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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6627 matches for " Yongfei Bai "
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Hierarchical Plant Responses and Diversity Loss after Nitrogen Addition: Testing Three Functionally-Based Hypotheses in the Inner Mongolia Grassland
Qingmin Pan,Yongfei Bai,Jianguo Wu,Xingguo Han
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020078
Abstract: Numerous studies have shown that nitrogen (N) deposition decreases biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems. To explain the N-induced species loss, three functionally based hypotheses have been proposed: the aboveground competition hypothesis, the belowground competition hypothesis, and the total competition hypothesis. However, none of them is supported sufficiently by field experiments. A main challenge to testing these hypotheses is to ascertain the role of shoot and root competition in controlling plant responses to N enrichment. Simultaneously examining both aboveground and belowground responses in natural ecosystems is logistically complex, and has rarely been done.
Sheep Wool δ13C Reveals No Effect of Grazing on the C3/C4 Ratio of Vegetation in the Inner Mongolia–Mongolia Border Region Grasslands
Karl Auerswald, Max H.O.M. Wittmer, Radnaakhand Tungalag, Yongfei Bai, Hans Schnyder
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045552
Abstract: We tested whether the abundance of C4 vegetation in grasslands of the Mongolian plateau is influenced by grazing conditions. The analysis exploited the politically originated contrast that exists between Mongolia (low stocking rate, transhumant system) and the district of Inner Mongolia, China (high stocking rate, sedentary system). We estimated the proportion of C4 carbon (PC4) in grazed vegetation from the relative carbon isotope ratio (δ13C) of sheep wool sampled from 298 annual shearings originating from 1996 to 2007. Annual stocking rates varying over time and between the districts of both countries were taken from regional statistics. The PC4 pattern within the 0.7 million km2 sampling area was geostatistically analyzed and related to stocking rates and temperature gradients. For similar climatic conditions, PC4 was the same in both countries. Further, a unique relationship was found between PC4 and July temperature on both sides of the border, which explained 71% of the pattern. Stocking rate and grazing system had no significant influences on present-day C3/C4 abundance ratio. This finding suggests that recent changes in the C3/C4 ratio of these grasslands are mainly a consequence of regional warming, not overgrazing.
Hierarchical Reproductive Allocation and Allometry within a Perennial Bunchgrass after 11 Years of Nutrient Addition
Dashuan Tian, Qingmin Pan, Matthew Simmons, Hada Chaolu, Baohong Du, Yongfei Bai, Hong Wang, Xingguo Han
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042833
Abstract: Bunchgrasses are one of the most important plant functional groups in grassland ecosystems. Reproductive allocation (RA) for a bunchgrass is a hierarchical process; however, how bunchgrasses adjust their RAs along hierarchical levels in response to nutrient addition has never been addressed. Here, utilizing an 11-year nutrient addition experiment, we examined the patterns and variations in RA of Agropyron cristatum at the individual, tiller and spike levels. We evaluated the reproductive allometric relationship at each level by type II regression analysis to determine size-dependent and size-independent effects on plant RA variations. Our results indicate that the proportion of reproductive individuals in A. cristatum increased significantly after 11 years of nutrient addition. Adjustments in RA in A. cristatum were mainly occurred at the individual and tiller levels but not at the spike level. A size-dependent effect was a dominant mechanism underlying the changes in plant RA at both individual and tiller levels. Likewise, the distribution of plant size was markedly changed with large individuals increasing after nutrient addition. Tiller-level RA may be a limiting factor for the adjustment of RA in A. cristatum. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to examine plant responses in terms of reproductive allocation and allometry to nutrient enrichment within a bunchgrass population from a hierarchical view. Our findings have important implications for understanding the mechanisms underlying bunchgrass responses in RA to future eutrophication due to human activities. In addition, we developed a hierarchical analysis method for disentangling the mechanisms that lead to variation in RA for perennial bunchgrasses.
