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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23869 matches for " architecture "
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Holonic Architecture of the Smart Grid  [PDF]
Ebisa Negeri, Nico Baken, Marjan Popov
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.42025
Abstract: With the growing concerns about sustainable energy, energy efficiency and energy security, the electrical power system is undergoing major changes. Distributed energy sources are becoming widely available at the lower parts of the grid. As a result, more and more end consumers are transforming from passive consumers to active “prosumers” that can autonomously generate, store, import and/or export power. As prosumers increasingly dominate the power system, the system demands capability that allows enormous number of stakeholders with heterogeneous types to exchange power on the grid. Unfortunately, the classical power system cannot efficiently handle this scenario since it was designed for centralized power distribution. Thus, restructuring the rather old power system is indispensable. In this paper, we apply the holonic approach to structure the smart grid as a system that is bottom-up organized from autonomous prosumers that are recursively clustered at various aggregation layers. Based on this, we present a control architecture of the smart grid using holonic concepts. Our control architecture is characterized by autonomy of the prosumers, distributed control, recursive self-similar control structures at different aggregation levels. Further, we present a service oriented architecture (SOA) framework that models the control functions that make up the holonic control architecture. Our proposed control architecture is tested using a simulation set-up.
An Investigation of Historical Structures in Iranian Ancient Architecture
Architecture Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5923/j.arch.20110101.01
Abstract: The pre-Islamic styles of Iranian architecture draw on 3-4 thousand years of architectural development from various. Each of the periods of Elamites, Achaemenids, Parthians, and Sassanids were creators of great architecture that over the ages has spread wide and far to other cultures being adopted. Although Iran has suffered its share of destruction, including Alexander the Great's decision to burn Persepolis, there are sufficient remains to form a picture of its classical architecture. This paper featuring a chronological description of structural styles, information on traditional construction materials, as well as an analysis of numerous structures, this interest and informative text will be of importance to anyone with a technical interest in structural history and presents a general overview of the structural and architectural characteristics of Iranian historical structures and investigates historical buildings of Iran through a structural engineering approach. This paper includes a chronological description of architectural styles from the beginning to the end of Sassanid’s (before Islam).
Historical heritage and contemporary architecture fusion at the example of the city center of Graz
Aran?elovi? Biljana
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/fuace0801065a
Abstract: The research subject of the paper is the center of Graz as a fusion of historical heritage and modern architecture, with its seven landmarks of modern architecture selected here in order to make a short review of this unusual mix. Although the historical center is well known as UNESCO protected district, that may not be damaged or destroyed, the avant-garde shops and bars found their place in the ancient center, complementing it. A contrast of new and the old is also present in the likeness of a fusion of historical heritage and contemporary architecture. This unusual combination made Graz a unique city which could serve as example for the future, how to make contemporary architecture in the middle of historical environment.
The Effects of Tourism Architecture on Island Ecosystems  [PDF]
Lourdes Ruiz
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2015.34016
Abstract: This research aims to propose environmental prevention and mitigation on fragile coastal ecosystems due to the actions of the tourist architecture, using methods of life-cycle assessment of buildings, matrix methods of the actions that cause severe environmental impact and statistical processing through multivariate analysis. A study of projects was undertaken in Cayo Coco located to the north of Ciego de Avila, Cuba, being built today and where the tourist development of the archipelago Sabana-Camaguey started. It has been determined that suitable architecture would decrease the negative impact of these fragile ecosystems.
Islamic Architecture in Iran, A Case Study on Evolutionary of Minarets of Isfahan
Architecture Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.arch.20120202.01
Abstract: In ancient time, a minaret was built between two borders and something bright was put into it to show the respective frontier, and gradually such minarets were also built in traveler's route to enable the passengers and caravans to recognize their route and destination.After the rise of Islam, and in Islamic countries such minarets were built for calling to prayer and therefore, in most places where such minarets were constructed after Islam, they were linked to mosques or buildings which were considered to be religious and sacred. One of the practical aspects of tin minarets connected to verandas and domes in mosques was the quality of creating resistance and prevention of the dome or the veranda from falling down. The minarets in Iran after converting to Islam have become parts and parcels of the mosques, and nowadays, and in spite of the advances made in construction technology, due to their sacred and spiritual nature, minarets still continue to be built in the mosques.In this article Based on the field investigation has been done 2006-2010 and through introducing various kinds of minarets in Iran from the aspects of structure and form, the best types of minarets which has been built in different centuries in the city of Isfahan will be studied and analyzed, from different aspects of form, shape, structure and ornaments.
