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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33821 matches for " Yuan Qin "
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Local existence of strong solutions to the $k-\varepsilon$ model equations for turbulent flows
Baoquan Yuan,Guoquan Qin
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper, we are concerned with the local existence of strong solutions to the $k-\varepsilon$ model equations for turbulent flows in a bounded domain $\Omega$$\subset$ $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. We prove the existence of unique local strong solutions under the assumption that turbulent kinetic energy and the initial density both have lower bounds away from zero.
Analyses on Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Huai’an Area, China, 2010  [PDF]
Qin Zhang, Enchun Pan, Yuan He, Wei Hu, Chuang Wang
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.46059

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the cancer incidence and mortality in Huai’an area, China, 2010. Methods: On basis of the criteria of data quality from National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR), data submitted from 8 registries in Huai’an area in 2010 were checked and evaluated. Descriptive analysis included incidence and mortality stratified by areas (urban/rural), sex, age group and cancer sites. Results: The crude incidence rate was 231.17/100,000 (males 276.04/100,000, females 183.87/100,000), age-standardized incidence rate by Chinese standard population (ASIRC) was 179.53/100,000 and by World standard population (ASIRW) was 177.24/ 100,000. The incidence rates increased rapidly in people aged 40 and over, and the peak ages of incidence were at 75 - 79 (males over 85, females at 75 - 79). The cancer mortality rate was 151.26/100,000 (186.06/100,000 in males and 114.58/100,000 in females), age-standardized mortality rate by Chinese standard population (ASMRC) was 116.67/100,000 and by World standard population (ASMRW) was 115.64/100,000. The mortality rates increased rapidly after the age of 50, reaching the peak at the ages over 85 in both males and females. Esophageal, lung, gastric, liver, colorectal, breast, pancreas, lymphoma, brain and central nervous system, cervical were the most common cancer incident sites. Esophageal, lung, liver, gastric, colorectal, pancreatic, brain and central nervous system, leukemia, breast and lymphoma were the most common cancer sites of death. Conclusions: The data quality of cancer registration is improving. As cancer burden remained high and was different between urban and rural areas, prevention and control should be implemented based on practical situation.

Synthesis of cage-like octa(trimethylsiloxy)silsesquioxane
Chunye Hu,Yan Qin,Changyou Yuan
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1999, DOI: 10.1007/BF02884918
Abstract: Cage-like octa(trimethylsiloxy)silsesquioxane [ (Me3SiO)SiO1.5]8 has been synthesized via the trimethylsilylation of cubic tetramethylammonium silicate octamer [(Me4NO)-SiO1.5]8 with chlorotrimethylsilane. The silicate octamer can be selectively formed by the reaction of tetraethoxysilane Si(OEt)4 with aqueous tetramethylammonium hydroxide in equal molar ratio. Elementary analysis, FT-IR,1H,13C,29Si NMR are used to characterize these silsesquioxanes.
Relative efficiency of marker assisted selection when marker and QTL are incompletely linked
Liu Huiying,Zhang Qin,Zhang Yuan
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2001, DOI: 10.1007/BF02901132
Abstract: The relative superiority in selection response of two basic marker-assisted selection strategies, marker-assisted BLUP (MBLUP) and two-stage selection, in comparison to standard BLUP was investigated using stochastic simulation of a closed nucleus herd. In marker-assisted BLUP the marker information and the phenotypic information were utilized simultaneously for selecting parental animals, whereas in two-stage selection they were utilized separately in two stages. Different heritabilities and QTL sizes were considered in the simulation. The QTL was assumed to be referred only via flanking markers, which were incompletely linked to the QTL. It was shown that both MBLUP and two-stage selection increased the QTL response but decreased the polygenic response. When the heritability was low or the QTL effect was large MBLUP was superior to standard BLUP by up to 5% with respect to total genetic response. While the two-stage selection did not show any superiority although it gave extremely large increase in QTL response due to a rapid increase in favorable QTL allele frequency. The relative responses of MAS were stark associated with the generations of selection. The superiority or inferiority of MAS was large in the early generations and became small or vanished in the later generations.
Pre-selecting young bulls before progeny-testing with marker-assisted BLUP
Hao Zhang,Yuan Zhang,Qin Zhang
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2003, DOI: 10.1007/BF03183294
Abstract: Suppose that a QTL affecting milk production trait of dairy cattle has been identified, and the relative distances between the QTL and the markers are known without error. The relative efficiency of pre-selection of young bulls before progeny-testing with marker-assisted BLUP (MBLUP) over conventional progeny-testing (i.e. random selection before progeny-testing) for five generations was studied using Monte Carlo simulation. Different numbers of QTL alleles (two or infinite), initial frequencies of the favorable QTL allele (0.1 and 0.5, when the QTL has two alleles), distances between the adjacent markers (5 cM or 20 cM), and ratios of the QTL variance to the genetic variance (10%, 25%, and 50%) were considered in the simulation. The results showed that the relative efficiency of MBLUP was higher when the marker distance was 5 cM than that when the distance was 20 cM. The larger the QTL allelic effect, the lower the MBLUP efficiency. The relative superiority of MBLUP was higher when the QTL had two alleles and the frequency of the favorable QTL allele was low in the base population. The relative superiority of MBLUP decreased with the progress of generation in all cases and the decreasing rate was getting higher with the increase of marker density and QTL effect.


