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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 53044 matches for " Zhou Jing "
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How Cities Influenced by High Speed Rail Development: A Case Study in China  [PDF]
Jing Shi, Nian Zhou
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2013.32A002

This study aims at analyzing various extents of transportation equity change and the accessibility change of cities along High Speed Rail (HSR) line in China. To evaluate the accessibility change and transportation equity, certain cities along the transportation corridor which the successfully operating WuGuang HSR lies in are selected as samples of influenced ones first. Cities’ connection with HSR and their sizes are considered as choosing criteria. Weighted mean travel time and Generalized weighed travel time, which integrated with generalized cost, are both calculated in the two different scenarios to indicate accessibility changes of each city. The two scenarios are with or without the advent of WuGuang HSR. Accessibilities in different scenarios were carefully contrasted. It was found out that there is no significant change in the mean accessibility aspect of the region between the two scenarios. Then transportation equity issue of the transportation corridor is discussed based on the results of Gini coefficient using the data of Passenger Transportation Balance index. Passenger Transportation Balance index is proposed in this article to indicate the how much is one city’s transportation demand satisfied. The research found that cities had HSR stations built-in all attained a more accessibility improvement comparing with the others. And the gap between the accessibilities of the cities along the HSR line and those which are not is relatively wider. However, the equity evaluation using Transportation Balance Gini Coefficient reveals that massive investment in HSR has no potent evidence for equity improvement.

Comparative Morphology of the Leaf Epidermis in Ligusticum (Apiaceae) from China  [PDF]
Jing Zhou, Zhenwen Liu
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.96084
Abstract: To investigate the taxonomic value of leaf epidermal characters in developing a classification for Ligusticum (Apiaceae), thirty-eight species (including a cultivar) of the genus were examined using both light and scanning electron microscopy. Our results show that the infrageneric classification of Ligusticum based on the characters of involucel bracteoles, mericarps, and pollen grains was not supported as few epidermal characters were relatively constant at section level. Evidence from leaf epidermis, similar to that from molecular and morphological data, supports the separation of Tilingia (i.e. L. ajanense and L. tachiroei) from Ligusticum. Ligusticopsis was found to be indistinguishable from Ligusticum in epidermal characters. Furthermore, results from epidermal analysis, together with that from cytological evidence, fruit morphology as well as molecular phylogenetics suggest that L. delavayi should be transferred out of Ligusticum.
Urban Vitality in Dutch and Chinese New Towns. A comparative study between Almere and Tongzhou
Jing Zhou
A+BE : Architecture and the Built Environment , 2012, DOI: 10.7480/a+be.vol2.diss3
Abstract: Building new towns seems to be a rational regionalization approach that releases pressure from overly burdened large cities. This strategy was developed in Western Europe in the middle of twentieth century. Since the 1990s, the European new town model has been widely implemented in China. However, the author questions the feasibility of the large-scale, hasty new town developments. The study of worldwide new town experiences, especially European and Chinese cases, demonstrates that many new towns in fact have difficulty in achieving a real sense of urban quality and vitality. So far, few research projects have been conducted to evaluate and develop solutions for this problem. The purpose of this research project is therefore to identify the spatial and non-spatial factors and conditions that facilitate the development of urban vitality in new towns. It is aimed to reveal the impacts of spatial design, urban planning and governance approaches on the degree and patterns of local urban life of new towns in China and in the Netherlands. The generated knowledge of this research project helps develop not only a better understanding of the main problems of new towns, but also spatial strategies with the aim to enliven new towns and other types of (sub)urban areas as well. The central research question is approached through literature review and case studies. The literature review provides a critical re-evaluation of the scientific validation of the new town model, especially the notion of town self-containment in economic terms. The relevant theories under study mainly include regional science and economic geography. The literature review also clarifies the general definition of urban vitality and its distinct meanings in different socio-economic and political backgrounds of the two societies, sets up the quantitative measurements methodology, and identifies a preliminary framework of spatial factors and conditions. As it turns out, the key indicators of urban vitality are the co-presence of people as well as the social, cultural and economic activities in public spaces. The primary conditions are categorized as attractor-determinism, space-determinism and people-determinism. In regard to the spatial factors, the focus is on the spatial configuration of street networks, the composition of urban blocks and neighborhoods, as well as the value of details on small scales. The non-spatial factors primarily include the changing urban planning and governance approaches. The systems approach of planning and control, and the decentralization of decision-making powers ar
Construction of Virtual Information Center in Scene Disposition of Unexpected Public Emergency Events  [PDF]
Jing-Xin Zhou, Tao Lu
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.31009
Abstract: Unexpected public emergency events have occurred frequently in recent years. How to deal with these events quickly and efficiently has become an important issue. First, the paper describes the importance of information in scene management of unexpected public emergency events, then points out the weaknesses and shortcomings of current emergency plans. After that a model of virtual information center for unexpected public emergency events is proposed. Finally, the paper describes how to build a virtual information center for assisting emergency work by a case.
Route Optimization for Network Mobility Based Aeronautical Network Using Correspondent Router  [PDF]
Ruoshan Kong, Jing Feng, Huaibei Zhou
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2011.410082
Abstract: The future aeronautical network will be based on IPv6 and the services over the aeronautical network will be classified into 3 domains: Air Traffic Services (ATS), Airline Operational Services (AOS) and Passenger Information and Entertainment Services (PIES), among which the ATS and AOS domains are important for aircraft safety and airline business operation. Some schemes have been proposed to provide IP mobility support for aeronautical network, and Network Mobility (NEMO) scheme is the most promising one. However, using NEMO technology will lead to sub-optimal routing, so route optimization technology is highly desired for NEMO. A route optimization scheme is proposed for the ATS and AOS domains, which introduces the Correspondent Routers to realize the optimal routing and employs an improved procedure to reduce the handoff delay. The route optimization for the PIES domain is also discussed to provide better performance for some special scenarios.
A Novel Prediction Method of Protein Structural Classes Based on Protein Super-Secondary Structure  [PDF]
Longlong Liu, Jing Cui, Jie Zhou
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2016.415005
At present, the feature extraction of protein sequences is the most basic issue to predict protein structural classes and is also the key problem to decide the quality of prediction. In order to predict protein structural classes accurately, we construct a 14-dimensional feature vector based on protein secondary and super-secondary structure information to reflect the content and spatial ordering of the given protein sequences. Among the vector, seven features about -helix bundle, hairpin motifs, Rossman folds, -plaits and other super-secondary structure information are first proposed in our paper. Experiments show that our method improves overall accuracy of lower similarity datasets 1189 and 640 by 0.9% - 3.8% and 0.5% - 4.2% respectively compared with other methods and has a competitive advantage for predicting proteins in and classes.
Application of Modeling Drugs in Animal Models of Chemical Phlebitis: Review  [PDF]
Cuiling Tong, Hong Zhou, Jing Geng
Yangtze Medicine (YM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ym.2019.31003
Abstract: Objective: This review aims to determine the impact of different drugs and methods on the successful establishment of an animal model for chemical phlebitis (CP). Design: Search the Cochrane Library, ProQuest Academic Journal Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, Embase, CINAHL complete (EESCO) and other related databases to determine the literature. Screen out articles consistent with this review and summarize them. Results: Since the establishment of the database, a total of 1463 articles have been retrieved. After reading the title, abstract and full text, and excluding non-related and duplicate articles, 22 reports were finally included. Among them, there are 8 articles using different medication methods to compare the effects of establishing a CP model. The included articles explored the effects of different animal models, drug types, and their dose, concentration, speed, and time on the CP model. Conclusion: The factors of dose, concentration and time were positively correlated with the incidence of CP. The effect of speed factors on CP and the results of different animal models are inconsistent. It requires further research in the future.
Research on Fault Prediction of Modern Aviation Electronic Equipment Based on Improved Grey Model  [PDF]
Junjie Zhou, Qigen Jing, Xinhua Xie, Naidong Zhou
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.63B001
Abstract: The basic principle and method of Grey Model prediction are presented. In view of the defects of general GM(1,1) model, an improved method is proposed. That is using the particle swarm optimization algorithm to obtain the best forecast dimension and using metabolism to make the model parameters adaptively change. Finally, the improved Grey Model is used to predict the fault of high voltage power supply circuit of a certain type of modern air-borne radar. The results which are computed and simulated by Matlab software show that the forecast precision of improved Grey Model is higher than that of original Grey Model.
Degradation of some typical pharmaceuticals and personal care products with copper-plating iron doped Cu2O under visible light irradiation
Jing An,Qixing Zhou,
Jing An
,Qixing Zhou

