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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1535 matches for " Yasuhiro; Horiuchi "
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The Changes in the Neck Meridian Test Scores Induced by Self-Administered Acupressure: A Secondary Analysis of Data from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Self-Administered Acupressure  [PDF]
Satoshi Horiuchi, Yasuhiro Honda
Chinese Medicine (CM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/cm.2017.81002
Abstract: In the neck meridian test, the examinee stretches his or her neck in four directions and rates the intensity of pain and/or symptoms on a four point Likert scale. The four responses are summed to calculate the test score. This study conducted secondary analyses of data from a randomized controlled trial of self-administered acupressure. The study aimed to examine the change of the neck meridian test score induced by self-administered acupressure. The data of 54 (male, n = 34; female, n = 20) students, who were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) and a control group (CG), were subjected to secondary analyses. The IG participants were asked to complete a self-administered acupressure intervention for two weeks; the CG participants were not. In the IG, the perceived stress decreased significantly over time, while the neck meridian test score decreased significantly; in contrast, this score increased in the CG. A significant positive correlation was found between the changes in the perceived stress and neck meridian test scores. These results supported validity of the neck meridian test as a tool for assessing perceived stress.
Effect of a Four-Week Self-Administered Acupressure Intervention on Perceived Stress over the Past Month  [PDF]
Yasuhiro Honda, Akira Tsuda, Satoshi Horiuchi
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2012.13004
Abstract: The use of relaxation techniques in daily life is an effective means for the self-management of stress. Acupressure is a traditional technique where pressure is applied to acupuncture points instead of puncturing the skin. Self-administered acupressure is a potential method for dealing with stress. The effect of self-administered acupressure on anxiety has been examined but whether it can reduce perceived stress over longer periods is unknown. This study aimed to examine whether a self-administered, four-week acupressure intervention would reduce perceived stress over the past month. Fifteen male and nine female college students (age, 28.9 ± 8.51 yr) majoring in acupuncture and moxibustion medicine were randomly assigned to self-acupressure (AG) and control groups (CG). AG participants were instructed to conduct five sessions of acupressure in the morning, midday, and night. Each session included pressing six acupressure points on the neck (three points on the left and right side each) for five seconds. CG participants were asked to spend their daily life as usual. The outcome was the perceived stress level during the past month, which was assessed using a reliable and valid four-item scale. Perceived stress was measured at baseline, two weeks later, and after intervention. The stress level did not significantly differ between the two groups at baseline. In the AG, the stress level decreased from baseline to two weeks later and remained constant until the end of intervention. The stress level was significantly lower in the AG than in the CG only after intervention. These results provided initial evidence that self-administered acupressure reduces perceived stress over the past month.
Four-Week Self-Administered Acupressure Improves Depressive Mood  [PDF]
Yasuhiro Honda, Akira Tsuda, Satoshi Horiuchi
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.329121
Abstract: Acupressure is a Chinese medical technique that involves application of pressure to acupuncture points on the body. This study aimed to examine whether a four-week self-administered acupressure course could reduce depressive mood. Sixteen male and nine female college students (33.2 ± 10.0 years) who majored in acupuncture and moxibustion medicine were randomly assigned to either a self-administered acupressure group or a control group. The participants in the self-administered acupressure group were instructed to conduct five acupressure sessions three times a day (morning, midday, and night). Each session included applying pressure on three points on the left and right side of the neck for five seconds. The controls were asked to continue their daily routine. Depressive mood levels were measured at baseline, two weeks later, and following intervention. Depressive mood levels were similar between both groups at baseline. It decreased two weeks later and remained constant until the end of the intervention. Depressive mood levels were significantly lower in the self-administered acupressure group than in the control group at two weeks from baseline and after intervention. These results provide initial evidence that self-admin- istered acupressure may improve depressive mood.
