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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 66807 matches for " Yan Huang "
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The Culture Turn in Translation Studies  [PDF]
Chen Yan, Jingjing Huang
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.44041
Abstract: The culture turn of translation studies was initially put forward by Bassnett and Lefevere (1990) cultural approach in 1990. As important representatives of cultural approach in translation studies, Bassnett and Lefevere attached great importance to the role of culture in translation, the social background, the influence that cultural tradition imposed on translation, the subjectivity of translators and researching shift from linguistic to culture, thus improving the literariness of translated texts. Such method of study expanded the scope of translation studies enormously, opened a new field of study, thus it enhanced a further and more comprehensive development of translation studies. This paper will present a brief introduction of the history of translation studies, analyzing the social causes of culture turn and especially discuss the series shifts brought by culture turn in status of translated texts and translators, and the methods of translation analysis. In the end, some personal viewpoints will be showed about the culture turn in translation studies.
Utilizing Dominant Early Maturity Genes of Sterile Line UP-3s in Hybrid Rice Breeding to Avoid High Temperature Season  [PDF]
Bihu Huang, Zongbu Yan
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.616262
Abstract: A new sterile line UP-3s, which carries the Dominant Early Maturity Gene (DEMG), was bred on the farm of University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (UAPB). UP-3s and two check sterile lines, Jin23-A and Xie-A which do not carry the Dominant Early Maturity Gene, were crossed with a group of different maturity restorer lines, PB-1R, PB-5R,PB11, PB-13R, PB-20, PB-21, PB-22R, and PB-23R. Eighteen new hybrid rice combinations of these crosses were then tested at UAPB in 2012 and 2013. The results showed that panicle differentiation (PD) of hybrids from female parent UP-3s (DEMG) crossed with the 8 male parents, were earlier than the hybrids from female parent Jin23-A or Xie-A crossed with the 8 male parents. The PD of these earlier hybrids was before Jun 25 and heading was before July 20. Early PD and heading avoided the high temperature (over 34°C) period which usually occurs after July 20 in Arkansas. The yields of these earlier maturity hybrids with female parent UP-3s were higher than those of the late maturity hybrids thatwereF1 progeny of sterile lines Jin23-A or Xie-A (these two female parent checks with non-DEMG). These results showed that the DEMG sterile line UP-3s can be adopted in making crosses with later maturity restorer lines to obtain earlier maturity hybrids to avoid the high temperature period in Arkansas.
Straighthead and Agronomy Characters Testing for Selected Parent Lines and Hybrid Combinations at UAPB in 2011-2012  [PDF]
Bihu Huang, Zongbu Yan
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.710136
Abstract: Straighthead disease is a physiological disorder in rice and the most widespread non-fungal disease of the U.S. straighthead greatly reduces rice yield. Straighthead studies were most conducted in the artificial field which was Arsenic amendment plots due to the similarity of straighthead symptoms of Arsenic damage. To evaluate the straighthead disease resistance in natural condition, 46 rice lines, including 24 inbred lines and 22 hybrid combinations which were developed from breading program, were chosen for straighthead and agronomy characters testing in a native soil where straighthead naturally induced in the past years at University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (UAPB), Arkansas in 2011 and 2012. The straighthead of rice were rated from 0 to 9 levels, and 0 was the least straighthead disorder and 9 was the most severe straighthead disorder. Cocodrie (CCDR) was used as the check in this study. The results of 2011 showed that the yields of 8 entries were higher than the check CCDR. The straighthead scores of these 8 entries were 0 - 1 which indicated their resistance to straighthead. The rest of the entries had lower yields than check CCDR with straighthead scores 5 - 6 which indicated their moderate susceptibility to straighthead. The yields were negatively related to the straighthead scores (r = -0.9178, P < 0.01). The results of 2012 showed that the yields of 9 hybrids and 6 inbred entries were higher than the check CCDR. The straighthead scores of top 12 entries were 0 - 2 which indicated that they were resistant to straighthead and 3 entries with straighthead score of 3 which indicated they were moderately resistant to straighthead. The rest 3 hybrids and 4 inbred entries had lower yields than the check and their straighthead scores were 5 - 6 which indicated their moderately susceptible to straighthead. The yields was negatively related to the straighthead scores (r = -0.956, P < 0.01). Compared to CCDR, the yield of hybrids showed their straighthead resistance at some extent. The yields of top six entries, hybrid 33A/PB23, inbred 3053, hybrid 28s/PB22, 28s/PB24, 29s/PB24 and inbred 3222, were 10,376.4, 9991.4, 9566.7, 9334.3, 9183.9 and 9174.3 Kg/Ha, and 46.0%, 40.7%, 34.7%, 31.4%, 29.3%, and 29.5% higher than the check, respectively.
