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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 322215 matches for " br>席建超 "
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Research on the Tourism Climatology: Review and Preview

WU Pu,XI Jianchao,GE Quansheng,<br>吴普,,葛全胜
地理科学进展 , 2010,
Abstract: Global climate has experienced a remarkable change of warming since the 1980s. Global climate warming has aroused much attention from society and scientist due to its impacts. As one of the biggest industries in world economy,tourism depends greatly on climate,and the impact of climate change on tourism is no less than that on agriculture. The impact of climate change on tourism has been noticed by IPCC and WTO (World Tourism Organization). Therefore,the branch subject of Tourism Climatology becomes the foc...
An Analysis of utilization potential distribution of wind power in Mainland China

LI Ke,HE Fanneng,XI Jianchao,<br>李柯,何凡能,
资源科学 , 2010,
Abstract: 本文从风能资源的丰富度、稳定度、人文环境对风能资源开发适宜度和自然环境适宜度等四个方面, 分别选取了较有代表性的有效风能密度、风能可用时数、人口密度、森林郁闭度四项量化指标,利用综合指数法对 我国陆地10m高度风能资源开发潜力进行了综合评价和分析。结果表明:内蒙古中部和西部、河西走廊、青藏高原 中北部、东北平原南部、山东和辽东半岛,以及江苏、浙江、福建和海南的沿海地带,风力资源优越,环境因子限制 小,是风能规模开发潜力最高的地区;内蒙古锡林郭勒高原、呼伦贝尔高原、新疆东部和西北克拉玛依地区、东北平 原、河北北部和东部沿海(除了最高潜力地区)为次高潜力区;大兴安岭、山东西北部、河南北部、江苏大部、安徽中 部、新疆北部和东南部、西藏中西部和云南东部属中级开发潜力区;其它地区因风能资源贫乏或环境因子限制大, 风能开发潜力较低。
Emissions from the Tourism Industry and Patterns of Environmental Disturbance in the Liupan Mountain Eco-Tourism Area

ZHAO Meifeng,XI Jianchao,<br>赵美风,
资源科学 , 2012,
Abstract: Tourism is the main factor driving regional water environmental change in eco-tourism areas. Using Liupan Mountain as a case study, we analyzed emissions resulting from various forms of tourism and respective patterns of water quality disturbance using participant observation, questionnaires and comparative analysis. We found that tourist accommodation releases the most emission pollution, tourism catering ranks second and sightseeing is third. Per capita TN, TP, COD and BOD5 for tourist accommodation is up to 4.03g/d, 0.66g/d, 37.59g/d and 8.72g/d, more than ten times that for sightseeing. The Tourist Activities Disturbance Index (TADI) per person of various oriented types falls systematically: business meeting-oriented tourists(1) >leisure vacation-oriented tourists (0.57) >scientific investigation-oriented tourists (0.19) > sightseeing-oriented tourists (0). The TADI of the amount tourists of various types falls systematically: leisure vacation-oriented tourists (1) > business meeting-oriented tourists (0.51) > sightseeing-oriented tourists (0.33) >scientific investigation-oriented tourists(0). Business meeting-oriented tourists, leisure vacation-oriented tourists, scientific investigation-oriented tourists and sightseeing-oriented tourists show a pattern of declining requirements for tourist accommodation and catering and discharge sewage. TADI has a certain consistency with water quality change, which can be used as a simple and effective indicator to evaluate tourism system response to disturbance. The Liupan Mountain eco-tourism area remains in an important strategic transition period. In this period, sightseeing tourism is the base and business-meeting tourism and leisure vacation tourism will be a developing focus into the future. Water environment problems in the tourist areas will become more prominent. Thus, it is urgent that effective measures are taken to solve the deterioration of water quality in the tourist area resulting from tourism transformation and upgrading. For example, improving the water-saving awareness of tourists and tourism managers and strengthening sewage treatment planning, design and subsequent treatment are viable strategies for change. Only if the above measures are implemented well will disturbance from tourism activities decrease and sustainable development be realized.
Dynamic Response of Water Quality Change in the Liupan Mountain Eco-Tourism Area to the Human-Induced Tourism Disturbance

