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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1777 matches for " competition "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
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Enterprise Culture: The Headspring of the Enterprise Competition Ability  [PDF]
Zhaojiang Dong
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.15006
Abstract: There are many factors that can decide and affect the enterprise competition ability. From the value chain, the article has analyzed and inquired into the formation and promotion of enterprise competition, and think that the enterprise culture is headspring of enterprise competition ability, that the product or service is the carrying of business enterprise competition ability, and that the value chain is the guaranteeing of the enterprise competition ability. The enterprise culture is the headspring of nutrition to the enterprise competition ability, it is a key factor that affects the enterprise competition ability.
Spatial Competition between Health Care Providers: Effects of Standardization  [PDF]
Bj?rn A. Kuchinke, Jürgen Zerth
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.53043
Abstract: In the international health care literature the impacts of competition in health care markets are discussed widely. But aspects of standardization in regional health care markets with no price competition received comparatively little attention. We use a typical Hotelling framework to analyze a regional health care market with two health care providers competing in (vertical) quality after the scope of medical treatment has been set (horizontal quality). We conclude that in the basic model both health care providers will use vertical quality to separate from each other. In the next step we introduce a standard in vertical quality of which one health care providerthe standard profiteer—could better cope with. In the standardization case a more homogeneous supply can be expected and there is a higher possibility that the standard follower has to leave the regional health care market. Therefore standardization of health care quality could strengthen monopolistic tendencies.
Optimism and Burnout in Competitive Sport  [PDF]
Rosendo Berengüí, Enrique J. Garcés de los Fayos Ruiz, Francisco J. Ortín Montero, Ricardo de la Vega Marcos, José María López Gullón
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.49A2003
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between optimism and burnout in the context of athletic competition. The sample was composed of 227 athletes that competed in wrestling at Spain’s national level. For the assessment of constructs, the Spanish version by Otero et al. (1998) of the Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) was utilized, as well as the Inventario de Burnout para Deportistas (IBD), which was an adaptation for athletic populations by Garcés de Los Fayos (1999) of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) (Maslach & Jackson, 1981). The results demonstrate a relationship between optimism and the three dimensions of burnout, in which the athletes who are more optimistic demonstrate less emotional exhaustion, less depersonalization, and a greater perception of personal accomplishment in their athletic performance.

