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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 25744 matches for " Young Gwon Kim "
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Anti-Microbial, Anti-Biofilm Activities and Cell Selectivity of the NRC-16 Peptide Derived from Witch Flounder, Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
Ramamourthy Gopal,Jun Ho Lee,Young Gwon Kim,Myeong-Sun Kim,Chang Ho Seo,Yoonkyung Park
Marine Drugs , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/md11061836
Abstract: Previous studies had identified novel antimicrobial peptides derived from witch flounder. In this work, we extended the search for the activity of peptide that showed antibacterial activity on clinically isolated bacterial cells and bacterial biofilm. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was obtained from otitis media and cholelithiasis patients, while Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from otitis media patients. We found that synthetic peptide NRC-16 displays antimicrobial activity and is not sensitive to salt during its bactericidal activity. Interestingly, this peptide also led to significant inhibition of biofilm formation at a concentration of 4–16 μM. NRC-16 peptide is able to block biofilm formation at concentrations just above its minimum inhibitory concentration while conventional antibiotics did not inhibit the biofilm formation except ciprofloxacin and piperacillin. It did not cause significant lysis of human RBC, and is not cytotoxic to HaCaT cells and RAW264.7 cells, thereby indicating its selective antimicrobial activity. In addition, the peptide’s binding and permeation activities were assessed by tryptophan fluorescence, calcein leakage and circular dichroism using model mammalian membranes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC), PC/cholesterol (CH) and PC/sphingomyelin (SM). These experiments confirmed that NRC-16 does not interact with any of the liposomes but the control peptide melittin did. Taken together, we found that NRC-16 has potent antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities with less cytotoxicity, and thus can be considered for treatment of microbial infection in the future.
p73 G4C14 to A4T14 polymorphism is associated with colorectal cancer risk and survival
Kyung-Eun Lee, Young-Seoub Hong, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Na-Young Kim, Kyoung-Mu Lee, Jong-Young Kwak, Mee-Sook Roh
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: AIM: To analyze the association between the p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 polymorphism (a.k.a., the GC/AT variation) and colorectal cancer risk and survival in the Korean population, and to evaluate the relationships between p73 polymorphism and the p73 protein expression or clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer.METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-three histologically confirmed cases and 469 healthy controls, recruited at one teaching hospital in Pusan, Korea from 2001 and 2007, were genotyped for p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 by PCR with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP) and the expression profile of p73 in cancer tissues (n = 383) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by unconditional logistic regression model adjusted for age and gender. Compared with the GC/GC genotypes, the GC/AT and AT/AT genotypes were significantly associated with colorectal cancer risk (GC/AT vs GC/GC: OR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.10-1.94; AT/AT vs GC/GC: 1.72, 0.98-3.03; Ptrend = 0.01). When stratified by age and gender, the association was restricted to those less than 60 years of age (GC/AT or AT/AT vs GC/GC: 2.22, 1.39-3.55) and male (GC/AT or AT/AT vs GC/GC: 1.91, 1.31-2.77). The expression of p73 was associated with invasion depth (P = 0.003) and advanced Duke’s stage (P = 0.06) of colorectal cancer. The patients with the GC/GC genotype were associated with worse survival compared with those with the other genotypes (P = 0.02). However, no significant relationship was observed between the p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 polymorphism and p73 protein expression in cancer tissues.CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the p73 GC/AT polymorphism is associated with an increased colorectal cancer risk and survival in the Korean population.
Effect of Repetitive Lysine-Tryptophan Motifs on the Eukaryotic Membrane
Ramamourthy Gopal,Jong Kook Lee,Jun Ho Lee,Young Gwon Kim,Gwang Chae Oh,Chang Ho Seo,Yoonkyung Park
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ijms14012190
Abstract: In a previous study, we synthesized a series of peptides containing simple sequence repeats, (KW) n–NH 2 ( n = 2,3,4 and 5) and determined their antimicrobial and hemolytic activities, as well as their mechanism of antimicrobial action. However, (KW) 5 showed undesirable cytotoxicity against RBC cells. In order to identify the mechanisms behind the hemolytic and cytotoxic activities of (KW) 5, we measured the ability of these peptides to induce aggregation of liposomes. In addition, their binding and permeation activities were assessed by Trp fluorescence, calcein leakage and circular dichrorism using artificial phospholipids that mimic eukaryotic liposomes, including phosphatidylcholine (PC), PC/sphingomyelin (SM) (2:1, w/ w) and PC/cholesterol (CH) (2:1, w/ w). Experiments confirmed that only (KW) 5 induced aggregation of all liposomes; it formed much larger aggregates with PC:CH (2:1, w/ w) than with PC or PC:SM (2:1, w/ w). Longer peptide (KW) 5, but not (KW) 3 or (KW) 4, strongly bound and partially inserted into PC:CH compared to PC or PC:SM (2:1, w/ w). Calcein release experiments showed that (KW) 5 induced calcein leakage from the eukaryotic membrane. Greater calcein leakage was induced by (KW) 5 from PC:CH than from PC:SM (2:1, w/ w) or PC, whereas (KW) 4 did not induce calcein leakage from any of the liposomes. Circular dichroism measurements indicated that (KW) 5 showed higher conformational transition compared to (KW) 4 due to peptide-liposome interactions. Taken together, our results suggest that (KW) 5 reasonably mediates the aggregation and permeabilization of eukaryotic membranes, which could in turn explain why (KW) 5 displays efficient hemolytic activity.