ZHAO Meifeng,XI Jianchao,GE Quansheng,<br>赵美风,,葛全胜
资源科学 , 2011,
Abstract: Tourism has multi-scale effects on the environment. As an important landscape element of tourist destination and characterization of tourism sustainable development, the water environment has received extensive attention. The Liupan Mountain ecological tourism area is located in the boundary of Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in northwestern China, showing a fragile environment and sensitivity to human activities. Based on dynamic monitoring data of water quality in the tourist season (from May to October), this study comprehensively analyzed the response of water quality change to human-induced tourism disturbance over the region by establishing the Water Organoleptic Index (WQI), Water Eutrophic Index (WEI), Water Healthy Index (WHI), and Tourism Water Environment Disturbance Index (TWEDI) from the dual perspectives of the tourism water environment disturbance index and Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC) in the eco-tourism area. Results show that: 1) in the tourist season, most indicators of water quality are within the national evaluation criteria of Class II ground water while a few indicators lie in Class III ground water. The tourism water quality disturbance index value is 3 or 4 in some sections, which reflects that the disturbance has been a serious disturbance level. 2) At different sampling points of the tourism area, changes in water quality indicators have been obviously different. The water quality of the tourist core area (mainly for sightseeing) maintains a normal level. However, with the tourism way (mainly leisure) changing gradually from the upstream to the downstream, the disturbance on water quality increases accordingly; the most dramatic change happens near the hotel reception area and the folk village. 3) The LCA of tourists on water turbidity is 8.95 NTU, which demonstrates that tourists have a high requirement on water quality for eco-tourism areas and are sensitive to water quality change. 4) The TWEDI is correlated significantly with other response variables of water quality, which can be used as a simple and effective indicator to evaluate tourism system responses to disturbance. Results also show that the tourism disturbance has begun showing a negative impact on the water quality and recreational experience of tourists in some parts of the study area. Therefore, actions to regulate the construction and development should be taken. Water pollution treatment facility, and water environment monitoring and early warning systems should be built. Strategies of mitigating recreation impacts on the tourism area should be formulated so as to realize sustainable development of tourism.
The Sensitivity of Different Vegetations in Liupan Ecological Tourist Sites to Tourist Activities

XI Jianchao,WU Guozhu,GAN Mengyu,GE Quansheng,<br>,武国柱,甘萌雨,葛全胜
资源科学 , 2009,
Abstract: 生态系统对人类活动的承受能力是土地管理的一个核心问题,一般情况下旅游活动与自然环境保护间存在着明显的冲突.本研究结合六盘山人类旅游活动季节性规律,以野荷谷、小南川、梁殿峡3个核心景区中易受旅游干扰的典型植被类型为对象,在植物初春萌芽(5月)至生物量最大期(8月)通过践踏实验,模拟典型植被类型和主要植物物种对人类旅游践踏的敏感性(相对敏感性和绝对敏感性),并构建三类(抗性、耐性和弹性)指数进行定量表征.研究结果表明:①从3种植被类型的相对敏感性看,其植被类型的抗性、耐性和弹性间具有一致性,其大小顺序为梁殿峡高山草甸植被>野荷谷华北落叶松林下植被>小南川乔灌草植被,3种植物类型抗性分别为59.62%、37.86%、14.16%,耐性指数为90.51%、84.217%、26.80%,弹性指数为78.017%、66.04%、15.35%;②从各植被类型组成物种的绝对敏感性看,小南川景区表现最为敏感,消失物种最多(6种),野荷谷次之(5种),梁殿峡最少(2种);三个景区中消失物种主要为山荆子、龙牙草、华北落叶松幼苗、李幼苗、莓叶委陵菜和豆科野豌豆;③研究结果表明,处于初春萌芽阶段的景区植物幼苗,对人类践踏具有高度的敏感性,旅游践踏不仅当时造成部分植物消亡,也对植物后续的生长产生较大负面作用,进而影响到旅游区生态系统正常的发展演替.
地理科学进展 , 2015, DOI: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.07.001
Abstract: 新常态正深刻影响着中国区域旅游业发展。本文在分析新常态下区域旅游发展几个新特点基础上,阐释了未来区域旅游业发展格局与趋势,提出了推进区域旅游业发展总体思路。文章指出,新常态下旅游业发展正呈现规模扩张和个性消费同步提升,“旅游强国”特质开始显现;跨界、跨行业企业集团逐步主导产业发展,并在全球范围谋篇布局;旅游产业地位日渐凸显,区域旅游协调发展成为重要目标;“第二次人口红利”开始释放,旅游服务开始引领“中国服务”建立;“互联网+”新型运营模式全面渗入,逐步拓展旅游业发展版图;“以人为本”的绿色发展模式导入,全面助推生态文明建设进程等六大特征。与之相对应,全面融入国家区域经济战略,中、西部地区旅游业整体崛起,城市休闲和城市旅游异军突起,生态文化功能区整体开发,区域旅游产业“网络化”成为重要发展趋势。最后指出,新常态下区域旅游业发展要有新思路,重点包括以跨区域旅游目的地建设为突破口,全面推进区域业协同发展;以重大项目投资驱动为突破口,形成区域旅游投资与创新双轮驱动发展;以全面改革开放为突破口,形成内外源结合联动发展;以国家层面统筹协调为突破口,形成多层次区域旅游治理模式;以跨界渗透和兼并重组为突破口,培育区域化和国际化旅游市场主体;以综合旅游风险防范为突破口,实现区域旅游业可持续发展。
Ecological footprint of tourism consumption--A case study of Beijing foreign tourist arrivals

XI Jian-chao,GE Quan-sheng,CHENG Sheng-kui,LU Chun-xia,<br>,葛全胜,成升魁,鲁春霞
自然资源学报 , 2004,
Abstract: 论文分析了旅游消费生态占用基本构成,提出了旅游消费生态占用计量模型.以北京市海外旅游者为例,对旅游消费生态占用作了初步探讨.结果表明,北京市海外旅游者每次来京旅行人均生态占用为0.095 87km2,约占北京市现有城镇居民年人均生态占用的5%.因此,旅游消费生态占用对区域生态占用有着不可忽视的影响,是区域生态赤字扩大的重要诱因.进一步分析表明旅游消费生态占用结构组成中,"行"的能量生态占用在总旅游消费生态占用中居绝对主导地位,约占98%,而"吃"、"住"的能量生态占用约占2%.
Climatic suitability for tourism along theQinghai-Tibet Railway

