It is essential to study quality of
software production like others. Software productions have special properties.
They are intangible. So, qualitative evaluation encountered with complexity.
Hence, proposing a model in order to evaluate the quality of Software
productions is considerable to most software managers and experts. In this
paper, regarding to improve
software productions quality, the process of software production has been
determined, using CMM standard framework of maturity level. In CMM it does not
present a method for measurement and evaluation maturity level, the presented
process in CMM standard mapped by COBIT control objectives has been combined in
the process of software productions development in developed hybrid framework. In this research, the processes have been mapped utilizing focus and established group, in parallel of software production in
different maturity level of CMM mapped by COBIT framework. In order to show the
capabilities of proposed framework, the hybrid evaluation model was employed in
a software developing organization as a case study. According to the results of
evaluation, improvements proceedings and action plans have been proposed and
discussed to enhance the software production processes.
Quarries are places of high instability due to blastings, if left without rehabilitation they become sites of great risk of rockfall, which are the case of the Carian quarry, a small abandoned aggregate quarry, which turned into a slum neighborhood in the north western part of the city of Tétouan, and that has a long history of rockfall incidents since it was shut down in the 60’s. Using rockmass characterization techniques, kinematic study and stability analysis, it was confirmed that many instability mechanisms are found on the walls of the quarry and cause a high risk of rockfall during the rain season, especially that the study area is inhabited. Rockfall trajectory modelling techniques allow the calculation of vertical distribution of rocks falling from the quarry’s walls along different profiles in the area and therefore the determination of a safety perimeter from the quarry wall.