On the Small Scale Spatial Heterogeneity of Soil Moisture, Carbon and Nitrogen in Stipa Communities of the Inner Mongolia Plateau
内蒙古高原针茅草原群落土壤水分和碳、氮分布的小尺度空间异质性

BAI Yongfei,XU Zhixin,LI Dexin,
白永飞
,许志信,李德新

生态学报 , 2002,
Abstract: Grassland Vegetation in Inner Mongolia Plateau is the main part of the central Eurasian Steppe region. The gradient distribution of precipitation and temperature is the main factor that affects the zonal distribution of grassland vegetation in the Plateau. Grassland vegetation in the plateau can be divided into three sub vegetation zones: meadow steppe, typical steppe, and desert steppe. They are distributed successively from the east to the west with the increase in temperature and decrease in precipitati...
Effects of nitrogen addition on the abundance and composition of soil ammonia oxidizers in Inner Mongolia Grassland

Xiaoxiao Li,Jiaoyan Ying,Ying Chen,Limei Zhang,Yongsheng Gao,Yongfei Bai,

生态学报 , 2011,
Abstract: Nitrogen accumulation in soil is increasing in Inner Mongolia which is resulted mainly from fertilization accompanied by conversion of large area of grasslands to croplands. Ammonia-oxidation is the key step of nitrification which is driven by ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms, and study on the response of ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms is necessary for understanding the effects of nitrogen fertilization on ecosystem functions. In this study, the abundance and community structure of soil ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) under long-term N addition of different rates (0, 1.75, 5.25, 10.5, 17.5, and 28 g N m?2 yr?1) in a typical steppe of the Inner Mongolia Grassland were investigated using quantitative real-time PCR, cloning and sequencing based on amoA gene. In addition, soil potential ammonia oxidation rate was analyzed. Our results demonstrated that, with the increase of nitrogen addition rate, soil pH declined gradually from 6.6 to 4.9, and potential ammonia oxidation rate also declined which was positively correlated with soil pH (P < 0.01), while the copy number of bacterial amoA gene increased and positively (P < 0.01) correlated with ammonia concentration in soil. The archaeal amoA gene copy number did not change a lot with N nitrogen addition rate below 10.5 g N/m2, but significantly decreased with addition of 17.5 and 28 g N m?2 yr?1. Sequencing of clone libraries of treatments revealed that in the treatment without N addition, AOB was dominated by Cluster 3a1 of Nitrosospira with a proportion of 87%, while in the treatment with N addition of 28 g N m?2 yr?1, proportion of Cluster 2 increased significantly to 41%. All archaeal amoA sequences were affiliated with the soil/sediment clade, and no significant variation of community structure was found between the treatments without N addition and with 28 g N m?2 yr?1 addition rate. In conclusion, this study demonstrated significant effects of nitrogen addition on potential ammonia oxidation rate and compositions of ammonia-oxidation microorganisms, which may have important implications for evaluating the impacts of N accumulation on ecosystem functioning. Further, the effects of pH and ammonia concentration on the ammonia oxidation rate and compositions of ammonia-oxidation microorganisms were discussed.
A perspective view on ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and continental collision in the Dabie-Sulu orogenic belt
YongFei Zheng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2008, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-008-0388-0
Abstract: The study of continental deep-subduction has been one of the forefront and core subjects to advance the plate tectonics theory in the twenty-first century. The Dabie-Sulu orogenic belt in China crops out the largest lithotectonic unit containing ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks in the world. Much of our understanding of the world’s most enigmatic processes in continental deep-subduction zones has been deduced from various records in the Dabie-Sulu rocks. By taking these rocks as the natural laboratory, earth scientists have made seminal contributions to understanding of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and continental collision. This paper outlines twelve aspects of outstanding progress, including spatial distribution of the UHP metamorphic rocks, timing of the UHP metamorphism, timescale of the UHP metamorphism, the protolith nature of deeply subducted continental crust, subduction erosion and crustal detachment during continental collision, the possible depths of continental subduction, fluid activity in the continental deep-subduction zone, partial melting during continental collision, element mobility in continental deep-subduction zone, recycling of subducted continental crust, geodynamic mechanism of postcollisional magmatism, and lithospheric architecture of collision orogen. Some intriguing questions and directions are also proposed for future studies.
