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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 306560 matches for " Yanis Vázquez Adán "
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Intervención educativa sobre infecciones de transmisión sexual en adolescentes de la secundaria Fructuoso Rodríguez
Castro Abreu,Idania; Rizo Montero,Yelena; Reyes Pelier,Yudisai; Vázquez Adán,Yanis;
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2012,
Abstract: introduction: an increase of the sexual transmition infection on the young people was detected in latest years, the teenagers are the most affected. objective: determine and modify the adolescents knowledge about their sexual behavior. method: we used in this research was an educational intervention with the fructuoso rodriguez secondary school students; this school is located in la lisa municipality. the period of time taken into account was from december 2009 to june 2010. a sample was selected using the statistic program epidat 3.1 and it was established by 180 students of 7th, 8th and 9th grade, 60 students were selected at random in order to identify their learning necessities, the way used was an anonymous questionnaire developed in others researches, for this reason it did not need to be value. later an educational program was developed with the application of participatory technics in order to get a better underestanding of it. the intervention results were evaluated by the application of the same questionnaire two months after the educational program, analysing the knowledges alteration before and after the intervention. conclusions: en general the knowledge level about its. was deficient in the teenagers because their answers were regular or wrong in the studied topics like its varieties, principal symptoms, ways of sexual transmition, risk behavior, rules results after the educational intervention were changed to eficient because the adolecent improved their knowledges about these topics and they have risen their perception of risk.we consider as essential the worry of the individual to modify his behavior about this topic.was applied where the same variables were measured, and, an improve in the level of knowledge about sexual _ transmiting illness was obtained.
Intervención educativa sobre infecciones de transmisión sexual en adolescentes de la secundaria Fructuoso Rodríguez An educational intervention about sexual transmitting infections to Fructuoso Rodríguez secondary school adolescents
Idania Castro Abreu,Yelena Rizo Montero,Yudisai Reyes Pelier,Yanis Vázquez Adán
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: En los últimos a os se ha notado un incremento de las infecciones de transmisión sexual principalmente en los jóvenes, y dentro de ellos, los adolescentes son el grupo etáreo más severamente afectado. Objetivo: Determinar y modificar el nivel de conocimientos y comportamiento sexual en los adolescentes. Método: Se realizó una intervención educativa en adolescentes de la Secundaria Básica Fructuoso Rodríguez, del municipio La Lisa, en el período de diciembre 2009 a junio 2010. La muestra se seleccionó utilizando el programa estadístico EPIDAT 3.1 y quedó constituida por 180 estudiantes, seleccionándose de cada grado escolar, 7mo, 8vo y 9no, 60 estudiantes, por método aleatorio simple; para la identificación de las necesidades de aprendizaje se utilizó un cuestionario escrito anónimo que ha sido utilizado en otras investigaciones, por lo que no necesitó de su validación posteriormente; se desarrolló un programa educativo con la aplicación de técnicas participativas para lograr una mejor asimilación de los mismos. Para la evaluación de los resultados de la intervención se aplicó el mismo cuestionario dos meses después del programa educativo, analizándose las modificaciones de conocimientos antes y después. Conclusiones: En general, el nivel de conocimiento sobre las ITS fue deficiente en los adolescentes, pues predominaron las respuestas regulares y malas en los temas estudiados como variedades de ITS, síntomas fundamentales, vías de transmisión, conductas de riesgo, medidas que protegen y complicaciones, el cual posterior a la intervención educativa se modificó notablemente, pues todos los adolescentes elevaron sus conocimientos sobre estos temas, y aumentaron su percepción de riesgo, lo que consideramos esencial para que el individuo modifique su conducta. Introduction: An increase of the sexual transmition infection on the young people was detected in latest years, the teenagers are the most affected. Objective: Determine and modify the adolescents knowledge about their sexual behavior. Method: We used in this research was an educational intervention with the Fructuoso Rodriguez secondary school students; this school is located in La Lisa municipality. The period of time taken into account was from December 2009 to June 2010. A sample was selected using the statistic program EPIDAT 3.1 and it was established by 180 students of 7th, 8th and 9th grade, 60 students were selected at random in order to identify their learning necessities, the way used was an anonymous questionnaire developed in others researches, for this reason it did not need
Evaluación de las normas de bioseguridad en el servicio de hemodiálisis del Instituto de Nefrología "Dr. Abelardo Buch López", 2009
Trincado Agudo,María Teresa; Ramos Valle,Isora; Vázquez Adán,Yanis; Guillén Fonseca,Martha;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2011,
Abstract: the biosafety is considered as the behavior doctrine aimed to achieve attitudes and behaviors decreasing the worker risk. the nursing professionals from the nephrology service, due to the origin of their work are exposed to physical, chemical, biological risks and also are dependent of human factors. the staff may be influenced in the no fulfillment of biosafety standards by a lack of knowledges. our aim if to assess the concepts influencing in the fulfillments of biosafety measures by nursing staff in the hemodialysis service, to determine the level of knowledge and to identify the factors influencing in its fulfilment. a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 15 nurses working in this service during the first four months of 2009. two techniques were applied (questionnaire and observation). all identified the biological risk. the 87,7% expressed a sufficient level of knowledge on biosafety; the 93,3% about the protection means and the management of sharp-cutting instruments and the 73% about contaminated clothe. at observation it was evidenced that the handwashing was fulfilled by the 93,3% with requirements infringements and were minimal in the management and disposition of materials. the use of disinfectants and detergents was fulfilled at the 93,3%; at 100% the clothes disposition, but not the use of glasses and aprons. sthe 86,7% of nursers were vaccinated against b hepatitis, and more than a half identified the biosafety measures, although were not applied according to the established standards but used the protection means, except those not available. we conclude that although the nursing professional has knowledges on the biosafety measures not used it in a appropriate way, thus authors suggest to design and to develop a continuous training program in the nursing staff emphasizing the existence of protection material and to extend present study to institutions with similar concepts.
