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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 138742 matches for " Zutshi K "
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Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Tissues of Rohu Fish for Environmental Risk Assessment  [PDF]
Nazima Noor, Bela Zutshi
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.84040
Abstract: In the present study, the two lakes, Vengaiah lake (Lake A-Sewage polluted receiving discharge from storm water drain) and Yellamallappa Chetty lake (Lake B-Industrially polluted) situated near Krishnarajpuram-Hoskote taluk, Bangalore, Karnataka were selected for analysis of trace metals viz., arsenic, aluminium, cadmium, lead, mercury, iron, copper and zinc in water samples. Muscle and gill tissues of freshwater fish Labeo rohita reared in these water bodies were analysed for bioaccumulation of trace metals. Hebbal fish farm was considered as a reference site (Control site) for water and fish samples. Trace metals were analysed by atomic absorption spectroscopy and values were compared with those recommended by FAO/WHO in water and fish samples. Trace metals such as Al, As and Hg were detected in the water sampled from lake B which is attributed to the differences in the sources of pollutants. Fish tissues viz., muscle and gills sampled from Lake B exhibited high concentration of Al, Pb and Cd content showing a positive correlation with their concentration in water samples. The remaining metals as Cu, Zn and Fe were detected in water sampled from all water bodies and also in the fish tissues. Gills exhibited higher concentration of metals in fish from lake B. Bioaccumulation of these trace metals in fish tissues may cause potential danger to human health when consumed on regular basis. Thus necessary remedial measures are required to combat water contamination and its management keeping in view the aquatic ecosystem and public health. Values were statistically significant at P < 0.0001.
Strengthening of Muscles with 1 KHz Alternating Current
Agrawal A,Zutshi K,Ram CS,Zafar R
Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Different types of currents with varying stimulus parameters are used in clinical practice to serve different purposes. Out of these different forms of currents, medium frequency alternating currents are preferred due to their advantages over the other currents. For the purpose of strengthening the muscles, the most common frequencies used are 2.5 kHz and 4 kHz, and there is a dearth of literature regarding the use of other frequencies in the range.Methods: This study was conducted to luate the effect of 4 weeks of neuromuscular electrical stimulation with 1 kHz alternating current on the strength of wrist extensors of 18 healthy subjects.Results: The 4 week protocol of neuromuscular electrical stimulation with 1 kHz alternating current was found to result in a significant strength gains in the wrist extensor muscles of the included subjects.Conclusion: From this study it may be concluded that a carrier frequency of 1 kHz is an effective frequency for strengthening of muscles.
LCDG4 and DigiSim - Simulation activities at NICADD/NIU
D. Beznosko,G. Blazey,D. Chakraborty,A. Dyshkant,K. Francis,D. Kubik,J. G. R. Lima,J. McCormick,R. McIntosh,V. Rykalin,V. Zutshi
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: We present two software packages developed to support detector R&D studies for the International Linear Collider. LCDG4 is a full-detector simulator that provides energy deposits from particles traversing the sensitive volumes of the detector. It has been extensively used within the American ILC community, providing data for algorithm development and detector optimization studies. DigiSim models real-life digitization effects, converting the idealized response into simulated detector readout. It has many useful features to improve the realism in modeling detector response. The main characteristics of these two complementary packages are discussed.
