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Flora fanerogamica n?o-arbórea do cerrado na Esta??o Ecológica de Assis, Estado de S?o Paulo
Rossatto, Davi Rodrigo;Toniato, Maria Teresa Zugliani;Durigan, Giselda;
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84042008000300005
Abstract: the cerrado vegetation in s?o paulo state is restricted to a few remnants which non-arboreal flora has rarely been studied. the present study aimed at characterizing the non-arboreal phanerogamic flora occurring in distinct "cerrado" vegetation types (wet camp, cerrado sensu stricto, woodland cerrado and riparian forest) at assis ecological station (22°33'65" to 22°36'68" s and 50°22'29" to 50°23'00" w), assis municipality, s?o paulo state, brazil, and, by comparison with other "cerrado" sites in the state, verifying possible occurrence of endemic or rare species. a floristic survey was carried out and a total of 301 species, 199 genera and 61 families of non-arboreal phanerogamic plants were found. the richest families for the studied life forms in the area were: fabaceae, asteraceae, bignoniaceae and poaceae. richness in the physiognomies, in decreasing order, was 146 species in the cerrado sensu stricto (48.8%), 48 species in the woodland cerrado (15.9%), 47 in the wet camp (15.6%), and, at last, the riparian forest, with 15 species (5.0%). compared to other cerrado areas, the diversity of the local non-arboreal flora is high. there is, also, a high number of species (102 or 34%) exclusive from the studied area. high proportions of non-arboreal species occurring in a single locality have been also observed in other studies, indicating that either endemism can be higher among these life-forms than among arboreal species or inventory methods were not adequate to survey the total richness of the studied areas. conservation strategies and botanical inventories must especially consider the non-arboreal flora, since arboreal species are both more widespread and proportionally better known.
O autoconceito do adolescente deficiente auditivo e sua rela??o com o uso do aparelho de amplifica??o sonora individual
Zugliani, Ana Paula;Motti, Telma Flores Genaro;Castanho, Rosicler Moreno;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382007000100007
Abstract: for adolescents who have hearing impairment, the identity formation process has its own subtleties. besides the conflicts which are a part of being a teenager, he/she has to form his/her identity as someone who has a hearing loss and needs a hearing aid. taking into account the countless factors influencing the use of this resource, this study aimed to undercover the relations between self-concepts of deaf adolescents to the use of hearing aid, looking at the adolescents' own perceptions and those of his parents. the self-concept scale - eacij - and questionnaires were applied to 30 hearing impaired adolescents, aged 12-16 years, undergoing treatment at the centro de distúrbios da audi??o, linguagem e vis?o (cedalvi), a service center within the hrac/usp, and to their parents. the results showed that most of the subjects involved in the study actually use their hearing aids and have positive self-concept. it was concluded that the constant use of this resource is associated with the good conditions of the self-concept and to the psycho-social support of the multi / interdisciplinary team.
Barotrauma pulmonar no intra-operatório de procedimento cirúrgico oftalmológico: relato de caso
Zugliani, Affonso Henrique;Claro, Flávia;Mega, Ana Cláudia C.;Rodrigues, Marcelo F.;Ancelmé, Gilblainer;
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-70942008000100009
Abstract: background and objectives: nowadays, severe anesthetic complications caused by the improper use of mechanical ventilators are rare. however, technical details even in recent models can be a trap for the anesthesiologist and threaten patient safety. the objective of this report was to demonstrate the importance of a careful analysis of the device to be used, as well as to detect and treat intraoperative tension pneumothorax. case report: a 16-year old female patient, physical status asa i, underwent corneal conjunctival covering under general anesthesia. anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane and controlled mechanical ventilation. no abnormalities were observed during anesthesia. at the final phase of the surgery, after mobilizing the anesthesia device to start the awakening process, the patient developed hypoxia, hypertension and ventilatory difficulties. after removal of the sterile drapes from the surgical field, subcutaneous emphysema was evident in the face, neck and upper limb. the tracheal cannula, which contained blood, was changed. a chest x-ray confirmed the diagnosis of pneumothorax that was immediately drained. inspection of the equipment revealed the presence of a kink in the tubing connecting the inferior portion of the canister to the equipment itself caused by mobilization of the articulated arm, blocking the normal flow of gases and leading to pulmonary barotrauma. conclusions: the development of tension pneumothorax during general anesthesia with positive pressure ventilation should always be considered. several factors can contribute to the development of this condition, which should be considered when they are present during surgeries. the anesthesia equipment should be examined carefully to detect potential causes of anesthetic complications.
