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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 106517 matches for " ZHANG Huan "
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Retrieval of Missing Spliced Leader in Dinoflagellates
Huan Zhang, Senjie Lin
PLOS ONE , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004129
Abstract: Spliced leader (SL) trans-splicing has recently been shown to be a common mRNA processing mechanism in dinoflagellates, in which a short (22-nt) sequence, DCCGUAGCCAUUUUGGCUCAAG (D = U, A, or G), is transplanted from the 5′-end of a small non-coding RNA (SL RNA) to the 5′ end of mRNA molecules. The widespread existence of the mechanism in dinoflagellates has been demonstrated by detection of this SL (DinoSL) in a wide phylogenetic range of dinoflagellates. Furthermore, the presence of DinoSL in the transcripts of highly diverse groups of nuclear-encoded genes has led us to postulate that SL trans-splicing is universal in dinoflagellate nuclear genome. However, some observations inconsistent to this postulation have been reported, exemplified by a recent article reporting apparent absence of DinoSL in the transcripts of some nuclear-encoded genes in Amphidinium carterae. Absence of SL in these gene transcripts would have important implication on gene regulation in dinoflagellates and utility of DinoSL as a universal dinoflagellate-specific primer to study dinoflagellate transcriptomics. In this study, we re-examined transcripts of these genes and found that all of them actually contained DinoSL. Therefore, results to date are consistent to our initial postulation that DinoSL occurs in all dinoflagellate nuclear-encoded mRNAs.
Stability of Force-Free Magnetospheres
Huan Yang,Fan Zhang
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.104022
Abstract: We analyze the dynamical evolution of a perturbed force-free magnetosphere of a rotating black hole, which is described by the Blandford-Znajek solution in the stationary limit. We find that the electromagnetic field perturbations can be classified into two categories: "trapped modes" and "traveling waves". The trapped modes are analogous to the vacuum (without plasma) electromagnetic quasinormal modes in rotating black hole spacetimes, but with different eigenfrequencies and wave functions, due to their coupling with the background electromagnetic field and current. The traveling waves propagate freely to infinity or the black hole horizon along specific null directions, and they are closely related to the no-scattering Poynting flux solutions discovered by Brennan, Gralla and Jacobson. Our results suggest that the Blandford-Znajek solution is mode stable, and more importantly we expect this study to illuminate the dynamical behavior of force-free magnetospheres as well as to shed light on the path to new exact solutions.
Plasma-wave generation in a dynamic spacetime
Huan Yang,Fan Zhang
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We propose a new electromagnetic-emission mechanism in magnetized, force-free plasma, which is driven by the evolution of the underlying dynamical spacetime. With this radiation-generation process, gravitational energy is converted into electromagnetic energy, which is then carried away by both fast-magnetosonic and Alfven waves of the plasma. As an immediate demonstration, we consider compact binary mergers occurring within magnetized plasma, which have been shown by previous numerical studies to produce copious amounts of electromagnetic radiation. The emission power and angular distribution of the two classes of waves are separately determined. When the new process is combined with previously understood mechanisms such as the Blandford-Znajek process and kinetic-motion-driven radiation, one can classify different components of electromagnetic emissions seen in the inspiral stage of compact-binary coalescence.
Analysis on the clinical and endoscopic parameters in 1247 patients with reflux esophagitis  [PDF]
Xiao Zhang, Huan Wang, Wei’an Wang, Xiaoguang Chen, Haifeng Liu
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2014.41004
Abstract: Aim: To summarize and analyze the clinical and endoscopic parameters in patients with reflux esophagitis(RE). Methods1247 patients with RE were diagnosed in our hospital endoscopy center from September 2010 to August 2012. The general information of the patients and the relationship between endoscopic classification and concomitant diseases were analyzed. Results: According to the endoscopic findings, 1247 subjects (4.70%) were found to have RE932 (74.74%) males and 315 (25.26%) females, and the male to female ratio was 2.96:1. The peak age of prevalence was 50 to 59 (27.35%) which is followed by 40 to 49 (23.10%). In this study, most of the patients had a mild degree of esophagitis representing LA-A in 60.63% and LA-B in 34.24%. The antrum hyperemia was found in 291 patients with esophagitis (23.34%), followed by antrum erosion (20.13%) and hatal hernia (15.88%). There is no statistically significant relevance between Helicobacter pylori infection and RE (P > 0.05), but Barrett’s esophagus, duodenal ulcer, gastroesophageal tumors, a history of gastroesophageal surgery and antrum hyperemia were found to be associated with RE (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence rate of endoscopic RE in our study was 4.70%, and most patients had a mild grade esophagitis. Male, advanced age, Barrett’s esophagus, duodenal ulcer, gastroesophageal tumors and a history of gastroesophageal surgery are the risk factors of esophagitis. Antrum hyperemia may reduce the severity of RE.
