oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 63 )

2018 ( 474 )

2017 ( 426 )

2016 ( 432 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 47435 matches for " Young Jin Chun "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /47435
Display every page Item
Bi-maximal neutrino mixing and small U_{e3} from Abelian flavor symmetry
Kiwoon Choi,Eung Jin Chun,Kyuwan Hwang,Wan Young Song
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.64.113013
Abstract: Atmospheric neutrino data strongly suggests a near-maximal \nu_\mu-\nu_{\tau} mixing and also solar neutrino data can be nicely explained by another near-maximal \nu_e-\nu_{\mu} or \nu_e-\nu_{\tau} mixing. We examine the possibility that this bi-maximal mixing of atmospheric and solar neutrinos arises naturally, while keeping U_{e3} and \Delta m^2_{sol}/\Delta m^2_{atm} small enough, as a consequence of Abelian flavor symmetry. Two simple scenarios of Abelian flavor symmetry within supersymmetric framework are considered to obtain the desired form of the neutrino mass matrix and the charged lepton mass matrix parameterized by the Cabibbo angle \lambda\approx 0.2. Future experiments at a neutrino factory measuring the size of U_{e3} and the sign of \Delta m^2_{32} could discriminate those scenarios as they predict distinctive values of U_{e3} in connection with \Delta m^2_{sol}/\Delta m^2_{atm} and also with the order of the neutrino mass eigenvalues.
Dark matter asymmetry in supersymmetric Dirac leptogenesis
Ki-Young Choi,Eung Jin Chun,Chang Sub Shin
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2013.04.020
Abstract: We discuss asymmetric or symmetric dark matter candidate in the supersymmetric Dirac leptogenesis scenario. By introducing a singlet superfield coupling to right-handed neutrinos, the overabundance problem of dark matter can be evaded and various possibilities for dark matter candidate arise. If the singlino is the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP), it becomes naturally asymmetric dark matter. On the other hand, the right-handed sneutrino is a symmetric dark matter candidate whose relic density can be determined by the usual thermal freeze-out process. The conventional neutralino or gravitino LSP can be also a dark matter candidate as its non-thermal production from the right-handed sneutrino can be controlled appropriately. In our scenario, the late-decay of heavy supersymmetric particles mainly produce the right-handed sneutrino and neutrino which is harmless to the standard prediction of the big-bang nucleosynthesis.
Joint Optimization of Area Spectral Efficiency and Delay Over PPP Interfered Ad-hoc Networks
Young Jin Chun,Aymen Omri,Mazen O. Hasna
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Due to the increasing demand on user data rates, future wireless communication networks require higher spectral efficiency. To reach higher spectral efficiencies, wireless network technologies collaborate and construct a seamless interconnection between multiple tiers of architectures at the cost of increased co-channel interference. To evaluate the performance of the co-channel transmission based communication, we propose a new metric for area spectral efficiency (ASE) of interference limited Ad-hoc network by assuming that the nodes are randomly distributed according to a Poisson point processes (PPP). We introduce a utility function, U = ASE/delay and derive the optimal ALOHA transmission probability p and the SIR threshold \tau that jointly maximize the ASE and minimize the local delay. Finally numerical results has been conducted to confirm that the joint optimization based on the U metric achieves a significant performance gain compared to conventional systems.
A Comparison Study of Input ESD Protection Schemes Utilizing NMOS, Thyristor, and Diode Devices  [PDF]
Jin Young Choi
Communications and Network (CN) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2010.21002
Abstract: For three fundamental input-protection schemes suitable for high-frequency CMOS ICs, which utilize protection devices such as NMOS transistors, thyristors, and diodes, we attempt an in-depth comparison on HBM ESD robustness in terms of lattice heating inside protection devices and peak voltages developed across gate oxides in input buffers, based on DC, mixed-mode transient, and AC analyses utilizing a 2-dimensional device simulator. For this purpose, we construct an equivalent circuit model of input HBM test environments for CMOS chips equipped with input ESD protection circuits, which allows mixed-mode transient simulations for various HBM test modes. By executing mixed-mode simulations including up to six active protection devices in a circuit, we attempt a detailed analysis on the problems, which can occur in real tests. In the procedure, we suggest to a recipe to ease the bipolar trigger in the protection devices and figure out that oxide failure in internal circuits is determined by the peak voltage developed in the later stage of discharge, which corresponds to the junction breakdown voltage of the NMOS structure residing in the protection devices. We explain strength and weakness of each protection scheme as an input ESD protection circuit for high-frequency ICs, and suggest valuable guidelines relating design of the protection devices and circuits.
An Analytical Approach for Fast Automatic Sizing of Narrow-Band RF CMOS LNAs  [PDF]
Jin Young Choi
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2012.32018
Abstract: We introduce a fast automatic sizing algorithm for a single-ended narrow-band CMOS cascode LNA adopting an inductive source degeneration based on an analytical approach without any optimization procedure. Analytical expressions for principle parameters are derived based on an ac equivalent circuit. Based on the analytical expressions and the power-constrained noise optimization criteria, the automatic sizing algorithm is developed. The algorithm is coded using Matlab, which is shown capable of providing a set of design variable values within seconds. One-time Spectre simulations assuming usage of a commercial 90 nm CMOS process are performed to confirm that the algorithm can provide the aimed first-cut design with a reasonable accuracy for the frequency ranging up to 5 GHz. This work shows one way how accurate automatic synthesis can be done in an analytical approach.