Role of hyoscine N-butyl bromide (HBB, buscopan ) as labor analgesic
Aggarwal Pakhee,Zutshi Vijay,Batra Swaraj
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Hyoscine N-butyl bromide (HBB) acts by inhibiting cholinergic transmission in the abdomino-pelvic parasympathetic ganglia, thus relieving spasm in the smooth muscles of gastrointestinal, biliary, urinary tract and female genital organs, especially the cervico-uterine plexus and aiding cervical dilatation. AIM: The study was undertaken to observe the effects of 40 mg intravenous HBB as a labor analgesic and labor accelerant. Settings and Design: This prospective randomized control trial was carried out on 104 primigravidae with single live fetus in cephalic presentation, with spontaneous onset of labor, between 37-40 weeks of gestation. Materials and Methods: Women were consecutively randomized into study (group I) and control (group II) groups, each with 52 patients after excluding high risk factors like preeclampsia, antepartum hemorrhage, previous uterine scar, and any contraindications to vaginal delivery. Group I received 40 mg HBB as a slow intravenous injection in the active phase of labor while Group II received 2mL normal saline. Pain scores were assessed at baseline and two hours later. Secondary outcome measures compared were progress of labor based on injection delivery interval, mode of delivery and neonatal condition at birth. Statistical Analysis: Statistical significance was assessed by using Student′s t-test and Chi-square test. P-value < 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: Pain relief of 35.6% was noted on visual analog score with the use of HBB. Mean duration of labor was 3 hours 46 minutes in Group I compared to 8 hours 16 minutes in Group II (P value: < 0.001). Mode of delivery and neonatal outcome were comparable. No adverse maternal effects were noted. Conclusions: Intravenous Hyoscine N-Butyl Bromide causes pain relief of up to 36% and shortens the duration of active phase without any untoward short term fetal or maternal effects.
Authors′ reply
Aggarwal Pakhee,Zutshi Vijay,Batra Swaraj
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract:
The Discovery of Coherent Rules
Alex Tze Hiang Sim,Samar Zutshi,Maria Indrawan,Bala Srinivasan
IAENG International Journal of Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract:
Anthropometric Profile Of School Going Children (6-15 Years) Of block Ganderbal - A Rural Area Of Kashmir
Bhuinder Singh,Abdul Rauf,Zutshi M.L
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 1985,
Abstract: The anthropometrics profile of 986 school children was studied in Block Ganderbal a€" a rural field practice area of Govt. Medical College Srinagar. The sample comprised of 14 (approx.25%) educational institutions selected randomly. 605(61.36%) were male children and 381 (38.64%) were female children. Their weights, standing heights and mid-arm circumference were recorded and compared with I.C.M.R. estimates. Heights of both the sexes were less than the All India Standards and the difference was statistically significant in females (p<0.05) and highly significant in males (p<0.0005). However, the weight and mid arm circumference estimates in both the sexes were in agreement with I.C.M.R. estimates. Thus although there was evidence of stunted growth, the severity of present episode of malnutrition was less .An attempt has also been made on nutritional grading.
Mydriasis-use of phenylephrine (a dose-response concept)
Chawdhary S,Angra S,Zutshi R,Sachdev M
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1984,
Abstract:
Acid burns of cornea-unusual clinical course
Angra S,Chawdhary S,Zutshi R,Mohan Madan
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1984,
Abstract:
Role of visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid and high risk human papilloma virus DNA testing in screening for cervical cancer
Neha Gami,Gauri Gandhi,Swaraj Batra,Vijay Zutshi
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20130608
Abstract: Background: To evaluate the role of VIA alone and in combination with high risk Human Papilloma virus DNA testing as a screening test for cervical dysplasia and cancer. Methods: 400 symptomatic patients from the gynecology outpatient department were screened using Pap smear and VIA. HPV DNA testing was done for 62 VIA positive and 100 VIA negative women. Colposcopy was done for all women. Those found positive on any or all of the screening tests were subjected to cervical biopsy. The results were analysed for PAP, VIA, HPV and a combined test using VIA and HPV both. Results: VIA had the highest sensitivity (91%) to detect any grade of dysplasia. The sensitivity of the combination test (VIA + HPV) was 80.6% which was lower than that of VIA (91%) and also lower than that of HR HPV DNA detection (86%). The specificity of the combination test (VIA + HPV) was 68.3 % which was significantly higher than that of VIA alone (39%) (p = 0.000) and also higher than that for HPV DNA detection when used alone (56%). Pap smear had the highest specificity (95.12 %) but sensitivity was much lower at 52.7 %. Conclusions: VIA is a highly sensitive screening test. The main disadvantage is its low specificity. However the combination test of VIA + HR HPV testing overcomes this and at the same time maintains a high sensitivity. Thus a test which combines VIA plus HR HPV testing is better screening method than either of the three tests (VIA, HPV, PAP) done alone. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(2.000): 152-156]
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