Position of South China in configuration of Neoproterozoic supercontinent
Yongfei Zheng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2004, DOI: 10.1007/BF02889741
Abstract:
Fluid activity during exhumation of deep-subducted continental plate
Yongfei Zheng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2004, DOI: 10.1007/BF03184025
Abstract: It is well known that a great deal of fluid was released during subduction of oceanic crust, resulting in are magmatism, quartz veining and metamorphic mineralization of syn-subduction. In contrast, the process of continental subduction is characterized by the relative lack of fluid and thus no arc magmatism has been found so far. During exhumation of deep-subducted continental crust, nevertheless, significant amounts of aqueous fluid became available from the decomposition of hydrous minerals, the decrepitation of primary fluid inclusions, and the exsolution of structural hydroxyls. This kind of metamorphic fluid has recently attracted widespread interests and thus been one of the most important targets in deciphering the geological processes concerning metamorphism, magmatism and mineralization in collisional orogens. A large number of studies involving stable isotopes, fluid inclusions and petrological phase relationships have been accomplished in past a few years with respect to the mobility and amount of metamorphic fluid in UHP metamorphic rocks from the Dabie-Sulu orogenic belt. The results demonstrate that the fluid activity during the exhumation of deep-subducted continental crust has the following effects: (1) amphibolite-facies retrogression due to pervasive fluid flow; (2) formation of HP quartz veins within eclogites due to channelized fluid flow; and (3) partial melting of overlying crustal rocks due to focused fluid flow, producing syn-exhumation magmatism within the orogenic belt. In particular, the aqueous fluid released by decompression exsolution of hydroxyl from UHP minerals is characterized by low salinity and is capable of resulting in pervasive and channellized flow. Therefore, the intensive study of fluid activity during exhumation of UHP metamorphic rocks can not only provide insight into geodynamic processes that occurred in continental collisional belts, but also shed light on understanding of crust-mantle recycling and relevant magmatism in subduction zone setting.
Mineralogical evidence for continental deep subduction
Yongfei Zheng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2003, DOI: 10.1007/BF03184205
Abstract:
Neoproterozoic magmatic activity and global change
Yongfei Zheng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2003, DOI: 10.1360/03wd0342
Abstract: Neoproterozoic is a very important time in the history of the Earth, during which occurred supercontinent breakup, low-latitude glaciation, and biotic diversification. These concern a series of interdisciplinary studies involving ancient plate motion, climate change and life evolution, resulting in many forefront topics of general interest in the earth sciences. These include exact ages bracketing the Cryogenian System and glaciations, initial age and lasted duration of supercontinent breakup, dynamic reconstruction of China continents in supercontinental configurations, the nature of rift magmatism and extent of hydrothermal alteration, paleoclimatic implication of water-rock interaction and low-18O magmatism, and relationship between supercontinental evolution and global change. A number of outstanding advances in the above aspects have being made by Chinese scientists, leaving many important issues to be resolved: (1) did the Cryogenian start at either 800 to 820 Ma or 760 to 780 Ma? (2) was South China in the supercontinental configuration located in either southeast to Australia or north to India? (3) are Paleoproterozoic to Archean ages of crustal rocks a valid parameter in distinguishing North China from South China? Available observations suggest that Neoproterozoic mantle superwelling occurred as conspicuous magmatism in South China but as cryptical magmatism in North China. Mid-Neoproterozoic mantle superplume event and its derived rift-magmatism would not only result in the supercontinental demise, but also play a very important role in the generation and evolution of the snowball Earth event by initiating the global glaciation, causing the local deglaciation and terminating the snowball Earth event.
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