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Quantum measurement requires an observer to prepare a specific macroscopic measuring device from various options. In previous papers we redefined this observer role through a new concept: the observer determination, that is, the observer’s unique selection between the various measurement-devices. Unlike the measurement itself that is rationalized as dictated by nature, we presented the observer determination as a selection that cannot be disputed since it can neither be measured nor proven to be true or false. In general, we suggest that every action or decision made by the observer is eventually an output of some measurement. The apparently contradiction between the observer free determination and the deterministic measurement output was solved by extending the Hilbert space into a Hyper Hilbert space that is a space with hierarchy. In that frame the so called free selection of the observer determination in a certain level turns out to be a deterministic measurement output in the next higher level of the hierarchy. An important role of the conventional Hilbert space is played by the Schr?dinger equation. It determines a basis of stationary states. In this paper we define the Schr?dinger equation that corresponds with the various levels and we show that each level can be characterized by a unique time scale. We also show how various levels can be synchronized. We believe that this hyperspace level represents a certain level in the physics of consciousness and therefore a level unique time scale can contribute to the time perception of the mind.
We introduce a new approach in dealing with pattern recognition issue. Recognizing a pattern is definitely not the exploration of a new discovery but rather the search for already known patterns. In reading for example the same text written in a hand writing, letters can appear in different shapes. Still, the text decoding corresponds with interpreting the large variety of hand writings shapes with fonts. Quantum mechanics also offer a kind of interpretation tool. Although, with the superposition principle it is possible to compose an infinite number of states, yet, an observer by conducting a measurement reduces the number of observed states into the predetermined basis states. Not only that any state collapses into one of the basis states, quantum mechanics also possesses a kind of correction mechanism in a sense that if the measured state is “close enough” to one of the basis states, it will collapse with high probability into this predetermined state. Thus, we can consider the collapse mechanism as a reliable way for the observer to interpret reality into his frame of concepts. Both interpretation ideas, pattern recognition and quantum measurement are integrated in this paper to formulate a quantum pattern recognition measuring procedure.
The collapse phenomenon, the parallelism principle and states correlation are used to define a type of a Grover rapid search engine. In our approach, the observer’s query and the Grover-unsorted-data are stored in different memories where the global state is represented by a tensor product of the associated states. In the proposed formalism, each query-state input activates an adjusted operator that implements the unsorted state in an appropriate 2-D Grover representation. It will be shown that once the representation is set, it takes mainly two operations to complete the whole query search. This seems to be a very efficient search algorithm.
present work, elements concentration in fingernails samples of volunteers of
different ages (males, females) were determined using atomic absorption
spectroscopy (AAS) Perkin-Elmer, spectrophotometer. Fingernails samples of different
groups were analyzed to determine the trace elements Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu,
Co, Zn and Pb. Standards materials were prepared for concentration assessment
that adjacent to samples from two cities in different location in eastern province
of Sudan for elements concentrations finding. In addition, samples of hands
fingernails and toenails were analyzed for comparison and method validation.
Consequently, the significant levels of elements concentration in nails samples
of Jabiat residents compared to Port Sudan resident’s area due to soil
dispersion are supporting the possibility of external contamination. The data
of component matrix and rotated component matrix of varimax normalization using
principal component analysis revealed important predictors of nails elements
Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu and Zn concentrations in soil of both areas under study. However, the Pb, Ni, Ca, and Co are possible
to be indication of different sources associated with environmental
contamination. The significant correlation and principal component analysis of
the elements of nails concentrations in the two categories supported the
probability of different expose environmental contamination.