Fitossociologia de um remanescente de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) em Campinas, SP
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84041998000200012
Abstract: the phytosociological structure was studied in two hygrophillous forest (swamp forest) fragments, in campinas, state of s?o paulo, brazil. ten plots of 10 m x 10 m were stablished in each fragment and all individuals with pbh (perimeter at breast height) 3 10 cm were included. the data of both fragments were analised together. it was sampled 955 individuals from 55 species, 44 genera and 29 families. a low species diversity was observed (h? = 2.80 nats/individual). the most important species, in terms of descending order of ivi, were calophyllum brasiliensis (clusiaceae), protium almecega (burseraceae), styrax pohlii (styracaceae), syagrus romanzoffiana (arecaceae), talauma ovata (magnoliaceae), geonoma brevispatha (arecaceae), trichilia pallida (meliaceae), inga luschnathiana (mimosaceae), guarea macrophylla (meliaceae) and tapirira guianensis (anacardiaceae), represented by many individuals. the richest families in species were: myrtaceae (9 species), lauraceae (6), meliaceae (5), euphorbiaceae (4) and fabaceae (3). these forests are restrict to permanently flooded soil and display a peculiar forest pattern, with characteristic floristics, structure and physiognomy that distinguish them from other forests of the state of s?o paulo.
Crescimento e sobrevivência de duas procedências de Aspidosperma polyneuron em plantios experimentais em Bauru, SP. Growth and survival of two provenances of Aspidosperma polyneuron Müll. in experimental plantation, in Bauru, SP.
Aida Sanae SATO,Israel Luiz de LIMA,Maria Teresa Zugliani TONIATO,Léo ZIMBACK
Revista do Instituto Florestal , 2008,
Abstract: A explora o desordenada das matasnativas vem causando o esgotamento davariabilidade genética de muitas espécies de valorecon mico e ambiental. Desde a década de 1960,o Instituto Florestal de S o Paulo vem desenvolvendoestudos pioneiros em conserva o ex situ dealgumas espécies nativas amea adas e de interesseecon mico, como, por exemplo, Aspidospermapolyneuron, visando à conserva o, ao melhoramentogenético e ao conhecimento do seu comportamentosilvicultural. Em 1964 foi implantado um experimentocom duas procedências de A. polyneuron: Bauru(SP) e Alvorada do Sul (PR), em uma Unidade deConserva o do Instituto Florestal, em Bauru/SP.Foi utilizado o delineamento de blocos ao acaso,com nove plantas por parcela, espa amento 3 x 3 me seis repeti es. Em 2006, foram avaliados odiametro à altura do peito (DAP, cm), altura total(HT, m), forma do fuste (F), volume cilíndricoindividual (VCi, m3), volume cilíndrico por hectare(VCha, m3 ha-1) e sobrevivência (S, %). Os resultadosdemonstraram que a procedência Bauru apresentoumaior produ o volumétrica de madeira por hectare(VCha) e que os valores das demais variáveis n odiferiram estatisticamente entre as duas procedências.As informa es obtidas neste estudo s oimportantes para fornecer subsídios para avaliar aviabilidade de plantios comerciais e experimentaisde A. polyneuron visando à conserva o e aomelhoramento genético desta espécie.The disorderly exploitation of nativeforests has caused the depletion of the geneticvariability of many species of economic andenvironmental value. Since the 1960 decade,the Forestry Institute of S o Paulo has beendeveloping pioneering studies of ex situconservation of some endangered native treespecies and with economic interests, as for example,Aspidosperma polyneuron aiming the conservation,the tree breeding and the knowledge of thesilvicultural behavior. In 1964 an experiment withtwo provenances was implanted: A. polyneuron,Bauru (SP) and A. polyneuron, Alvorada do Sul(PR) in a Conservation Unit of the Forest Institute,in Bauru/SP. The trial was established in acomplete randomized block design with nine treesin square plots, spacing 3 x 3 m and with sixreplications. In 2006, the variables were evaluated:diameter at breast height (DBH, cm), total height(HT, m), stem form (SF), individual cylindricalvolume (VCi, m3), cylindrical volume per hectare(VCha, m3 ha-1) and survival (%). The resultsdemonstrated that the Bauru provenance presentedgreater volumetric production of wood per ha andthat the values of the other variable were notsignificantly different between the two provenance
Efeito do espa amento no desenvolvimento de Poecilanthe parviflora Benth (cora o-de-negro) aos 42 anos, em Bauru, SP. Effect of the spacing in the development of Poecilanthe parviflora Benth. (cora o-de-negro) of 42 year-old grown, in Bauru, SP.
