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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 120052 matches for " Zhuoran Wang "
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Generation of Feedback-induced Chaos in a Semiconductor Ring Laser  [PDF]
Xin Zhang, Guohui Yuan, Zhuoran Wang
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.32B039
Abstract:

A scheme for chaotic signal generation in a semiconductor ring laser (SRL) with optical feedback is presented. Part of the output is returned to the SRL, resulting in chaotic oscillation. 

Characteristics and Spatial Variability of Saline-Alkaline Soil Degradation in the Typical Yellow River Delta Area of Kenli County, China  [PDF]
Zhuoran Wang, Gengxing Zhao, Mingxiu Gao, Chunyan Chang, Jichao Jia, Jin Li
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.512104
Abstract: As an important area of reserve land resources, the Yellow River Delta is faced with the problem of soil salinization. Grasping the characteristics of soil salinity as well as its spatial variation patterns is an important foundation of prevention, control and utilization of saline soil. This study selected Kenli County of the Yellow River Delta, obtained soil salinity data through field survey and lab experiment, and used statistical, GIS interpolation and buffer analysis methods to analyze the characteristics of soil salinity and its spatial variation patterns. Our results showed that the general soil salinity in the study area was mainly moderate and there was a significant positive correlation between different soil layers of 0 - 15 cm, 15 - 30 cm and 30 - 45 cm and soil salinity increased with the increase of soil depth. The areas with high soil salinity in each soil layer mainly distributed in the east near the Bo Sea in the county, while the areas with lower soil salinity mainly distributed in the southwest, centre and the two sides of the Yellow River in the northeast. Soil salinity showed a trend of decrease with the increase in distance to the Bo Sea, while stretching from the Yellow River, it showed increase tendency with the increase in distance to the Yellow River. The order from high soil salinity to low of different vegetation types was naked land → suaeda glauca → tamarix → vervain → reed → couch grass → paddy → cotton → winter wheat → maize; the order for different geomorphic types was depression → slightly sloping ground → slow hillock → high flood land. This study preliminary delineated the characteristics of soil salinity as well as its spatial variation patterns in the study area, and provided scientific basis for soil resource sustainable utilization in the Yellow River Delta.
Information Extraction Method of Soil Salinity in Typical Areas of the Yellow River Delta Based on Landsat Imagery  [PDF]
Tongrui Zhang, Gengxing Zhao, Chunyan Chang, Zhuoran Wang, Ping Li, Deyu An, Jichao Jia
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.61006
Abstract: In order to get RS method to extract soil salinity of the Yellow River Delta, we set Kenli County as typical Yellow River Delta to be research area and get data of soil salinity through field investigation. By using RS image of Landsat-8 of March 14, 2014 and analyzing information features of each band and surface spectral features of research areas, we select out sensitive bands and build Soil Salinity Information Extraction (SSIE) model and vegetation index NDVI model for comparison. And then, we accordingly classify grades of soil salinity and get soil salinity information by decision tree approach based on expert knowledge. The results show that overall accuracy of SSIE model is 93.04% and coefficient of Kappa is 0.7869, while overall accuracy of NDVI model is 83.67% and coefficient of Kappa is 0.7017 respectively. By comparing with measured proportions of each class, we see that results from SSIE model is more accurate, which indicates significant advantage for soil salinity information extraction. This research provides scientific basis to get and monitoring soil salinity of the Yellow River Delta region quickly and accurately.
Effects of Thioglycolic Acid on Parthenogenetic Activation of Xenopus Oocytes
Zhuoran Wang,Xiaomei Ren,Dong Wang,Yongmei Guan,Lei Xia
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016220
Abstract: Existing in Permanent-wave solutions (PWS), thioglycolic acid (TGA) is widely used in hairdressing industry for its contribution to hair styling. However, the toxicity of TGA, especially its reproductive toxicity, gradually calls the attention of more and more researchers.
