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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 193008 matches for " Yolanda; Díaz "
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La Sanidad Militar del Ejército Espa ol en la Guerra de 1895 en Cuba
Díaz Martínez, Yolanda
Asclepio : Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia , 1998,
Abstract: During the last Cuban Independence War, the combination of several factors like climate, a poor feeding and the continuos movements of the Army, caused a physical weakness and an increment of diseasies among the Spanish soldiers. The study of these diseasies, many of them tropical ones, their treatment and adopted sanitary measures (like the construction of hospitals, the improvement of installations, etc.) can constitute a first step in order to know the number of the soldier infected by these diseasies and in which manners this fact affected the capacity of the Spanish Army. Durante la última guerra de independencia cubana se combinaron diferentes factores como el clima, la mala alimentación y las continuas marchas que motivaron un debilitamiento en los soldados espa oles y un aumento de las enfermedades en las filas del Ejército Espa ol. El estudio de estas enfermedades, muchas de ellas tropicales, su tratamiento y las medidas sanitarias adoptadas (construcción de hospitales, habilitación de edificios, etc.) es un primer paso para conocer el número de soldados afectados por éstas y en qué medida ello afectó en la eficacia del Ejército Espa ol.
El último encuentro
López Díaz Yolanda
Desde el Jardín de Freud , 2008,
Abstract:
Las mujeres y el superyó, de María Paulina Mejía
López Díaz Yolanda
Desde el Jardín de Freud , 2005,
Abstract:
Contaminación por hidrocarburos aromáticos policíclicos en sedimentos y organismos del Puerto de Salinas Cruz, Oaxaca, México
Alfonso V. Botello,Susana Villanueva,Gilberto Díaz,Yolanda Pica
Revista internacional de contaminación ambiental , 1995,
Abstract: En el presente trabajo se evaluaron las concentraciones de hidrocarburos aromáticos policíclicos (HAP) en sedimentos y organismos del Puerto de Salina Cruz, Oaxaca y áreas adyacentes por medio de cromatografía de gases de alta resolución empleando columnas capilares. Los resultados muestran variabilidad estaciona1 de las concentraciones de HAP en los sedimentos y concentraciones elevadas de los mismos en el área del puerto y antepuerto, las cuales disminuyen en los sedimentos oceánicos. En organismos (Crussostrea i r i d i s m y P e m s stykroshis) las cantidades de HAP se incrementaron en varios órdenes de magnitud, lo que indica un importante proceso de bioacumulación de estos compuestos y sobre todo de aquellos conformados por 4 y 5 anillos bencénicos, los cuales se consideran como carcinógenos ambientales, con sus consecuentes efectos e impactos en estas pesquenas.
Autocuidado en recicladores-recuperadores informales de Medellín, Colombia, 2005
Cardona A,Jaiberth A; Díaz A,Elías D; López A,Yolanda L;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: objective: to understand the conceptions, attitudes and practices about self-care among informal recyclers in medellín. methodology: a qualitative study from the perspective of recyclers not belonging to any guild in medellín in 2005 was developed. a total amount of 52 interviews with previous informed consent were applied, plus non-participant observation and field diary. results: self-care is understood as the constant protection of the body in order to avoid the occurrence of diseases. it includes aspects of hygiene, diet, medical consultation, proper use of leisure time and utilization of instruments for personal protection, such as gloves, face masks, caps, and ear plugs among other devices. discussion: disease prevention goes beyond biological aspects and becomes part of a social dimension for people in which the most important features are the consequences for themselves, their labor team and their families. recyclers have knowledge on prevention and practices that promote health and well-being, but the latter are not applied because they diminish their job performance, or they do not consider them to be necessary, do not feel like executing them nor they lack the economic resources to assume them. autocare practices of recyclers are mainly supported by the primacy of the team history than by the scientific knowledge concerning it.
Self-care in individuals who recycle garbage (recyclers) of Medellín, Colombia, 2005
Jaiberth A. Cardona A,Elías D. Díaz A,Yolanda L. López A
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: to understand the conceptions, attitudes and practices about self-care among informal recyclers in Medellín. Methodology: a qualitative study from the perspective of recyclers not belonging to any guild in Medellín in 2005 was developed. A total amount of 52 interviews with previous informed consent were applied, plus non-participant observation and field diary. Results: self-care is understood as the constant protection of the body in order to avoid the occurrence of diseases. It includes aspects of hygiene, diet, medical consultation, proper use of leisure time and utilization of instruments for personal protection, such as gloves, face masks, caps, and ear plugs among other devices. Discussion: disease prevention goes beyond biological aspects and becomes part of a social dimension for people in which the most important features are the consequences for themselves, their labor team and their families. Recyclers have knowledge on prevention and practices that promote health and well-being, but the latter are not applied because they diminish their job performance, or they do not consider them to be necessary, do not feel like executing them nor they lack the economic resources to assume them. Autocare practices of recyclers are mainly supported by the primacy of the team history than by the scientific knowledge concerning it.
