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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7613 matches for " Zahida Khan Tasawar "
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Walnut Trim down Lipid Profile and BMI in Obese Male in Different Ethnic Groups of Quetta Population, Pakistan  [PDF]
Rehana Mushtaq, Rubina Mushtaq, Sobia Khwaja, Zahida Tasawar Khan
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.410139
Abstract:

A total of 64 male obese subjects were randomized to observe the effect of 40 g of walnut in daily breakfast on lipid profile and Body Mass Index (BMI), total Cholesterol (CHO), Triglyceride (TG) High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in obese male subjects of various ethnics i.e. Baloch (B), Pathan (P), Hazara (H) and Punjabi (PU) residing in Quetta region of Balochistan for this purpose four weeks controlled study was designed. A batch of 32 obese male subjects 8 from each ethnic group as a control and another batch of 32 obese males 8 from each ethnic group as treated were selected. Twelve hour fasting blood samples a day after stoppage of walnut were taken from obese control and obese treated subjects. Daily walnut consumption in obese male subjects evidently demonstrated reduced BMI in all ethnic groups. Walnut supplementation in obese exhibited significant reduction in cholesterol level in Baloch (P < 0.001) and Punjabi (P < 0.01) males. There was profound and statistically significant [B (P < 0.05), P (P < 0.05), H (P < 0.01) and PU (P < 0.05)] elevation in HDL-C in all male ethnic groups. In male sub-population LDL-C was significantly [P (P < 0.01), H (P < 0.001) and PU (P < 0.05)] reduced in these groups. In these subjects walnut supplementation showed pronounced reduction [B (P < 0.001), P (P < 0.05), H (P < 0.001) and PU (P < 0.001)] in triglyceride levels. The constructive influence of walnut on lipid profile suggests that walnut rich diet may have advantageous effects beyond changes in plasma lipid level.

Reduction in Hypertension and Related Lipid Profile Parameters after Exercise in Females
Rehana Mushtaq,Zahida Tasawar Khan
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2010,
Abstract: The effect of exercise on BMI and plasma lipid profile has been investigated in hypertensive females of four ethnic groups of Baloch (B), Pathan (P), Hazara (H) and Punjabi (PU). A total of 32 females, i.e. 8 from each group as control and another batch of 32 females’ in similar distribution followed prescribed exercise protocol for ten weeks. After the trial fasting blood samples were collected from controlled group and exercised subjects. Exercise manifested significant decrement in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) in P, H and PU groups and of Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) in all the ethnic sub-populations. Marked and significant decrease of total cholesterol in all the ethnic groups was observed and the lowering of LDL cholesterol was also found in most except Pathan sub-population. Striking and significant rise of HDL of the exercising females was observed in all ethnic sub-populations. Triglyceride levels were considerably and significantly lowered in B, P, and H subjects. The beneficial effects of exercise on blood pressure and plasma lipids in female hypertensive subjects have been clearly demonstrated.
Effect of Walnut on Lipid Profile in Obese Female in Different Ethnic Groups of Quetta, Pakistan
Rehana Mushtaq,Mushtaq Rubina,Zahida Khan Tasawar
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Four week controlled study was designed to observe the effect of 40 g of walnut in daily breakfast on Body Mass Index (BMI), total Cholesterol (CHO), Triglyceride (TG) High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in obese female subjects of various ethnics, i.e. Baloch (B), Pathan (P), Hazara (H) and Punjabi (PU) residing in Quetta region of Balochistan. A batch of 32 obese female subjects, 8 from each ethnic group as a control and another batch of 32 obese females 8 from each ethnic group as treated were selected. Twelve hour fasting blood samples a day after stoppage of walnut were taken from obese control and obese treated subjects. Daily walnut consumption demonstrated considerable drop in body weight in all ethnic groups residing in Quetta locality. Marked and statically significant reduction in total cholesterol was noticed in all ethnic groups i.e. 3.6% (p<0.05), 5.4% (p<0.001), 5.8% (p<0.01) and 7% (p<0.001) in B, P, H and PU groups respectively. Baloch subjects showed significant reduction of 7.8% in TG (p<0.001), similarly significant lowered TG was also observed in PU group. A significant increase (p<0.001), (p<0.05) in HDL cholesterol had been observed in B and P group respectively in walnut consuming subjects. In walnut consuming female subjects significant reduction (p<0.05), (p<0.01), (p<0.01) in LDL cholesterol levels was noted in B, P and PU subjects respectively. The positive influence of walnut on lipid profile suggests that walnut rich diet may have beneficial effects beyond changes in plasma lipid level.