Validity of the Neck Meridian Test as a Measure of Stress  [PDF]
Yasuhiro Honda, Akira Tsuda, Satoshi Horiuchi
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2012.14013
Abstract: The neck meridian test is a procedure in which the participant is requested to stretch the neck in four directions and rate the intensity of pain felt and/or symptoms. The total score of the four responses has been shown to correlate with the level of perceived stress, and it has been suggested that it may be possible to use this test as a measure of perceived stress. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of experimentally induced stress on the neck meridian test score. It was predicted that the neck meridian test score would increase only in participants who were exposed to stress manipulation. The participants were 19 male and 9 female college students (age, 34.1 ± 9.37 years) majoring in acupuncture and moxibustion medicine. The participants were randomly assigned to a stress group and a control group. All participants were requested to rest for 3 min and then complete the neck meridian test. Subsequently, they were administered a stress questionnaire. The participants in the stress group were instructed to prepare mentally for 3 min for a small 1-min examination that included performance in front of a judge, while those in the control group were requested to rest for additional 3 min. After each period, the participants completed the neck meridian test and were administered a stress questionnaire. The stress score increased significantly only in the stress group, indicating that the experimental protocol was a valid means of inducing a stressed state. The neck meridian test score also increased only in the stress group, providing supporting evidence that the neck meridian test is a valid tool for assessing perceived stress. It is suggested that the test could be used in future studies applying techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion medicine to stress care.
PICO-PHYTOPLANKTON DISTRIBUTION IN WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN ESTIMATED FROM OCEAN COLOR AND SST
Senga,Yasuhiro; Horiuchi,Tomohiro;
Gayana (Concepción) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-65382004000300037
Abstract: to investigate the spatial distribution of pico-phytoplankton in surface water, photosynthetic pigments were analyzed by a high-performance liquid chromatography (hplc) for three cruises in the western pacific ocean carried out on 2000, 2001 and 2002. analyzed chlorophyll-a showed peaks at the equatorial region and near japan. in contrast, zeaxanthin, a specific pigment of pico-phytoplankton such as synechococcus and prochlorococcus showed a broad peak around equatorial region. from these results, we found inverse relationship between the ratio of zeaxanthin to chlorophyll-a concentration (zcr) and chlorophyll-a concentration, and also positive relationship between zcr and sea surface temperature (sst). and we derived a multiple regression equation to estimate zcr from chlorophyll-a concentration and sst. the equation was applied to estimate spatial distribution of zcr in the pacific ocean using satellite chlorophyll-a images and sst images
PICO-PHYTOPLANKTON DISTRIBUTION IN WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN ESTIMATED FROM OCEAN COLOR AND SST
Yasuhiro Senga,Tomohiro Horiuchi
Gayana (Concepción) , 2004,
Abstract: To investigate the spatial distribution of pico-phytoplankton in surface water, photosynthetic pigments were analyzed by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for three cruises in the western Pacific Ocean carried out on 2000, 2001 and 2002. Analyzed chlorophyll-a showed peaks at the equatorial region and near Japan. In contrast, zeaxanthin, a specific pigment of pico-phytoplankton such as Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus showed a broad peak around equatorial region. From these results, we found inverse relationship between the ratio of zeaxanthin to chlorophyll-a concentration (ZCR) and chlorophyll-a concentration, and also positive relationship between ZCR and sea surface temperature (SST). And we derived a multiple regression equation to estimate ZCR from chlorophyll-a concentration and SST. The equation was applied to estimate spatial distribution of ZCR in the Pacific Ocean using satellite chlorophyll-a images and SST images
Constitutively Active Soluble Form of Erythropoietin Receptor Suppresses Growth and Angiogenesis of Xenografts of Transfected Cancer Cell Lines  [PDF]
Yoshiko Yasuda, Yasuhiro Maeda, Satoshi Hara, Motoyoshi Tanaka, Eiji Koike, Yoh Watanabe, Seiji Masuda, Harufumi Yamasaki, Katsumi Okumoto, Hiroyoshi Konishi, Yoshitaka Horiuchi, Hiroshi Hoshiai
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2011.21005
Abstract: We examined the effect of blocking the erythropoietin (Epo) signaling using an anti-Epo antibody, soluble form of Epo receptor (sEpoR) capable of binding to Epo or EpoR antagonist, and proved to be effective against xenografts of female reproductive organ malignancies and of cancer cell lines in nude mice. We transfected seven cancer cell lines of various origins to express constitutively active sEpoR, and examined their tumorigenesis in nude mice. Suppression of the tumor growth, decrease in viable and proliferating cells and reduction of vascular density were seen individually in all xenografts of transfected cell lines compared with the controls. Quantitative RT-PCR analyses showed that expression levels of Epo, EpoR, ?1A-adrenaline receptor (?1A-ADR) and muscalinic acetylcholine receptor subunit 3 mRNAs (m3-AchR) were higher in the majority of the wild-type xenografts than in the corresponding cell lines except for A549. In some of the transfected xenografts, EpoR, ?1A-ADR and m3-AchR mRNAs were down-regulated. Western blot analyses revealed that the constitutively activated ERK1/2MAPK was discernible in the majority of non-transfected cell lines and was reduced in the transfected cell lines. However, it was regained after exposure to acetylcholine and/or noradrenaline. These findings suggest that constitutively active sEpoR can effectively destroy the xenografts but signals from the autonomic neurotransmitters of the host produced under stress may interfere with this antitumor activity.