Would Rural Residents Will to Pay for Environmental Project? An Evidence in China  [PDF]
Xuyin Zhang, Ruimei Wang, Tianzhen Wu, Huan Song, Chuanfeng Liu
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.65050
Abstract: This research estimated Chinese rural residents’ willingness to pay for rural solid wastes recycling project. Dichotomous choice format contingent valuation method was employed to diverse rural residents’ preference. 4795 Households had been interviewed for collecting primary data, and had been estimated respondents’ will by logistic regression model. It indicated that the respondents would refuse to support solid wastes recycling project due to households’ income restriction. The mean annual WTP of rural residents were 23.41 Chinese Yuan per household. In conclusion the rural solid wastes recycling project is acceptable and accessible for implementation in Chinese rural area.
Application of 3D Electrical Resistivity Tomography for Diagnosing Leakage in Earth Rock-Fill Dam  [PDF]
Xin Zhang, Mingjie Zhao, Kui Wang, Pan Liu, Huan Liu
Engineering (ENG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2016.85023
Abstract: The leakage occurs during operation of the dam in Liuhuanggou reservoir. It’s a threat to the safety of the people’s lives and property in downstream. In order to eliminate the hidden danger of reservoir, ensure the safety of the dam, play better the function of flood control and water storage of the reservoir etc., we apply the 3D electrical resistivity tomography detecting technology and volume rendering image processing technology, make the measurement in field, process the data and combine the field survey to find out the leakage channels inside the dam. The results show that the 3D resistivity images appear the low resistivity zone corresponding with the leakage channels. There are two main leakage channels that come from different location inside the dam. It is feasible to diagnose the leakage in earth rock-fill dam by applying 3D electrical resistivity tomography.
Temporal and Spatial Characteristics of Extreme Hourly Precipitation over Eastern China in the Warm Season

ZHANG Huan,ZHAI Panmao,

大气科学进展 , 2011,
Abstract: Based on hourly precipitation data in eastern China in the warm season during 1961--2000, spatial distributions of frequency for 20 mm h-1 and 50 mm h-1 precipitation were analyzed, and the criteria of short-duration rainfall events and severe rainfall events are discussed. Furthermore, the percentile method was used to define local hourly extreme precipitation; based on this, diurnal variations and trends in extreme precipitation were further studied. The results of this study show that, over Yunnan, South China, North China, and Northeast China, the most frequent extreme precipitation events occur most frequently in late afternoon and/or early evening. In the Guizhou Plateau and the Sichuan Basin, the maximum frequency of extreme precipitation events occurs in the late night and/or early morning. And in the western Sichuan Plateau, the maximum frequency occurs in the middle of the night. The frequency of extreme precipitation (based on hourly rainfall measurements) has increased in most parts of eastern China, especially in Northeast China and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, but precipitation has decreased significantly in North China in the past 50 years. In addition, stations in the Guizhou Plateau and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River exhibit significant increasing trends in hourly precipitation extremes during the nighttime more than during the daytime.
A max-plus based fundamental solution for a class of discrete time linear regulator problems
Huan Zhang,Peter M. Dower
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: Efficient Riccati equation based techniques for the approximate solution of discrete time linear regulator problems are restricted in their application to problems with quadratic terminal payoffs. Where non-quadratic terminal payoffs are required, these techniques fail due to the attendant non-quadratic value functions involved. In order to compute these non-quadratic value functions, it is often necessary to appeal directly to dynamic programming in the form of grid- or element-based iterations for the value function. These iterations suffer from poor scalability with respect to problem dimension and time horizon. In this paper, a new max-plus based method is developed for the approximate solution of discrete time linear regulator problems with non-quadratic payoffs. This new method is underpinned by the development of new fundamental solutions to such linear regulator problems, via max-plus duality. In comparison with a typical grid-based approach, a substantial reduction in computational effort is observed in applying this new max-plus method. A number of simple examples are presented that illustrate this and other observations.
Max-plus fundamental solution semigroups for a class of difference Riccati equations
Huan Zhang,Peter M. Dower
Mathematics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.automatica.2014.10.115
Abstract: Recently, a max-plus dual space fundamental solution semigroup for a class of difference Riccati equation (DRE) has been developed. This fundamental solution semigroup is represented in terms of the kernel of a specific max-plus linear operator that plays the role of the dynamic programming evolution operator in a max-plus dual space. In order to fully understand connections between this dual space fundamental solution semigroup and evolution of the value function of the underlying optimal control problem, a new max-plus primal space fundamental solution semigroup for the same class of difference Riccati equations is presented. Connections and commutation results between this new primal space fundamental solution semigroup and the recently developed dual space fundamental solution semigroup are established.
A new fundamental solution for a class of differential Riccati equations
Peter M. Dower,Huan Zhang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: A class of differential Riccati equations (DREs) is considered whereby the evolution of any solution can be identified with the propagation of a value function of a corresponding optimal control problem arising in L2-gain analysis. By exploiting the semigroup properties inherited from the attendant dynamic programming principle, a max-plus primal space fundamental solution semigroup of max-plus linear max-plus integral operators is developed that encapsulates all such value function propagations. Using this semigroup, a new one-parameter fundamental solution semigroup of matrices is developed for the aforementioned class of DREs. It is demonstrated that this new semigroup can be used to compute particular solutions of these DREs, and to characterize finite escape times (should they exist) in a relatively simple way compared with that provided by the standard symplectic fundamental solution semigroup.
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