Abstract:
This study compares judgments of the fairness of economic actions among survey populations in Switzerland, and both student and non-student groups in the People's Republic of China, with the earlier Kahneman, Knetsch and Thaler (1986a) surveys of Canadians. The findings suggest that fairness concerns matter among all of these groups, and the general patterns of what was and was not considered to be fair were similar. However, there were also some significant differences with the influence of fairness being weaker in the two Chinese samples than in the groups from the Western countries, with the influence being weakest in the Chinese student population for the wage related topics. On the whole, almost no significant gender differences were found in any of the new surveys.

Abstract:
Further recognition of women’s
social value and the gradual improvement of women’s economic status have made the
proportion of female independent directors on board rise year by year, which has
received high attention from academia. Using data of A-share listed companies in
Shanghai and Shenzhen stock markets form 2000-2014 in China, this paper investigates
the relation among gender diversity, earnings quality and stock price informativeness.
As a result, the larger the proportion of female independent directors is, the more firm-specific information the stock price contains.
In the meantime, earnings quality of listed companies significantly impact on stock
price informativeness, which means that stock prices of companies with higher earnings
quality contain more firm-specific information while having other factors controlled.
Further studies show that the relation between board gender diversity and stock
price informativeness is not simply direct; board gender diversity could raise the
stock price informativeness through enhancing earnings quality.

Abstract:
We present a numerical method to solve the linear Fredholm integro-differential equation in reproducing kernel space. A simple algorithm is given to obtain the approximate solutions of the equation. Through the comparison of approximate and true solution, we can find that the method can effectively solve the linear Fredholm integro-differential equation. At the same time the numerical solution of the equation is stable.

Abstract:
Using value distribution theory and maximum modulus principle, the problem of the algebroid solutions of second order algebraic differential equation is investigated. Examples show that our results are sharp. 1. Introduction and Main Results We use the standard notations and results of the Nevanlinna theory of meromorphic or algebroid functions; see, for example, [1, 2]. In this paper we suppose that second order algebraic differential equation (3) admit at least one nonconstant -valued algebroid solution in the complex plane. We denote by a subset of for which and by a positive constant, where denotes the linear measure of . or does not always mean the same one when they appear in the following. Let ？？ be entire functions without common zeroes such that . We put Some authors had investigated the problem of the existence of algebroid solutions of complex differential equations, and they obtained many results ([2–10], etc.). In 1989, Toda [4] considered the existence of algebroid solutions of algebraic differential equation of the form He obtained the following. Theorem A (see [4]). Let be a nonconstant -valued algebroid solution of the above differential equation and all are polynomials. If , then is algebraic. The purpose of this paper is to investigate algebroid solutions of the following second order differential equation in the complex plane with the aid of the Nevanlinna theory and maximum modulus principle of meromorphic or algebroid functions: where , . We will prove the following two results. Theorem 1. Let be a nonconstant -valued algebroid solution of differential equation (3) and all are polynomials. If , then is algebraic, . Theorem 2. Let be a nonconstant -valued algebroid solution of differential equation (3) and the orders of all are finite. If , then the following statements are equivalent:(a) ;(b) ;(c) is a Picard exceptional value of . 2. Some Lemmas Lemma 3 (see [2]). Suppose that , , are meromorphic functions, and . Then one has Examining proof of Lemma？？4.5 presented in [2, pp. 192-193], we can verify Lemma 4. Lemma 4. Let be a transcendental algebroid function such that has only finite number of poles, and let , , and have no poles in . Then, for some constants , , and it holds: where . Lemma 5 (see [11]). The absolute values of roots of equation are bounded by Lemma 6. Let be a nonconstant -valued algebroid solution of the differential equation (3) and let be a polynomial. If , then where , is a positive constant. Proof. We first prove that the poles of are contained in the zeroes of . Suppose that is a pole of of order and is not

Abstract:
The anisotropic properties of an optimally doped Nd_{1.85}Ce_{0.15}CuO_{4-\delta} single crystal have been studied both below and above the critical temperature Tc via the resistivity measurement in magnetic field H up to 12 T. By scaling the conductivity fluctuation around the superconducting transition, the upper critical field H_{c2}(T) has been determined for field parallel to the c-axis or to the basal ab-plane. The anisotropy factor \gamma={H_c2||ab}/{H_c2||c} is estimated to be about 8. In the normal state (50=

Abstract:
Recently, a class of spherically symmetric thin-shell wormholes in Brans-Dicke gravity have been introduced. Such wormholes can be supported by matter satisfying the weak energy condition (WEC). In this paper, we first obtain all the exact solutions satisfying the WEC. Then we show these solutions can be stable for certain parameters. A general requirement for stability is that $\beta^2>1$, which may imply that the speed of sound exceeds the speed of light.

Abstract:
Many studies focus on rodent community pattern and
changing at present in the world, but most of them are conducted in small
plots. Few studies investigated the rodent community classification and
diversity in semi-desert and desert areas at regional scale, although some researchers
started to study the change of animal community patterns on a large scale. We
investigated rodent communities in desert, non-irrigated farming land and
desert steppe of Inner Mongolia, covering an area of 380,000 km^{2} from May to August in 1988-1993 and in 1998-2003, respectively, in order to
reveal the changing characteristics of zonal rodent communities. The community
classification and diversity of rodents were analyzed in research areas. The
results suggested that the communities could be classified in 9 zonal types. Spermophilus dauricus, Cricetulus longicaudatus and Eutamias sibiricus were dominant species
in Community I; Phodopus roborovskii, Cricetulus barabansis and Cricetulus longicaudatus were dominant
in Community II; Meriones unguiculatus, Phodopus roborovskii and Cricetulus longicaudatus

Abstract:
The structural transition of ZnO nanowires at high pressures from wurtzite to rocksalt structure has been studied by first-principles density functional calculations using the SIESTA code. The size effect was studied by calculating a series of nanowires with different diameters, and the doping effect was studied by ion substitution. It is found that the critical pressure of structural transition for nanowires is lower than that of the bulk, and it decreases as the diameter of the nanowire decreases. It is also found that Mn doping can reduce the transition pressure. The size effect and doping effect are discussed in terms of the chemical bonding and energies of the nanowires.

Abstract:
Globular fossils from Doushantuo phosphorites at the Weng’an area are for the first time identified as a gastrulation stage of phosphatized embryos. They are got from the fossiliferous remains after acetic acid maceration. The fossils are found together with formerly reported animal resting eggs and embryos of the earlier cleavage stage. The oblate-shaped fossils with the same size as those reported embryos and invaginate at the middle part into the embryos, show the characteristics of the late blastula to the early gastrula stage of the embryo development. This discovery convinces the existence of animal embryos at Doushantuo age and offers new facts for the studying of the affinity of related fossils, which are still controversial at present.

Abstract:
We have studied the steady spontaneous emission spectrum of a four-level Doppler-broadened system driven by three coherent fields. It is found that the fluorescence spectrum is composed of nine contributions. The spectral components have quite different widths and peak heights compared with the case of the standard driven two-level or three-level resonance fluorescence. We provide numerical results in support of our arguments for arbitrary values of the atomic and field parameters.