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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32439 matches for " Ying Ning ZOU "
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Micropropagation of Chinese Plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) Using Mature Stem Segments
Ying-Ning ZOU
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2010,
Abstract: An effective in vitro culture system for mature stem segments of Chinese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl. cv. ‘Gulf-ruby’) was established. The nodal segments of 1 cm were cut from young shoots in open field, sterilized and established in vitro. The successfully induced culture was achieved on woody plant medium (WPM) supplemented with 0.05-0.1 mg/l IBA, 0.5-1.0 mg/l BA, 30 g/l glucose, 5 g/l agar and 1.0 g/l Vc. The successful shoot multiplication was achieved on WPM with 0.05-0.1 mg/l IBA, 0.2 mg/l BA, 0.3 mg/l KT and 1.0 g/l casein hydrolysate. Elongation of the shoot in vitro was facilitated on WPM with 0.05 mg/l IBA, 0.3 mg/l KT/BA and 1.0 g/l casein hydrolysate. The shoots from microcuttings were rooted in 1/2 MS (half strength MS) supplemented with 0.2-0.5 mg/l IBA, 15 g/l sucrose and 20-40 mg/l phloroglucinol (PG). Regenerated shoots successfully acclimatized to greenhouse conditions and grew vigorously with no apparent phenotypic aberrations.
Adaptive Responses of Birch-Leaved Pear (Pyrus betulaefolia) Seedlings to Salinity Stress
Qiang Sheng WU,Ying Ning ZOU
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2009,
Abstract: One-year-old birch-leaved pear (Pyrus betulaefolia Bunge) seedlings were subjected to 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 mmol/L NaCl solutions for 27 days in order to study the effects of salinity stress on photosynthesis, ion accumulation and enzymatic and non-enzymatic scavenging of reactive oxygen species in the seedlings. The research was performed in a greenhouse using potted trees. Salinity stress reduced photosynthetic rates, stomatal conductance and water use efficiency of leaves of the pear seedlings, but increased transpiration rates and leaf temperature. Hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion radical contents increased with increasing NaCl concentrations, a phenomena also observed for malondialdehyde, suggesting that leaves of the pear seedlings suffered from oxidative injury. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities quickly responded by increasing when the pear seedlings were subjected to salinity stress. Total protein content in leaves of the seedlings was restrained by salinity stress, whereas ascorbate content increased. Salinity stress reduced glutathione content once the birch-leaved pear seedlings were exposed to a low level (50 or 100 mmol/L) of NaCl, whereas a high level (150 or 200 mmol/L NaCl) of salinity stress stimulated the accumulation of glutathione. Salinity stress increased the accumulation of Na+, Cl-, K+ and Mg2+ in the seedlings, but reduced Ca2+ levels and the ratio of other ions to Na+ except K+/Na+ under 50 mmol/L NaCl conditions. This suggests that leaves of birch-leaved pear seedlings possess the capacity for salt exclusion only under 50 mmol/L NaCl conditions, and Ca2+ does not play a fundamental role as a secondary messenger under salinity stress conditions.
Dual Application of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Polyamines Affects Growth and Nutrient Uptake of Trifoliate Orange (Poncirus trifoliata) Seedlings
Qiang-Sheng WU,Ying-Ning ZOU
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2009,
Abstract: The experiment was carried out to study the dual application effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and polyamines on growth and nutrient uptake of trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) seedlings. The seedlings were colonized by Glomus versiforme and irrigated with 320 mL 100 mg/L putrescine, spermidine and spermine, respectively. Two months after exogenous polyamines treatments, both putrescine and spermine applications significantly increased the mycorrhizal colonization, whereas spermidine supplement did not alter the colonization rate. The sole AMF inoculation significantly increased total dry weight, leaf P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu and Mn contents and root P, K, Ca, Fe, Cu and Zn contents of the seedlings, compared to the non-AMF control. Compared to the sole AMF inoculation, additional putrescine and spermine markedly increased total dry weight, and elevated leaf P and K contents and root P, Mg, Fe and Zn contents. These increases were more significantly in the mycorrhizal seedlings supplied with putrescine than in the mycorrhizal seedlings supplied with spermine. All these polyamines applications did not affect root Cu and Mn contents, but enhanced leaf Mn uptake and root Ca uptake. Spermidine treatment had almost no effects on nutrient uptake and growth of the seedlings. These results suggest that dual application of G. versiforme and putrescine could be a feasible procedure for better citrus cultivation.