Evaluación de las normas de bioseguridad en el servicio de hemodiálisis del Instituto de Nefrología "Dr. Abelardo Buch López", 2009 Assessment of biosafety standards in the hemodialysis service of "Dr. Abelardo Bush López" Institute of Nephrology, 2009
María Teresa Trincado Agudo,Isora Ramos Valle,Yanis Vázquez Adán,Martha Guillén Fonseca
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2011,
Abstract: La bioseguridad se considera como una doctrina de comportamiento encaminada a lograr actitudes y conductas que disminuyan el riesgo del trabajador. Los profesionales de enfermería del servicio de Nefrología, por la naturaleza de su trabajo, están expuestos a riesgos físicos, químicos, biológicos y dependiente de factores humanos. El colectivo puede estar influyendo en el no cumplimiento de las normas de bioseguridad por falta de conocimientos. Nos proponemos evaluar los aspectos que influyen en el cumplimiento de las medidas de bioseguridad por enfermería en el servicio de hemodiálisis, determinar el nivel de conocimiento e identificar los factores que influyen en su cumplimiento. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, a un universo constituido por 15 enfermeros que se encontraban laborando en este servicio en el primer cuatrimestre de 2009. Se les aplicaron dos técnicas, consistentes en cuestionario y observación. Todos identificaron el riesgo biológico. El 87,7 % expresó nivel suficiente de conocimientos sobre bioseguridad; el 93,3 % acerca de medios de protección y manipulación de instrumentos punzocortantes y el 73,3 % sobre ropa contaminada. En la observación se evidenció que el lavado de manos fue cumplido por el 93,3 % con infracciones de requisitos, y fueron mínimas en el manejo y disposición de materiales. Se cumplió al 93,3 % el uso de desinfectantes y detergentes; al 100 % la disposición de ropa, no así el uso de gafas y delantales. El 86,7 % de los enfermeros fueron vacunados contra la hepatitis B, y más de la mitad de ellos identificaron las medidas de bioseguridad, aunque no las utilizaron según las normas establecidas y sí emplearon los medios de protección, excepto los que no están en existencia. Se concluye que, aunque el profesional de enfermería posee conocimientos sobre las medidas de bioseguridad, no las utiliza de forma adecuada, por lo que se sugiere dise ar y desarrollar un programa de capacitación continua al personal de enfermería, con énfasis en la existencia de material de protección, y hacer extensivo el presente estudio a instituciones con características similares. The biosafety is considered as the behavior doctrine aimed to achieve attitudes and behaviors decreasing the worker risk. The Nursing professionals from the Nephrology service, due to the origin of their work are exposed to physical, chemical, biological risks and also are dependent of human factors. The staff may be influenced in the no fulfillment of biosafety standards by a lack of knowledges. Our aim if to assess the concepts influencing in the fulfi
Desarrollo e impacto de indicadores de calidad en hemodiálisis Development and impact of quality indicators in hemodialysis
Mirna Atiés Sánchez,Esther Victoria Ibars Bola?os,Yaumara Subires Castillo,Yanis Vázquez Adán
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: los indicadores de calidad han sido introducidos en la práctica clínica hace más de una década. Objetivo: identificar y evaluar el impacto de los indicadores en hemodiálisis. Métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y transversal, se definieron indicadores de resultados y seguimiento clínico del proceso de hemodiálisis durante los a os 2007-2010 en el Servicio de Hemodiálisis del Instituto de Nefrología. Resultados: después de comenzar a informar estos indicadores y actuar sobre los problemas detectados, las cifras medias de hemoglobina, albúmina y KTV fueron significativamente superiores. Los niveles medios de fósforo y de calcio altos descendieron discretamente en el tiempo. El porcentaje de pacientes prevalentes que tenían fístula arteriovenosa fue superior al estándar marcado en la primera etapa de estudio y disminuyó el número de ingresos. Conclusiones: el seguimiento periódico de indicadores de calidad y la puesta en marcha de las acciones correctoras permiten mejorar los resultados en el servicio. Introduction: the quality indicators have been implemented in the clinical practice for more than a decade. Objective: to identify and to evaluate the impact of the quality indicators in hemodialysis. Methods: a retrospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted to define the outcome indicators and the clinical follow-up of the hemodialysis process in the 2007-2010 period at the hemodialysis service of the Institute of Nephrology. Results: after starting the report of these indicators and acting upon the detected problems, the average values of hemoglobin, albumin and KTV were significantly higher. The mean high levels of phosphorus and calcium mildly lowered in the course of time. The percentage of patients that had arteriovenous fistula was higher than the marked standard in the first phase of the study and the number of admissions decreased. Conclusions: the systematic follow-up of the quality indicators and the implementation of corrective actions allow improving the results of the service.
