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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 679 matches for " Yoko Shigeta "
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Inhibitors of calling behavior of Plodia interpunctella
Akinori Hirashima,Yoko Shigeta,Tomohiko Eiraku,Eiichi Kuwano
Journal of Insect Science , 2003,
Abstract: Some octopamine agonists were found to suppress the calling behavior of the stored product Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Compounds were screened using a calling behavior bioassay using female P. interpunctella. Four active derivatives, with inhibitory activity at the nanomolar range, were identified in order of decreasing activity: 2-(1-phenylethylamino)-2-oxazoline > 2-(2-ethyl,6-methylanilino)oxazolidine > 2-(2-methyl benzylamino)-2-thiazoline > 2-(2,6-diethylanilino)thiazolidine. Three-dimensional pharmacophore hypotheses were built from a set of 15 compounds. Among the ten common-featured models generated by the program Catalyst/HipHop, a hypothesis including a hydrogen-bond acceptor lipid, a hydrophobic aromatic and two hydrophobic aliphatic features was considered to be essential for inhibitory activity in the calling behavior. Active compounds mapped well onto all the hydrogen-bond acceptor lipid, hydrophobic aromatic and hydrophobic aliphatic features of the hypothesis. On the other hand, less active compounds were shown not to achieve the energetically favorable conformation that is found in the active molecules in order to fit the 3D common-feature pharmacophore models. The present studies demonstrate that inhibition of calling behavior is via an octopamine receptor.
Numerical Study of Axial Magnetic Effects on a Turbulent Thermal Plasma Jet for Nanopowder Production Using 3D Time-Dependent Simulation  [PDF]
Masaya Shigeta
Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization (JFCMV) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jfcmv.2018.62010
Abstract: 3D time-dependent simulations are performed using a computational method suitable for thermal plasma flows to capture a turbulent field induced by a thermal plasma jet and steep gradients in nanopowder distributions. A mathematical model with a simple form is developed to describe effectively simultaneous processes of growth and transport of nanopowder in/around a thermal plasma flow. This growth-transport model obtains the spatial distributions of the number density and mean diameter of nanopowder with a lower computational cost. The results show that an argon thermal plasma jet induces multi-scale vortices even far from itself. A double-layer structure of high-temperature thicker vortex rings surrounded by low-temperature thinner vortex rings is generated in the upstream region. As the vortex rings flow downstream, the high-temperature thicker vortex rings deform largely whereas the low-temperature thinner vortex rings break up into smaller vortices. Nanopowder is generated at the fringe of plasma and transported widely outside the plasma region. The nanopowder grows up collectively by coagulation decreasing particle number as well as homogeneous nucleation and heterogeneous condensation. When a uniform magnetic field is applied in the axial direction, a longer and straighter thermal plasma jet is obtained because of Lorentz force and Joule heating. Larger nanopowder is produced around the plasma because turbulent diffusions of silicon vapor and nanoparticles by vortices are suppressed as well.
Effects of Land Surface Temperature on the Frequency of Convective Precipitation in the Tokyo Area  [PDF]
Yohei Shiraki, Yoshinori Shigeta
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2013.53029
Abstract:

