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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 243 matches for " Yohan Payan "
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A 3D Finite Element model of the face for simulation in plastic and maxillo-facial surgery
Matthieu Chabanas,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: This paper introduces a new Finite Element biomechanical model of the human face, which has been developed to be integrated into a simulator for plastic and maxillo-facial surgery. The idea is to be able to predict, from an aesthetic and functional point of view, the deformations of a patient face, resulting from repositioning of the maxillary and mandibular bone structures. This work will complete the simulator for bone-repositioning diagnosis that has been developed by the laboratory. After a description of our research project context, each step of the modeling is precisely described: the continuous and elastic structure of the skin tissues, the orthotropic muscular fibers and their insertions points, and the functional model of force generation. First results of face deformations due to muscles activations are presented. They are qualitatively compared to the functional studies provided by the literature on face muscles roles and actions.
Framework and Bio-Mechanical Model for a Per-Operative Image-Guided Neuronavigator Including 'Brain-Shift' Compensation
Marek Bucki,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper we present a methodology to adress the problem of brain tissue deformation referred to as "brainshift". This deformation occurs throughout a neurosurgery intervention and strongly alters the accuracy of the neuronavigation systems used to date in clinical routine which rely solely on preoperative patient imaging to locate the surgical target, such as a tumour or a functional area. After a general description of the framework of our intraoperative image-guided system, we propose a biomechanical model of the brain which can take into account interactively such deformations as well as surgical procedures that modify the brain structure, like tumour or tissue resection.
Automatic finite elements mesh generation from planar contours of the brain: an image driven 'blobby' approach
Marek Bucki,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper, we address the problem of automatic mesh generation for finite elements modeling of anatomical organs for which a volumetric data set is available. In the first step a set of characteristic outlines of the organ is defined manually or automatically within the volume. The outlines define the "key frames" that will guide the procedure of surface reconstruction. Then, based on this information, and along with organ surface curvature information extracted from the volume data, a 3D scalar field is generated. This field allows a 3D reconstruction of the organ: as an iso-surface model, using a marching cubes algorithm; or as a 3D mesh, using a grid "immersion" technique, the field value being used as the outside/inside test. The final reconstruction respects the various topological changes that occur within the organ, such as holes and branching elements.
Techniques for the generation of 3D Finite Element Meshes of human organs
Claudio Lobos,Yohan Payan,Nancy Hitschfeld
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-733-1
Abstract: This chapter aims at introducing and discussing the techniques for the generation of 3D Finite Element Meshes of human organs. The field of computer assisted surgery is more specifically addressed.
A 3D biomechanical vocal tract model to study speech production control: How to take into account the gravity?
Stéphanie Buchaillard,Pascal Perrier,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: This paper presents a modeling study of the way speech motor control can deal with gravity to achieve steady-state tongue positions. It is based on simulations carried out with the 3D biomechanical tongue model developed at ICP, which is now controlled with the Lambda model (Equilibrium-Point Hypothesis). The influence of short-delay orosensory feedback on posture stability is assessed by testing different muscle force/muscle length relationships (Invariant Characteristics). Muscle activation patterns necessary to maintain the tongue in a schwa position are proposed, and the relations of head position, tongue shape and muscle activations are analyzed.
A fast and robust patient specific Finite Element mesh registration technique: application to 60 clinical cases
Marek Bucki,Claudio Lobos,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.media.2010.02.003
Abstract: Finite Element mesh generation remains an important issue for patient specific biomechanical modeling. While some techniques make automatic mesh generation possible, in most cases, manual mesh generation is preferred for better control over the sub-domain representation, element type, layout and refinement that it provides. Yet, this option is time consuming and not suited for intraoperative situations where model generation and computation time is critical. To overcome this problem we propose a fast and automatic mesh generation technique based on the elastic registration of a generic mesh to the specific target organ in conjunction with element regularity and quality correction. This Mesh-Match-and-Repair (MMRep) approach combines control over the mesh structure along with fast and robust meshing capabilities, even in situations where only partial organ geometry is available. The technique was successfully tested on a database of 5 pre-operatively acquired complete femora CT scans, 5 femoral heads partially digitized at intraoperative stage, and 50 CT volumes of patients' heads. The MMRep algorithm succeeded in all 60 cases, yielding for each patient a hex-dominant, Atlas based, Finite Element mesh with submillimetric surface representation accuracy, directly exploitable within a commercial FE software.
Physical modelling of the airflow-walls interactions to understand the sleep apnea syndrome
Yohan Payan,Xavier Pelorson,Pascal Perrier
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS) is defined as a partial or total closure of the patient upper airways during sleep. The term "collapsus" (or collapse) is used to describe this closure. From a fluid mechanical point of view, this collapse can be understood as a spectacular example of fluid-walls interaction. Indeed, the upper airways are delimited in their largest part by soft tissues having different geometrical and mechanical properties: velum, tongue and pharyngeal walls. Airway closure during SAS comes from the interaction between these soft tissues and the inspiratory flow. The aim of this work is to understand the physical phenomena at the origin of the collapsus and the metamorphosis in inspiratory flow pattern that has been reported during SAS. Indeed, a full comprehension of the physical conditions allowing this phenomenon is a prerequisite to be able to help in the planning of the surgical gesture that can be prescribed for the patients. The work presented here focuses on a simple model of fluid-walls interactions. The equations governing the airflow inside a constriction are coupled with a Finite Element (FE) biomechanical model of the velum. The geometries of this model is extracted from a single midsagittal radiography of a patient. The velar deformations induced by airflow interactions are computed, presented, discussed and compared to measurements collected onto an experimental setup.
Framework for a low-cost intra-operative image-guided neuronavigator including brain shift compensation
Marek Bucki,Claudio Lobos,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: In this paper we present a methodology to address the problem of brain tissue deformation referred to as 'brain-shift'. This deformation occurs throughout a neurosurgery intervention and strongly alters the accuracy of the neuronavigation systems used to date in clinical routine which rely solely on pre-operative patient imaging to locate the surgical target, such as a tumour or a functional area. After a general description of the framework of our intra-operative image-guided system, we describe a procedure to generate patient specific finite element meshes of the brain and propose a biomechanical model which can take into account tissue deformations and surgical procedures that modify the brain structure, like tumour or tissue resection.
Bio-Mechanical Model of the Brain for a Per-Operative Image-Guided Neuronavigator Compensating for "Brain-Shift" Deformations
Marek Bucki,Claudio Lobos,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: In this paper we present a methodology to address the problem of brain tissue deformation referred to as 'brain-shift'. This deformation occurs throughout a neurosurgery intervention and strongly alters the accuracy of the neuronavigation systems used to date in clinical routine which rely solely on pre-operative patient imaging to locate the surgical target, such as a tumour or a functional area. After a general description of the framework of our intra-operative image-guided system, we describe a procedure to generate patient specific finite element meshes of the brain and propose a biomechanical model which can take into account tissue deformations and surgical procedures that modify the brain structure, like tumour or tissue resection.
Multimodal registration of the face for computer-aided maxillofacial surgery
Thierry Leloup,Matthieu Chabanas,Yohan Payan
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: This paper introduces a multimodal elastic registration algorithm applied to match a generic Finite Element model of the face to several patients morphologies. The method is automatic and appears to be accurate and robust. The computing time is compatible with clinical practice constraints.
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