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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 45893 matches for " ZHOU Hao "
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Translating Characters’ Names in Hong Lou Meng during the 20th Century: From Seeking Lexical Equivalence to Maintaining Communicative Function  [PDF]
Hao Zhou
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102028
Abstract: The classic Chinese novel Hong Lou Meng has been introduced into many different cultures through an important medium: translation. Over one dozen of English versions have been published so far, and have been studied by so many researchers. In those translated works, a variety of translation strategies are adopted for translating characters’ names. Name translation is a small field of studies on translating Hong Lou Meng, However this topic is not only interesting but also important. This study examines how characters’ names in Hong Lou Meng are translated in the various versions of the novel’s English translation, and investigates the reasons behind the name-translation strategies. More specifically, this paper focused on the four English versions of Hong Lou Meng published in the 1920s and 1970s. Different translation strategies and associated underpinning reasons are revealed. Specifically, translators in 1920s (e.g. Wang Chi-Chen, 1929) tackled the task of translating names in Hong Lou Meng by word-to-word translation and pin-yin transcription, placing an emphasis on seeking an equivalence at the lexical level. Hawkes (1973) and Yangs (1978), on the other hand, made more efforts to determine the functions of the character names in the source text and attempted to find methods that would more adequately render the functions in the translated work. Through examining the prevailing theories for translating Chinese texts into foreign languages during those two periods, together with name-translation by different translators, the study reveals that the changes in translators’ strategy in the name-translation indicates a shift from seeking lexical equivalence to maintaining communicative function.
A New Descent Nonlinear Conjugate Gradient Method for Unconstrained Optimization  [PDF]
Hao Fan, Zhibin Zhu, Anwa Zhou
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.29154
Abstract: In this paper, a new nonlinear conjugate gradient method is proposed for large-scale unconstrained optimization. The sufficient descent property holds without any line searches. We use some steplength technique which ensures the Zoutendijk condition to be held, this method is proved to be globally convergent. Finally, we improve it, and do further analysis.
A Wideband Circularly Polarized Patch Antenna for 60 GHz Wireless Communications  [PDF]
Rongguo Zhou, Duixian Liu, Hao Xin
Wireless Engineering and Technology (WET) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wet.2012.33016
Abstract: This paper presents the design of a fully packaged 60 GHz wideband patch antenna incorporating an air cavity and a fused silica superstrate. Circular polarization (CP) is realized by introducing a diagonal slot at the center of the square patch. By optimizing the patch and the slot dimensions, a high efficiency (>90%) microstrip fed CP antenna with an impedance bandwidth of 24% and a 6 dB axial ratio bandwidth of 21.5% is designed. A coplanar waveguide (CPW) to microstrip transition with λ/4-open-ended stubs are then designed to match the antenna to the CPW packaging interface. The experimental results of the final packaged antenna agree reasonably with the simulation results, demonstrating an impedance bandwidth of more than 26% and a 6 dB axial ratio bandwidth of 22.7%.
Functional analysis of OAT gene in Aspergillus Niger  [PDF]
Chuang Zhou, Xihong He, Hao Liu
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.410B036
Mitochondrial oxaloacetate transporter protein encoded by OAT gene transports oxaloacetate from cytoplasm into mitochondria. To investigate the primary effects of OAT gene on relative metabolism in Aspergillus niger, a oat-deleted mutant was derived from wild-type A. niger ATCC1015 using the double-crossover chromosome replacement technique. Then batch fermentation was performed to evaluate the mutant. Compared with the wild type, the mutant showed lower organic acids production, with the experimental data that the production of pyruvate and 2-ketoglutarate decreased by 31.6% and 35.7%, respectively, and by contrast, the mutant showed higher glycerol formation. The results suggest that OAT gene plays significant roles on metabolism in A. niger.