Jimmy Priatman
Dimensi : Journal of Architecture and Built Environment , 2002,
Abstract: Energy adds a new standpoint from which to better understand building design. But the subject of study, architecture and its environmental and social context, is not new. The objective of design is to improve the quality of buildings and the environment. On broader perspective, the mentioned environment means global environment encompasses earth, air, water and energy that are needed to be conserved. Energy-efficient architecture is one of that architectural typology focuses on conservation of global environment. The paper discusses the existence of energy-efficient architecture and its contextual to green architecture. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Faktor energi menambah suatu pijakan baru untuk memahami perencanaan arsitektur secara lebih baik. Tetapi sebenarnya, subyek arsitektur dan konteks lingkungannya bukanlah suatu hal yang baru., karena tujuan dari suatu disain adalah untuk meningkatkan kwalitas dari hasil arsitektur dan lingkungannya. Dalam perspektif lebih luas, lingkungan yang dimaksud adalah lingkungan global alami yang meliputi unsur bumi, udara, air, dan energi yang perlu dilestarikan. Arsitektur Hemat Energi merupakan salah satu tipologi arsitektur yang ber-orientasi pada konservasi lingkungan global alami. Makalah ini membahas eksistensi arsitektur hemat energi ini dalam konteks wawasan arsitektur hijau (green architecture). Kata kunci: Arsitektur Hemat Energi, Arsitektur Hijau.
Interaction of Architecture and Society: Public Procurement as Tool to Improve Local Economy and Architecture
Jonas Jakaitis
Town Planning and Architecture , 2008, DOI: 10.3846/1392-1630.2008.32.17-27
Abstract: One of the main tasks of public authorities is to find ways how, in the course of the development of urban architecture, to manage and create assumptions for the public to become a new-type, active and cooperative civic society taking part in urban development processes. The research of these problems is important seeking to ensure sustainability in natural, economic-social environment and urban architecture. Assessing the features for application of democratic principles in planning in Lithuania the main objective of this paper is to try to reveal the problems of quality in the development of urban architecture in the context of public procurement of services and to assess the efficiency of procedures defined by legal acts from the viewpoint of architectural quality. Interdisciplinary, comparative analysis methods are used to achieve this objective by revealing the particularity of momentary events. The paper is prepared on the basis of URBACT/LCS (Leveraging City Services) conference of November 2007 (Hudson 2007) (Jakaitis 2007); besides, analysis by S. Mockaitis of Vilnius City Municipality practical experience was used.
Yulianto Sumalyo
Dimensi : Journal of Architecture and Built Environment , 2002,
Abstract: Indonesian old cities as the sites of government, trading, and ports have been established before the arrival of the Europeans. The form and pattern of settlements which served as the centres of the hinterlands were influenced by Indian or Hindu and afterwards by Chinese and European cultures. Makassar has been the dominant trading centre in Nusantara Archipelago. Its strategic location on South West peninsula of the sprawling island of Sulawesi gave it excellent access to the busy sea lanes of Java Sea, the Makassar straits, the Celebes and Banda seas and hence to many local trading networks as well as to the crucial long distance trade with India, China, and ultimately with Europe. The history of the city of Makassar began with the fort which was turned into the site of government, military and trade after the destruction of the Somba Opu fort. Despite of its similarities, there were principal differences with cities in Java which were also established in the same period.
Danny Santoso Mintorogo
Dimensi : Journal of Architecture and Built Environment , 2001,
Abstract: The department of architecture at Petra Christian University has offered CAAD and Multimedia for almost ten years, with particular emphasis on the architectural design studios and the final design studio process. As the beginner of CAD users, students with different of CAD skills-right after taking the fundamental of architectural CAD and Multimedia-tend to explore and use CAD in many different ways, such as very few students are using CAD as a design tool, and the others as a production tool mainly. Multimedia has long been firmly conceived, as a great interactive-presentation tool, as an automation within the digital domain of conventional hand-worked animation techniques of presentations. For being the students of 7th and 8th (final) architectural design studios, the crucial issues of creative exploration within a design, simulation, and visualization techniques are of greater importance than those of media-blue prints production information only.
Logistic Architecture Based on Models  [PDF]
Tania Regina Brasileiro A. Teixeira, Márcio Lopes Pimenta
iBusiness (IB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2014.64020
Abstract: The article identifies the essential dimensions in relation to outsourced logistic management, through a study of the outsourcing process of a large Brazilian wholesaler distributor’s logistic activities. The author has developed a management tool able to guide and direct the outsourcing operators of integrated logistic services so as to allow them to organize their management system. The author proposes a logistic architecture based on models which will facilitate the managerial work and transform the logistic system into a strategic skill, thus leveraging its ability to compete in the market. This idea is focused on the client, and is capable of integrating and managing all the interface elements of the logistic system, connecting and joining all of them in order to perform more organized and structured logistic activities. Therefore, the logistic architecture based on models represents the nature and structure of a logistic system as well as determines the way for it to operate.
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