CHANG An,GE Quan-sheng,FANG Xiu-qi,XI Jian-chao,<br>长 安,葛全胜,方修琦,
地理研究 , 2007,
Abstract: Qinghai-Tibet Railway,built through the high frigid plateau in western China,can considerably improve the traffic conditions of the districts along it.There are a great deal of world-class tourism resources along this railway.So,after the Qinghai-Tibet Railway is open to traffic the districts along it may become hotspots of tourism.On the occasion,tourism along the railway will spring up.However,some restricting factors such as climate condition,thin air,low atmospheric pressure and strong ultraviolet radiation may form obstacles in tourism development.It is a pity that,still now,tourism-climate research along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway is nearly blank. Taking into account all the above unfavorable conditions and based on the meteorological data covering the period 1991-2000 from 10 weather stations,this paper assessed climatic suitability for tourism along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway and intended to offer some scientific basis for the tourism development.In this paper,air temperature(as well as effects of humidity,wind velocity and sunshine hours are also considered),ultraviolet radiation,atmospheric pressure and disasterous weather are respectively analyzed as the index of climatic suitability for tourism.It is found that,(1) as a whole,May to September is the most suitable season of tourism along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.There are neither hot nor cold,windy days in this season.But in the duration there are relatively frequent strong ultraviolet radiation,thunderstorm and hailstone.(2) With the rise of altitude suitable days and hours for tourism are shortened.Along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway,Lhasa and Xining,the terminals of the railway,are most suitable for tourism.However,Wudaoliang,Tuotuohe and Anduo have the shortest period with suitable climatic conditons for tourism because of cold weather(winter) and strong ultraviolet radiation(June,July).
The overall changes and regional differences of Chinese inbound tourists\'' tourism consumption:1996~2005

XI Jian-chao,GAN Meng-yu,WU Pu,GE Quan-sheng,<br>,甘萌雨,吴普,葛全胜
地理研究 , 2010,
Abstract: Inbound tourism is an important channel for one country (or region) to earn foreign exchange and to solve the employment. The number of inbound tourists and foreign exchange earnings is a main indicator of the country's (region's) tourism development level, while the inbound tourists' tourism consumption level and consumption structure is an important basis to reflect the quality of inbound tourism consumption. This paper takes the cross-section data of inbound tourists' tourism consumption from 1996 to 2005,constructs a series of the characterization indexes and takes an empirical analysis on the changes and the regional differences of the inbound tourists' tourism consumption. The result shows that in the past 10 years, per capita consumption level of inbound tourism has significantly increased, but the consumption is still lagging behind. Chinese inbound tourism consumption structure in "The Ninth 5-year Plan" has more changes,while after "The Tenth 5-year Plan" it goes stable and rational. From the regional differences of per capita consumption, compared with the regional tourism foreign exchange earnings, in the consumption structure of inbound tourists,all kinds of expenditures have shown a steady state, with uneven levels decreased over time. But compared to the level of foreign exchange earnings of tourism, the areas of hosting the more foreign tourists are low in the level of per capita consumption, where the growth of inbound tourists was more dependent on the overall expansion. So,the research conclusion has an important realistic significance to the development of the regional inbound tourism. The research shows that Chinese inbound tourism is still in a large-scale expansion phase. Owing to the effects of consumer inertia, the future increase in tourism consumption level and consumption structure optimization is still faced with many difficult tasks. Therefore, the shaping and improvement of tourism consumption systems and security system will create a relaxed environment for tourism consumption and the optimal adjustment of the tourism products' supply structure will promote the quality of tourism consumption,which will achieve the level of inbound tourism consumption and the simultaneous development of inbound tourism,and achieve inbound tourism development from quantity expansion to quality and efficiency.
Tourism Resource Population:Conception,Spatial Structure,Exploiting Potentiality:A Case Study of the Han Buddhism Temple Tourism Resource

XI Jian-chao,GE Quan-sheng,CHENG Sheng-kui,XU Ji,|tian,<br>,葛全胜,成升魁,徐继填
资源科学 , 2004,
Abstract: Tourism resource population refers to the aggregation of similar tourism resource occupying certain geographical areas and it is the basic element of regional tourism resource system. The concept of tourism resource group is enlightened by the concept of population in ecological system, which has special characteristics comparing with the individual tourism resource. It includes three characteristics as quantity,space and time. The studies on tourism on population scale are based on the assumption that the spatial arrangement of elements of tourism resource has special implications. The paper measures the spatial pattern of tourism resource population by GIS technology. Furthermore, the index of potentiality of regional tourism resource exploitation is put forward and the tourism resource population of Buddhism temple is analyzed. this study is expected useful not only to the practice of tourism resource management,but also to the development of the whole population of tourism resource.
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