Performance of 32 Hybrid Rice Varieties at Pine Bluff of Arkansas  [PDF]
Bihu Huang, Zongbu Yan
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.715197
Abstract: Yield test of 41 entries, 32 new hybrids, 8 male parents restore lines and 1 inbred variety, was conducted on the farm of University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (UAPB) in 2012. The only inbred Francis in this experiment was used as the check. Francis is a popular variety and widely used in Arkansas rice production. Results showed that the yields of 7 hybrids were 25.7% - 30.7% higher than check Francis. Hybrid 28s/BP23R had the highest yield, 10846.6 kg/hectare and over check by 30.7%. The yield of hybrid 28s/PB-24, was 10628.9 kg/hectare and over check by 28.1%. The yields of hybrid 28s/PB-22 and 33A/PB24 were 10549.8 and 10539.8 kg/hectare and over check by 27.1% and 27.0%, respectively. The sterile lines 28s, 29s, 30s and 33A have good combinability. PB2, PB5, PB12, PB22, PB23, PB24, and PB25 are good restorers and most of their hybrids were over check more than 17%. Sterile 28s has DEMG (Dominant Early Maturity Gene) which can make earlier heading hybrids by crossing with late restorer lines. Sterile 30s and 33A have no DEMG but have heat resistant gene. They can make late heading hybrids by crossing with late restorer lines PB24 and PB22 and the late heading hybrids can resistant to hot temperature. These results showed that these sterile lines, restorer lines and hybrids can be used in rice production of Arkansas in the future.
Yields and Agronomic Characters of New Rice Hybrids Performed at Pine Bluff, Arkansas  [PDF]
Bihu Huang, Zongbu Yan
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.99138
Abstract: Yields and agronomic characters of 35 new hybrids were tested at Pine Bluff, Arkansas in 2013. These hybrids were developed from 7 female parent sterile lines, UP-1s, UP-3s, 100s, 101s, 105s, 111s, and 113A, and 5 male parent restorer lines, PB2, PB5, PB12, PB13, and PB18. The inbred variety Francis, which is a popular variety in the rice production, was used as the check (CK). Results showed that the yields of 10 hybrids were 20.3% - 31.7% higher than that of CKFrancis. The yields of other 18 hybrids were 10.1% - 19.4% higher than CK, and the yields of rest of the hybrids were 2.5% - 9.2% higher than CK. Hybrid UP-3s/PB5 had the highest yield, 12,983.8 kg/hectare and over check by 31.7%. The yield of hybrid UP-3s/PB18 and 115A/PB18 were 12,333.7 kg/hectare and over check 25%. The yields of hybrid UP-1s/PB12 was 12
On Value Orientation in China and the West as Reflected in Man Creation by Nuwa and by the God  [PDF]
Huan Yan, Haiyan Huang
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.915189
Abstract: Value orientation refers to value tendency that people have when they take a certain action in a certain way on a certain occasion. It is an important part of culture. Studying value orientation in different cultures can help people understand the differences between cultures so as to facilitate the cross-cultural communication. Mythology is an important part of culture. Man Creation mythology is a category of mythology and it is about human beings’ thinking and interpretation of their origin. Value orientation in different cultures may originate from the Man Creation mythology of the respective cultures. In this paper, a comparative study of the value orientation between China and the west is made through comparing Man Creation by Nuwa in China and Man Creation by the God in the west and with regards to the characteristics of Chinese and western value orientation shown respectively in the two Man Creation mythologies. The study in this paper indicates that the two Man Creation mythologies reflect the differences in value orientation between China and the West on behavioral thinking, marriage relation and man-god relation. On behavioral thinking, Man Creation by Nuwa reflects emotionalism in China and Man Creation by the God reflects intellectualism in the West; on marriage relation, Chinese marriage is based on breeding offspring and western marriage is based on people’s emotional and physical needs; on man-god relation, it is praying for blessing and giving blessing in China, while it is showing repentance and accepting repentance in the West.
Effect of Customer Citizenship Behavior on Elderly Customer Purchase Intention Based on Value Co-Creation Theory  [PDF]
Yan Huang, Feiyan Liu
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2019.72044
Abstract: Under the value co-creation theory, the role behaviors in the interaction between customers and enterprises are constantly changing, from passive value recipients to common value creators. In the service situation, this paper takes the elderly customers as the investigation object, based on the value co-creation theory, and discusses the effect between customer citizenship behavior, aging attitude and elderly customers purchase intention. Through empirical analysis, it is found that the customer citizenship behavior has a positive impact on the purchasing intention of elderly customers. The aging attitude has a moderating effect between customer citizenship behavior and elderly customers purchase intention. On this basis, it provides relevant advice of customer relationship management and operation management for service enterprises from the perspective of promoting customer citizenship behavior and stimulating the purchase intention of elderly customer.
