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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5005 matches for " Yunit; Guerra Paredes "
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Capacidad predictiva del corte de la décima semana en el rendimiento docente de la asignatura fisiología Predictive capacity of the Academic cutting in 10th week. Teaching Profit in Physiology subject
Yunit Hernández Rodríguez,Ernesto Cruz Menor,Miriam Guerra Paredes,Lucía Linares Hernández
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2007,
Abstract: Introducción: Se dispone de escasos indicadores predictores del rendimiento académico en la asignatura Fisiología. Objetivos: Evaluar la capacidad predictiva del corte de la décima semana respecto a los resultados de examen final ordinario en la asignatura de Fisiología de la carrera de Medicina. Materiales y Métodos: Se estudiaron los resultados del corte y la nota del examen final ordinario de 1250 estudiantes que recibieron la asignatura en los últimos 5 semestres que se han impartido hasta este curso 2006-2007 en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río "Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna". Para variables cualitativas se utilizaron el cálculo de porcentajes y números absolutos. La concordancia entre las evaluaciones se evaluó mediante el índice Kappa al 95 % de certeza. Además se realiza Chi cuadrado para evaluar capacidad predictiva. Resultados: Existió correspondencia de los resultados del corte con los resultados del examen final ordinario con significación leve en cuanto a la asociación cuando se usa como predictor de éxito-fracaso. Se constataron diferencias en el comportamiento por semestres y cursos escolares. Conclusiones: El corte de la décima semana constituye un indicador que aproximadamente es capaz de predecir el rendimiento académico de los alumnos en la asignatura Fisiología y que es mejor predictor cuando existen mayor número de estudiantes evaluados dentro de cada categoría. Introduction: Predictive indicators of the academic profit in Physiology subject are scarce. Objectives: To assess the predictive capacity of the academic cutting in the 10th week in relation to the results of the final examination of Physiology subject in medical major. Material and methods: Results of the academic cutting and the final examination marks of 1250 students receiving the subject in the last five semesters till course 2006-2007 were collected at "Ernesto Guevara del Serna" Medical School in Pinar del Rio. Qualitative variates were used to calculate the percentages and absolute numbers. The coincidence in evaluations was assessed using Kappa index with a 95% of certainty. Results: A correspondence with the results of the academic cutting and the results of the final examination was observed having a slight significance regarding the association when using failure-success as a predictor. Differences in the behavior per semesters and the academic courses were noted. Conclusions: The academic cutting in the tenth week constitutes an indicator to predict the academic profit of the students in Physiology subject and this was the best predictor to be
Capacidad predictiva de algunos indicadores en el rendimiento docente de la asignatura Fisiología Médica Predictive capacity of some indicators in the teaching performance of the Medical Physiology subject
Yunit Hernández Rodríguez,Ernesto Cruz Menor,Jorge Bacallao Gallestey,Miriam Guerra Paredes
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2008,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: estimar la capacidad predictiva de algunos indicadores respecto a los resultados del examen final de la asignatura. MéTODOS: como predictores se utilizaron la vía de ingreso, los resultados de algunas de las asignaturas del primer semestre y los resultados del corte de la décima semana de la asignatura Fisiología Médica, todos en relación con la nota de su examen final en 548 estudiantes de los cursos 2005-2006 y 2006-2007. Se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas simples y se ajustó un modelo de regresión con escalamiento óptimo para la recodificación. Los valores estimados por este modelo se convirtieron a una escala ordinal con fines de predicción. Se llevó a cabo un análisis de componentes principales para una mejor comprensión de la estructura de asociaciones entre las variables. RESULTADOS: los predictores en su conjunto son capaces de explicar 54 % de la variabilidad de la nota final de la asignatura y el modelo de regresión con escalamiento óptimo con estos predictores proporciona un ajuste satisfactorio, el corte de la décima semana es el mejor predictor. Otros predictores relevantes son la vía de ingreso y la historia académica previa. CONCLUSIONES: los indicadores vía de ingreso, notas de las asignaturas del primer semestre del primer a o de la carrera de Medicina y corte de la décima semana integrados en un modelo de predicción, logran un modelo satisfactorio de predicción del rendimiento docente en la asignatura Fisiología Médica. El corte de la décima semana resulta el mejor predictor debido a que es más cercano y específico a los resultados de la asignatura. La vía de ingreso puede constituir un elemento útil a la hora de identificar estudiantes en pronóstico de éxito-fracaso docente. OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prediction capacity of some indicators regarding the results of final examinations of this subject. METHODS: the admission via, the results of some of subjects in the first semester, and the results of the cut-off on the tenth week of the Medical Physiology subject were used as predictors. All of them were related to the mark obtained in the final examination of 548 students in the courses 2005-2006 and 2006-2007. Simple descriptive statistics were used and a regression model with optimal scaling up was adjusted for recoding. The values estimated for this model were converted into an ordinal scale for prediction. An analysis of the main components for a better understanding of the structure of the associations among variables was carried out. RESULTS: predictors as a whole are capable to explain 54 % of the variability in
