Abstract:
Using bosonization and path integral methods, we study general low temperature behavior of non-magnetic and magnetic impurity scattering in Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid, and calculate electron Green function for a general backward scattering potential. We demonstrate that electron density of state near the impurity site is suppressed by the backward scattering, but it mainly remains invariant as far away from the impurity, and at zero temperature the electrons are completely reflected on the impurity site, the system breaks into two subsystems but right- and left-moving electron fields have a twisted boundary condition. We also show that a testing charge can only be partially screened by conduction electrons, and in strong interaction region the impurity susceptibility has a 1/T-type low temperature behavior.

Abstract:
With the eigenfunctional theory, we study a general interacting electron system, and give a rigorous expression of its ground state energy which is composed of two parts, one part is contributed by the non-interacting electrons, and another one is represented by the correlation functions that are controlled by the electron correlation. Moreover, according to the rigorous expression of the ground state energy, an effective method beyond the local density approximation of the density functional theory is proposed.

Abstract:
We have exactly solved the eigenequation of a two-dimensional Dirac fermion moving on the surface of a sphere under the influence of a radial magnetic field B, and obtained an exact expression of the collective excitation energy gap for the filling factors $\nu=p/(2mp\pm 1)$, m and p are non-zero integers, which is very well agreement with the computing results.

Abstract:
Using the spin-hole coherent state representation, and taking the long range antiferromagnetic N\'{e}el order as the background of the spin degree part, we have studied the magnetic behavior of the t-J model in the usual slave boson and slave fermion treatment of the single occupation constraint, and shown that we can qualitatively explain the anomalous magnetic and transport properties of the normal state of the cuprate superconducting materials by the t-J model.

Abstract:
Using the spin-hole coherent state representation and taking a long range antiferromagnetic N\`{e}el order as a background of the localized spin degree part, we have studied the normal state behavior of the t-J model, and shown that a strongly short-range antiferromagnetic correlation of the localized spin degree part is responsible for the anomalous non-Korringa-like relaxation behavior of the planar copper spin, the Korringa-like behavior of the planar oxygen spin may derive from the charge degree part describing a Zhang-Rice spin-singlet; The charge degree part feels a strongly staggered magnetic field induced by this short-range antiferromagnetic correlation as a doping hole hopping, this staggered magnetic field enforces the charge degrees to have different responses to external magnetic and electric fields and to show two relaxation rate behaviors corresponding to the planar resistivity and Hall angle, respectively. We have found that the temperature dependence of magnetoresistance is $T^{-n}$, $n\simeq 3$, near the optimal doping, $n\simeq 4$, in the underdoping region, violating Kohler's rule, the transport relaxation rate is of the order of $2k_{B}T$, all that are consistent with the normal state of the cuprate superconductors.

Abstract:
We have proposed a model Hamiltonian, which describes a simple physical picture that the holes with single occupation constraint introduced by doping move in the antiferromagnetic background of the copper spins, to describe the normal state of the cuprate superconducting materials, and used the renormalization group method to calculate its anomalous magnetic and transport properties. The anomalous magnetic behavior of the normal state is controlled by both the copper spin and the spin part of the doping hole residing on the O sites. The physical resistivity is determined by both the quasiparticle-spin-fluctuation and the quasiparticle-gauge-fluctuation scatterings and the Hall coefficient is determined by the parity-odd gauge interaction deriving from the nature of the hard-core boson which describes the charge part of the doping holes.

Abstract:
Using the bosonization method, we study the low temperature behavior of the Kondo effect in the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid and clearly show that the power law temperature dependence of the impurity susceptibility is completely determined by the repulsive electron-electron interaction existing in the total spin channel and is independent of the electron-electron interaction existing in the charge channels.

Abstract:
Using eigen-functional bosonization method, we study quantum many-particle systems, and show that the quantum many-particle problems end in to solve the differential equation of the phase fields which represent the particle correlation strength. Thus, the physical properties of these systems are completely determined by the differential equation of the phase fields. We mainly focus on the study of D-dimensional electron gas with/without transverse gauge fields, two-dimensional electron gas under an external magnetic field, D-dimensional boson systems, a D-dimensional Heisenberg model and a one-band Hubbard model on a square lattice, and give their exact (accurate for Heisenberg model) functional expressions of the ground state energy and action, and the eigen-functional wave functions of the fermions/bosons. With them, we can calculate a variety of correlation functions of the systems, such as single particle Green's functions and their ground state wave functions. In present theoretical framework, we can unifiably represent the Landau Fermi liquid, non-Fermi liquid ($D\geq 2$) and Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid.

Abstract:
With the eigen-functional bosonization method, we study one-dimensional strongly correlated electron systems with large momentum ($2k_{F}$ and/or $4k_{F}$) transfer term(s), and demonstrate that this kind of problems ends in to solve the Eikonal-type equations, and these equations are universal, and independent of whether or not the system is integrable. In contrast to usual perturbation theory, this method is valid not only for weak electron interaction, but also for strong electron interaction. Comparing with exact solution of some integrable models, it can give correct results in one-loop approximation. This method can also be used to study electron-phonon interaction systems, and two coupled spin chain or quantum wire systems.

Abstract:
In framework of eigen-functional bosonization method, we introduce an imaginary phase field to uniquely represent electron correlation, and demonstrate that the Landau Fermi liquid theory and the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid theory can be unified. It is very clear in this framework that the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid behavior of one-dimensional interacting electron gases originates from their Fermi structure, and the non-Landau-Fermi liquid behavior of 2D interacting electron gases is induced by the long-range electron interaction, while 3D interacting electron gases generally show the Landau Fermi liquid behavior.