Three New Hybrid Conjugate Gradient Methods for Optimization  [PDF]
Anwa Zhou, Zhibin Zhu, Hao Fan, Qian Qing
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.23035
Abstract: In this paper, three new hybrid nonlinear conjugate gradient methods are presented, which produce suf?cient descent search direction at every iteration. This property is independent of any line search or the convexity of the objective function used. Under suitable conditions, we prove that the proposed methods converge globally for general nonconvex functions. The numerical results show that all these three new hybrid methods are efficient for the given test problems.
A Cooperative Location Management Scheme for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  [PDF]
Demin LI, Jiacun WANG, Liping ZHANG, Hao LI, Jie ZHOU
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2009.28084
Abstract: A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a kind of wireless ad hoc network. It is a self-configuring network of mobile routers connected by wireless links. Since MANETs do not have a fixed infrastructure, it is a chal-lenge to design a location management scheme that is both scalable and cost-efficient. In this paper, we propose a cooperative location management scheme, called CooLMS, for MANETs. CooLMS combines the strength of grid based location management and pointer forwarding strategy to achieve high scalability and low signaling cost. An indepth formal analysis of the location management cost of CooLMS is presented. In particular, the total location management cost of mobile nodes moving at variable velocity is estimated using the Gauss_Markov mobility model for the correlation of mobility velocities. Simulation results show CooLMS performs better than other schemes under certain circumstances.
Study on Multi-Objective Effect Evaluation System of Smart Grid Construction  [PDF]
Yanling Wang, Zhengjie Pan, Haitian Hao, Ziqing Zhou
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.34013

This paper builds multi-objective effect evaluation indicator system of smart grid construction from five connotations including strong and reliable, clean and green, friendly and interactive, transparent and open, economical and effective, which is embodied in the power generation, transmission, transformation, distribution, consumption, dispatching and information communication platform of smart grid. Taking the construction of smart grid in a certain area of China as an example, this paper uses analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to make an empirical analysis on it, and makes a comprehensive and objective evaluation on its construction effect.

Research on Performance between IP and Vector Forwarding
Aqun Zhao,Hao Zhou,Yugang Hao
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: With the rapid development of network size and great increase of Internet traffic, it has become a crucial work to improve the forwarding performance of the core devices of Internet or the routers. In this study, the analysis and comparison of instruction cycles occupied by the machine in the process of route lookup in IP forwarding and vector forwarding were carried out which may determine the forwarding performance of a router. The simulation experiments were also made to study the forwarding efficiency of IP forwarding and vector forwarding. The theoretical and experimental results prove that the vector forwarding method is more efficient than IP forwarding which can provide powerful evidence to the application of vector network in the Internet.
Ionosphere Probing with a High Frequency Surface Wave Radar
Hao Zhou;Biyang Wen;Shicai Wu
PIER C , 2011, DOI: 10.2528/PIERC11020701
Abstract: This paper describes how the ionosphere reflected echoes observed by a high frequency surface wave radar (HFSWR) can be processed to extract information regarding the ionosphere sporadic E (Es) and F2 layers. It is shown that the range/time spectrum contains the data to estimate the occurring time and virtual heights of both the still and drifting Es layer clouds. In addition, for the drifting Es the data can be processed to extract the time-varying ranges and estimate virtual heights, horizontal drifting speeds. Information regarding the F2 layer such as the time-varying virtual heights can also be extracted. The time-frequency distributions (TFD) of the Es and F2 layer echoes calculated after the range migration compensation can be used to extract the intrinsic Doppler patterns. This is further used to obtain information on the internal nonuniform structures and disturbances such as the travelling ionospheric disturbances (TID) that are due to the acoustic gravity waves (AGW). Processing results of echo data collected by the portable HFSWR system named OSMAR-S demonstrate the validness of the above methods.
Hao Yuan,Zhi-Ming Zhou
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2008, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536808033618
Abstract: In the crystal structure of the title compound, [Fe(C5H5)(C21H22OP)], the cyclopentadienyl (Cp) rings are almost parallel and are essentially eclipsed. The absolute configuration was determined as S for the planar and R for the central chirality.
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