Israel Luiz de LIMA,Maria Teresa Zugliani TONIATO,Aida Sanae SATO,Léo ZIMBACK
Revista do Instituto Florestal , 2010,
Abstract: No Brasil, plantios de espécies nativas visando à explora o comercial s o raros, devido ao crescimento lento e à falta de informa es silviculturais e oferta de sementes e mudas de boa qualidade. Dessa forma, no ano de 1964 foi implantado umexperimento visando avaliar os efeitos do espa amento no desenvolvimento de Poecilanthae parviflora, que é uma espécie de crescimento lento, na Esta o Ecológica de Bauru, SP. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi em blocos ao acaso, comcinco tratamentos e cinco repeti es. Os tratamentos constituíram-se dos seguintes espa amentos: 1,0 m x 1,0 m; 1,5 m x 1,5 m; 2,0 m x 2,0 m; 2,5 m x 2,5 m e 3,0 m x 3,0 m, tendo sido avaliados o diametro à altura do peito, altura total, volume individual, volume por hectare e a sobrevivência. Os resultados demonstraram que os espa amentos n o influenciaram asobrevivência, mas produziram efeitos no diametro à altura do peito, altura total, volume individual e volume por hectare. Com o aumento do espa amento, houvemaior incremento nos valores das três primeiras variáveis, ocorrendo o inverso na última. Possivelmente, o uso de espa amentos iniciais mais adensados e o emprego de desbastes seletivos e sucessivos resultariamemmaior propor o de madeira e melhor qualidade.In Brazil, planting of native species aiming at the commercial exploration is rare, due to the slow growth, the lack of silvicultural information and supply of seeds and seedling of superior quality. On account of this, in 1964 an experiment aiming to evaluate the effects of planting spacings on growing of Poecilanthae parviflora, which is a species of slow growth, was implanted in the Ecological Station of Bauru, SP. The trial was established in a complete-randomized block-design, with five treatments and five repetitions. The treatments consisted of the following spacings: 1.0 m x 1.0 m; 1.5 m x 1.5 m; 2.0 m x 2.0 m; 2.5 m x 2.5 m and 3.0 m x 3.0 m, which were evaluated at the breast height diameter, total height, individual volume, volume for hectare and the survival. The results demonstrated that the diameter at breast height, individual volume and volume for hectare has been influenced by the spacing. With the increase of the spacing, it had greater increment in the values of the three first variables, the opposite occurred in the last one. The survival however was not influenced by the spacing. Possibly, the use of more dense initial spacing and the use of selective and successive thinning can produce higher proportion of wood and better quality.
Fitossociologia de um remanescente de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) em Campinas, SP
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 1998,
Abstract: Foi realizado um levantamento fitossociológico em dois fragmentos de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) no município de Campinas, SP. Em cada fragmento foram alocadas 10 parcelas contíguas de 10 m x 10 m e amostrados todos os indivíduos com PAP (perímetro à altura do peito) 3 10 cm. Os dados dos dois fragmentos foram agrupados e analisados em conjunto. Ao todo foram amostrados 955 indivíduos de 55 espécies, 44 gêneros e 29 famílias. Foi observada baixa diversidade em espécies (H? = 2,80 nats/indivíduo). As espécies de maior IVI, em ordem decrescente, foram Calophyllum brasiliensis (Clusiaceae), Protium almecega (Burseraceae), Styrax pohlii (Styracaceae), Syagrus romanzoffiana (Arecaceae), Talauma ovata (Magnoliaceae), Geonoma brevispatha (Arecaceae), Trichilia pallida (Meliaceae), Inga luschnathiana (Mimosaceae), Guarea macrophylla (Meliaceae) e Tapirira guianensis (Anacardiaceae), representadas por grande número de indivíduos. As famílias mais ricas em espécies foram Myrtaceae (9 espécies), Lauraceae (6), Meliaceae (5), Euphorbiaceae (4) e Fabaceae (3). Essas matas s o restritas a áreas de solo permanentemente encharcado e revelam um padr o florestal característico, com peculiaridades florísticas, estruturais e fision micas que as diferenciam das demais unidades florestais do estado de S o Paulo.