Capacidad predictiva de algunos indicadores en el rendimiento docente de la asignatura Fisiología Médica
Hernández Rodríguez,Yunit; Cruz Menor,Ernesto; Bacallao Gallestey,Jorge; Guerra Paredes,Miriam; Linares Hernández,Lucía;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2008,
Abstract: objective: to estimate the prediction capacity of some indicators regarding the results of final examinations of this subject. methods: the admission via, the results of some of subjects in the first semester, and the results of the cut-off on the tenth week of the medical physiology subject were used as predictors. all of them were related to the mark obtained in the final examination of 548 students in the courses 2005-2006 and 2006-2007. simple descriptive statistics were used and a regression model with optimal scaling up was adjusted for recoding. the values estimated for this model were converted into an ordinal scale for prediction. an analysis of the main components for a better understanding of the structure of the associations among variables was carried out. results: predictors as a whole are capable to explain 54 % of the variability in the final mark of the subject, whereas the regression model with an optimal scaling up with these predictors allows a satisfactory adjustment. the cut-off on the tenth week is the best predictor. conclusions: the admission via, the qualifications obtained in the first semester of first year of the medical career, and the cut-off on the tenth week integrated in a prediction model are a satisfactory prediction model of academic performance in the medical physiology subject. the cut-off on the tenth week is the best predictor, since it is more specific and closer to the results of the subject. the admission via may be a useful element at the time of identifying students in the prognosis of teaching success-failure.
Capacidad predictiva del corte de la décima semana en el rendimiento docente de la asignatura fisiología
Hernández Rodríguez,Yunit; Cruz Menor,Ernesto; Guerra Paredes,Miriam; Linares Hernández,Lucía; Chang Valdés,Belkis;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2007,
Abstract: introduction: predictive indicators of the academic profit in physiology subject are scarce. objectives: to assess the predictive capacity of the academic cutting in the 10th week in relation to the results of the final examination of physiology subject in medical major. material and methods: results of the academic cutting and the final examination marks of 1250 students receiving the subject in the last five semesters till course 2006-2007 were collected at "ernesto guevara del serna" medical school in pinar del rio. qualitative variates were used to calculate the percentages and absolute numbers. the coincidence in evaluations was assessed using kappa index with a 95% of certainty. results: a correspondence with the results of the academic cutting and the results of the final examination was observed having a slight significance regarding the association when using failure-success as a predictor. differences in the behavior per semesters and the academic courses were noted. conclusions: the academic cutting in the tenth week constitutes an indicator to predict the academic profit of the students in physiology subject and this was the best predictor to be used when having a greater number of students evaluated in each category.
Relación de la cultura física terapéutica con determinadas categorías filosóficas The relationship between therapeutical physical exercises and some philosophical categories
Lucía Linares Hernández,Sabina Mena Ramírez,Yunit Hernández Rodríguez,Miriam Guerra Paredes
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2007,
Abstract: Para la consecución de este trabajo tomamos en cuenta las categorías de la dialéctica en relación con la Cultura Física Terapéutica, desde una reflexión critica que toma en consideración los criterios actuales de la vida moderna; donde los avances de la ciencia y tecnología someten al hombre a un estado de hipoquinesia casi total, que atenta contra su salud aumentando el riesgo de padecer de patología de tipo degenerativo, patologías crónicas no trasmisibles, llevándolo a un deterioro de la salud. Conociendo la importancia de la Cultura Física Terapéutica en la utilización adecuada del tiempo libre a través de la práctica de ejercicio físico y su efecto en el cambio del estilo de vida de las personas, estudiamos el comportamiento de estas categorías desde el punto de vista biomédico en la calidad de vida de los individuos según el estilo de vida que elijan, evidenciándose que este influye directamente en la calidad de vida independiente de la sociedad y del nivel de vida. El modo y nivel de vida pueden influir en la calidad de vida de las personas, pero no es determinante, como el estilo de vida; la Cultura Física Terapéutica toma matices diferentes según las formaciones económico-sociales. To carry out this research paper, some dialectical categories related to therapeutic physical exercises were analyzed from a critical reflection about the current criteria of modern life where the advances of science and technology submit human being to an almost total state of hypokinesis that affects health conditions, increasing the risk of suffering from degenerative and chronic non-contagious pathologies. Knowing the importance of the therapeutic exercises in the proper use of free time and the effect of these exercises on the changes of the life-styles, a study taking into consideration philosophical categories and biomedical view points was conducted to demonstrate that the ways of life and the life-styles can influence the quality of life apart from society and level of life. Way and level of life are not determining as life-styles are. Therapeutic Physical Exercises take different variants according to socio-economic formations.
