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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2260 matches for " Yoshitake Kato "
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Ureteroscopy-Assisted Retrograde Nephrostomy (UARN) after Anatrophic Nephrolithotomy
Takashi Kawahara,Hiroki Ito,Hideyuki Terao,Yoshitake Kato,Takehiko Ogawa,Hiroji Uemura,Yoshinobu Kubota,Junichi Matsuzaki
Case Reports in Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/164963
Abstract: Introduction. Open surgical anatrophic nephrolithotomy (ANL) had been the standard treatment for large renal calculi prior to the development of endoscopic devices and endoscopic techniques. A previous report described the efficacy of ureteroscopy-assisted retrograde nephrostomy (UARN) and presented a case of renal calculi successfully treated with UARN during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in a patient after ANL. Case Presentation. A 61-year-old male with left renal calculi was referred for further treatment. The patient was placed under general and epidural anesthesia, in a Galdakao-modified Valdivia position. A flexible ureteroscope (URS) was inserted, and a Lawson retrograde nephrostomy puncture wire was advanced into the flexible URS. The puncture wire then followed the route from the renal pelvis to the exit skin. Calculus fragmentation was undertaken using a pneumatic lithotripter. Conclusions. UARN for PCNL was therefore found to be a safe, effective, and appropriate treatment for a patient presenting with renal calculi after undergoing ANL.
Effectiveness of Ureteroscopy-Assisted Retrograde Nephrostomy (UARN) for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
Takashi Kawahara, Hiroki Ito, Hideyuki Terao, Yoshitake Kato, Hiroji Uemura, Yoshinobu Kubota, Junichi Matsuzaki
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052149
Abstract: Objective To determine the impact of ureteroscopy-assisted retrograde nephrostomy (UARN) during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Materials and Methods From April 2009 to September 2011, a total of 50 patients underwent PCNL for large renal stones (stone burden >2 cm). We performed UARN in the Galdakao-modified Valdivia position for 27 patients (UARN PCNL) and ultrasonography-assisted percutaneous nephrostomy in the prone position for 23 patients (prone PCNL). Results UARN PCNL significantly improved the stone-free rate (81.5% vs 52.2%) and the rate of residual stones (<4 mm, 92.6% vs 65.2%, P<0.05). The median length of the operation was significantly shorter for UARN PCNL, at 160 min, compared to 299 min for prone PCNL (P<0.001). There was one intraoperative complication in prone PCNL, namely a hemorrhage that resulted in stopping the initial treatment, but it was cured conservatively. The postoperative complications included a high grade fever that persisted for three days in two UARN PCNL patients (7.4%) and six prone PCNL patients (26.1%). The Clavien grading scores showed significantly lower postoperative complications for UARN PCNL compared to prone PCNL. Conclusion UARN is associated with a higher stone-free rate, shorter operation time, and fewer complications during PCNL than prone PCNL.
Simple Prediction Formula for Proportion Installment Interest Rate in a Private Finance Initiative Project  [PDF]
Takanori Inoue, Isamu Yoshitake
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2013.63022

Private Finance Initiative (PFI) projects aim to develop public facilities using private funds. Installment interest payments must be predominant in PFI project costs. The proportion of installment interest depends upon the business period, payment method, interest rate, and other factors. However, prediction of the installment interest is not simple. Cost simulation based on various assumptions has been required for planning PFI finance project. A simplified estimation formula for installment interest rate based on cost evaluations using wide range of comparable conditions is proposed in this paper. The applicability of the proposed formula is also discussed and verified. The proportion of installment interest of a PFI project can be estimated to sufficient accuracy using the proposed formula.

A Toy Model for Torsorial Nature of Representations
Makoto Yoshitake
Information , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/info3040546
Abstract: This paper presents a toy model for the representation related phenomena. It is the representation that is always referred to. The represented thing in itself is indeterminate existence at a fundamental level of understanding. In order to capture such property of representation, this paper provides a toy model using an algebraic structure: torsor. The toy model captures this baselessness of representation naturally, and can be used to describe various phenomena of representations. Adopting the torsor and focusing on the two-sidedness and the closure property of representation enables the toy model to express some consistency of representations.
Extensional Information Articulation from the Universe
Makoto Yoshitake,Yasufumi Saruwatari
Information , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/info3040644
Abstract: Information must have physical support and this physical universe comprisesphysical interactions. Hence actual information processes should have a description byinteractions alone, i.e., an extensional description. In this paper, such a model of the processof information articulation from the universe is developed by generalizing the extensivemeasurement theory in metrology. Moreover, a model of the attribute creation processis presented to exemplify a step of the informational articulation process. These modelsdemonstrate the valuableness of the extensional view and are expected to enhance theunderstanding of the extensional aspects of fundamentals of information.