Proteome analysis of developing mice diastema region
Young-Mi Chae1, Young-Joo Jin1, Hyeng-Soo Kim2, Gi-Jeong Gwon1, Wern-Joo Sohn1,2, Sung-Hyun Kim3, Myoung-Ok Kim4, Sanggyu Lee2, Jo-Young Suh5 & Jae-Young Kim1*
BMB Reports , 2012,
Abstract: Different from humans, who have a continuous dentition ofteeth, mice have only three molars and one incisor separatedby a toothless region called the diastema in the hemimandibular arch. Although tooth buds form in the embryonicdiastema, they regress and do not develop into teeth. In thisstudy, we evaluated the proteins that modulate the diastemaformation through comparative analysis with molar-formingtissue by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy(LC-MS/MS) proteome analysis. From the comparative andsemi-quantitative proteome analysis, we identified 147 up- and173 down-regulated proteins in the diastema compared to themolar forming proteins. Based on this proteome analysis, weselected and evaluated two candidate proteins, EMERIN andRAB7A, as diastema tissue specific markers. This studyprovides the first list of proteins that were detected in themouse embryonic diastema region, which will be useful tounderstand the mechanisms of tooth development.
Protective Efficacy of a Human Endogenous Retrovirus Envelope-Coated, Nonreplicable, Baculovirus-Based Hemagglutin Vaccine against Pandemic Influenza H1N1 2009
Jae-Yoo Choi, Yong-Dae Gwon, Jeong-Ki Kim, Yeon-Dong Cho, Yoon-Ki Heo, Han-Sam Cho, Tae-Jin Choi, Ha-Ryoung Poo, Yu-Kyoung Oh, Young Bong Kim
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080762
Abstract: Despite the advantages of DNA vaccines, overcoming their lower efficacy relative to that of conventional vaccines remains a challenge. Here, we constructed a human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) envelope-coated, nonreplicable, baculovirus-based HA vaccine against swine influenza A/California/04/2009(H1N1) hemagglutin (HA) (AcHERV-sH1N1-HA) as an alternative to conventional vaccines and evaluated its efficacy in two strains of mice, BALB/c and C57BL/6. A commercially available, killed virus vaccine was used as a positive control. Mice were intramuscularly administered AcHERV-sH1N1-HA or the commercial vaccine and subsequently given two booster injections. Compared with the commercial vaccine, AcHERV-sH1N1-HA induced significantly higher levels of cellular immune responses in both BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. Unlike cellular immune responses, humoral immune responses depended on the strain of mice. Following immunization with AcHERV-sH1N1-HA, C57BL/6 mice showed HA-specific IgG titers 10- to 100-fold lower than those of BALB/c mice. In line with the different levels of humoral immune responses, the survival of immunized mice after intranasal challenge with sH1N1 virus (A/California/04/2009) depended on the strain. After challenge with 10-times the median lethal dose (MLD50) of sH1N1 virus, 100% of BALB/c mice immunized with the commercial vaccine or AcHERV-sH1N1-HA survived. In contrast, C57BL/6 mice immunized with AcHERV-sH1N1-HA or the commercial vaccine showed 60% and 70% survival respectively, after challenge with sH1N1 virus. In all mice, virus titers and results of histological analyses of lung tissues were consistent with the survival data. Our results indicate the importance of humoral immune response as a major defense system against influenza viral infection. Moreover, the complete survival of BALB/c mice immunized with AcHERV-sH1N1-HA after challenge with sH1N1 virus suggests the potential of baculoviral vector-based vaccines to achieve an efficacy comparable to that of killed virus vaccines.