Relación de la cultura física terapéutica con determinadas categorías filosóficas
Linares Hernández,Lucía; Mena Ramírez,Sabina; Hernández Rodríguez,Yunit; Guerra Paredes,Miriam; Pedro Rogert,Félix A;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2007,
Abstract: to carry out this research paper, some dialectical categories related to therapeutic physical exercises were analyzed from a critical reflection about the current criteria of modern life where the advances of science and technology submit human being to an almost total state of hypokinesis that affects health conditions, increasing the risk of suffering from degenerative and chronic non-contagious pathologies. knowing the importance of the therapeutic exercises in the proper use of free time and the effect of these exercises on the changes of the life-styles, a study taking into consideration philosophical categories and biomedical view points was conducted to demonstrate that the ways of life and the life-styles can influence the quality of life apart from society and level of life. way and level of life are not determining as life-styles are. therapeutic physical exercises take different variants according to socio-economic formations.
Estado nutricional de los ni os ingresados en el Hospital Pediátrico de Pinar del Río Nutritional status of children admitted at “Pepe Portilla” University Children Hospital. Pinar del Rio
Yunit Hernández Rodríguez,Maritza Linares Guerra,Yatson Jesús Sánchez Cabrera,Laura Martha Bencomo Fonte
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: La conducción de la encuesta de desnutrición hospitalaria pediátrica en el "Hospital Pediátrico Docente Provincial Pepe Portilla" se convierte en el natural complemento del estudio ELANCUBA, ahora para hospitales pediátricos cubanos. Objetivos: Estimar la frecuencia de la desnutrición energética nutrimental entre los ni os y adolescentes ingresados en este hospital y evaluar el estado actual de los regímenes de provisión de alimentos, nutrientes y las técnicas de apoyo nutricional corrientemente utilizadas. Material y Métodos: Para ello fueron incluidos todos los ni os ingresados en este hospital, menores de 19 a os de edad y con estadías de más de 72 horas. De cada ni o se obtuvieron las variables demográficas y clínicas con fines de identificación y trazabilidad: el sexo, la edad, el color de la piel, los problemas de salud, y la estadía hospitalaria (días). Se realizó el tallado y pesado del ni o, administración de la encuesta de riesgo nutricional pediátrico y de la encuesta de desnutrición hospitalaria. Resultados: La desnutrición fue de un 29% entre los ni os hospitalizados con una mayor frecuencia de aparición en los ni os menores e iguales de 2 a os. A pesar de la frecuencia de desnutrición encontrada, esta no fue reconocida como un diagnóstico independiente, además no se completaron los ejercicios de evaluación antropométrica y bioquímica del estado nutricional en la mayoría de ellos. Se constató una baja frecuencia de administración de terapia de nutrición artificial (enteral/parenteral), y la desnutrición se mostró mayormente presente en ni os cuyos principales problemas de salud fueron las afecciones respiratorias y digestivas. Conclusiones: La desnutrición constituye un problema de salud entre los ni os ingresados en el Hospital Pediátrico provincial "Pepe Portilla". Introduction: the application of the survey concerning pediatric malnutrition at “Pepe Portilla” University Children Hospital becomes into a natural complement of ELANCUBA study, now for Cuban children hospitals. Objectives: to estimate the frequency of energetic nutritional malnutrition among children and adolescents admitted in this hospital, assessing at the same time the current procedures of food provision, nutrients and the use of techniques of common nutritional support. Material and Method: to carry it out, all children admitted in the hospital were included in the study, children younger than 19 years old with a stay of more than 72 hours in the hospital. Demographic and clinical variables were collected to identify and trace in each child: sex, skin colo
Gestión e impacto de las Sociedades Científicas. Un caso tipo: El capítulo pinare o de nutrición Management and outcome of the Scientific Societies. A typical case: nutrition chapter in Pinar del Rio
Zoila de la Caridad Fernández Montequín,José Guillermo Sanabria Negrín,Yunit Hernández Rodríguez,Elisa Maritza Linares Guerra