Community Creation by Residents and Tourists via Takachiho kagura in Japanese Rural Area  [PDF]
Shiro Horiuchi
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.23041
Abstract: Rural communities are disappearing in Japan due to aging, depopulation, and changes in lifestyles. Recently, outsiders such as immigrants, volunteers, and tourists cooperate with residents to revive and maintain rural communities. This paper uses my fieldwork in the rural areas of Takachiho, where the Japanese traditional dance kagura is well-known, to consider the possibility that residents and tourists cooperatively create shared communities. Actually, an increasing number of tourists visit Takachiho to see kagura. Consequently, some dancers miss “classical” kagura, which involved almost exclusively local residents in intimate interactions. Nonetheless, many dancers welcome the influx of tourists and its stimulation of community festivals. Some tourists are attracted to kagura at community festivals, and some dancers and tourists have tried to forge bridges between their groups to create a shared community. The existence of kagura becomes an important common symbol that connects members of local communities.
Working Memory in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder  [PDF]
Yasuhiro Kaneda
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.329115
Abstract: Objective: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have been reported to perform less well in neurocognitive tests than normal control subjects. The author tested the hypotheses that verbal working memory (WM) is predictive of the functional outcome in patients with MDD. Methods: In this naturalistic longitudinal study, the subjects consisted of 22 adult outpatients receiving paroxetine as antidepressant therapy. Functional outcome was rated on a scale of 0 (non-impaired) to 3 (severely impaired). Results: 1) At 12 weeks, nine of the 22 patients currently experiencing MDD exhibited full remission; 2) significantly decreased 7-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D7) scores were observed during the 12-week study period, while Digit Sequencing Task (DST) scores increased significantly; 3) at baseline, functional outcomes correlated significantly with HAM-D7 scores, but, at 12 weeks, correlated significantly with both HAM-D7 and DST scores. Furthermore, when looking at only patients in full or partial remission (mild depression), functional outcome correlated more strongly with DST than with HAM-D7 scores. Conclusions: A deficit of verbal WM correlated with the functional outcome after treatment in pa- tients with MDD. Antidepressant therapy with paroxetine might contribute to improvement of verbal WM.
Clinical and pathobiological heterogeneity of asthma—Mechanisms of severe and glucocorticoid-resistant asthma  [PDF]
Yasuhiro Matsumura
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.52A046
Abstract:

It is increasingly recognized that asthma represents a syndrome, and there is clinical and pathobiological heterogeneity. Many genes are reported to be associated with asthma, and may be involved in the disease heterogeneity. Diverse cells, such as T helper 1 (Th1)-cells, Th2-cells, Th17-cells, airway epithelial cells, and innate and adaptive immunity associated cells, contribute to the pathobiology of asthma independently of each other or they can also coexist and interact. Although, generally, Th2 immunity is important in most asthma endotypes, non- Th2-driven inflammation tends to be difficult to manage. Recently, increased attention has been focused on severe asthma and glucocorticoid (GC)-resistant (GC-R) asthma, in which diverse inflammatory processes may be involved. Treatment approaches should take into account pathological differences.

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