Limited Influence of Oxygen on the Evolution of Chemical Diversity in Metabolic Networks
Kazuhiro Takemoto,Ikumi Yoshitake
Metabolites , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/metabo3040979
Abstract: Oxygen is thought to promote species and biomolecule diversity. Previous studies have suggested that oxygen expands metabolic networks by acquiring metabolites with different chemical properties (higher hydrophobicity, for example). However, such conclusions are typically based on biased evaluation, and are therefore non-conclusive. Thus, we re-investigated the effect of oxygen on metabolic evolution using a phylogenetic comparative method and metadata analysis to reduce the bias as much as possible. Notably, we found no difference in metabolic network expansion between aerobes and anaerobes when evaluating phylogenetic relationships. Furthermore, we showed that previous studies have overestimated or underestimated the degrees of differences in the chemical properties (e.g., hydrophobicity) between oxic and anoxic metabolites in metabolic networks of unicellular organisms; however, such overestimation was not observed when considering the metabolic networks of multicellular organisms. These findings indicate that the contribution of oxygen to increased chemical diversity in metabolic networks is lower than previously thought; rather, phylogenetic signals and cell-cell communication result in increased chemical diversity. However, this conclusion does not contradict the effect of oxygen on metabolic evolution; instead, it provides a deeper understanding of how oxygen contributes to metabolic evolution despite several limitations in data analysis methods.
Secondary-Structure Design of Proteins by a Backbone Torsion Energy
Yoshitake Sakae,Yuko Okamoto
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.75.054802
Abstract: We propose a new backbone-torsion-energy term in the force field for protein systems. This torsion-energy term is represented by a double Fourier series in two variables, the backbone dihedral angles phi and psi. It gives a natural representation of the torsion energy in the Ramachandran space in the sense that any two-dimensional energy surface periodic in both phi and psi can be expanded by the double Fourier series. We can then easily control secondary-structure-forming tendencies by modifying the torsion-energy surface. For instance, we can increase/decrease the alpha-helix-forming-tendencies by lowering/raising the torsion-energy surface in the alpha-helix region and likewise increase/decrease the beta-sheet-forming tendencies by lowering/raising the surface in the beta-sheet region in the Ramachandran space. We applied our approach to AMBER parm94 and AMBER parm96 force fields and demonstrated that our modifications of the torsion-energy terms resulted in the expected changes of secondary-structure-forming-tendencies by performing folding simulations of alpha-helical and beta-hairpin peptides.
Trimer Formation and Metal-Insulator Transition in Orbital Degenerate Systems on a Triangular Lattice
Junki Yoshitake,Yukitoshi Motome
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.80.073711
Abstract: As a prototypical self-organization in the system with orbital degeneracy, we theoretically investigate trimer formation on a triangular lattice, as observed in LiVO2. From the analysis of an effective spin-orbital coupled model in the strong correlation limit, we show that the previously-proposed orbital-ordered trimer state is not the lowest-energy state for a finite Hund's-rule coupling. Instead, exploring the ground state in a wide range of parameters for a multiorbital Hubbard model, we find an instability toward a different orbital-ordered trimer state in the intermediately correlated regime in the presence of trigonal crystal field. The trimer phase appears in the competing region among a paramagnetic metal, band insulator, and Mott insulator. The underlying mechanism is nesting instability of the Fermi surface by a synergetic effect of Coulomb interactions and trigonal-field splitting. The results are compared with experiments in triangularlattice compounds, LiVX2 (X=O, S, Se) and NaVO2.
Optimizations of force-field parameters for protein systems with the secondary-structure stability and instability
Yoshitake Sakae,Yuko Okamoto
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: We propose a novel method for refining force-field parameters of protein systems. In this method, the agreement of the secondary-structure stability and instability between the protein conformations obtained by experiments and those obtained by molecular dynamics simulations is used as a criterion for the optimization of force-field parameters. As an example of the applications of the present method, we refined the force-field parameter set of the AMBER ff99SB force field by searching the torsion-energy parameter spaces of $\psi$ (N-C$^{\alpha}$-C-N) and $\zeta$ (C$^{\beta}$-C$^{\alpha}$-C-N) of the backbone dihedral angles. We then performed folding simulations of $\alpha$-helical and $\beta$-hairpin peptides, using the optimized force field. The results showed that the new force-field parameters gave structures more consistent with the experimental implications than the original AMBER ff99SB force field.
Amino-acid-dependent main-chain torsion-energy terms for protein systems
Yoshitake Sakae,Yuko Okamoto
Quantitative Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4774159
Abstract: Many commonly used force fields for protein systems such as AMBER, CHARMM, GROMACS, OPLS, and ECEPP have amino-acid-independent force-field parameters of main-chain torsion-energy terms. Here, we propose a new type of amino-acid-dependent torsion-energy terms in the force fields. As an example, we applied this approach to AMBER ff03 force field and determined new amino-acid-dependent parameters for $\psi$ and $\psi'$ angles for each amino acid by using our optimization method, which is one of the knowledge-based approach. In order to test the validity of the new force-field parameters, we then performed folding simulations of $\alpha$-helical and $\beta$-hairpin peptides, using the optimized force field. The results showed that the new force-field parameters gave structures more consistent with the experimental implications than the original AMBER ff03 force field.
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