Immunogenicity of a Trivalent Human Papillomavirus L1 DNA-Encapsidated, Non-Replicable Baculovirus Nanovaccine
Hansam Cho, Hee-Jung Lee, Yoon-Ki Heo, Yeondong Cho, Yong-Dae Gwon, Mi-Gyeong Kim, Ki Hoon Park, Yu-Kyoung Oh, Young Bong Kim
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095961
Abstract: Previously, we developed a non-replicating recombinant baculovirus coated with human endogenous retrovirus envelope protein (AcHERV) for enhanced cellular delivery of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16L1 DNA. Here, we report the immunogenicity of an AcHERV-based multivalent HPV nanovaccine in which the L1 segments of HPV 16, 18, and 58 genes were inserted into a single baculovirus genome of AcHERV. To test whether gene expression levels were affected by the order of HPV L1 gene insertion, we compared the efficacy of bivalent AcHERV vaccines with the HPV 16L1 gene inserted ahead of the 18L1 gene (AcHERV-HP16/18L1) with that of AcHERV with the HPV 18L1 gene inserted ahead of the 16L1 gene (AcHERV-HP18/16L1). Regardless of the order, the bivalent AcHERV DNA vaccines retained the immunogenicity of monovalent AcHERV-HP16L1 and AcHERV-HP18L1 DNA vaccines. Moreover, the immunogenicity of bivalent AcHERV-HP16/18L1 was not significantly different from that of AcHERV-HP18/16L1. In challenge tests, both bivalent vaccines provided complete protection against HPV 16 and 18 pseudotype viruses. Extending these results, we found that a trivalent AcHERV nanovaccine encoding HPV 16L1, 18L1, and 58L1 genes (AcHERV-HP16/18/58L1) provided high levels of humoral and cellular immunogenicity against all three subtypes. Moreover, mice immunized with the trivalent AcHERV-based nanovaccine were protected from challenge with HPV 16, 18, and 58 pseudotype viruses. These results suggest that trivalent AcHERV-HPV16/18/58L1 could serve as a potential prophylactic baculoviral nanovaccine against concurrent infection with HPV 16, 18, and 58.
A Case of Right Paratracheal Ectopic Thyroid, Mimicking Metastasis on CT and 18F-FDG PET CT  [PDF]
Su Young Kim
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2013.33012
Abstract:

Mediastinal ectopic thyroid is quite rare, occurring in less than 1% of all ectopic thyroids. Frequent location of mediastinal ectopic thyroid in reported cases is anterosuperior mediastinum. CT findings of ectopic thyroid can be various and are dependent on several factors, such as its iodine content, the extent of tissue degeneration, and the presence of colloid cysts. This is a case of right paratracheal ectopic thyroid with nodular hyperplasia, mimicking metastatic nodal mass on both CT and 18F-FDG PET CT in a patient with colon cancer.

Behavior of a Scale Factor for Wiener Integrals and a Fourier Stieltjes Transform on the Wiener Space  [PDF]
Young Sik Kim
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/am.2018.95035
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the behavior of a Wiener integral along the curve C of the scale factor ρ > 0 for the Wiener integral ∫C0[0,T]F(ρx)dm(x) about the function \"\" defined on the Wiener space C0[0,T], where θ(t,u) is a Fourier-Stieltjes transform of a complex Borel measure.
Cognitive Profiles and Subtypes of Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Data from a Clinical Follow-Up Study  [PDF]
Kyung Won Park, Eun-Joo Kim, Hwan Joo, Sung-Man Jeon, Seong-Ho Choi, Jay C. Kwon, Byoung Gwon Kim, Jae Woo Kim
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.35068
Abstract: Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition with a variety of clinical outcomes, the presence of which correlates with risk of Alzheimer’s disease as well as pre-clinical stages of other dementia subtypes. The aims of this study were to assess the specific patterns of cognitive profiles and to identify changes from baseline to 24 weeks in patients with MCI using detailed neuropsychological testing. Methods: We consecutively recruited 120 MCI patients at baseline according to the Petersen’s clinical diagnostic criteria, who were admitted to the Dementia and Memory Clinics. We analyzed patients who fulfilled both inclusion and exclusion criteria for MCI and classified them into four subtypes according to deficits in major cognitive domains; amnestic MCI single domain (aMCI-s), amnestic multiple domain MCI (aMCI-m), non-amnestic single domain MCI (naMCI-s) and non-amnestic multiple domain MCI (naMCI-m). Four groups of MCI were evaluated by a detailed neuropsychological battery test. Results: 83 patients with MCI at the 24-week follow-up were classified into four subtypes. The most frequent subtype was amnestic multi-domain MCI, with the frequency of MCI subtypes as follows: aMCI-s (n = 21, 25.3%), aMCI-m (n = 53, 63.9%), naMCI-s (n = 5, 6.0%) and naMCI-m (n = 4, 4.8%). In the major cognitive items of the SNSB-D, there were significant changes between the initial and follow-up tests in the domains of language, memory and the fron-tal/executive function (p < 0.05), except for attention, in all MCI patient subtypes. At 24-weeks follow-up, the conversion rate to Alzheimer’s disease was 2.4% (n = 2) from a subtype of amnestic multi-domain MCI. Conclusions: Our study revealed the most frequent subtype of MCI to be multiple domain amnestic MCI, with this subtype having a higher tendency of conversion to Alzheimer’s disease.
A 10:1 Unequal Gysel Power Divider Using a Capacitive Loaded Transmission Line
Young Kim
PIER Letters , 2012, DOI: 10.2528/PIERL12030104
Abstract: This paper proposes a 10:1 unequal Gysel power divider using a capacitive loaded transmission line (CLTL). For obtaining a high dividing ratio of divider, the CLTL is proposed to realize a low characteristic impedance line below 10 Ω. A design method using a CLTL which consists of a small transmission line with shunt open stub at periodic intervals is newly suggested for power divider with the high power division ratio. For the validation of the CLTL power divider, the high dividing ratio of the fabricated Gysel divider is measured at a center frequency of 1 GHz. The measured performances are in good agreements with simulation results.
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