A pilot study of a new test to predict extubation failure
José F Solsona, Yolanda Díaz, Antonia Vázquez, Maria Pilar Gracia, Ana Zapatero, Jaume Marrugat
Critical Care , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/cc7783
Abstract: This was a prospective, non-randomised pilot study in an intensive care unit at a university hospital with 14 beds. It included all non-tracheostomised patients with improvement of the underlying cause of acute respiratory failure, and those with no need for vasoactive or sedative drugs were eligible. Patients fulfilling the Consensus Conference on Weaning extubation criteria after 120 minutes spontaneous breathing (n = 152) were included. To the endotracheal tube, 100 cc dead space was added for 30 minutes. Patients tolerating the test were extubated; those not tolerating it received six hours of supplementary ventilation before extubation. The measurements taken and main results were: arterial pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide and signs of respiratory insufficiency were recorded every five minutes; and arterial blood gases were measured at the beginning and end of the test. Extubation failure was defined as the need for mechanical and non-invasive ventilation within 48 hours of extubation.Twenty-two patients (14.5%) experienced extubation failure. Only intercostal retraction was independently associated with extubation failure. The sensitivity (40.9%) and specificity (97.7%) yield a probability of extubation failure of 75.1% for patients not tolerating the test versus 9.3% for those tolerating it.Observing intercostal retraction after adding dead space may help detect susceptibility to extubation failure. The ideal amount of dead space remains to be determined.Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN76206152.Mechanical ventilation is a life-maintaining intervention; however, it may be associated with unwanted side effects and life-threatening complications [1] and should thus be discontinued as soon as possible.For this reason, diverse methods to predict the success or failure of weaning have been evaluated [2-11]. The American College of Chest Physicians recommends periodic weaning trials consisting of brief periods of sp
La adaptación al entorno sociofamiliar del paciente ostomizado: Estudio cualitativo de un caso
Crespillo Díaz,Antonia Yolanda; Martín Mu?oz,Bego?a;
Index de Enfermería , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962012000100010
Abstract: objective: knowing how a person deals with and adapts to a colostomy along a two years period. methods: qualitative case study. the case shows a colostomyzed patient due to a rectal cancer. data collected through semistructured interviews to the patient and a relative at two different moments: during hospitalization and two years later. the four interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed according to taylor-bogdan method. results: confrontation strategies aimed at alleviate negative emotions by delegating the cares of the stoma to relatives are key during hospitalization. two years later, there is a higher concern for practical questions and the patient can finally reach autonomy. the report shows the aspects leading to adaptation and the changes the ostomy brings about in the patient's life. conclusions: ostomyzed people require individualized care based on their biopsycosocial dimension.
Extracción y uso de pigmentos del grano de maíz (ZEA MAYS l.) como colorantes en yogur"
Salinas Moreno,Yolanda; Rubio Hernández,David; Díaz Velázquez,Antonio;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2005,
Abstract: the aim of the present work was to determine the potential use of anthocyanins from maize grains as colorants in yogurt. pigments were extracted from four native maize varieties (arrocillo, peruano, purepecha and cónico), which possess a high anthocyanin concentration in the pericarp. pericarp and aleurone layer were mechanicallly removed from grain using a strong-scott barley pearled. yields of pericarp and aleurone layer fraction (palf) were evaluated. total anthocyanin content in this fraction was determined by a conventional spectrophotometric method and the anthocyanin profile was obtained by hplc. one mg of anthocyanin extracts from the palf was added to 100 g of a commercial plain yogurt. yogurt samples were kept under refrigerated conditions and color and ph were monitored every 5 days interval, during three weeks. the yields of palf were 48.4 %, 55.1 %, 40.2 %, and 40.0 % for arrocillo, peruano, cónico and purepecha varieties, respectivelly. the highest total anthocyanin content (259.4 mg of anthocyanins/100 g sample) was observed in peruano palf. the color of yogurts dyed with each of the four extracts was different. yogurts dyed with peruano and arrocillo extracts showed a more intense reddish tone than those dyed with cónico and purepecha. after 5 to 10 days under refrigerated storage, the color of all yogurt samples changed to a slight yellowish tone according to the hue values, nevertheless, these changes were not visually evident.
Enfermedades ampollares en la cavidad oral: pénfigo
Jiménez-Soriano,Yolanda; Díaz-Fernández,José Ma;
RCOE , 2004, DOI: 10.4321/S1138-123X2004000400006
Abstract: ampullar lesions of the oral mucosa comprise an important group of mucocutaneous disorders - including pemphigus. a review and update of this disease is provided, focusing on the two variants that fundamentally manifest in the oral cavity: pemphigus vulgaris and paraneoplastic pemphigus. a review is provided of the etiopathogenic criteria underlying the clinical manifestations of the disease, with an analysis of the diagnosis and treatment modalities most commonly employed in such patients. knowledge of these aspects is important, since these disorders tend to develop in the oral cavity before extending to the rest of the body, and can contribute to ensure early diagnosis and treatment, with an improved prognosis.
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