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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1636 matches for " Zhiyong Luan "
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The Relationship between Carotid Atherosclerosis, Inflammatory Cytokines, and Oxidative Stress in Middle-Aged and Elderly Hemodialysis Patients
Hongqi Ren,Xuan Zhou,Zhiyong Luan,Xiaomei Luo,Shujing Han,Qing Cai,Wang Rui,Yan Li
International Journal of Nephrology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/835465
Abstract: Objective. To identify the relationship between microinflammation, oxidative stress, and carotid arterial stiffness in hemodialysis patients. Methods. The CAS β and PWV obtained by ultrasound technology were used to assess carotid arterial stiffness. We divided the patients into either the CAS group or the non-CAS group based on the presence or absence of CAS. The parameters of ALB, Ca, P, TC, HDL, LDL, TG, glucose, creatinine, and hs-CRP levels were routinely tested in both groups of patients. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and 8-isoprostane F2α were measured by ELISA. Results. A total of 42 patients were enrolled in the CAS group and 20 patients were enrolled in the non-CAS group. No significant differences between the CAS group and the non-CAS group were observed with respect to age, dialysis duration, DBP, BUN, Cr, TC, TG, HDL, LDL, and Hb. However, SBP , pulse pressure, and 8-isoprostane levels of the CAS group were higher than those of the non-CAS group. The hs-CRP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels were elevated in both groups but showed no significant differences. Conclusions. Maintenance of hemodialysis patients exhibits a microinflammatory state that may lead to atherosclerosis. The roles of hypertension and oxidative stress may be more important. 1. Introduction Atherosclerosis is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) related to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Numerous factors are involved in atherosclerosis for ESRD patients, some of which are reversible. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that atherosclerosis is a chronic microinflammatory disease [1–4]. Renal excretion dysfunction is common for maintenance with hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Toxins and cytokines accumulate in the body. The imbalance between the antioxygen free radical system and the oxygen free radical production system causes peroxidative damage and lipid peroxidative injury. Glycation end products and advanced oxidation protein products accumulate in the body, bind to specific monocyte-macrophage cell surface receptors, and stimulate vast numbers of adhesion molecules. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is also stimulated resulting in increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL) 1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α [5, 6]. Inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress play an important role in dialysis-related cardiovascular events in MHD patients [7, 8]. In previous studies, systolic blood pressure (SBP), age, increased blood calcium (Ca) levels, and diabetes were demonstrated to be independent risk factors for carotid artery
Decay Rate for a Viscoelastic Equation with Strong Damping and Acoustic Boundary Conditions  [PDF]
Zhiyong Ma
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2017.54081
Abstract: This paper is concerned with a nonlinear viscoelastic equation with strong damping: \"\". The objective of the present paper is to provide some results on the long-time behavior to this equation with acoustic boundary conditions. By using the assumptions on the relaxation function due to Tatar [1], we show an arbitrary rate of decay with not necessary of an exponential or polynomial one and without the assumption \"\" condition. The result extends and improves some results given in Cavalcanti [2].
Uniform Attractors for a Non-Autonomous Thermoviscoelastic Equation with Strong Damping  [PDF]
Zhiyong Ma
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2018.612209
Abstract: This paper considers the existence of uniform attractors for a non-autonomous thermoviscoelastic equation with strong damping in a bounded domain ΩRn(n≥1) by establishing the uniformly asymptotic compactness of the semi-process generated by the global solutions.
Strong Local Non-Determinism of Sub-Fractional Brownian Motion  [PDF]
Nana Luan
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.613194
Abstract: Let \"\" be a subfractional Brownian motion in \"\" . We prove that \"\" is strongly locally nondeterministic.
Two Implicit Runge-Kutta Methods for Stochastic Differential Equation  [PDF]
Fuwen Lu, Zhiyong Wang
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.310162
Abstract: In this paper, the Ito-Taylor expansion of stochastic differential equation is briefly introduced. The colored rooted tree theory is applied to derive strong order 1.0 implicit stochastic Runge-Kutta method(SRK). Two fully implicit schemes are presented and their stability qualities are discussed. And the numerical report illustrates the better numerical behavior.