Effect evaluation for comprehensive treatment of acute stage of stroke
Yan HUANG
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: To explore the clinical evaluation system reflecting the superiority and characteristics of comprehensive traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy for acute stroke.Methods: A randomized controlled trial with single blind in various therapeutic centers was applied on the patients with the acute stage of hemorrhagic stroke due to hypertension, who were allocated to the trial group and the control group. The trial group accepted the general Western medicine therapy and differential treatment of traditional Chinese medicine based on stage classification. Patients in the control group were treated with the general Western medicine and the placebo of traditional Chinese herbal medicine. The treatment effect was assessed at the 7th day, 14th day, 21st day, and 28th day of post-treatment and after 3-month follow-up. The clinical evaluation system included the syndromes of TCM (ZH), Glasgow coma standard (GCS), nerve functional failure (NF), activity of daily living (ADL), Barther index (BI), quality of life index (QLI) and functional activities questionnaire (FAQ).Results: Four hundred and four patients with acute stroke were included. There were 178 cases with yang-syndrome and 21 cases with yin-syndrome in the trial group (n=199), and there were 165 cases with yang-syndrome and 40 cases with yin-syndrome in the control group (n=205). The rates of recovery and obvious improvement after 3-month treatment in the trial group and the control group were 86.5% and 73.6% respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01). The response sensitivity of the effect items indicated that the sensitivity of GCS began to increase from the 7th day and was high at the 14th day and the 21st day for all patients. The response sensitivity of the NF scale was high for all patients at the 14th day, the 21st day and the 28th day. The BI scale and the QLI scale were sensitive to the patients with light and middle stage of stroke at the 21st day, and were sensitive to the patients with light stage of stroke after 3-month follow-up. The FAQ scale was sensitive to the light stroke at the 21st day and after 3-month follow-up. The ADL scale was sensitive to all patients at the 28th day and the patients with light stage of stroke after 3-month follow-up. The ZH scale was sensitive to all patients from 0 to 7 d, the 14th day, and the 28th day. The principle components analysis indicated these 7 items could reflect the condition of stroke from 0-7 d, the 21st day and after 3-month follow-up, and could be used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of hemor
Effect of tetromethylpyrazine and aminoguanidine on expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in kidney of diabetic rats
HUANG Yan
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the therapeutic mechanism of tetromethylpyrazine and aminoguanidine on diabetic nephropathy. Methods: Diabetic rats were induced by streptozotocin. They were divided into 5 groups: normal control group (group C), untreated diabetic group (group DM), tetromethylpyrazine treated group (group TMP), aminoguanidine treated group (group AG) and tetromethylpyrazine and aminoguanidine treated group (group TMP+AG). The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in renal cortex of the rats in each group was observed by immunohistochemical staining after 12 weeks. Results: The expression of VEGF in renal cortex of the rats in group TMP+AG and group C was alike. The expression of VEGF in renal cortex of group TMP and group AG decreased significantly as compared with that of group C, but was still above normal level. Conclusion: The therapeutic mechanism of tetromethylpyrazine and aminoguanidine on diabetic nephropathy may be inhibiting the over-expression of VEGF in kidney of diabetic rats.
Outcome and safety assessment of an herbal medicine treatment protocol for yin pattern of acute ischemic stroke
Yan HUANG
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2010,
Abstract: Background: The morbidity of stroke is high. Traditional Chinese medicine is commonly used for patients with ischemic stroke in China, but the efficacy need be further proved. Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of an herbal medicine treatment regimen integrating traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine for ischemic stroke patients with yin pattern syndrome.Design, setting, participants and interventions: A multicenter, randomized and controlled clinical trial was adopted. A total of 537 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled in 22 hospitals from July 2005 to October 2006, among whom 274 were assigned to group A (herbal group) and administered with Western medicine plus herbal medicine treatment, and the other 263 in group B (control group) with Western medicine plus placebo. The patients in two groups were all treated for 21 days.Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint of outcome measures was Barthel index. The secondary endpoints included National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, the modified Rankin criteria, Stroke Specific Quality of Life, and Stroke Scale of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The adverse effects of the treatment were also observed.Results: A total of 622 randomization numbers were applied by the centers and 16 numbers were lost for mishandling, so a total of 606 patients were included. Fifteen patients were excluded (5 in group A, and 10 in group B), and 54 (25 in group A, and 29 in group B) lost in follow-up. A total of 537 patients completed the trial and a per-protocol set analysis was conducted. There were no statistical differences in age, sex, pulse rate, heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, medical history, neurological deficit scores, scores on Glasgow Coma Scale, and lesion size of intracerebral ischemia between the two groups at baseline (P>0.05). Twelve patients, including 5 in group A and 7 in group B, died during the 90 days of research period, and no significant difference was found between the two groups. Compared with Western medicine alone, herbal medicine treatment could improve the neurological deficit at day 21, activities of daily living at day 90 of follow-up, and the patient-reported outcome at days 21, 60, and 90 (P<0.05). Independent living ability of the patients was also improved (67.9% of group A vs 59.3% of group B, 0-1 at modified Rankin criteria). Moreover, the herbal medicine treatment showed a tendency in improving quality of life at a time-dependent manner. Adverse events, including gastrointestinal adverse events, skin symptoms, hemorrhagic tendency, and amin
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