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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 777 matches for " Yasuyuki Nemoto "
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Realization and Analysis of a Triple Hybrid Power System Consisting of Biomass, Wind and Solar Generators
Zulati Litifu,Yasuyuki Nemoto,Izumi Ushiyama,Ken Nagasaka
International Journal of Electrical and Power Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: This study presents a realization process of a hybrid system consisting of biomass and wind as well as solar power generation on the ground of Ashikaga Intitute of Technology located in Ashikaga City of Tochiki Prefecture. The installation principle and procedure are introduced based on the conditions of natural energy such as wind speed and solar rediation degree. The output characteristics from 20 kW biomass generator is explained and analyzed in according to cooperational possibility with the wind power and solar power system. The operation characteristics of 40 kW wind power turbine is provided based on the practical operation data collected within three years and the simulated results obtained from the software calculation. The operation conditions of 20.6kW solar power system is also anaylzed based on the solar irrediance desity in the located site. The general efficiency of this triple hybrid power system in ecomomic and environment aspects is also studied by using and comparing the simulation methodology and the data in practical operation.
Improving the Reliability of a Weak Power System by Introducing Wind Power Generation
Zulati Litifu,Noel Estoperez,Ken Nagasaka,Yasuyuki Nemoto,Izumi Ushiyama
International Journal of Electrical and Power Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Granted by research project of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), this research provides planning of installing Wind Power Turbine (WPT) in an existing Local Weak Power System (LWPS). Wind power generation is expected to be used as a power reserve to improve the reliability degree and reduce line loss of LWPS, that suffers from critical load in each summer. Installation buses are selected based on the existing reliability degree derived from system condition in energy service and load demand, two reliability indices namely Weakness Degree in Energy Supply (WDES) that represents bus energy supply ability in a short critical time and Reliability Index in Energy Supply (RIES) that represents bus average energy supply ability during annual time are applied. Appropriate type of WPT is selected according to Percentage Rate of Availability Index (PRAI) and Percentage Rate of Utilization Index (PRUI) derived from Monthly Average Wind Speed (MAWS) through the target region. Operational reliability and stability are analyzed based on formed system characteristics after introducing WPT.
A Research on Electric Fluctuation and System Limitation of Wind Power Generation in a Weak Power System
Zulati Litifu,Ken Nagasaka,Yasuyuki Nemoto,Izumi Ushiyama
International Journal of Electrical and Power Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: This study provides an applicable process for introducing wind power generaton into a weak power system regarding the fluctuation of electric parameters so as to determine the installable limitation. The static and dynamic operational situation of a Wind Power Turbine (WPT) that relates to terminal output and connection system are detailly explained. Characters of inductive generator under sudden variation of wind speed and short circiut has been introduced. Wind and generation matrixes are applied for regional wind condition. The methods to determine optimal bus are considered by regarding sytem load particularity. The electric fluctuation of system parameters is analyzed in each bus of substation system. installable limitation is tested regarding fluctuation range of target parameters.
Skin rash by gefitinib is a sign of favorable outcomes for patients of advanced lung adenocarcinoma in Japanese patients
Yasoo Sugiura, Etsuo Nemoto, Osamu Kawai, Yasuyuki Ohkubo, Hisae Fusegawa and Shizuka Kaseda
SpringerPlus , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/2193-1801-2-22
Abstract: Skin rash is one of the notorious adverse events of gefitinib as well as other epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The differences of response rate and frequency of adverse events between ethnic groups are well known. Some reports demonstrated the correlation between development of rash and efficacy in Caucasian patients treated with erlotinib, gefitinib or cetuximab. We analyzed clinical course of Japanese patients of lung adenocarcinoma in order to assess the relation between adverse events and efficacy of gefitinib. Between January 2008 and June 2012, 24 Japanese patients administered gefitinib 250 mg daily. The adverse events were evaluated in accordance with Common Terminology Criteria For Adverse Events v4.0 (CTCAE). Objective response to gefitinib was evaluated with using computed tomography every 1–2 months. The relationship between each adverse event and objective response was examined by chi-square test. The Log-rank Test was used to assess the relationship between the presence of skin rash and overall survival. Twenty four patients with a median age of 67 years (range 55–89) entered were 16 female and 8 male patients; the pathological diagnosis of all patients was adenocarcinoma. Skin rash in CTCAE occurred in 10. The objective response and overall survival among the patients with skin rash was significantly superior to the patients without skin rash. Skin rash by gefitinib correlates with improved clinical outcomes among advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients.
Effects of Bare-Ground Revegetation Techniques Using Imperata cylindrica on Changes in the Plant Cover and Species Richness during Early Succession  [PDF]
Susumu Yamada, Masayuki Nemoto
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2016.68045
Abstract: Riverdikes are habitats that must be revegetated quickly in order to prevent soil erosion. With increasing pressure to improve the cost efficiency of management, new revegetation techniques suitable under reduced mowing frequencies are required. Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. is an important component of grasslands in several Asian countries. Its vigorous rhizome elongation should be useful for quickly covering bare ground. We tested the effects of sowing (at two densities), transplanting, and sodding of I. cylindrica on plant cover and species richness of established vegetation over 3 years. The sodding and high-density sowing treatments achieved the most rapid increase in cover, followed by low-density sowing, transplanting, and the control. By year 2, however, the cover in the low- and high-density sowing treatments was similar. The sodding treatment had significantly fewer species than the other treatments in year 1. Between years 1 and 2 and years 2 and 3, the total number of species increased in the transplanting treatment, whereas it decreased in the sodding and two sowing treatments. Accordingly, if stabilization and erosion control are the priority, introduction of I. cylindrica using sod and high-density sowing is the most suitable method. If immediate green-up is not imperative, low-density sowing is likely to provide available resources for new seedlings of diverse species to become established, allowing the introduction of representative species in semi-natural grasslands. More research will be needed on the effects of introducing diverse species (e.g., sowing seed mixtures) that include I. cylindrica on the resulting floristic composition.
Thermally Induced Nanocrystal Array of Poly(N-Vinylcarbazole) on Si-Wafer Substrate  [PDF]
Kazushi Yamada, Yasuyuki Tsuboi
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.55032
Abstract:

Recently, nanostructures such as nanocrystals and nanoaggregates have attracted much attention in many quarters of materials, electronics, and biology to create higher-value-added functional nanoscale materials and films. In this research, the fabrication of nanoaggregates on ultrathin photoconductive films of poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVCz) by applying thermal treatment is demonstrated. The structure and size are discussed on the basis of the results of atomic force microscope images. As a result, after thermal treatment of these films above the glass transition temperature (Tg) of PVCz, different types of surface morphological changes were induced showing a dependence on the tacticity of PVCz. Radically polymerized PVCz(r) ultrathin film showed small aggregates with heights of ~8 nm on the film surface after thermal treatment, while cationically polymerized PVCz(c), which has higher isotactic diad fractions than PVCz(r), indicated similar aggregates on the film surface, although the number of aggregates was smaller than PVCz(r). It is considered that these different phenomena depend on the tacticity of PVCz and the interaction between PVCz molecules and the substrate surface.

Effect of Dehydrated Digested Effluent of Manure on Yield and Quality of Annual Forages and Soil Chemical Properties in Southern Kyushu, Japan  [PDF]
Sachiko Idota, Yasuyuki Ishii
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.510090
Abstract:

Digested effluent of manure (DEM) produced by biogas-plants contains many macro- and micro-nutrients. In an experiment conducted in southern Kyushu (Japan), forage crops cultivated after receiving DEM and chemical fertilizers exhibited similar dry matter yields. From a logistical standpoint, however, DEM in liquid form is difficult to handle and apply due to the low concentration of nutrients. To overcome this shortcoming, we prepared dehydrated DEM (DDEM) by adding DEM to cattle manure without disturbing the manure fermentation process. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of DDEM on dry matter yield and nitrogen recovery rate in annual dual-cropping systems (summer crop of maize or sorghum and winter crop of Italian ryegrass) that are typical of the region and to compare these results to commercial cattle manure alone, in combination with chemical fertilizer (CM or CM + CF), or no fertilizer application (NF). In both cropping systems, the DDEM treatment produced similar dry matter yields (2.6 to 3.02 kg·m-2) and apparent nitrogen recovery rates (43% to 53%) as the CM + CF and CM treatments. This suggests that DDEM can potentially replace chemical fertilizers and commercial cattle manure in the region.

Performance Evaluation of Heat Exchangers in OTEC Using Ammonia/Water Mixture as Working Fluid  [PDF]
Takafumi Morisaki, Yasuyuki Ikegami
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2013.34037
Abstract: The ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) system is a promising solution to provide stable electricity supply. Although the available temperature difference in OTEC systems is small, an ammonia/water mixture as working fluid is expected to decrease irreversible losses in the heat exchangers and to improve system performance. However, in actual heat exchangers, an adequate temperature crossing does not occur in the condenser but in the evaporator. Therefore, clarification of this characteristic is important. To date, the logarithmic temperature difference (LMTD) method is used in performance evaluations of OTEC heat exchangers. This method is of limited use if physical properties of fluids vary. A generalized mean temperature difference (GMTD) method is introduced to perform this evaluation. As changes in fluid property values can be considered in the GMTD method, method dependencies on heat exchanger characteristics, effectiveness, and system characteristics can be studied. In particular, GMTD and LMTD using a pure substance were found to be almost equal. Mean temperature differences using mixtures as working fluid were higher in the evaporator, but lower in the condenser, from the GMTD method than from the LMTD method. For higher ammonia concentrations in ammonia/water mixtures, the mean temperature differences from both methods are different.
Sound Source Measurement of a Semi-Circular Cylinder in a Uniform Flow by Particle Image Velocimetry  [PDF]
Yasuyuki Oguma, Nobuyuki Fujisawa
Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization (JFCMV) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jfcmv.2016.44014
Abstract: In this paper, the measurement of an aerodynamic sound source for a semi-circular cylinder in a uniform flow is described using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). This experimental technique is based on vortex sound theory, where the time derivative of vorticity is evaluated with the aid of two sets of standard PIV systems. The experimental results indicate that the sound source for the semi-circular cylinder is located around the shear layer near the edge of the semi-circular cylinder. The sound source intensity and the area are reduced in the semi-circular cylinder compared with those of a circular cylinder. This result indicates that the aerodynamic sound of the semi- circular cylinder is smaller than that of the circular cylinder, which supports the microphone measurement result.
Zon-Cohen singularity and negative inverse temperature in a trapped particle limit
Takahiro Nemoto
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.061124
Abstract: We study a Brownian particle on a moving periodic potential. We focus on the statistical properties of the work done by the potential and the heat dissipated by the particle. When the period and the depth of the potential are both large, by using a boundary layer analysis, we calculate a cumulant generating function and a biased distribution function. The result allows us to understand a Zon-Cohen singularity for an extended fluctuation theorem from a view point of rare trajectories characterized by a negative inverse temperature of the biased distribution function.
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