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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 127 matches for " Zuzulich Pavez "
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Factores asociados a consumo de tabaco durante el último a o en estudiantes de educación superior Fatores associados a consumo do cigarro durante o último ano em estudantes de educa o superior Smoking associated factors in students during their last year of higher education
María Soledad Zuzulich Pavez,Báltica Cabieses Valdés,Nuria Pedrals Gibbons,Lorena Contreras Escudero
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivo. Determinar los factores de riesgo asociados al consumo de tabaco en el último a o en una población universitaria chilena. Metodología. Estudio observacional analítico, de corte transversal. Se realizó muestreo aleatorio estratificado según unidad académica y a o de carrera, siendo el tama o muestral de 2 045 estudiantes de cuatro Campus de la Universidad Católica de Chile. La toma de la información se hizo con ayuda de un cuestionario autoaplicado. Se realizaron análisis descriptivo, bivariado y de regresión logística. Resultados. El promedio de edad fue 20.4±1,6 a os, el 46.6% eran de sexo masculino y el 70.3% tenían nivel socioeconómico alto. Un 91.0% había iniciado el consumo después de los 18 a os. La prevalencia mensual de consumo de tabaco fue de 40.5%, un 20.0% de los encuestados estaría a riesgo de tener diagnóstico de tabaquismo. Se encontró asociación positiva entre consumo de tabaco durante último a o y: la edad (p < 0.05), el sexo femenino (p < 0.001), el nivel socioeconómico (p < 0.05) y la percepción de consumo de droga por parte de padres (p < 0.001). Se encontró asociación negativa entre consumo de tabaco y la religiosidad (p < 0.001). Conclusión. En el grupo universitario en el que se realizó el estudio se encontró que el problema de tabaquismo merece especial atención por su magnitud, estando asociado a factores de riesgo como la edad, el sexo femenino, el estrato socioeconómico y una baja religiosidad. Objetivo. Determinar os fatores de risco associados ao consumo do cigarro no último ano numa popula o universitária chilena. Metodologia. Estudo observacional analítico, de corte transversal. Realizouse amostragem aleatória estratificado segundo unidade acadêmica e ano de carreira, sendo o tamanho da mostra de 2 045 estudantes de quatro Campus da Universidade Católica de Chile. A tomada da informa o se fez com ajuda de um questionário auto-aplicado. Realizaramse análise descritiva, bivariado e de regress o logística. Resultados. A média de idade foi 20.4±1,6 anos, o 46.6% eram de sexo masculino e o 70.3% tinham nível socioecon mico alto. Um 91% tinha iniciado o consumo depois dos 18 anos. A prevalência mensal de consumo do cigarro foi de 40.5%, um 20% dos interrogados estaria a risco de ter diagnóstico de tabagismo. Encontrou-se associa o positiva entre consumo de fumo durante último ano e: a idade (p< 0.05), o sexo feminino (p< 0.001), o nível socioecon mico (p< 0.05) e a percep o de consumo de droga por parte de pais (p< 0.001). Encontrou-se associa o negativa entre consumo de fumo e a religiosidade (p< 0.001). Conclus o
Factores asociados a consumo de tabaco durante el último a?o en estudiantes de educación superior
Zuzulich Pavez,María Soledad; Cabieses Valdés,Báltica; Pedrals Gibbons,Nuria; Contreras Escudero,Lorena; Martínez Aldunate,Daniel; Mu?oz Serrano,Mónica; Espinoza Sepúlveda,Manuel;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2010,
Abstract: objective. to determine the risk factors associated to smoking in the last year of school in a chilean university population. methodology. analytical, observational, transversal cut study. stratified randomized sampling was conducted according to academic unit and year of career; the size of the sample was of 2045 students from four campuses of the catholic university of chile. the information was collected with a self-applied questionnaire. a descriptive, bivariate and logistic regression analysis was made. results. the average age was 20.4±1.6, 46% were males and 70.3% had a high socioeconomic status. 91% had started cigarette consumption before the age of 18. the smoking monthly prevalence was of 40.5%, 20% of the surveyed would be at risk of having diagnosis of smoking. a positive association was found between smoking during the last year of university and: age (p< 0.05), female sex (p< 0.001), socioeconomic status (p< 0.05) and parents drug consumption perception (p< 0.001). a negative association was found between smoking and religiosity (p< 0.001). conclusion. in the studied university group it was found that the smoking problem requires special attention due to its magnitude and association to risk factors as age, female gender, socioeconomic status and a low religiosity.
Los derechos de las ni as y ni os peruanos en Chile: La infancia como un nuevo actor migratorio
Iskra Pavez
Revista Enfoques : Ciencia Política y Administración Pública , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper is to reflect on children’s participation and rights of girls and boys in the Peruvian migration of their families to Santiago de Chile. It is part of the double understanding political theory as “social actors” and “subjects of rights” in the daily practices at household, school, community and society in general. Considering the elements of the social context of the current migration to Chile, we analyze from childhood discourses the rights and exclusion from education, health, discrimination and family reunification.