This study uses statistical evaluation by correlation analysis to examine the effects of thermal environment on the frequency of convective precipitation in the Greater Tokyo Area between 12:00 and 18:00 on summer days from 1997 to 2006. To extract the frequency of convective precipitation we used Automated Meteorological Data Acquisition System radar data to obtain detailed rainfall distribution maps, and to extract the urban thermal environment we used surface temperature data from a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration weather satellite. Results were a coefficient of determination of 0.01, indicating no clear relation between surface temperature and convective rain frequency in the study area. Examining the convective rain frequency distribution map in conjunction with an elevation map of the area indicates that higher elevation is a better predictor of increased frequency of convective rainfall than is surface temperature. Because this indicates that orographic precipitation has a large influence in the study area, we used an elevation map to exclude hilly and mountainous regions, regions bordering flat areas (under the assumption that wind could easily move orographic precipitation to such areas), and regions containing marine areas. Doing so resulted in a coefficient of determination of 0.38, a clear signal that differences in the thermal environment in the Greater Tokyo Area have an effect on the frequency of convective precipitation. We next focused on metropolitan Tokyo, the most developed part of the region and the part experiencing the most frequent occurrences of convective precipitation, and we performed correlation analysis considering parameters related to buildings. Results indicate that orographic precipitation has a strong influence in metropolitan Tokyo as well, so we excluded those areas that were excluded from the Greater Tokyo Area analysis and again performed correlation analysis. However, we found no clear relation of convective precipitation frequency with surface temperature or building parameters.

Analysis of Activities of Adults with Aphasia at Community-Based Rehabilitation Training  [PDF]
Kiyoshi Nosu, Ayuko Shigeta
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.312002
Abstract:

Aphasia is a higher brain dysfunction that affects the production or comprehension of speech and the ability to read or write. The purpose of this research is to establish support guidelines based on a questionnaire survey and a language activity analysis of rehabilitation training so that volunteers can more easily assist disabled persons with aphasia. The focus of this study was the non-profit community-based intervention group Yokohama Aphasia Partner Group, which consists of members with aphasia, their families, speech-language-and-hearing therapists, psychiatric social workers, and volunteers. The following results were obtained. (1) Members with aphasia participate in the Partner Group because they can meet others with aphasia on a regular basis as well as participate in the aphasia rehabilitation program with the recovery of language functions. In addition to medical treatment, the community-based support, which improves the environment and other life contextual factors, is important for rehabilitation. (2) An individual with aphasia shows different language actions, and so an individually different support system in accordance with language activity is necessary.

Mathematical Aspects and Numerical Computations of an Inverse Boundary Value Identification Using the Adjoint Method
Takemi Shigeta
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to show some mathematical aspects of the adjoint method that is a numerical method for the Cauchy problem, an inverse boundary value problem. The adjoint method is an iterative method based on the variational formulation, and the steepest descent method minimizes an objective functional derived from our original problem. The conventional adjoint method is time-consuming in numerical computations because of the Armijo criterion, which is used to numerically determine the step size of the steepest descent method. It is important to find explicit conditions for the convergence and the optimal step size. Some theoretical results about the convergence for the numerical method are obtained. Through numerical experiments, it is concluded that our theories are effective.
Unrecognized States in the Former USSR and Kosovo: A Focus on Standing Armies  [PDF]
Yoko Hirose
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.61007
Abstract: The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the USSR and Yugoslavia result in a proliferation of unrecognized and weak states, which continue to exist today. This article considers the relationship between unrecognized states and the major powers, Russia and the United States, by focusing on the foreign military bases or standing armies of the latter. In addition, unrecognized states, their parent countries, and similar states have received significant merits and profits from being unrecognized states, and this situation has also helped the survival of unrecognized states. It is possible that unrecognized states can be understood as part of the global strategies of the two great powers and that these states have been maintained through a complex negotiation process that is designed to maintain the superpowers’ global influence.
Ordered Biclique Partitions and Communication Complexity Problems
Manami Shigeta,Kazuyuki Amano
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: An ordered biclique partition of the complete graph $K_n$ on $n$ vertices is a collection of bicliques (i.e., complete bipartite graphs) such that (i) every edge of $K_n$ is covered by at least one and at most two bicliques in the collection, and (ii) if an edge $e$ is covered by two bicliques then each endpoint of $e$ is in the first class in one of these bicliques and in the second class in other one. In this note, we give an explicit construction of such a collection of size $n^{1/2+o(1)}$, which improves the $O(n^{2/3})$ bound shown in the previous work [Disc. Appl. Math., 2014]. As the immediate consequences of this result, we show (i) a construction of $n \times n$ 0/1 matrices of rank $n^{1/2+o(1)}$ which have a fooling set of size $n$, i.e., the gap between rank and fooling set size can be at least almost quadratic, and (ii) an improved lower bound $(2-o(1)) \log N$ on the nondeterministic communication complexity of the clique vs. independent set problem, which matches the best known lower bound on the deterministic version of the problem shown by Kushilevitz, Linial and Ostrovsky [Combinatorica, 1999].
Effect of thermal therapy using hot water bottles on brain natriuretic peptide in chronic hemodialysis patients  [PDF]
Yoko Uchiyama-Tanaka
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.52034
Abstract:

