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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9349 matches for " child labour "
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Child Migration and Dropping Out of Basic School in Ghana: The Case of Children in a Fishing Community  [PDF]
Eric Daniel Ananga
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.46057

The government of Ghana’s effort on increasing access to basic education led to removal of school fees, introduction of capitation grants, school feeding and free school uniforms. While such moves have been applauded leading to improved access, child migration remains a barrier to educational access for children living in fishing communities in Ghana. This paper presents the experiences of schoolchildren who drop out of school as a result of child labour and seasonal migration. The central questions of the study are how and why migration acts as a barrier to education of children who had initial access. The paper presents in-depth analysis of qualitative data. The findings presented in the paper demonstrate that children enroll and attend school until they begin to migrate during mid-school sessions resulting in their exclusion from basic school. The paper concludes by highlighting some policy implications of children’s seasonal migration during school sessions and access to basic school in Ghana.

Parents and Child Labour: A Testimony from Automobile Workshops in Islamabad  [PDF]
Muhammad Aboul Hassan Rashid, Saif-ur-Rehman Saif Abbasi, Shahzad Farid, Malik Maliha Manzoor
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2015.58022
Abstract: The present study was aimed to find out some measures of child labour in the capital of Pakistan (Islamabad). Study explored some parental factors like (socio-economic status, criminal tendency of parents, their physical health, parental pressure, age of the parents as well as social acceptance of the parents) related to child labour. Child labor was one of the oldest curses that still refused to fade away in our part of the world. The main objective of the study was to determine the characteristics of working children in automobile workshops and to bring out those associated factors leading to child labor in automobile workshops in Islamabad. For the said purpose, 250 working children were then purposively drawn and attributed with less than 18 years of age in the locality of Islamabad. The information was obtained from the respondents by using interview schedule as a tool for the present study. Children were facing many problems at work such as cuts and burns (48%), muscles pain (28%), eyes infection and different orthopedic injuries (10%) and (14%) respectively. Results showed that a negative correlation existed between the variables (child labour and socio-economic status, physical health of parents) while all other variables such as age of the parents, social acceptance, criminal tendency and parental pressures were positively correlated with the measure (child labour).
Characteristics of Child Labour and Their Health Problems: Findings from Rural Community of India  [PDF]
Sourav Mondal, Koustuv Dalal, Dilip Kumar Sahoo, Animesh Biswas
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.810096
Abstract: Background: Child labour is a big problem. Studies have indicated several problems of child labour. However, few studies have indicated the characteristics of child labour rural India. Objectives: This study has explored characteristics of child labour and their families in the rural community of eastern India and also identified their health problems. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to explore their characteristics in purposively selected areas in rural Howrah, India. Frequency table and bar-diagrams were used. Results: The study identified 72% boys and 28% girls as child labour. Majority of the children (67.9%) were labour because they wanted to help their parents. In 8.9% cases, they were forced to work by their parents. In 5.4% cases, they were orphans. Majority of the children were not satisfied (78.6%) with their job place and job status. Conclusions: Child labourers are not satisfied with their job. Their money is used in family. Parents are illiterate. Lack of effective education system and availability of functional schools are both causes and consequences of child labour. Due to illiteracy, working conditions for these children get worse as they are not even aware of the occupational benefits.