The Application of Book Intelligent Recommendation Based on the Association Rule Mining of Clementine  [PDF]
Jia Lina, Mao Zhiyong
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.67B006

The traditional library can’t provide the service of personalized recommendation for users. This paper used Clementine to solve this problem. Firstly, model of K-means clustering analyze the initial data to delete the redundant data. It can avoid scanning the database repeatedly and producing a large number of false rules. Secondly, the paper used clustering results to perform association rule mining. It can obtain valuable information and achieve the service of intelligent recommendation.

Integration of Social Resources: Joint Command System in Large-Scale Emergencies  [PDF]
Xiangtao Yan, Zhiyong Zhang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.212012
Abstract: Command system is the core part in responding large-scale emergencies. Central government needs to integrate social resources in constructing command system rapidly. Social resources from military, enterprises, government and non-government organization should be integrated in command system which includes situational awareness system, communication system and decision system. The architectures of these systems are described in turn. Military command system should be the main part and backbone in large-scale emergencies.
Geographical Analysis of Lung Cancer Mortality Rate and PM2.5 Using Global Annual Average PM2.5 Grids from MODIS and MISR Aerosol Optical Depth  [PDF]
Zhiyong Hu, Ethan Baker
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.56017
Exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) may increase risk of lung cancer. The repetitive and broad-area coverage of satellites may allow atmospheric remote sensing to offer a unique opportunity to monitor air quality and help fill air pollution data gaps that hinder efforts to study air pollution and protect public health. This geographical study explores if there is an association between PM2.5 and lung cancer mortality rate in the conterminous USA. Lung cancer (ICD-10 codes C34- C34) death count and population at risk by county were extracted for the period from 2001 to 2010 from the U.S. CDC WONDER online database. The 2001-2010 Global Annual Average PM2.5 Grids from MODIS and MISR Aerosol Optical Depth dataset was used to calculate a 10 year average PM2.5 pollution. Exploratory spatial data analyses, spatial regression (a spatial lag and a spatial error model), and spatially extended Bayesian Monte Carlo Markov Chain simulation found that there is a significant positive association between lung cancer mortality rate and PM2.5. The association would justify the need of further toxicological investigation of the biological mechanism of the adverse effect of the PM2.5 pollution on lung cancer. The Global Annual Average PM2.5 Grids from MODIS and MISR Aerosol Optical Depth dataset provides a continuous surface of concentrations of PM2.5 and is a useful data source for environmental health research.
Numerical Simulation of the Thin Film Coating Flow in Two-Dimension  [PDF]
Zhiyong Liang, Hui Zhou
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2017.73021
Abstract: Thin film coating is a process of making liquid film cover and deposit base body surface by the way of dipping, spraying, sliding or spin coating, which is a kind of modern surface engineering. It plays an important role in the actual processing, such as improving the surface properties, fine processing, and new surface properties. Analysis of the influence of substrating morphology and fluid flow properties itself on coating fluid motion has an important significance to optimize the thin film coating and improve the quality of the final film. The influence from uneven substrate surface’s geometry configuration on internal motion of the flow field in slip-coating is analyzed by using the FLUENT software as a calculation platform. A two-dimension model of slip coating under isosceles triangle and isosceles trapezoid substrate was established, and thin film coating fluid motions under different configuration parameters were simulated. It is pointed out that the key factor determining the turbulence generation and evolution is the parameter of substrating surface nature. The effects of the change of Reynolds number on turbulent appearance and action area are studied. The velocity contours of fluid field on different substrate surfaces are shown, and the impact of substrate geometry on the backwater region is analyzed.
Relative Widths of Some Sets of lmp  [PDF]
Weiwei Xiao, Weijun Luan
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2011.12008
Abstract: n this paper, the relative widths of some sets in are studied. Relative widths is the further development of Kolmogorov widths and it is a new problem in approximation theory which aroused some mathematics workers great interest recently. We present some basic propositions of relative widths and investigate relative widths of some sets (ball or ellipsoid) of
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