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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 43654 matches for " Zhou Qian "
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Mesocyclone Evolution and Differences between Isolated and Embedded Supercells  [PDF]
Xiuguang Diao, Qian Shi, Houfu Zhou
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2013.33A001

A total of 61 supercells with mesocyclones lasting for at least 6 volume scans were investigated. These storm parameters and mesocyclone parameters were counted and compared to determine the salient differences between isolated supercells and embedded supercells in different regions. The results showed that the mesocyclone parameters had different evolution characteristics in three stages of mesocyclone. The storm parameters, mesocyclone parameters and severe weather phenomenon had significantly differences between isolated supercells and embedded supercells. The mesocyclone parameter differences determined the differences in the reflectivity structure and weather phenomenon. The higher base and top of mesocyclone for isolated supercells indicated that the isolated supercells had higher maximum reflectivity, maximum reflectivity height, cell-based vertically integrated liquid and top of storm cell, and significantly higher probability of hail or large hail than the embedded supercells. The descending lower base of mesocyclone at its mature stage in the region of Jianghuai Plain indicated that the supercells in this region had a higher probability of mesocyclone-induced tornado.

Research on Intrusion Detection Algorithm Based on Multi-Class SVM in Wireless Sensor Networks  [PDF]
Hangxia Zhou, Qian Liu, Chen Cui
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2096

A multi-class method is proposed based on Error Correcting Output Codes algorithm in order to get better performance of attack recognition in Wireless Sensor Networks. Aiming to enhance the accuracy of attack detection, the multi-class method is constructed with Hadamard matrix and two-class Support Vector Machines. In order to minimize the complexity of the algorithm, sparse coding method is applied in this paper. The comprehensive experimental results show that this modified multi-class method has better attack detection rate compared with other three coding algorithms, and its time efficiency is higher than Hadamard coding algorithm.

MS-HRM to Detect Serum DNA Methylation of Intrauterine Growth Retardation Children  [PDF]
Yan Du, Youxia Zhou, Qian Wu
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.410B027
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is also called fetal growth restriction (FGR), which is the major complications in obstetrics and one of the most important causation from high morbidity and mortality in perinatal. In this study, MS-HRM (Methylation-Sensitive High Resolution Melting Curve Analysis) was used to detect the methylation status of serum DNA. Gene of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) was detected in this study. Results showed that the serum DNA methylation level of FGR fetus were lower than that of the control group; different methylation levels were also found between male and female fetus; and the methylation level was increased with the birth weight of the newborn. Our results showed that the IGFBP-3 gene methylation level of serum DNA of newborn could be semi-quantitative detected which guide the early prevention and treatment of IUGR. It also indicated that the methylation status of serum DNA can be conveniently identified and quantified by inspection of the melting curves.
Kink Waves and Their Evolution of the RLW-Burgers Equation
Yuqian Zhou,Qian Liu
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/109235
Abstract: This paper considers the bounded travelling waves of the RLW-Burgers equation. We prove that there only exist two types of bounded travelling waves, the monotone kink waves and the oscillatory kink waves. For the oscillatory kink wave, the regularity of its maximum oscillation amplitude changing with parameters is discussed. Exact expressions of the monotone kink waves and approximate expressions of the oscillatory ones are obtained in some special cases. Furthermore, all bounded travelling waves of the RLW-Burgers equation under different parameter conditions are identified and the evolution of them is discussed to explain the corresponding physical phenomena.
Fixation, transient landscape and diffusion's dilemma in stochastic evolutionary game dynamics
Da Zhou,Hong Qian
Quantitative Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.84.031907
Abstract: Agent-based stochastic models for finite populations have recently received much attention in the game theory of evolutionary dynamics. Both the ultimate fixation and the pre-fixation transient behavior are important to a full understanding of the dynamics. In this paper, we study the transient dynamics of the well-mixed Moran process through constructing a landscape function. It is shown that the landscape playing a central theoretical "device" that integrates several lines of inquiries: the stable behavior of the replicator dynamics, the long-time fixation, and continuous diffusion approximation associated with asymptotically large population. Several issues relating to the transient dynamics are discussed: (i) multiple time scales phenomenon associated with intra- and inter-attractoral dynamics; (ii) discontinuous transition in stochastically stationary process akin to Maxwell construction in equilibrium statistical physics; and (iii) the dilemma diffusion approximation facing as a continuous approximation of the discrete evolutionary dynamics. It is found that rare events with exponentially small probabilities, corresponding to the uphill movements and barrier crossing in the landscape with multiple wells that are made possible by strong nonlinear dynamics, plays an important role in understanding the origin of the complexity in evolutionary, nonlinear biological systems.
Three New Hybrid Conjugate Gradient Methods for Optimization  [PDF]
Anwa Zhou, Zhibin Zhu, Hao Fan, Qian Qing
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.23035
Abstract: In this paper, three new hybrid nonlinear conjugate gradient methods are presented, which produce suf?cient descent search direction at every iteration. This property is independent of any line search or the convexity of the objective function used. Under suitable conditions, we prove that the proposed methods converge globally for general nonconvex functions. The numerical results show that all these three new hybrid methods are efficient for the given test problems.
Application of Intrafascial Neurovascular Bundle Spare Technique in Radical Cystectomy  [PDF]
Tiejun Pan, Yu Zhou, Guoqiu Shen, Handong Wen, Weihong Qian
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2013.34034

