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THE INFLUENCE OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE AND PROCEDURAL JUSTICE ON JOB BURNOUT
分配公平与程序公平对工作倦怠的影响

Li Chaoping,Shi Kan,<br>,时勘
心理学报 , 2003,
Abstract: Based on 294 samples from three companies, this study first tested the psycholog ical property of MBI-GS and made some revisions according to the result. Then 52 4 employees from six companies were invited to join the final survey. CFA was us ed to confirm the construct validity of MBI-GS. T-test and One-way ANOVA showed organizational justice and job burnout was influenced by demographics variables. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that organizational justice was a po wer predict of job burnout beyond demographics variables. Dominance analysis fur ther indicated that when predicting Emotional Exhaustion 65.91% of the predicted variance was attributed to distributive justice. When predicting Cynicism 56.07 % of the predicted variance was attributed to procedural justice.
The Structure and Measurement of Transformational Leadership in China
变革型领导的结构与测量

Li Chaoping,Shi Kan,<br>,时勘
心理学报 , 2005,
Abstract: Data was collected from a diverse sample of 249 managers and employees from different companies using open questionnaire,and then were subjected to content analysis to identify major forms of transofmrational leadership in China.Results revealed 8 dimensions of transformational leadership.The Transformational Leadership Questionnaire(TLQ) was developed through expert discussions.Exploratory Factor Analysis(EFA) of data from a sample of 431 employees showed that transformational leadership was a four-dimension construct in China,which included Morale Modeling,Charisma,(Visionary) and Individualized Consideration.Confirmatory Factor Analysis(CFA) of data from another sample of 440 employees further confirmed TLQ's factorial validity.Internal consistency analyses and hierarchical regression analyses showed that TLQ had suitable reliability and high validity.
Progress and Prospects in Research on Work Value
工作价值观的研究进展与展望

HUO Na,LI Chao-Ping,<br>霍娜,
心理科学进展 , 2009,
Abstract: 工作价值观是指超越具体情境,引导个体对与工作相关的行为与事件进行选择与评价,指向希望达到的状态与行为的一些重要性程度不同的观念与信仰。最近学者们越来越关注工作价值观的研究,内容主要涉及工作价值观的结构、测量、与其他相关构念的关系,以及跨文化、跨代际差异等方面的内容。本文对最近几年工作价值观的研究进展进行了全面的总结,并且分析了不同性别、行业、代际、国家地区人群的工作价值观差异。最后指出,今后的研究需要进一步关注工作价值观测量工具的跨文化适用性、工作价值观的匹配性及其变化机制等问题。
Backscattering properties and parametric model of Taihu Lakebased on spectral classification
基于光谱分类的太湖水体后向散射研究

LU Chaoping,LV Heng,LI Yunmei,<br>陆,吕恒,云梅
遥感学报 , 2012,
Abstract: The parameters of backscattering coefficient model have significant temporal and spatial variability. In order to overcomethis limit, a classification algorithm based on spectra dominant factors for Taihu Lake is established to classify the waterreflectance spectra into three types. Quasi-analytical algorithm and optical closure are used in this paper to stimulate the backscatteringcoefficient for three types of water reflectance spectra in Taihu Lake according to the field measurement reflectancedata. The properties of backscattering coefficient are also analyzed synchronously. On this basics, the backscattering coefficientparametric model for three types of water in Taihu Lake are established. As a result, the difference of the backscattering propertiesin different time and space is converted into the difference of bio-optical properties of dominant factor in water. Thus, theparametric models of backscattering coefficient are demonstrated to be suitable for different parts and different seasons of TaihuLake.
Research on Cultural Intelligence: Review and Prospect
文化智力研究评述与展望

GAO Zhong-Hua,LI Chao-Ping,<br>高中华,
心理科学进展 , 2009,
Abstract: 文化智力是指人们与来自不同文化的其他人打交道时,采取有效措施以适应新文化的能力.文化智力的结构与测量,与其他相关构念的关系,以及不同的开发方法成了现有研究的重点;另外,也有实证研究表明,文化智力对一些结果变量有显著影响,例如认知结果、情感结果以及行为结果.本文对文化智力的相关研究进行了较为全面的总结,并指出了今后的研究趋势与方向.
Transformational Leadership and Employee Work Attitudes: The Mediating Effects of Multidimensional Psychological Empowerment
变革型领导与员工工作态度:心理授权的中介作用