Controle da dor pós-operatória da artroplastia total do joelho: é necessário associar o bloqueio do nervo isquiático ao bloqueio do nervo femoral?
Zugliani, Affonso H.;Ver?osa, Nubia;Amaral, José Luiz Gomes do;Barrucand, Louis;Salgado, Cátia;Karam, Márcia Borges Hage;
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-70942007000500006
Abstract: background and objectives: total knee arthroplasty (tka) causes severe tissue trauma, leading to severe postoperative pain. good postoperative analgesia is fundamental and one should consider that early mobilization of the joint is an important aspect to obtain good results. there is a controversy in the literature on the efficacy of isolated femoral nerve block. the objective of this study was to evaluate postoperative analgesia with the association of sciatic and femoral nerve block. methods: seventeen patients undergoing tka under spinal anesthesia were divided in two groups: a and b. in group a (n = 9), femoral nerve block was performed, while in group b (n = 8), femoral and sciatic nerve block were done. the blockades were done in the immediate postoperative period with 20 ml of 0.5% of ropivacaine. pain was evaluated in the first 24 hours using the visual analog scale and the verbal scale. the length of time between the nerve block and the first complaint of pain (m1) was also evaluated. results: the median of the duration of analgesia (m1) in group a was 110 min, while in group b it was 1285 min (p = 0.0001). there were no complications related to the technique used. conclusions: sciatic nerve block, when associated with femoral nerve block, under the conditions of the present study, improved significantly the quality of postoperative analgesia in tka.
Ampliando a densidade de coletas botanicas na regi?o da bacia hidrográfica do Alto Paranapanema: Caracteriza??o florística da Floresta Estadual e da Esta??o Ecológica de Paranapanema
Cielo-Filho, Roque;Baitello, Jo?o Batista;Pastore, Jo?o Aurélio;Aguiar, Osny Tadeu de;Souza, Silvana Cristina Pereira Muniz de;Toniato, Maria Teresa Zugliani;Lima, Concei??o Rodrigues de;Ribeiro, Adriano Peres;
Biota Neotropica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032009000300025
Abstract: the need for increasing the botanical collecting effort at the national scale, as to aid in the identification of priority areas for conservation as to improve the knowledge about the national biota, has been highlighted in several recent analyses concerning the brazilian biodiversity. for the plants, the collecting density at the national scale (0.44 dried specimens/km2) is well bellow the minimum for a complete knowledge about the flora (3 dried specimens/km2) or even for an assessment of the richness of a given region (1 dried specimen/km2). recent analysis revealed that even in the south and southwest regions, where the infra-structure is better and the number of botanists greater, the collecting density is inadequate. in the s?o paulo state, some regions have been considered poorly collected. the alto paranapanema basin is one of these regions. this paper presents the results of a botanical inventory at the paranapanema municipality conservation units (23o 32' 02" s and 48o 45' 29" w) and is part of a broader project which aims to contribute for an increase in the botanical collecting density at that region. the state forest and the ecological station of paranapanema have 900 ha of seasonal semideciduous forest. the pre-existing trails and the trails established for this research were visited monthly between june 2007 and july 2008. 693 fertile specimens were collected and 489 species were identified, belonging to 294 genus and 98 families, according to the following distribution: myrtaceae (37 species), fabaceae-faboideae (32), rubiaceae (28), bignoniaceae (23), asteraceae (20), lauraceae (17), apocynaceae (15), melastomataceae (13), euphorbiaceae, malvaceae e fabaceae-mimosoideae (12 each). fifteen species are under extinction risk. the distribution of the species among the life forms reveals 291 trees (59.5%), 72 lianas (14.7%), 58 shrubs (11.9%), 45 herbs (9.2%), 19 epiphytes (3.9%) and 4 hemiparasites (0.8%). the collecting density in the municipality of p
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