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Objective: This study aimed to separate and
pure chitinase producing actinomycetes with stronger activity from lawn soils
of Beijing. Method: Morphology and culture characteristics were observed. physiological
and biochemical characteristics were detected. 16SrDNA sequence was analyzed. Result:
The highest chitinase activity strain was Bn035, whose relative diameter of transparent
circle K2 was 3.42 at which the chitinase activity of fermentation broth reached
a maximum value of 1.23 U/mL in the 6th day. Crude enzyme solution and bacteria
cake of strain Bn035 generated stronger bacterial resistance to all root rot
fungi which indicated that the strain had a strong broad-spectrum resistance to
root rot fungi. Conclusion: The strain was identified as Streptomyces
scabrisporus. It will be a potential biological control function.
The supercritical fluid extraction of Dahurian Angelica Root (Bai Zhi) and Szechwan Lovage Rhizome (Chuan Xiong) was named as BCC. In the study, we investigated whether BCC had effects on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and myocardial fibrosis in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR). For SHR + BCC group, BCC (0.3 g/kg) was orally administered daily for 12 weeks. The SHR group and the Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY, normal control) group, the equal volume of 5‰ CMC-Na distilled water. After 12 weeks, left ventricle was segregated from each rat in the groups, and the left ventricle weight/body weight (LVW/BW) calculated. The volume fraction of collagen (VFC) in myocardium and the diameter of cardiac muscle cell (DCMC) were examined by histological staining. Biochemical indicators of blood sample such as Angiotensin II (Ang II), Aldosterone (ALD), Hyaluronic Acid (HA), Laminin (LN), Procollagen III (PC III) and Collagen type IV (CIV) levels were detected by using radioimmunoassay (RIA). And also NOS and iNOS levels were measured by means of ultra-violet spectroscopy (UV). The results shown that in SHR + BCC group, the LVW/BW, DCMC and VFC decreased significantly versus SHR group, the same as biochemical indicators except NOS and iNOS. All of above index was similar to WKY group. Statistically significant correlations were found among the plasma Ang II level, the mean systolic blood pressure (SBP), and the NOS level of the three groups. Our study indicates that the BCC can control the LVH and myocardial fibrosis in SHR.