Caracterización imaginológica y citológica en la neoplasia de mama
de la Nuez Cobas,Eileen; Beltrán,Petra Elsa; Berland de León,Natacha; Rodríguez Menéndez,Myriam; Vázquez Adán,Yanis; álvarez Rodríguez,Yaima;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2011,
Abstract: breast cancer is a health problem in cuba with a high yearly incidence. to characterize those women supposed carriers of breast neoplasia seen in the central breast consultation over 2005; we describe the present echography and mammography alterations identifying the relation among imaging and cytology studies. a cross-sectional and descriptive research was conducted in the "dr. salvador allende" clinical surgical hospital prescribing them ultrasound (us), mammography and fine needle aspiration biopsy in 60 women. different variables were characterized. there was predominance in age-groups of 40-79 years. fifteen had pathologic maternal backgrounds of breast cancer; six had personal pathologic backgrounds of breast disease and six had an early menarche among other entities. factors like nulliparity and the first labor at 30 years old were not much significant. in both imaging studies the lesion is more frequent in the left breast cse with irregular edges larger than 10 mm. almost more than the third part showed, according mammography, potential malignant microcalcifications. these and others elements allowed us to classify more than a half of patients within the category of "highly suggestive of malignancy". the relation between both imaging studies including the cytology study, yielded significant results showed in conclusions also summarizing the characterization of the proposed variables and the results of diagnostic studies conducted.
Evaluación de la arquitectura macular por tomografía de coherencia óptica en pacientes operados de desprendimiento de retina regmatógeno con mácula desprendida
Ramos López,Meisy; Obret Mendive,Isabel; Hernández Silva,Juan Raúl; Aveleira Ortiz,Brunilda de los ángeles; Vázquez Adán,Yanis; Rio Torres,Marcelino;
Revista Cubana de Oftalmolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: objective: with the support of optical coherence tomography, to evaluate the macular condition of the patients operated on from rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, with detached macula, who underwent buckling surgery and pars plana vitrectomy. methods: a prospective cross-sectional study was conducted. the sample was finally made up of 40 eyes from 38 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. this study compared the surgical results from both techniques. the variables such as age, sex, risk factors, retinal and length of evolution of the retinal detachment were analyzed. physical examination was performed; the best preoperative and postoperative corrected visual acuity was taken in addition to postoperative evaluation based on optical coherence tomography one month and three months after surgery. the statistical sign test was used for the best corrected visual acuity variable in both techniques. mann whitney′s statistical test was applied to compare the best postoperative visual acuity in both techniques. results: myopia was the prevailing risk factor in both groups followed by aphakia, pseudoaphakia and trauma. the length of evolution of the retinal detachment was under 15 days for both surgical techniques. the best corrected visual acuity after the surgery was statistically significant for both surgical techniques (p= 0,002 for scleral buckling and p= 0,001 for ppv). no statistically significant differences were found in both surgical techniques in terms of anatomical and functional recovery of the macula however, in those patients operated on by scleral buckling technique, the anatomical recovery was slow; the group had 35 % of applied macula after one month and the main finding was subfoveal detachment. the ppv group presented 65 % of applied macula after one month and the main pathological finding was macular edema. conclusions: optical coherence tomography is an important alternative to evaluate the macular architecture after the surgery of retinal
Evisceración en estafiloma escleral anterior gigante
Rojas Rondón,Irene; Agramonte Centelles,Ileana; Rodríguez Masó,Susana; Pacheco Ledesma,Pedro Luis; Roselló Leyva,Annelise; Vásquez Adán,Yanis;