An Analytical Approach for Fast Automatic Sizing of Narrow-Band RF CMOS LNAs with a Capacitive Load  [PDF]
Jin Young Choi
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2012.34045
Abstract: We introduce a fast automatic sizing algorithm for a single-ended narrow-band CMOS cascode LNA with a capacitive load based on an analytical approach without any optimization procedure. Analytical expressions for principle parameters are derived based on an ac equivalent circuit. Based on the analytical expressions and the power-constrained noise optimization criteria, the automatic sizing algorithm is developed. The algorithm is coded using Matlab, which is shown capable of providing a set of design variable values within seconds. One-time Spectre simulations assuming usage of a commercial 90 nm CMOS process are performed to confirm that the algorithm can provide the aimed first-cut design with a reasonable accuracy for the frequency ranging up to 5 GHz.
On a Parasitic Bipolar Transistor Action in a Diode ESD Protection Device  [PDF]
Jin Young Choi
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.79199
Abstract: In this work, we show that an excessive lattice heating problem can occur in the diode electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection device connected to a VDDbus in the popular diode input protection scheme, which is favorably used in CMOS RF ICs. To figure out the reason for the excessive lattice heating, we construct an equivalent circuit for input human-body model (HBM) test environment of a CMOS chip equipped with the diode protection circuit, and execute mixed-mode transient simulations utilizing a 2-D device simulator. We analyze the simulation results in detail to show out that a parasitic pnp bipolar transistor action relating nearby p+-substrate contacts is responsible for the excessive lattice heating in the diode protection device, which has never been focused before anywhere.
Discharge Characteristics of a Triple-Well Diode-String ESD Clamp  [PDF]
Jin Young Choi
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2018.95008
Abstract: In this work, DC and transient characteristics of a 4 diode string utilizing triple-well technologies as a VDD-VSS clamp device for ESD protection are analyzed in detail based on 2-dimensional device and mixed-mode simulations. It is shown that there exists parasitic pnp bipolar transistor action in this device leading to a sudden increase in DC substrate leakage if anode bias is getting high. Through transient simulations for a 2000 V PS-mode HBM ESD discharge event, it is shown that the dominant discharge path is the one formed by a parasitic pnpn thyristor and a parasitic npn bipolar transistor in series. Percentage ratios of the various current components regarding the anode current at its current peaking are provided. The mechanisms involved in ESD discharge inside the diode-string clamp utilizing triple-well technologies are explained in detail, which has never been done anywhere in the literature based on simulations or measurements.
Pure nongestational choriocarcinoma of the ovary: a case report
Choi Youn Jin,Chun Keun Young,Kim Yong Wook,Ro Duck Yeong
World Journal of Surgical Oncology , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7819-11-7
Abstract: Pure ovarian choriocarcinoma can be gestational or nongestational in origin. Nongestational choriocarcinoma of the ovary is extremely rare, and its diagnosis is very difficult during the reproductive years. We present a case of a 33-year-old woman diagnosed with pure nongestational ovarian choriocarcinoma. Following surgery, multiple courses of a chemotherapy regimen of etoposide, methotrexate, and actinomycin-D (EMA) were effective.
A Stochastic Geometry Based Approach to Modeling Interference Correlation in Cooperative Relay Networks
Young Jin Chun,Simon L. Cotton,Mazen O. Hasna,Ali Ghrayeb
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Future wireless networks are expected to be a convergence of many diverse network technologies and architectures, such as cellular networks, wireless local area networks, sensor networks, and device to device communications. Through cooperation between dissimilar wireless devices, this new combined network topology promises to unlock ever larger data rates and provide truly ubiquitous coverage for end users, as well as enabling higher spectral efficiency. However, it also increases the risk of co-channel interference and introduces the possibility of correlation in the aggregated interference that not only impacts the communication performance, but also makes the associated mathematical analysis much more complex. To address this problem and evaluate the communication performance of cooperative relay networks, we adopt a stochastic geometry based approach by assuming that the interfering nodes are randomly distributed according to a Poisson point process (PPP). We also use a random medium access protocol to counteract the effects of interference correlation. Using this approach, we derive novel closed-form expressions for the successful transmission probability and local delay of a relay network with correlated interference. As well as this, we find the optimal transmission probability $p$ that jointly maximizes the successful transmission probability and minimizes the local delay. Finally numerical results are provided to confirm that the proposed joint optimization strategy achieves a significant performance gain compared to a conventional scheme.
Page 1 /47435
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.