Objective: To investigate the significance of intrafascial neurovascular bundle spare technique in radical cystectomy. Methods: Between March 2010 and December 2011, a total of 26 bladder cancer patients were treated with radical cystectomy, and intrafascial neurovascular bundle spare technique was applied in all these patients. Mean age of 26 patients was 56.1 y (45 - 66). Among 26 patients, 21 cases were in stage T2, 5 cases were in stage T3. All patients choose Orthotopic neobladder as urinary diversion manner. We use intrafascial neurovascular bundle spare technique, dissect between prostatic fascial and prostatic capsule, spare neurovascular bundle. Operating time, blood loss, complications, continence and sexual function 3 months after surgery were recorded. Results: In all patients, mean operating time was 328 min, mean blood loss was 316 ml. Only 4 patients need transfusion during surgery. 1 case of urinary fistula was found after surgery, and spontaneously cured 10 days after surgery. 1 case of bowel obstruction was found, and was cured by conservative therapy. 4 cases of incontinence were found 3 months after surgery. 18 patients had a nomal erectile function 3 months after surgery. Conclusions: Intrafascial neurovascular bundle spare technique can safely and effectively reserve neurovascular bundle in radical cystectomy. Patients can reserve continence and erectile function by this technique.

The Expressions of P53, MDM2 in Trophoblasts of Spontaneous Abortion Mouse Model and the Relevant Researches  [PDF]
Chunlan Zhou, Qian Wang, Menghuan Zeng, Liping Cheng, Xiaoyun Xie
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B075

Objective: To explore the mRNA expression of the related genes of p53, MDM2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia inducible transcription factors-1 a (HIF-la) in villous samples of spontaneous abortion mouse models and normal pregnancy models, and to discuss the effect of p53, MDM2 on the growth of villous trophoblast cells. Methods: The abortion-prone CBAXDBA/2 matings were established as the model of spontaneous abortion and the non-abortion-prone CBAXBALB/c matings as the model of normal pregnancy. Applied q Real-time PCR method to detect the mRNA expression levels of p53, MDM2, VEGF and HIF-la in villous samples of spontaneous abortion mouse models and normal pregnancy models. Results: The relationship of the mRNA expression level of p53, MDM2, VEGF and HIF-la in vinous samples of spontaneous abortion mouse models: in the villous samples of spontaneous abortion mouse models, the expression of p53 was positively correlated with the expression of MDM2, HIF-la (r = 0.35; r = 0.63), and the relationship was significant (P = 0.01; P < 0.001); but negatively correlated to the expression of VEGF (r = ?0.30), and the relationship was significant (P = 0.03). The expression of MDM2 was positively correlated with the expression of HIF-la (r = 0.28), and the relationship was significant (P = 0.04); and negatively correlated with the expression of VEGF (r = ?0.08), but the relationship was not significant (P = 0.57). The expression of HIF-la was negatively correlated with the expression of VEGF (r = ?0.37), and the relationship was significant (P = 0.007). The relationship of the mRNA expression level of p53,MDM2, VEGF and HIF-1 a in vinous samples of normal pregnancy models: in the vinous samples of normal pregnancy models, the expression of p53 was positively correlated with the expression of MDM2, VEGF and HIF-la (r = 0. 31; r = 0. 48; r = 0. 67), and the relationship was significant (P = 0.03; P = 0.003; P < 0.001). The expression of MDM2 was positively correlated with the expression of VEGF (r = 0. 23), but the relationship was not significant (P = 0.11); and negatively correlated with the expression of HIF-la (r = ?0.03), but the relationship was not significant (P = 0.84). The expression of HIF-la was positively correlated with the expression of VEGF (r = 0. 35), and the relationship was significant (P = 0.01). Conclusion: angiogenesis reduces in villous samples of spontaneous abortion mouse model, P53 and MDM2 involve in angiogenesis in villous samples, unlikely p53, and MDM2 have effects on normal early pregnancy villous

Construction and Application of the Multidimensional Table for Knowledge Discovery in Ancient Chinese Books on Materia Medica  [PDF]
Rui Jin, Qian Lin, Jun Zhou, Boyu Sun, Bing Zhang
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B001

Knowledge discovery, as an increasingly adopted information technology in biomedical science, has shown great promise in the field of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). In this paper, we provided a kind of multidimensional table which was well suited for organizing and analyzing the data in ancient Chinese books on Materia Medica. Moreover, we demonstrated its capability of facilitating further mining works in TCM through two illustrative studies of discovering meaningful patterns in the three-dimensional table of Shennong’s Classic of Materia Medica. This work might provide an appropriate data model for the development of knowledge discovery in TCM.

Effect of Temperature and Metal Ions on Degradation of Oxytetracycline in Different Matrices  [PDF]
Yingying Zhang, Heqing Tang, Qian Zhou, Lihua Zhu
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.58068

Composting is widely applied in animal manure treatment and reclamation. The degradation of organic pollutants during the composting treatment is attributed to two parallel processes: one is the bioprocess induced by the used microorganisms, and the other is the chemical process. In order to clarify the relative contribution of the chemical process to the compositing, in this paper, oxytetracycline (OTC) was chosen to study the degradation of tetracyclines (TCs) in water and chicken manure. It was observed that the degradation of OTC in water was much faster than that in chicken mature. At 40°C, 95% of OTC in water could be removed in two days, while it took about one month in mature. By increasing the temperature to 50°C, 60°C and 70°C, the required degradation time (with the degradation efficiency more than 95%) was shortened to 22, 13 and 9 days, respectively. This difference was caused by desorption hysteresis and irreversible fixation due to the formation of complexes of OTC with co-existed metal ions in the matrix. It was found that the coexisted Ca2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ ions decreased the degradation of OTC, whereas Cu2+ ions promoted the degradation of OTC.

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