Steven Wind,Devajana C Nanjunda
Academic Research International , 2011,
Abstract: Child labour implies that who are in the age group below 14 yrs and who work for themselves or for their family for an income and who contribute a significant share to the labour force of India. Childlabour is more a rural phenomenon than an urban phenomenon in India. It is found that acute poverty and other reasons poor families send their children to urban areas for bread and butter. In urban areas, to survive in a cutthroat competition, manufacturers have lowered the real wages for adult workers in order to employ child workers on low wages. The problem is very much vast in its dimension. Children are forced to work in the most hazardous, unhygienic conditions, where they are vulnerable to many severe health problems. Child labour is an international evil. It requires cumulative efforts to wipe it out. Toiling long hours for a pittance, these little breadwinners acceptexploitation as a way of life. This article gives a silid platform for debate with few unnoticed issues regarding child labour problem
O trabalho infantil doméstico e o processo de escolariza??o
Alberto, Maria de Fátima Pereira;Santos, Denise Pereira dos;Leite, Fernanda Moreira;Lima, José Wilson de;Wanderley, José Carlos Vieira;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822011000200010
Abstract: the paper reports on a research that aimed to verify the relation between domestic child labour and the scholarship process. the research had the participation of 100 subjects from both sexes, with ages between 07 and 18 years old. it was used two instruments: the first identified if the child or the adolescent were workers, and the second was a questionnaire composed by open and closed questions. to analyse data, it was used analysis of contents of bardin, descriptive statistical and the software spss. results reveal that 80,0% of the subjects have repeated at school, and 85,0% have low scholar performance; and the biggest reason for repetition was the difficulty with scholar structure. it is concluded, then, that there are implications of the work executed in scholarship process and the relation between domestic labour and scholarship process influence one another.
O trabalho dos adolescentes no Algarve: um estudo sobre as suas motiva??es, organiza??o familiar e práticas de socializa??o
Invernizzi,Antonella; Tomé,Sonia;
Análise Social , 2007,
Abstract: this article analyses adolescent and adult views of child labour in the algarve and seeks to provide a new understanding of such practices. with its focus on children, it adopts the 1989 un convention on the rights of children (crc) and the paradigm of the child as both subject and social actor.
Trabalho infantil e desenvolvimento: reflex?es à luz de Vigotski
Alberto, Maria de Fátima Pereira;Santos, Denise Pereira dos;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722011000200004
Abstract: in this paper, our goal is to analyse the implications of the early insertion of children in the work world in the light of vygotskian propositions. we use reflections from many researches produced over ten years experience in this area. vigotski understands development as a dialectical process that involves or constitutes periods of crises and stability, from the child’s activities in the social environment. researches have revealed that precocious insertion in work begins around 7 years old, through a network consisting of relatives and friends who facilitates this entry. others remarkable aspects of these researches are the risks to health and the consequences to school achievement. the crisis of the seven years old, whose experiences acquire sense to child, coincides with the end of childhood of the poor segments of brazilian society. these aspects make the child to reproduce the imaginary of work’s naturalization. a childhood that is developed in certain objective conditions, in which the search for providing the necessities and the naturalised culture of precocious work, takes the time to play and disrupts the educational environment , what configures the child consciousness and her relationship with the environment, which contributes to the precocious adulthood process and automates.
Castéras,David Khoudour;
Revista de Economía Institucional , 2009,
Abstract: the purpose of this article is to show that the strong increase in internal displacement and international emigration in colombia during the last years has had repercussions in terms of child labour. on the one hand, because migration tends to enhance the vulnerability of minors to the risks of labour and sexual exploitation, especially when migration is autonomous. on the other hand, because even when parents are the ones who migrate there is no guarantee that the remittances they send contribute to financing the education of children left behind.
’n Teologies-etiese beoordeling van kinderarbeid in Suid-Afrika
E. J. de Beer
In die Skriflig , 2008, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v42i4.284
Abstract: A theological-ethical judgement of child labour in South Africa Throughout the world child labour is a problem which has been under especially close scrutiny for the past three decades. Although child labour is not such a serious problem in South Africa as is the case in some other countries, unacceptable forms of child labour also occur here. Socio-economic circum- stances force most child labourers to work in order to survive. The result is that these children are deprived of a good edu- cation and training in order to occupy positions as adults in order to earn a living wage. In this article child labour is judged as it occurs in South Africa. Child labour is judged in the light of theological-ethical utteran- ces on children as well as on labour. Although the demand to labour is universal (and thus also applies to children), it is obvious that they cannot labour in the same way as adults. Children should rather be educated and equipped to develop their abilities in order to utilise it to the maximum as adult workers.
Muhammad Mustansar
The Professional Medical Journal , 1998,
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