Sodium Chloride Stress Induced Changes in Leaf Osmotic Adjustment of Trifoliate Orange (Poncirus trifoliata) Seedlings Inoculated with Mycorrhizal Fungi
Ying-Ning ZOU,Qiang-Sheng WU
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2011,
Abstract: Citrus plants are sensitive to salinity, and thus employing new approaches to alleviate salt damage are necessary. The present study evaluated the effect of two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Glomus mosseae and G. versiforme, on leaf osmotic adjustment of trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) seedings exposed to 100 mM NaCl. Salinity significantly inhibited mycorrhizal colonization, plant biomass and leaf relative water content, whereas the reduce of plant biomass was notably alleviated by the mycorrhizal colonization. Mycorrhizal seedlings exhibited significantly lower Na+ and Ca2+ concentrations, whilst also recorded higher K+ concentration and K+/Na+, Ca2+/Na+ and Mg2+/Na+ ratios at both salinity levels. Under salinity stress, mycorrhizal symbiosis markedly decreased sucrose concentrations of leaves and also increased glucose, fructose and proline concentrations of leaves. The results suggest that arbuscular mycorrhizas improved leaf osmotic adjustment responses of the seedlings to salt stress, thus enhancing salt tolerance of mycorrhizal plants.
Pulmonary metastasis of a papillary thyroidcarcinoma and primary lung adenocarcinoma: twocoincident carcinomas at the same location
Liyan Xue, Zhonghua Luan, Ying Liu, Shuangmei Zou, Jun Jiang, Ning Wu, Ning Lu, Dongmei Lin
Diagnostic Pathology , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1746-1596-8-26
Abstract:
Polymorphisms in the 5′ regulatory region of myostatin gene are associated with early growth traits in Yorkshire pigs
LingZhi Yu,Hui Tang,JiYing Wang,Ying Wu,LiLi Zou,YunLiang Jiang,ChangXin Wu,Ning Li
Science China Life Sciences , 2007, DOI: 10.1007/s11427-007-0075-4
Abstract: Myostatin is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. The present study cloned the 5′ regulatory region of porcine myostatin gene, screened its polymorphisms and analyzed their associations with early growth traits in Yorkshire pigs. The results indicated that a fragment length polymorphism and a polymorphism concerning two nucleotide changes exist in the 5′ regulatory region of porcine myostatin gene. At sites 435 and 447, allele A and allele B have the haplotypes of A-G and G-A, respectively. The allelic frequency of B is 0.475 in Yorkshire pigs. No homozygous BB genotype was detected in 9 Laiwu Black pigs. Allele B was found to have positive effect on body weight on day 21 (BW21) (P<0.01), body weight on day 28 (BW28) (P<0.05), body weight on day 70 (BW70) (P<0.05), average daily gain from birth to 21 d (ADG1) (P<0.01), average daily gain from birth to 28 d (ADG2) (P<0.05) and average daily gain from 21 d to 70 d (ADG3) (P<0.01), respectively. The additive effect of allele B on BW21, BW28, BW70, ADG1, ADG2 and ADG3 was 0.596±0.205 kg (P=0.0041), 0.498±0.200 kg (P=0.0136), 1.409±0.551 kg (P=0.0112), 28.39±9.74 g P=0.0041), 17.78±7.15 g (P=0.0136) and 37.00±16.92 g (P=0.0304), respectively, whereas its effect on average daily gain from 28 d to 70 d (ADG4) was not significant (P>0.1), although BB individuals are superior in average daily gain to AA and AB.
Improvement of Root System Architecture in Peach (Prunus persica) Seedlings by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Related to Allocation of Glucose/Sucrose to Root
Qiang-Sheng WU,Guo-Huai LI,Ying-Ning ZOU
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2011,
Abstract: Root system architecture (RSA) is used to describe the spatial configuration of a root system in the soil, which substantially determines the capacity of a plant to take up nutrients and water. The present study was to assess if arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Glomus mosseae, G. versiforme, and Paraglomus occultum would alter RSA of peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch) seedlings, and the alteration due to mycorrhization was related to allocation of glucose/sucrose to root (Aglucose/sucrose). Inoculation with G. mosseae and G. versiforme significantly increased leaf, stem, root and total fresh weights, compared with non-AMF treatment. Mycorrhizal alterations of RSA in peach plants were dependent on AMF species, because only G. mosseae and G. versiforme but not P. occultum markedly increased root length, root projected area, root surface area and root volume. For the distribution of root length classes, AMF mainly increased 0-1 and 3-4 cm root length classes, which is AMF species dependent. Inoculated seedlings with Glomus species recorded significantly higher root sucrose and leaf and root glucose concentrations and lower root sucrose concentrations than un-inoculated control. Compared with the non-AMF treatment, G. mosseae and G. versiforme generally increased the Aglucose and Asucrose, but P. occultum significantly decreased the Aglucose and Asucrose. Asucrose or Aglucose was significantly positive correlated with root length, root projected area and root surface area. The results suggest that AMF modified variables of RSA in peach, which is AMF species dependent and related to Aglucose and Asucrose.