Li Chaoping,Tian Bao,Shi Kan,<br>,田宝,时勘
心理学报 , 2006,
Abstract: 研究的主要目的是考察变革型领导与员工满意度、组织承诺之间的关系,以及变革型领导的作用机制,即变革型领导是否会通过心理授权影响员工满意度与组织承诺。利用14家企业744份调查问卷的结果,采用结构方程模型技术对变革型领导、心理授权、员工满意度、组织承诺之间的关系进行了交叉验证分析。结果表明,愿景激励与德行垂范对组织承诺与员工满意度有显著的影响,而领导魅力与个性化关怀只对员工满意度有显著的影响;心理授权对变革型领导与员工工作态度的关系具有一定的中介作用,愿景激励与德行垂范通过工作意义影响员工满意度与组织承诺;愿景激励通过自我效能影响组织承诺。
ASSESSMENT ON COMPETENCY MODEL OF SENIOR MANAGERS
企业高层管理者胜任特征模型评价的研究

Shi Kan,Wang Jicheng,Li Chaoping,<br>时勘,王继承,
心理学报 , 2002,
Abstract: Behavior Event Interview was used to study a competency model on senior managers in Chinese Communication Enterprises. The results were as follows: a. No significant difference was found between the protocol length of outstanding and average managers. Frequencies of occurrence of most competencies was correlated significantly to protocol length; however few average scores and maximum scores were correlated significantly to protocol length. It seemed that using average score in coding was more suitable. b. G coefficient based on the Generalization Theory showed that the two coders coding were consistent. c. Study on the criterion sample showed that a competency model of senior managers in Chinese Communication Enterprises included: influence, organizational commitment, information seeking, leadership, achievement orientation, interpersonal understanding, initiative, customer service orientation, self confidence, and staff development.
LASER SPECKLE MOVEMENT CAUSED BY SURFACE DEFORMATION AND LIGHT WAVELENGTHCHANGE
物体运动、变形及光波长变化时的激光散斑运动规律

Wu Xiaoping Li Zhichao He Shiping,<br>伍小平,,何世
力学学报 , 1992,
Abstract: When a surface is illuminated by laser, the field of diffusing reflectivelight can be described by Fresnel-Kirchhoff integration in the region of Fersnel. If the correlation, before and after the change of intensity field, is analysed by statistical method, three governing equations for variance of intensity field and speckle movement formula can be obtained. In these equations.the surface motion, deformation and wavelength change are all considered to cause the speckle movement.
Psychological Empowerment: Measurement and its Effect on Employee Work Attitude in China
授权的测量及其与员工工作态度的关系

Li Chaoping,Li Xiaoxuan,Shi Kan,Chen Xuefeng,<br>,晓轩,时勘,陈雪峰
心理学报 , 2006,
Abstract: The factorial validity of the psychological empowerment scale(PES) developed by Spreitzer was investigated in Chinese context.Exploratory Factor Analysis(EFA) of data from a sample of 395 employees from three different companies showed support for Spreitzer's four empowerment dimensions: Meaning,self-efficacy,self-determination,and impact.And Cronbach's alpha coefficients for all four subscales were above 0.70.Confirmatory Factor Analysis(CFA) of data from another sample of 942 employees further confirmed PES's factorial validity.Finally structure equations modeling(SEM) was used to cross-validate the relationship between psychological empowerment and job satisfaction,organizational commitment,turnover intention and job burnout using the second sample.The results suggested that meaning was positive related to job satisfaction and organizational commitment and negative related to turnover intention and job burnout;self-determination was positive related to job satisfaction and organizational commitment;self-efficacy was positive related to organizational commitment.
Numerical simulation of effects of the minor active-element oxygen on the Marangoni convection and the weld shape
微量活性组元氧对焊接熔池Marangoni对流和熔池形貌影响的数值模拟

DONG Wenchao,LU Shanping,LI Dianzhong,LI Yiyi,<br>董文,陆善,殿中,依依
金属学报 , 2008,
Abstract: A mathematical model was developed to calculate the 3D transient temperature, velocity distribution and the evolution of weld pool shapes in a stationary gas tungsten arc (GTA) weld pool on 304 stainless steels with different oxygen content. The results indicate that when the oxygen content increases, the convection pattern in the weld pool undergoes a dominant outward convection, outward on pool center together with inward on pool periphery, and a dominant inward convection. Accordingly, the weld pool evolves from a shallow wide shape, a spoon-like shape to a deep narrow one. The minor active-element oxygen in the weld pool influences on the temperature coefficient of the surface tension, directly, which leads to the significant change of the Marangoni convection pattern and hence the weld shape. When the oxygen content is below 80ppm, an outward Marangoni convection pattern on the weld pool surface occurs, and forms a shallow and wide weld shape. As the oxygen content exceeding 120ppm, the Marangoni convection changes to inward direction and the weld shape varies from a shallow and wide shape to a deep and narrow one. When the oxygen content is between 80ppm and 120ppm, the weld pool exhibits a spoon-like shape. And as time going, the outward convection region in the weld pool becomes smaller gradually, and the inward convection region becomes larger. The simulation results agree well with the experimental data under Ar-O2 mixed shielding stationary GTA welding on SUS304 plates.
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