Abstract:
Rotation of atoms in a lattice is studied using a Hubbard model. It is found that the atoms are still contained in the trap even when the rotation frequency is larger than the trapping frequency. This is very different from the behavior in continuum. Bragg scattering and coupling between angular and radial motion are believed to make this stability possible. In this regime, density depletion at the center of the trap can be developed for spin polarized fermions.

Abstract:
The expanding role of the Internet in consumer purchasing activities has
created substantial new opportunities accessing to end-consumers. More and more
manufacturers are beginning to sell products to potential consumers directly
online while continuing to sell through the traditional brick-and-mortar
retailers, a phenomenon leading to intense channel competition and conflicts. Using
game theory, this research examines the effect of market segments, consumer
choice and the acceptance of direct online channels on firm performance and the
whole system’s profit. The analysis indicates that the addition of direct
online channel does not necessarily harm the incumbent retailers. A win-win
zone is proposed, in which both the manufacturer and the retailer benefit
from the encroachment.

Abstract:
A mean field theory for Raman superradiance (SR) with recoil is presented, where the typical SR signatures are recovered, such as quadratic dependence of the intensity on the number of atoms and inverse proportionality of the time scale to the number of atoms. A comparison with recent experiments and theories on Rayleigh SR and collective atomic recoil lasing (CARL) are included. The role of recoil is shown to be in the decay of atomic coherence and breaking of the symmetry of the SR end-fire modes.

Abstract:
We study the rotation of atoms in one-dimensional lattice rings. In particular, the "fast mode", where the ground state atoms rotate faster than the stirring rotating the atoms, is studied both analytically and numerically. The conditions for the transition to the fast mode are found to be very different from that in continuum rings. We argue that these transition frequencies remain unchanged for bosonic condensates described in a mean field. We show that Fermionic interaction and filling factor have a significant effect on the transition to the fast mode, and Pauli principle may suppress it altogether.

Abstract:
We theoretically report that, utilizing electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), the transverse spatial properties of weak probe fields can be fast modulated by using optical patterns (e.g. images) with desired intensity distributions in the coupling fields. Consequently, EIT systems can function as high-speed optically addressed spatial light modulators. To exemplify our proposal, we indicate the generation and manipulation of Laguerre-Gaussian beams based on either phase or amplitude modulation in hot vapor EIT systems.

Abstract:
The bases traditionally used for quantum key distribution (QKD) are a 0 or pi/2 polarization or alternatively a 0 or pi/2 phase measured by interferometry. We introduce a new set of bases, i.e. pulses sent in either a frequency or time basis if the pulses are assumed to be transform limited. In addition it is discussed how this scheme can be easily generalized from a binary to an N-dimensional system, i.e., to ``quNdits.'' Optimal pulse distribution and the chances for eavesdropping are discussed.

Abstract:
Atom and molecule currents in a Fermi gas in the neighborhood of a Feshbach resonance are studied in a one-dimensional optical ring lattice by directly diagonalizing small models. A rotational analogy of flux quantization is used to show that fraction of the current is carried by particles with twice the mass of an atom, which suggests pairing and superfluidity.

Abstract:
We theoretically investigate image propagation and storage in hot atomic vapor. A $4f$ system is adopted for imaging and an atomic vapor cell is placed over the transform plane. The Fraunhofer diffraction pattern of an object in the object plane can thus be transformed into atomic Raman coherence according to the idea of ``light storage''. We investigate how the stored diffraction pattern evolves under diffusion. Our result indicates, under appropriate conditions, that an image can be reconstructed with high fidelity. The main reason for this procedure to work is the fact that diffusion of opposite-phase components of the diffraction pattern interfere destructively.

Abstract:
We study the coherence properties of optical vortices stored in atomic ensembles. In the presence of thermal diffusion, the topological nature of stored optical vortices is found not to guarantee slow decoherence. Instead the stored vortex state has decoherence surprisingly larger than the stored Gaussian mode. Generally, the less phase gradient, the more robust for stored coherence against diffusion. Furthermore, calculation of coherence factor shows that the center of stored vortex becomes completely incoherent once diffusion begins and, when reading laser is applied, the optical intensity at the center of the vortex becomes nonzero. Its implication for quantum information is discussed. Comparison of classical diffusion and quantum diffusion is also presented.

Abstract:
We have developed a novel method to describe superradiance and related cooperative and collective effects in a closed form. Using the method we derive a two-atom master equation in which any complexity of atomic levels, semiclassical coupling fields and quantum fluctuations in the fields can be included, at least in principle. As an example, we consider the dynamics of an initially inverted two-level system and show how even such in a simple system phenomena such as the initial radiation burst or broadening due to dipole-dipole interactions occur, but it is also possible to estimate the population of the subradiant state during the radiative decay. Finally, we find that correlation only, not entanglement is responsible for superradiance.