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2012,
Abstract: A mixture of five commonly used pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) was degraded using a new combined catalyst under visible light irradiation. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the combined catalyst was composed of copper-plating iron doped Cu2O (FeCu/Cu2O). Compared with the Fe/C inner micro-circuit, the electric currents flowing between Cu and Fe increase the speed of anodic Fe dissolution. Moreover, due to the photochemical properties, Cu2O can accelerate the PPCPs degradation processes under the irradiation of visible light. In addition, shaking increased the dissolved oxygen concentration in the solution, which not only preconditioned the photo-catalysis reaction, but also set the stage for Fe reduction. According to the experimental results, we propose the possible reaction mechanism of the reaction.
Digital Divide: How Do Home Internet Access and Parental Support Affect Student Outcomes?
Jing Lei,Jingye Zhou
Education Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/educ2010045
Abstract: This study examined the relationship between home Internet access/parental support and student outcomes. Survey data were collected from 1,576 middle school students in China. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, independent-samples T-test, and regression analysis. Results indicate that students who had home Internet access reported higher scores than those without home Internet on all three dimensions: Computer and Internet self-efficacy, Attitudes towards technology and Developmental outcomes. Home Internet access and parental support were significantly positively associated with technology self-efficacy, interest in technology, perceived importance of the Internet, and perceived impact of the Internet on learning. Findings from this study have significant implications for research and practice on how to narrow down the digital divide.
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