Revista Cubana de Oftalmolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: evisceration is the surgical technique selected for the treatment of many serious ocular illnesses such as endophthalmitis, painful blind eye due to chronic trauma, absolute glaucoma, chronic retinal detachment, chronic uveitis, pthisis bulbi, buphthalmos and for aesthetic reasons. a 21 years-old patient went to the doctor's office to request some assistance to improve her facial look. on ocular exam, increased volume located in the upper area of the eyeball from hour 9 to hour 3 of the right eye was observed; also scleral thinning with extensive areas of exposed choroid, corneal leukoma occupying the visual axis and 30° exotropia x hirshberg, as ocular trauma sequel. the diagnosis was anterior scleral staphyloma with risk of scleral perforation in the right eye. evisceration was the surgical procedure of choice in this type of disorder. an orbital implant was placed, without further complications. immediately after the surgery, a conformator was placed in the cavity and after one month, an ocular prosthesis was added. in this way, the facial esthetics improved together with an appropriate rehabilitation that contributed to the quality of life of our patient.
Radon risk management. Construction solutions Gestión de riesgo. Soluciones constructivas
Borja Frutos Vázquez,Manuel Olaya Adán
Revista de Salud Ambiental , 2011,
Abstract: Radon gas is a radioactive element that appears in nature by the decay of radium found in terrestrial soils. This gas is able to travel between the pores of the ground and enter into the buildings where the concentration can increase and becoming a health risk to occupants from inhaling. The World Health Organization rate the radon gas as a level 1 carcinogen agent. According to this organization, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer contraction after tobacco. Based on the perception of risk derived from epidemiological medical studies, some countries have established radon concentration values as safety limits, above which is recommended or required an architectural intervention to reduce levels. From an architectural perspective, there have been studies of several radon protection techniques to reduce radon immission in buildings or to evacuate it, in order to reduce the radon levels below the safety limits. This article develops some protection strategies that have been being used for these purposes, some of which have been tested in Spain thanks to a research project funded by the Nuclear Safety Council, and developed by the Eduardo Torroja Institute and the University of Cantabria. El gas radón es un elemento radiactivo que se presenta en la naturaleza por la desintegración del radio contenido en los suelos terrestres. Este gas es capaz de viajar entre los poros del terreno y penetrar en los edificios, donde podrá aumentar su concentración y constituir un riesgo para la salud sus ocupantes por la inhalación del mismo. La Organización Mundial de la Salud califica el radón como agente cancerígeno de grado 1. Según este organismo, el radón es la segunda causa de contracción de cáncer pulmonar detrás del tabaco. En base a la percepción del riesgo derivada de estudios epidemiológicos, algunos países han establecido unos valores de concentración de radón como límites de seguridad, por encima de los cuales se recomienda o se obliga, según el caso, a una intervención arquitectónica para reducir los niveles. Desde una perspectiva arquitectónica, se han venido estudiando diversas técnicas constructivas destinadas a frenar la inmisión de radón hacia el interior de los edificios o a evacuar el mismo, con el fin de disminuir la concentración por debajo de los límites de seguridad. Este artículo desarrolla las distintas estrategias constructivas que se vienen usando para estos fines, algunas de las cuales han sido ensayadas en Espa a gracias a un proyecto de investigación subvencionado por el Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, y desarrollado por el Instit
Defectos refractivos más frecuentes que causan baja visión
Roselló Leyva,Annelise; Rodríguez Masó,Susana; Rojas Rondón,Irene; Linares Guerra,Marilyn; Ramos Gómez,Eduardo Ariel; Vázquez Adan,Yanis;
Revista Cubana de Oftalmolog?-a , 2011,
Abstract: objective: to determine the most frequent refractive errors on low vision patients. methods: a descriptive and prospective study was conducted in patients who attended to “ramón pando ferrer” cuban institute of ophthalmology during 2008. a sample of 265 selected cases out of the total number was taken. results: myopia was present in 69.8% of patients; the retinal detachment was the most frequently associated problem. more than 50% of patients were rehabilitated and the most used optic device was hypercorrection in the 67% of them. conclusions: most of patients were rehabilitated, being hypercorrections and magnifiers the mostly accepted optic devices.
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