Abstract:
A fixed wing, remote controlled, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), has been retrofitted with a system of microjet-based actuators to test microjet efficacy for flow control during flight. This allows one to evaluate the flow control system in a more complex and uncontrolled environment relative to the “clean” laboratory flowfield. The system is composed of off-the-shelf components and provides some appreciation of the challenges associated with implementing such an active control scheme in more “practical” configurations. A wing section with actuators was first tested in a low-speed wind tunnel to characterize microjet control efficacy in the laboratory using surface flow visualizations and particle image velocimetry (PIV). The laboratory results show that the microjet actuators are an effective means of controlling separation with fairly low supply pressures and flow rates. Only relatively robust and straightforward diagnostics can be used to determine the flow conditions on the UAV during flight. As such, tufts are installed on the aircraft’s wing to serve as a qualitative way of measuring control efficacy. Results from the flight tests confirm that this flow control system is capable of delaying flow separation in the complex flows occurring during flight.

Abstract:
Change orders are common and clearly noticeable in Jordanian construction industry. Several studies have identified change orders as significant problem in Jordanian construction projects, and they mainly cause delay and cost overrun. This situation spurs the researchers for investigating the significant causes of change orders in construction projects. Thus, this paper aims to determine the main causes of change orders in the Jordanian construction private sector which responsible for significant cost overrun. Both qualitative and quantitative methods, i.e. interview and questionnaire techniques, were used to achieve this aim. Interviews were conducted as the first stage of data collection, and the results formed the basis of the questionnaire, which was distributed across the Jordanian construction sector. Content analysis was used to analyse the interview responses, while factor analysis, correlation and the Severity Index (SI) were used to analyse the questionnaire results. The findings identified three main categories of causes of change orders in private sector, namely engineering causes, causes related to the client, and circumstances of the project, with sub-causes in each category which are related to each other in significant ways and which affect each other.

Abstract:
Recent results on $B_d$, $B_u^{\pm}$, $B_s$, $\Lambda_b$ and Charm hadrons are reported from $\approx$ 75pb$^{-1}$ and $\approx$ 40 pb$^{-1}$ of data accumulated at the upgraded CDF and D0 experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron $\bar{p}-p$ collider, during Run-II. These include lifetime and mass measurements of $B$ and Charm hadrons, searches for rare decays in charm and $B$ hadrons and CP-violation in Charm decays. Results relevant to CP-violation in B-decays are also reported.

Abstract:
We prove that unique ergodicity of tensor product of $C^*$-dynamical system implies its strictly weak mixing. By means of this result a uniform weighted ergodic theorem with respect to $S$-Besicovitch sequences for strictly weak mixing dynamical systems is proved. Moreover, we provide certain examples of strictly weak mixing dynamical systems.

Abstract:
In the paper we completely describe the set of all solutions of a recursive equation, arising from the Bethe lattice models over $p$-adic numbers.

Abstract:
We prove that, under certain conditions, uniform weak mixing (to zero) of the bounded sequences in Banach space implies uniform weak mixing of its tensor product. Moreover, we prove that ergodicity of tensor product of the sequences in Banach space implies its weak mixing. Applications of the obtained results, we prove that tensor product of uniquely $E$-weak mixing $C^*$-dynamical systems is also uniquely $E$-weak mixing as well.

Abstract:
Zaharopol proved the following result: let $T,S:L^1(X,{\cf},\m)\to L^1(X,{\cf},\m)$ be two positive contractions such that $T\leq S$. If $\|S-T\|<1$ then $\|S^n-T^n\|<1$ for all $n\in\bn$. In the present paper we generalize this result to multi-parameter contractions acting on $L^1$. As an application of that result we prove a generalization of the "zero-two" law.

Abstract:
In the present paper, we introduce a new kind of $p$-adic measures for $q+1$-state Potts model, called {\it $p$-adic quasi Gibbs measure}. For such a model, we derive a recursive relations with respect to boundary conditions. Note that we consider two mode of interactions: ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic. In both cases, we investigate a phase transition phenomena from the associated dynamical system point of view. Namely, using the derived recursive relations we define one dimensional fractional $p$-adic dynamical system. In ferromagnetic case, we establish that if $q$ is divisible by $p$, then such a dynamical system has two repelling and one attractive fixed points. We find basin of attraction of the fixed point. This allows us to describe all solutions of the nonlinear recursive equations. Moreover, in that case there exists the strong phase transition. If $q$ is not divisible by $p$, then the fixed points are neutral, and this yields that the existence of the quasi phase transition. In antiferromagnetic case, there are two attractive fixed points, and we find basins of attraction of both fixed points, and describe solutions of the nonlinear recursive equation. In this case, we prove the existence of a quasi phase transition.

Abstract:
It is known that the Dobrushin's ergodicity coefficient is one of the effective tools to study a behavior of non-homogeneous Markov chains. In the present paper, we define such an ergodicity coefficient of a positive mapping defined on ordered Banach space with a base (OBSB), and study its properties. In terms of this coefficient we prove the equivalence uniform and weak ergodicities of homogeneous Markov chains. This extends earlier results obtained in case of von Neumann algebras. Such a result allowed to establish a category theorem for uniformly ergodic Markov operators. We find necessary and sufficient conditions for the weak ergodicity of nonhomogeneous discrete Markov chains (NDMC). It is also studied $L$-weak ergodicity of NDMC defined on OBSB. We establish that the chain satisfies $L$-weak ergodicity if and only if it satisfies a modified Doeblin's condition ($\frak{D}_1$-condition). Moreover, several nontrivial examples of NDMC which satisfy the $\frak{D}_1$-condition are provided.