Effects of Thioglycolic Acid on in vivo Oocytes Maturation in Mice
Lei Xia, Shaoying Hou, Xiaomei Ren, Zhuoran Wang
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023996
Abstract: Background Thioglycolic acid (TGA) is widely used in the hairdressing industry, which mostly caters to women. Recently, TGA has been reported to impair several organs, especially reproductive ones such as testes and ovaries. The reproductive toxicity of TGA on females has become an issue that cannot be neglected. Methodology/Principal Findings In the present work, superovulated female mice were percutaneously treated with different doses of TGA (37.81, 75.62, and 151.25 mg/kg). The mice were sacrificed to collect ovulated oocytes, whose numbers were counted and compared. Immunofluorescence-stained oocytes were observed under a confocal microscope to investigate the effects of TGA on spindle morphology, distribution of cortical granules (CGs), and parthenogenetic activation. The number of ovulated oocytes was decreased by TGA. The ovulated oocytes in the 151.25 mg/kg TGA group were significantly less than in the control and in the 37.81 mg/kg TGA groups. The ovulated oocytes in the 75.62 mg/kg TGA group were less than in the 37.81 mg/kg dose group. Abnormal spindle configuration in vivo was also induced by TGA. The spindle areas in the 75.62 and 151.25 mg/kg TGA groups were significantly larger than in the control and 37.81 mg/kg TGA groups. The parthenogenetic activation of ovulated oocytes in vitro was inhibited as well. The percentage of activated oocytes in the 75.62 and 151.25 mg/kg TGA groups was significantly lower than in the control and 37.81 mg/kg TGA groups. The percentage in the 151.25 mg/kg TGA group was also less than in the 75.62 mg/kg group. CG distribution was not affected by TGA. Conclusion Mice were percutaneously treated with TGA. Consequently, the number of ovulated oocytes decreased, abnormal spindle configurations were induced, and the parthenogenetic activation of ovulated oocytes was inhibited. CG distribution was not affected.
On the Linear Belief Compression of POMDPs: A re-examination of current methods
Zhuoran Wang,Paul A. Crook,Wenshuo Tang,Oliver Lemon
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Belief compression improves the tractability of large-scale partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) by finding projections from high-dimensional belief space onto low-dimensional approximations, where solving to obtain action selection policies requires fewer computations. This paper develops a unified theoretical framework to analyse three existing linear belief compression approaches, including value-directed compression and two non-negative matrix factorisation (NMF) based algorithms. The results indicate that all the three known belief compression methods have their own critical deficiencies. Therefore, projective NMF belief compression is proposed (P-NMF), aiming to overcome the drawbacks of the existing techniques. The performance of the proposed algorithm is examined on four POMDP problems of reasonably large scale, in comparison with existing techniques. Additionally, the competitiveness of belief compression is compared empirically to a state-of-the-art heuristic search based POMDP solver and their relative merits in solving large-scale POMDPs are investigated.
周边采煤活动对岳城水库库区大坝和坝基的渗流影响研究
A study of the impact of mining activities on the seepage of the dam and dam foundation of Yuecheng Reservoir

王卓然,武雄
WANG Zhuoran
,WU Xiong

- , 2018, DOI: 10.13745/j.esf.yx.2017-02-4
Abstract: 岳城水库属于国家重点水库,同时库区及周边地下是典型的富煤区域,蕴藏着大量优质煤炭资源。为研究周边采煤活动对岳城水库库区大坝和坝基的渗流影响,文中以坝体作为研究对象,在上游建立一条安全限,通过控制大坝和坝基的有效保护边界来控制开采对浅地表造成的影响深度和影响远度。通过数值模拟,结果表明在上游水位159.1 m和下游水位105.0 m的作用下,只要开采影响范围距离岳城水库大坝2 000 m,开采就不会对大坝和坝基的渗透性变化产生影响;同时,也不会对坝肩的渗透性产生影响。
Asymptotic behavior of positive solutions to a degenerate elliptic equation in the upper half space with a nonlinear boundary condition
Zhuoran Du
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We consider positive solutions of the problem \begin{equation} \left\{\begin{array}{l}-\mbox{div}(x_{n}^{a}\nabla u)=0\qquad \mbox{in}\;\;\mathbb{R}_+^n,\\ \frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu^a}=u^{q} \qquad \mbox{on}\;\;\partial \mathbb{R}_+^n,\\ \end{array} \right. \end{equation} where $a\in (-1,0)\cup(0,1)$, $q>1$ and $\frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu^a}:=-\lim_{x_{n}\rightarrow 0^+}x_{n}^{a}\frac{\partial u}{\partial x_{n}}$. We obtain some qualitative properties of positive axially symmetric solutions in $n\geq3$ for the case $a\in (-1,0)$ under the condition $q\geq\frac{n-a}{n+a-2}$. In particular, we establish the asymptotic expansion of positive axially symmetric solutions.
