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A Better Understanding of Reasons for the Failure of the Healthcare Reform in Colombia  [PDF]
Oscar Bernal, Diana C. Zamora
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.621330
Abstract: The Colombian healthcare crisis is evidenced by obstacles to health service, diminished working conditions and medical autonomy, financial infeasibility, loss of leadership and legitimacy of the healthcare system. In the year 2013 twelve reform projects were presented to Congress, including a statutory law that defines health as a fundamental right which was approved and another ordinary one which sought a complete reform of the system but was rejected and criticized by different opinion leaders. For this study we have made an adaptation to Q methodology, which assigns quantitative values to the most frequent statement variables obtained from secondary sources (norms, articles, media, forums) giving objective information about the diverse positions in the proposals to healthcare reform. We analyzed from the most objective position and from academic independence the different views of the opinion leaders for a better understanding of the reasons for this failure in healthcare reform. There was a great polarization in the diverse statements which made an agreement with the government unlikely and, when added to a political moment in which the presidential election was being held, made the new reform non-viable. Although there is an agreement about the existence of a crisis, this has not been the case about the analysis of its causes or solutions. At the present time, the government is not presenting a new reform proposal and is focusing on some decree to create a model of healthcare in rural zones, define financial conditions for the EPSes (health providers), update norms for membership in a healthcare system and regulate biotechnological drugs. Even though to date there have been no opinions, plus taking into account the previous analysis, it is very possible there will be much criticism from those who demand a structural change in the system.
Movilidad escolar en Chile: Análisis de las implicancias para la calidad y equidad de la educación
Zamora,Guillermo;
Estudios pedagógicos (Valdivia) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07052011000100003
Abstract: the school mobility is a highly recurrent phenomenon in chile. every year the percentage of students who move from one school to another reaches 11.5% in primary education. considering the high recurrence, the question is: what are the implications of school mobility on the quality and equity of the chilean education? to answer this question, this research issues a diagnosis of the learning achieved by students in 4th grade of primary education who have moved from one school to another, comparing them with the learning achievements from those who remained in the same school. it also evaluates the quality of the educational establishments that receives the transferred students. it works with census data from 182 885 students.
Importancia de la heterogeneidad ambiental en la ecología de plantas carnívoras mediterráneas: implicaciones para la conservación
Zamora,Regino;
Revista chilena de historia natural , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-078X2002000100003
Abstract: most carnivorous plants belonging to the pinguicula genus inhabit mountains in the mediterranean basin. pinguicula vallisneriifolia inhabits wet limestone rock walls and cliffs, being able to reproduce by seeds and asexually (by stolons and axillary buds). the complex orography of mediterranean mountains favors sunny (hot and dry) and shady (cool and wet) contrasting expositions. along the sun-shade gradient, there were variations in plant flowering phenology, as well as in animal species that interacted with the plants (prey, pollinators and kleptoparasites), even at a very restricted spatial scale. the ecological consequence is that the marked spatial variability in abiotic conditions results in a site-specific mosaic of plant-animal interactions, and hence of selective pressures of animals upon plants. plant populations have also different demographic structures depending on the microhabitat (sunny, dry versus wet, shady). as a result, different demographic patterns appear on different localities or different habitats within the same locality: populations living in moist, shady patches show high proportions of seedlings as plants reproduce both sexually and asexually, resulting in viable populations. on the contrary, plants living in dry, sunny rocky substrates, despite sexual and asexual reproduction, have no seedling recruitment because of wet microsite limitation. these populations are, therefore, dominated by vegetative individuals. practical guiadance are provided in order to preserve these microclimatically structured populations
Acerca de las discusiones sobre el salario de las criadas: Algunas reflexiones sobre el orden jurídico local en San Miguel de Tucumán a fines del siglo XVIII
Zamora,Romina;
Revista de historia del derecho , 2010,
Abstract: in 1794, the defensor de naturales of san miguel de tucumán made a presentation to the cabildo explaining the situation of helplessness of the maids and justice requesting that they provide protection, noting the pay for them, and that their employers are obliged to comply. this presentation, together with the opinion of the síndico procurador and discussion chapter, and the resulting regulations do not concern only the just retribution but, above all, the domestic order and legal order of the city, as the subject on under discussion, ultimately, is as much about the condition of freedom of the gente de servicio to choose where to work, as the possibility of interference by the cabildo in a domestic matter. the aim of this study is to observe social considerations on the domestic work of the gente de servicio o bajo pueblo from the discussion chapter of san miguel de tucuman and legal projections for this city.
Editorial
Zamora, Rosario
Grasas y Aceites , 2010,
Abstract:
Relevo en la Dirección de Grasas y Aceites
Zamora, Rosario
Grasas y Aceites , 2007,
Abstract:
Editorial. Lista de revisores 2008
Zamora, Rosario
Grasas y Aceites , 2009,
Abstract:
Jerry M. Melillo
Regino Zamora
Ecosistemas , 2003,
Abstract:
Las áreas protegidas como Observatorios del Cambio Global
R. Zamora
Ecosistemas , 2010,
Abstract:
Osvaldo E. Sala
Regino Zamora
Ecosistemas , 2003,
Abstract:
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