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An image super resolution reconstruction method was used to improve the spatial resolution of the thick pinhole imaging system and to mitigate the limitations of the image spatial resolution of the hardware of the image diagnostic system. The thick pinhole is usually applied into the diagnostics of the high energy neutron radiation image. Due to the impacts among its energy flux, spatial resolution and effective field of view, in dealing with the large area radiation source, the spatial resolution of the thick pinhole neutron image cannot meet the requirements for high precision modeling of the radiation source image. In this paper, the Lucy-Richardson image super resolution reconstruction method was used to simulate the thick pinhole imaging and super resolution image reconstruction. And the spatial resolution of the image could be increased by over three times after the image super resolution reconstruction. Besides, in dealing with the pseudo-noise, plum blossom shape appeared in the image super resolution reconstruction. The analysis of the source of the pseudo-noise was made based on the simulation of the image reconstruction under various conditions according to the characteristics of the thick pinhole image configuration.
The spatial resolution of the gamma-rays camera was measured on a60Co gamma-rays source with edge method. The gamma-rays camera is consisting with rays-fluorescence convertor, optical imaging system, MCP image intensifier, CCD camera, electronic control system and other devices, and is mainly used in the image diagnostics of the intense pulse radiation sources . Due to the relatively big quantum detective efficiency (DQE) and quantum gain of the gamma-rays, etc., the experimental data were processed by averaging multiple images and fitting curves. According to the experimental results, the spatial resolution MTF (modulation transfer function) at the 10% intensity was about 2lp/mm. Meanwhile, because of the relatively big dispersion effects of the fluorescence transmissions in the scintillator and the optical imaging system, the maximal single-noise ratio (SNR) of the camera was found to be about 5:1. In addition, the spatial resolution of the camera was measured with pulse X-rays with 0.3MeV in average energy and exclusion of the effects of secondary electrons from consideration. Accordingly, the spatial resolution MTF at the 10% intensity was about 5lp/mm. This could be an additional evidence to verify the effects of secondary electrons induced by the 1.25MeV gamma-rays in the scintillator upon the spatial resolution. Based on our analysis, the dispersion sizes of the secondary electrons in the scintillator are about 0.4mm-0.6mm. Comparatively, as indicated by the detailed analysis of the spatial resolutions of the MCP image intensifier and CCD devices, both of them have little effect on the spatial resolution of the gamma-rays camera that could be well neglected.