物理学报 , 1976,
Abstract: 本文提出了处理引力问题的一种可能的设想。采用牛顿引力公式,得到广义相对论中的史瓦西度规;如果考虑质速关系,则得到一种新的度规,否定了黑洞理论。
Characteristics of a broad lytic spectrum endolysin from phage BtCS33 of Bacillus thuringiensis
Yuan Yihui,Peng Qin,Gao Meiying
BMC Microbiology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-12-297
Abstract: Background Endolysins produced by bacteriophages lyse bacteria, and are thus considered a novel type of antimicrobial agent. Several endolysins from Bacillus phages or prophages have previously been characterized and used to target Bacillus strains that cause disease in animals and humans. B. thuringiensis phage BtCS33 is a Siphoviridae family phage and its genome has been sequenced and analyzed. In the BtCS33 genome, orf18 was found to encode an endolysin protein (PlyBt33). Results Bioinformatic analyses showed that endolysin PlyBt33 was composed of two functional domains, the N-terminal catalytic domain and the C-terminal cell wall binding domain. In this study, the entire endolysin PlyBt33, and both the N- and C-termini,were expressed in Escherichia coli and then purified. The lytic activities of PlyBt33 and its N-terminus were tested on bacteria. Both regions exhibited lytic activity, although PlyBt33 showed a higher lytic activity than the N-terminus. PlyBt33 exhibited activity against all Bacillus strains tested from five different species, but was not active against Gram-negative bacteria. Optimal conditions for PlyBt33 reactivity were pH 9.0 and 50°C. PlyBt33 showed high thermostability, with 40% of initial activity remaining following 1 h of treatment at 60°C. The C-terminus of PlyBt33 bound to B. thuringiensis strain HD-73 and Bacillus subtilis strain 168. This cell wall binding domain might be novel, as its amino acid sequence showed little similarity to previously reported endolysins. Conclusions PlyBt33 showed potential as a novel antimicrobial agent at a relatively high temperature and had a broad lytic spectrum within the Bacillus genus. The C-terminus of PlyBt33 might be a novel kind of cell wall binding domain.
Convergence of Iterative Sequences for Common Zero Points of a Family of -Accretive Mappings in Banach Spaces
Qing Yuan,Cho SunYoung,Qin Xiaolong
Fixed Point Theory and Applications , 2011,
Abstract: We introduce implicit and explicit viscosity iterative algorithms for a finite family of -accretive operators. Strong convergence theorems of the iterative algorithms are established in a reflexive Banach space which has a weakly continuous duality map.
Convergence of Iterative Sequences for Common Zero Points of a Family of m-Accretive Mappings in Banach Spaces
Yuan Qing,Sun Young Cho,Xiaolong Qin
Fixed Point Theory and Applications , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/216173
Reliability Analysis of Metro Door System Based on FMECA  [PDF]
Xiaoqing Cheng, Zongyi Xing, Yong Qin, Yuan Zhang, Shaohuang Pang, Jun Xia
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2013.54024
Abstract: The metro door system is one of the high failure rate subsystems of metro trains. The Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) method is applied to analyze the reliability of metro door system in this paper. Firstly, failure components of the door are statistically analyzed, and the major failure components are determined. Secondly, failures are classified according to their impacts on operation, and methods of calculating failure mode criticality and the related coefficients are illustrated. Finally, the FMECA is detailed in the selected 12 failure modes, and the failure modes are discovered that they have the most significant effect on metro door system. The obtained results can be used for optimal design and maintenance of the metro door system.
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