LECTURAS DE UN CóDICE AFROCUBANO: NATURALISMO, ETIOPISMO Y UNIVERSALISMO EN EL LIBRO DE JOSé ANTONIO APONTE (LA HABANA, CIRCA 1760-1812)
Pavez Ojeda,Jorge;
Historia Crítica , 2011,
Abstract: in this article we suggest using various analytical and bibliografical elements to read the "paintings" in the book of josé antonio aponte, who was accused and condemned for conspiracy in havanna (1812) and which are described in the judicial records of the "conspiracy". we emphasize three essential aspects with which to understand this book of paintings (which has since disappeared): the social and artistic context in which the book was produced and used as a political and pedagical tool; the critical debate with the naturalist episteme of "raciology" that the book initiates; and its recovery of the knowledge of the western ethiopians to celebrate africa's future in universal history.
Inequidades en la Ense?anza Media Municipalizada: El caso de la Provincia de Concepción
Firinguetti,Luis; Pavez,Ricardo;
Ultima década , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22362008000200004
Abstract: the purpose of this paper is to describe some inequalities in the secondary education in the concepción province. in particular we show that: a) inequalities are present not only between private and state secondary education, but also within the state education. b) regarding access to university education, differences between private and state education are not always important. c) there is a significant student migration in state schools among the municipalities of concepción. migration, however, does not appear to be important between state and private education.
El retrato de los ?negros brujos?: Los archivos visuales de la antropología afrocubana (1900-1920)
Pavez Ojeda,Jorge;
Aisthesis , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-71812009000200005
Abstract: through this article, i will illustrate the place occupied by the photographic image in the elaboration of the africans imaginaries by cuban anthropologists between 1900 and 1920. through the reading of some bibliographic works of cuban anthropology, i will enhance the procedures, by which photographs were used and were valuated as illustrations of the afro-cuban "atavism" and "surviving" theories. this photographic corpus allows showing the attempts to control the affection of photography by means of textual devices. the deconstruction of these devices shows the irreducibility of the photography of alterity.
Eufáusidos de la zona central de Chile, archipiélago Juan Fernández e islas Desventuradas
Mujica,Armando; Pavez,Constanza;
Latin american journal of aquatic research , 2008,
Abstract: the species composition, geographical distribution and abundance of the euphausiids, captured in 64 sampling stations between valparaíso (33°0's, 71°40'w), juan fernández archipelago (33°37's, 68°49'w) and desventuradas islands (26°20's, 80°00w) between september and october 2000, were de-scribed. between euphausiids adults, a total of 22 species belonging to six genera were identified {euphausia, nematobrachion, nematoscelis, stylocheiron, thysanoessa and thysanopoda). the higher abundance was found near valparaíso (6,238 ind 1000 m-3), only integrated by euphausia mucronata (62,3%). the captures were influenced by the diel vertical migration, which generated a horizontal discontinuity in the distribution of most of the euphausiids, due to the sampling depth (0-200 m). an inverse correlation was estabhshed between the abundance of e. mucronata and nematoscelis megalops and the dissolved oxygen concentration.
Disciplina científica colonial y coproducción etnográfica: Las expediciones de Martín Gusinde entre los yámada de Tierra del Fuego
PAVEZ OJEDA,JORGE;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442012000200004
Abstract: some concepts and analytical axes are proposed for the study of the history of anthropology, and applied to the feld work of martin gusinde and collaborators in tierra del fuego. the case study is centered in three dimensions of the ethnographic representation developed by gusinde: 1) the theoretical importance of the study of "primitive monotheism" in european discussions about "primitive races", 2) the dialogical coproduction of the ethnographic representation and the forms of ethnographic exchange in colonial situation and 3) the theoretical and empirical importance of childhood in the primitivist degenerationist conceptions.
Peruvian Girls and Boys as Actors of Family Migration in Barcelona: Generational Relations and Expectations
Pavez Soto, Iskra;
Migraciones internacionales , 2010,
Abstract: migration radically changes children's lives, as well as affecting affinities and generational conflicts in peruvian families, and spheres of exchange and generational meeting between members that had remained distanced, at times during years. the projects of familiar migration are increasingly associated with children's well-being and development. this paper examines children's participation in migratory processes as social actors in their daily lives and the construction of the family relations when they are regrouped in barcelona.
COLONIALISMO CHILENO, CENSURA FRONTERIZA Y ORTOGRAMAS* REACCIONARIOS: RESPUESTA A SERGIO VILLALOBOS RIVERA
Pavez Ojeda,Jorge;
Cuadernos de historia (Santiago) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0719-12432012000100005
Abstract: in this paper, i answer sergio villalobos' review of the book cartas mapuche. siglo xix (2008), looking for explaining the rationale that underlies the silence ofvillalobos about the letters themselves and his attack ab hominem to the compiler of the letters. i relate the arguments of the commented review to the reactionary ideology of certain chilean historiography and its particular concept of "frontier studies", showing how this ideology defend and reproduce the historical censorship of the chilean colonialism and racism.
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