Introduction: The use of repeated thermal therapy for improving the symptoms of chronic heart failure (CHF) has been recently demonstrated. Usually, thermal therapy requires an infrared dry sauna. However, it is difficult for small clinics to acquire such an expensive and extensive system. The author assessed the efficacy of its substitution with hot water bottles. Moreover, there are no prior studies demonstrating the efficacy of thermal therapy in hemodialysis patients with chronic heart failure. Methods: The author evaluated plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in 98 hemodialysis patients in a clinic. A total of nine patients whose BNP levels were more than 500 pg/mL agreed to be enrolled in this study and received thermal therapy using hot water bottles. Results: Plasma BNP levels, a potential marker for CHF, tended to decrease (891 ± 448 pg/mL to 680 ± 339 pg/mL), but the difference was not significant (P = 0.0845). The oral temperature changed from 36.44± 0.45to 37.04± 0.48 (+0.597, P < 0.0001). No side effects were experienced during the therapy. Moreover, most patients had an improvement in their symptoms and the ability to perform activities of daily living. Conclusion: Thermal therapy using hot water bottles is very safe and tends to reduce plasma BNP levels in hemodialysis patients with CHF.

Sleep Quality for Patients Receiving Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation and Nasal High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in an ICU: Two Case Studies  [PDF]
Hiroaki Murata, Yoko Yamaguchi
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.89045
Abstract: Aim: The purpose of this case study was to examine the sleep quality of patients receiving noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) or nasal high-flow oxygen therapy (NHF) in an intensive care unit and to investigate what types of nursing support are offered to such patients. Methods: We examined one patient each for NPPV and NHF. Polysomnography (PSG), review of the patient charts, and semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data for analysis. Results: Patients treated with NPPV or NHF demonstrated a noticeable reduction in deep sleep, with most of their sleep being shallow. Their sleep patterns varied greatly from those of healthy individuals. These results suggest that, in addition to experiencing extremely fragmented sleep, sleep in these patients was more likely to be interrupted by nursing interventions, such as during auscultation of breath sounds. Furthermore, it was revealed that “anxiety or discomfort that accompanies the mask or air pressure” in patients treated with NPPV and “discomfort that accompanies the nasal cannula or NHF circuit” in patients treated with NHF may be primary causes of disrupted sleep. Our results suggest a need for nursing care aimed at improving sleep quality in patients treated with NPPV or NHF.
Mathematical and Numerical Studies on Meshless Methods for Exterior Unbounded Domain Problems
Takemi Shigeta,D. L. Young
Mathematics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2011.05.017
Abstract: The method of fundamental solution (MFS) is an efficient meshless method for solving a boundary value problem in an exterior unbounded domain. The numerical solution obtained by the MFS is accurate, while the corresponding matrix equation is ill-conditioned. A modified MFS (MMFS) with the proper basis functions is proposed by the introduction of the modified Trefftz method (MTM). The concrete expressions of the corresponding condition numbers and the solvability by these methods are mathematically proven. Thereby, the optimal parameter minimizing the condition number is also mathematically given. Numerical experiments show that the condition numbers of the matrices corresponding to the MTM and the MMFS are reduced and that the numerical solution by the MMFS is more accurate than the one by the conventional method.
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