Polyamines Participate in Mycorrhizal and Root Development of Citrus (Citrus tangerine) Seedlings
Qiang-Sheng WU,Ying-Ning ZOU,Tian-Tian ZHAN,Chun-Yan LIU
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2010,
Abstract: A pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of difluoromethylornithine (DFMO, an irreversible inhibitor of putrescine (Put) formation) alone or combination with Put on mycorrhizal and root development of Citrus tangerine seedlings inoculated with Glomus mosseae. DFMO significantly inhibited plant growth (plant height, stem diameter, leaf number per plant, shoot and root dry weights), mycorrhizal (root colonization and the number of entry point, vesicle and arbuscule) and root development (total length, total projected area, total surface area and total volume), chlorophyll content, photosynthesis (photosynthetic rates, transpiration rates and stomatal conductance) and soluble protein, whereas the inhibition was partly or completely reversed by Put application to DFMO treatment. DFMO applied to mycorrhizal seedlings showed the decrease of P contents of leaves and roots, the decrease of acid, neutral and alkaline phosphatase activities of rhizosphere and the increase of available P content of rhizosphere, whereas application of exogenous Put to DFMO treatment partly unchained the effects of DFMO. DFMO strongly inhibited the allocation of glucose to root but stimulated the allocation of sucrose to root and guaiacol peroxidase (G-POD) activity of root, but these effects were reversed to a certain extent when Put was included in DFMO treatment. This study thus indicates that endogenous polyamines regulate mycorrhizal development of citrus seedlings through altering the allocation of carbohydrates to root, and also participate in root development, which is negatively related to root G-POD and may be due to inducing new protein synthesis.
Effects of Exogenous Putrescine on Mycorrhiza, Root System Architecture, and Physiological Traits of Glomus mosseae-Colonized Trifoliate Orange Seedlings
Qiang-Sheng WU,Ying-Ning ZOU,Min LIU,Kun CHENG
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2012,
Abstract: Putresince (Put) as one of the important polyamines (PAs) has been identified to regulate mycorrhizal development of citrus plants. The present study was to screen an efficient concentration of Put application at the range of 0.05-1 mM on the trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) seedlings colonized by Glomus mosseae, in terms of growth, root system architecture, and chlorophyll and carbohydrate contents. Compared to the non-Put treatment, all the Put treatments, especially 0.05 mM Put, significantly increased mycorrhizal colonization of tap root in addition to first, second, and third order lateral roots. The mycorrhizal seedlings treated by 0.05, 0.1, and 1 mM Put showed greater growth (stem diameter, height, leaf number, and fresh mass) and root morphological properties ( tap root length, projected and surface areas, and volume) and higher numbers of first, second, and third order lateral roots. Bio-molecules like chlorophyll a, total chlorophyll, and carotenoid contents of the seedlings were significantly increased by the Put treatments at 0.05-1 mM. All exogenous Put application at the range of 0.05-1 mM significantly decreased sucrose contents but increased glucose contents of leaves and roots. This study suggests that exogenous Put can significantly improve growth performance and root system architecture, besides changes in physiological traits of AMF seedlings. The 0.05 mM concentration of Put showed the best effects.
Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on reactive oxygen metabolism of Citrus tangerine leaves under water stress.
水分胁迫下丛枝菌根真菌对红橘叶片活性氧代谢的影响

WU Qiang-sheng,ZOU Ying-ning,XIA Ren-xue,
吴强盛
,邹英宁,夏仁学

应用生态学报 , 2007,
Abstract: In a pot experiment, this paper studied the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus versiforme (Karsten) Berch inoculation on the reactive oxygen metabolism of Citrus tangerine Hort. ex Tanaka leaves under water stress. The results showed that water stress decreased the colonization of G. versiforme on C. tangerine roots significantly, with a decrement of 33%. Under normal water supply and water stress, G. versiforme inoculation increased the leaf P content by 45% and 27%, and decreased the leaf malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) contents by 25% and 21%, and 16% and 16%, respectively, compared with the control. Inoculation with G. versiforme enhanced the activities of leaf superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and increased the contents of leaf soluble protein, ascorbate (ASC) and total ascorbate (TASC) notably, regardless soil moisture condition. Under water stress, G. versiforme inoculation decreased the leaf superoxide anion radical (O2-*) content by 31%, compared with that under normal water supply. It was suggested that the drought resistance of C. tangerine leaves was enhanced after G. versiforme inoculation.
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