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Before the current financial crisis, economic recessions in history were always accompanied by relaxation or abandon of competition policy. However, in the current financial crisis, although different jurisdictions have different practices, most jurisdictions have kept the bottom line of competition policy enforcement. Such historical transformation roots in deep reflections on historical failures and the popularization of competition policy as well as the strengthening of the competition authorities. Chinais one of the few countries still weakening competition policy enforcement during the current financial crisis. In fact, there are several mechanisms contained in competition laws and policies, such as the exemption of cartels, the defense of business concentrations and the coordination between competition authorities and sector regulators, which provide some space of flexible competition policy enforcement during economic recessions. Considering China’s short history of competition policy enforcement and consistent tradition of government intervention in economy, it is strongly advised to hold on the bottom line of competition policy and pay more attention to government-led anti-competitive conducts during economic recessions.
Objective: To investigate the characteristics and the precaution of and reduction of sport injuries among college students in Wuhan, and to provide evidence for the prevention. Methods: Stratified and cluster random sampling method was used to choose 1103 students from a university in Wuhan. A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the characteristics of sport injuries among172 college students who had experienced sport injuries. Results: The incidence of sport injuries among college students in Wuhan was 15.59%. Sport injuries were closely related with sports events, sports technique, physical condition of exerciser, and ground equipment. The incidence of sport injuries was higher in basketball, soccer and physical fitness exercise. Sport injuries were mainly soft tissue damage. The locations of injuries were primary in ankle joint (56.69%). Injuries induced by basketball & soccer were prone to occur in physical education class, while injuries caused by physical fitness exercise were prone to occur in extracurricular activities. Conclusion: The incidence of sport injuries was higher in basketball & soccer, and sport injuries were prone to occur in physical education class. It was imperative to strengthen the measures of prevention and intervention in college sport injuries.
We establish the
existence of positive solutions for singular boundary value problems of coupled
The proof relies on Schauder’s fixed point theorem. Some recent results
in the literature are generalized and improved.
By mixed monotone method, we establish the existence and uniqueness of
positive solutions for fourth-order nonlinear singular Sturm-Liouville
problems. The theorems obtained are very general and complement previously
This essay mainly concentrates on the value of moral rights in this
ever-developing society. Above all, the background of moral rights is provided,
giving us a brief introduction. There are two categories of rights in copyright
system; one is economic rights, which can bring economic interests to right
holders directly; the other one is moral rights, which stands for the creator’s
personality but can’t produce economic interests directly. As to international
regulation, Art.6 bis of the Berne
Convention has some clauses on such rights. In moral rights system, rights are
divided into four kinds: the right to be identified as an author or a
director—the paternity right or the right to be identified; the right to object
to derogatory treatment of work—the integrity right; the false attribution of
work—the false attribution right; and the right to privacy of certain
photographs and films—the privacy right. All these rights are beneficial as
they can protect creators’ rights from the four aspects. Form this standpoint,
it is reasonable to grant moral rights. However, in the following, some
shortcomings of moral rights are to be displayed as these rights are unable to
meet the requirements of the modern society. With the advent and development of
internet, collectivization, digitization and employment, some measures should
be taken so as to adjust the moral rights system to keep pace of the society.
From my standpoint, it is still justified to keep moral rights existing but we
should make some adaptations of them in order to meet the needs of this digital
era and the information society.