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: La importancia de las Sociedades Científicas en Salud y su impacto en la formación en la investigación y en la sociedad deben auditarse constantemente. Objetivo: Demostrar el nivel de gestión y la pertinencia del "Capítulo Provincial pinare o de la Sociedad de Nutrición Clínica y Metabolismo", como caso tipo. Material y Método: Se utilizó el paradigma cualitativo mediante un enfoque histórico y análisis documental, sobre el desarrollo y el impacto de un caso tipo: el Capítulo Provincial en cuestión el cual ha propiciado el desarrollo de proyectos de investigación relacionados con la nutricional clínica hospitalaria, la nutrición comunitaria y el metabolismo. Resultados: Se han defendido tesis de especialidad y maestría, y sus miembros han participado en talleres nacionales como expertos, y en eventos provinciales y nacionales sobre nutrición clínica y evaluación nutricional de personas con VIH/sida. Conclusiones: Este capítulo es una muestra del quehacer formativo, educativo y científico que puede aportar una comunidad científica en el desarrollo de la ciencia y en la solución de problemas específicos en beneficios de la sociedad. Introduction: the importance of Scientific Societies in Health and the outcomes on the training-research processes as well as on the society must be constantly audited. Objective: to demonstrate the level of management and relevance of the “Provincial Chapter in Pinar del Rio of the Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism”, as a typical case. Material and Method: qualitative paradigm was used through a historical approach and a documentary analysis about the development and outcomes of a typical case: the provincial chapter has favored the development of research projects related to hospital-clinical nutrition, community nutrition and metabolism. Results: dissertations of the specialty, master’s degree and the members have participated in national workshops as experts, also in provincial and national events about clinical nutrition and nutritional assessment of HIV/AIDS patients. Conclusion: this chapter shows the training, educational and scientific tasks that a scientific community can provide to the development of science and to the solution of specific problems to the benefits of the society.
Aplicación del enfoque integral de la labor educativa y político-ideológica en la carrera de Medicina
Medina Hernández,Lourdes M; Guerra Paredes,Miriam T; Díaz Cabrera,José C;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2002,
Abstract: a priority objective of the socialist revolution during all these years has been to attain among the university graduates the comprehensive education of a revolutionary professional. the changes occurred in the international arena after the collapse of the socialist field and the disappearance of the soviet union, as well as the increase of the economic and ideological aggressiveness of the us government and the beginning of the special period, have led to economic and social changes in cuba that are in contradiction with the principles of the socialist society. this has brought about a loss of values and has had a marked influence on university professors and students. as a result of this situation, it was decided to develop a comprehensive approach of the educative, political and ideological work with the students. by defining the educative and instructive objectives, the project was aimed at developing among the students values that determined the quality of a cuban revolutionary at present and the academic excellence. the application of this project comprised the curricular dimensions of university and sociopolitical scope.
Tratamento cirúrgico da conex?o an?mala parcial das veias pulmonares em veia cava superior
Paulista, Marcelo Dagola;Paulista, Paulo Henrique Dagola;Guerra, Ana Luiza Paulista;Paulista, Paulo Paredes;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76382009000200007
Abstract: objective: surgical treatment of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava, associated with sinus venous atrial septal defect, is well established and correlates with low mortality and morbidity. in order to reduce the incidence of stenosis or occlusion of the right superior vena cava, especially when associated with the presence of left superior vena cava, the right atrial appendage was used to enlarge the right superior vena cava, after the diversion of the anomalous pulmonary veins for the left atrium. methods: between june 1986 and september 2008, 95 consecutive patients were operated with anomalous drainage in the superior right vena cava and high right atrium. ages ranged from 6 months to 68 years and females predominated with 50 cases. results: there was no death in the immediate or late post operative care. the sinus cardiac rhythm was preserved in all cases and there was no complications in the late follow up. conclusion: this paper demonstrates the applicability of the technique described, with favorable results on mortality, rhythm disturbances and complications in the right superior vena cava.
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