Competition in the Nigerian Telecommunications Industry  [PDF]
Olumide K. Obayemi
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.54027
Abstract: A certain means of improving the Nigerian socio-economic environment is through the introduction of healthy laissez faire, free market economy, and competitive economic environment that is strongly rooted equal and easy access to raw materials, workforce, imported raw materials and machineries for production and distribution that would be available to all businesses and manufacturers. There must be rules that eschew nepotism, monopoly, and/or oligopoly. History has always shown that research, development, and innovation thrive in an economic environment founded on freedom, equality and unhindered capacity. This work, therefore, examines and appraises the rules and regulations that have been instituted to encourage healthy competition and forestall antitrust practices among Nigerian businesses. Further, it proffers suggestions for improvement of the Nigerian antitrust rules, in view of multiplicity of legislation covering similar/ identical subject matters. This work reviews the efficacy of the rules promoting competition, within the context of the Nigerian telecommunication sector, and argues for harmonization of all legislation prohibiting anti-trust acts, in order to set definite and coherent standards for all stakeholders. The work further examines the need for necessary reforms that would discourage anti-trust practices and help to achieve the Nigerian government’s goal of attracting foreign investment. In addition, the author looks at the expeditious passage of the Federal Competition Commission Bill 2005 (FCCB) and the setting up of the Federal Competition Commission (FCC), whose aim is to regulate, prevent and punish anti-competitive practices, regulate Mergers, Takeovers and Acquisitions, and protect regulated industries, in every sector and location in Nigeria. In the end, the accompanying suggestions for reform will invariably impact Nigeria’s economic, social, and political competitiveness at the global stage.
Independent Redistricting Commissions and Electoral Competition in the US House of Representatives  [PDF]
James de Vault
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2019.91001
Abstract: This paper analyzes whether redistricting commissions impact electoral competition in the US House of Representatives. Data from the last three redistricting cycles are used to estimate a fixed-effects regression model that controls for state and time invariant effects. The model shows that independent redistricting commissions enhance electoral competition and that this effect has become stronger since the introduction of these commissions in Arizona and California. The model also shows that other types of redistricting commissions as a whole produce districts that are no more competitive than those produced by partisan-controlled legislative redistricting.
Influência de diferentes períodos de controle e convivência de plantas daninhas em eucalipto
Londero, Eduardo Kneipp;Schumacher, Mauro Valdir;Ramos, Luiz Otávio Oliveira;Ramiro, Glodoaldo Arantes;Szymczak, Denise Andreia;
CERNE , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-77602012000300011
Abstract: this work studied the periods of control and coexistence of weeds with eucalyptus culture. the experiment was led in candiota, rs, in the period from january to december, 2006. the treatments consisted of different control times and coexistence of the culture, these periods were divided in two groups; one was to determine the period previous to the interference (ppi) and the other to define the total period of prevention of the interference (tpfi). in the two groups the tested periods were: 00, 28, 56, 84, 112, 140, 168, 210, 252, 294 and 336 days. the young trees of eucalyptus were susceptible to weed, presenting a period previous to the interference of 56 days. in order to guarantee its largest production, the total period of prevention of the interference was 140 days and the period previous to the interference was of 56 days.
Influences of different control periods and coexistence with weed in eucalyptus
Eduardo Kneipp Londero,Mauro Valdir Schumacher,Luiz Otávio Oliveira Ramos,Glodoaldo Arantes Ramiro
CERNE , 2012,
Abstract: This work studied the periods of control and coexistence of weeds with eucalyptus culture. The experiment was led in Candiota, RS, in the period from January to December, 2006. The treatments consisted of different control times and coexistence of the culture, these periods were divided in two groups; one was to determine the Period Previous to the Interference (PPI) and the other to define the Total Period of Prevention of the Interference (TPFI). In the two groups the tested periods were: 00, 28, 56, 84, 112, 140, 168, 210, 252, 294 and 336 days. The young trees of eucalyptus were susceptible to weed, presenting a period previous to the interference of 56 days. In order to guarantee its largest production, the total period of prevention of the interference was 140 days and the period previous to the interference was of 56 days.
Social Welfare under Quantity Competition and Price Competition in a Mixed Duopoly with Network Effects: An Analysis  [PDF]
Yasuhiko Nakamura
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2013.34035
Abstract:

In their recent work, Matsumura and Ogawa (2012) showed that in the context of a mixed duopoly, equilibrium social welfare is higher in price-setting competition than in quantity-setting competition. We found that when the strength of network effects is sufficiently high, the above result is totally reversed; thus, in a mixed duopoly, the presence of network effects weakens the superiority of price-setting competition with respect to equilibrium social welfare.

Price and Quantity Competition in a Mixed Duopoly with Emission Tax  [PDF]
Shuichi Ohori
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.42020
Abstract:

This paper compares price and quantity competition in a mixed duopoly with emission tax; in a mixed duopoly, one public firm competes with one private firm in the market. We find that social welfare is the highest when both the firms simultaneously choose price levels. Then, the optimal emission tax is sufficiently lower than the marginal social damage.

In Search of the Effects of Competition on Unemployment: Evidence from OECD Countries  [PDF]
Bo Zhao
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2011.44051
Abstract: This paper explores the empirical relationship between unemployment rate and product market competition in eighteen OECD countries through three sets of quantitative analyses. We find that the effect of competition on employment depends on the existing competition intensity and the relationship between the unemployment and competition appears to be inverted-N shape—in countries where existing competition intensity is either high or low, an increase in competition tends to reduce unemployment rate significantly; but for countries where existing competition intensity is moderate, intensified competition is more likely to increase unemployment rate significantly.
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