto Rodríguez,Asela del; Cangas Ranca?o,Ricardo;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2003,
Abstract: the technologies used in the attention to the environment have proved to be of special interest during the last years. the cuban health authorities have implemented regulations in order to guarantee the innocuousness and efficiency of the environmental products and technologies supporting the development of trade and turism. the health evaluation and approval before the commercialization of the technologies related to environment and health in the national territory is made by an expert committee assigned to the health registry of food, cosmetics and personal hygiene goods. the percentual distribution by type of product and technology of the 129 that were approved from may, 1996, to june, 2002, is carried out. 58.13 % corresponded to those products used in the treatment and disinfection of swimming pools. the projection in this activity is the design and development
Saneamiento ambiental y enfermedades de transmisión digestiva en el municipio Plaza de la Revolución, 1992-1997
del Puerto Rodríguez,Asela María; Concepción Rojas,Miriam; Iglesias Fernández,Ana Margarita;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 1999,
Abstract: this is an ecological study where the results of some indicators of environmental sanitation (quality of water, hydric contamination, collection of solid wastes and disposal of liquid residuals) and the behavior of morbidity due to digestive transmitted diseases, such as hepatitis, acute diarrheal diseases, and food poisoning observed in the municipality of plaza de la revolución from 1992 to the first semester of 1997 are shown. the information was obtained from the primary data of medical attention of the municipal statistical department and of the municipal environmental health department. incidence rates were calculated by health areas, endemic channels and trends. there are deficiencies with potable water and in the management of solid wastes and liquid residuals. it is observed a correspondance between morbidity and water potability
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