Supplementation of Whole Grain on Body Weight and Lipid Profile in Obese Females of Various Ethnic Groups in Balochistan, Pakistan
Rehana Mushtaq,Rubina Mushtaq,Zahida Tasawar Khan
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: The effects of supplemented whole grain consumption for 4 weeks on Body Mass Index (BMI), total Cholesterol (CHO), Triglyceride (TG), High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL) and Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL) in obese female subjects of 4 major ethnic groups in Quetta, i.e., Pathan (P), Baloch (B), Hazara (H) and Punjabi (PU) were studied. Two groups each of 32 obese female subjects and comprising 8 subjects from each ethnic group were chosen from the volunteers on the selection criteria according to World Health Organization (1998). The subjects of the group taken as control used the conventionally available carbohydrates in meals and another batch referred as treated subjects consumed 50g cereals in breakfast and whole grain chapattis in lunch and dinner for 4 weeks. Twelve hours fasting blood sample was taken from control and whole grain treated obese subjects a day after the completion of experiment duration. Lower BMI had been observed in the subjects of all the ethnic groups compared to their respective control, however, significantly (p<0.01) only in PU group. Significantly lower concentration of total cholesterol in fiber consuming subjects of B (p<0.01) and PU (p<0.05) ethnic groups was demonstrated compare to their respective controls. Similarly Triglycerides (TG) concentrations were lesser in all ethnic groups but not significant statistically. Trend of greater concentration of HDL cholesterol and lower LDL cholesterol in the fiber taking subjects in all the ethnic groups was only significant (p<0.05) compare to their controls in P and PU groups, respectively.
Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in Sheep in Southern Punjab, Pakistan
Mushtaq H. Lashari* and Zahida Tasawar
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2010,
Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Blood samples were collected from 518 sheep of nine localities of three districts (Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan and Khanewal). The samples were tested by using latex agglutination test (LAT) and commercial ELISA method. The overall prevalence of T. gondii infection in sheep was 19.88%. In male sheep, the prevalence was higher (30.15%) than in female sheep (18.46%), the difference was significant (P<0.05). The relationship between age and sheep toxoplasmosis showed that the prevalence was the highest (38.88%) in age group of 16-28 months and lowest (8.51%) in age group of 68-80 months. Significant differences in prevalence were observed between age groups (P<0.05). The relationship between body weight and sheep toxoplasmosis revealed that the prevalence of T. gondii was highest (20.85%) in weight group of 26-36 Kg and lowest (10.71%) in weight group of >47 Kg, the difference was non significant. The infection of T. gondii was significantly higher (P<0.05) in Kacchi breed compared to Lohi breed of sheep (22.72% versus 15.7%). The results of the present investigation suggest that the T. gondii parasite is widely spread and may be the cause of sheep abortion in Southern Punjab, Pakistan.
Prevalence of Some Gastrointestinal Parasites in Sheep in Southern Punjab, Pakistan
*Mushtaq H. Lashari and Zahida Tasawar
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The present study was conducted on various herds of Kacchi and Lohi breeds of sheep in Southern Punjab, Pakistan to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) parasites. A total of 523 sheep were examined. Out of which 240 were found to contain various GIT parasites. The overall prevalence rate was 46.33%. The prevalence of Fasciolia hepatica, Avitellina centripunctata, Haemonchus contortus and Trichuris globulosa was 21.41, 12.23, 6.50 and 5.73%, respectively. Sex wise prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites was higher in male than female hosts (P<0.05). The maximum infection was observed in lambs compared to adults (P<0.05). The prevalence of different species of endoparasites also varied in sheep of different body weight groups (P<0.05). The highest infection was observed in Kacchi breed than Lohi breed. In conclusion, the data obtained in this study suggest that the age, sex, body weight and breed are important factors which influence the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites.