MicroRNA-152 Regulates DNA Methyltransferase 1 and Is Involved in the Development and Lactation of Mammary Glands in Dairy Cows
Jie Wang, Yanjie Bian, Zhuoran Wang, Dan Li, Chunmei Wang, Qingzhang Li, Xuejun Gao
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101358
Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding, endogenous regulatory RNAs that function by controlling gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Using small RNA sequencing and qRT-PCR techniques, we found that the expression of miR-152 was significantly increased during lactation in the mammary glands of dairy cows producing high quality milk compared with that in cows producing low quality milk. Furthermore, DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), which is a target of miR-152, was inversely correlated with the expression levels of miR-152 in the mammary glands of dairy cows. Dairy cow mammary epithelial cells (DCMECs) were used as in vitro cell models to study the function of miR-152. The forced expression of miR-152 in DCMECs resulted in a marked reduction of DNMT1 at both mRNA and protein levels. This in turn led to a decrease in global DNA methylation and increased the expression of two lactation-related genes, serine/threonine protein kinase Akt (Akt) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparγ). In contrast, inhibition of miR-152 showed the opposite results. By using an electronic Coulter counter (CASY-TT) and flow cytometer, we discovered that miR-152 enhanced the viability and multiplication capacity of DCMECs. In conclusion, miR-152 plays an important role in the development and lactation processes in the mammary glands of dairy cows. Our data provide insights into dairy cow mammary gland development and lactation.
Pten Regulates Development and Lactation in the Mammary Glands of Dairy Cows
Zhuoran Wang, Xiaoming Hou, Bo Qu, Jie Wang, Xuejun Gao, Qingzhang Li
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102118
Abstract: Pten is a tumor suppressor gene regulating many cellular processes, including growth, adhesion, and apoptosis. In the aim of investigating the role of Pten during mammary gland development and lactation of dairy cows, we analyzed Pten expression levels in the mammary glands of dairy cows by using western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays. Dairy cow mammary epithelial cells (DCMECs) were used to study the function of Pten in vitro. We determined concentrations of β-casein, triglyceride, and lactose in the culture medium following Pten overexpression and siRNA inhibition. To determine whether Pten affected DCMEC viability and proliferation, cells were analyzed by CASY-TT and flow cytometry. Genes involved in lactation-related signaling pathways were detected. Pten expression was also assessed by adding prolactin and glucose to cell cultures. When Pten was overexpressed, proliferation of DCMECs and concentrations for β-casein, triglyceride, and lactose were significantly decreased. Overexpression of Pten down-regulated expression of MAPK, CYCLIN D1, AKT, MTOR, S6K1, STAT5, SREBP1, PPARγ, PRLR, and GLUT1, but up-regulated 4EBP1 in DCMECs. The Pten siRNA inhibition experiments revealed results that opposed those from the gene overexpression experiments. Introduction of prolactin (PRL) increased secretion of β-casein, triglyceride, and lactose, but decreased Pten expression levels. Introduction of glucose also increased β-casein and triglyceride concentrations, but did not significantly alter Pten expression levels. The Pten mRNA and protein expression levels were decreased 0.3- and 0.4-fold in mammary glands of lactating cows producing high quality milk (milk protein >3.0%, milk fat >3.5%), compared with those cows producing low quality milk (milk protein <3.0%, milk fat <3.5%). In conclusion, Pten functions as an inhibitor during mammary gland development and lactation in dairy cows. It can down-regulate DCMECs secretion of β-casein, triglyceride, and lactose, and plays a critical role in lactation related signaling pathways.
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