The Effect of GnRH Given on Day of Mating on Ovarian Function and Reproductive Performance in Lohi Sheep
Mushtaq H. Lashari* and Zahida Tasawar
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2010,
Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of GnRH (Dalmeralin) treatment given on the day of mating on reproductive performance in Lohi sheep. Seventy six ewes 3-5 year old, weighing 44 ± 0.4 Kg were put to rams at synchronized estrus using two intramuscular injections of 2 ml PGF2α analogue (Dalmazin) 11 days apart. These animals were divided into two equal groups through random stratification by body weight and were given either saline (group 1) or 2 ml GnRH (group 11) on day of mating. A total of 16 ewes were slaughtered on day 25 of pregnancy (eight ewes from each treatment group). GnRH administration on the day of mating increased (P<0.01) plasma progesterone concentration compared to control. There was a tendency for a higher non-return rate and a lower number of ewes returned to estrus in the GnRH treated ewes, but the difference between the two groups was non significant (P>0.05). Pregnancy rate was higher in GnRH treated group (83.3%) than control (60%) group (P<0.05). The ewes in GnRH administered group had more twins (P<0.05) than those in control group (28 v 10). In conclusion, GnRH administration improved reproductive performance of ewes when administered on the day of mating, probably through its beneficial effect on embryo survival by enhancing luteal function.
Prevalence of Copepod Ectoparasites of Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella
Zahida Tasawar,Rabia Naseem,Masood Akhtar
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1999,
Abstract: One hundred and twenty grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, were examined over a period of one year from March 1998 to February 1999 at Government Fish Hatchery, Mian Channu, Punjab, Pakistan. Four species of copepod ectoparasites recovered were Lernaea (L.) polymorpha (Yu, 1938), L. cyprinacea (Linnaeus, 1761), L. lophiara (Harding, 1950) and L. ctenopharyngodonis. The parasitic infestation was low during the summer months when temperature ranged between 30-32 C and highest in winter months when temperature was between 13 -23 C.
Prevalence of Copepod Ectoparasites of Mori Fish Cirrhinus mrigala
Zahida Tasawar,Salma Khurshid,Masood Akhtar
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1999,
Abstract: One hundred and twenty mori fish, Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton, 1822), were examined over a period of one year, March 1998 to February 1999 at Govt. Fish Hatchery Mian Channu Punjab, Pakistan. The parasites recovered were Lernaea L. cyprinacea, L. Polymorpa, L. oryzophila, L lophiara and Lernaea sp. The overall prevalence was highest (43.33%) for L. cyprinacea and lowest for L. lophiara (4.16%).
Copepod Ectoparasites of Labeo rohita
Zahida Tasawar,M. Arshad,Sikandar Hayat
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2001,
Abstract: One hundred and twenty fishes (Labeo rohita) were examined for ectoparasites. Four species of the genus Lernaea recorded were L. polymorpha, L. cyprinacea, L. oryzophila and L. lophiara. The overall prevalence of ectoparasites was studied and observed that L. polymorpha had maximum overall prevalence (5.83%) followed by L. cyprinacea (5%), L. oryzophila (1.66%) and L. lophiara (1.66%). L. polymorpha and L. cyprinacea were the most abundant ectoparasites in mixed infestation and L. cyprinacea had highest parasite burden (4). Maximum intensity of infestation in L. rohita for L. cyprinacea (23), L. polymorpha (9), L. oryzophila (2) and L. lophiara (1) was recorded in 10-265g weight group, while minimum in 522-777g, 778-1033g, 1034-1289g and 1290-1540g weight groups. The infestation was not observed in minimum and maximum length ranges of host.
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