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Individual and Neighborhood Influences on Intercaste Marriage
Scott T. Yabiku
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Although social scientists have long examined marital homogamy, most have focused on Western settings, and few have examined a marriage behavior that is relevant for South Asian settings: intercaste marriage. Using survey data from over 3200 individuals in the Chitwan Valley of Nepal, I examine individual and neighborhood influences on intercaste marriage. The findings suggest that an individual`s education is negatively associated with intercaste marriage. Childhood exposure to neighborhood nonfamily organizations such as schools, health clinics, markets, and cinemas, however, is positively associated with intercaste marriage. These neighborhood influences suggest the importance of a life course approach in which early childhood experiences have long-term effects on individuals` intergroup relations, including intercaste marriage.
The Question of the Difference: a study with the descendants of Japanese immigrants in Brazil
Patrícia Helena Britisqui Yabiku,Leila Maria Ferreira Salles
Educa??o : Teoria e Prática , 2007,
Abstract: The main objectives of this work are: to understand the perceptions that undergraduate students, descendants of Japanese immigrants, have on themselves; to identify the images that Brazilian undergraduate students whose ascendants are not Japanese have on the Japanese descendants; to compare these images to the expected imagesthe Japanese students have on others’ perceptions about them. In such a way we conducted half-structuralized interviews with the Japanese descendants and applied a Likert type scale of 5 points questionnaire to the non Japanese group. The analyzed data don’t allowed to conclude on the existence of preconceptions in relation to the Japanese descendants , but it shows the Japanese and their descendants are perceived as different by the own Japanese descendants and their friends, which points to the importance of deepening the discussion about the identity formation of the immigrants and their descendants in Brazilian society.
Uso de ganciclovir 0,15% gel para tratamento de ceratoconjuntivite adenoviral
Yabiku, Simone Tiemi;Yabiku, Mariann Midori;Bottós, Kátia Mantovani;Araújo, Aline Lutz;Freitas, Denise de;Belfort Jr., Rubens;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492011000600007
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the efficacy and the toxicity of 0.15% ganciclovir gel in the treatment of adenoviral conjunctivitis and in preventing ocular complications after adenoviral conjunctivitis, such as corneal infiltrates and pseudomembranes. methods: double blind, interventional and randomized clinical trial. thirty-three patients with clinical diagnosis of adenoviral conjunctivitis with onset of symptoms for five or less days were randomized in two groups: group 1 (treatment) with 19 patients used ganciclovir gel and group 2 (control) with 14 patients used artificial tears without preservative. patients answered a questionnaire of signs and symptoms and were submitted to an ophthalmologic exam. on the 6th and 10th days of treatment they answered the same questions and were re-examined by the same ophthalmologist. signs and symptoms were compared. t student, mann-whitney e wilcoxon tests were used to statistical analysis. results: trend of better response in the treatment group in relation of patients' perception, besides faster improvement of this group compared to the control group (p=0.26). there were lower transmission to the fellow eye (p=0.86) and to people living together (p=0.16) in the treatment group. no statistical difference related to signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis were found comparing both groups. we observed statistical difference in pain, itch and photophobia only in the treatment group, comparing each group alone. no toxicity and more tolerance of the ganciclovir were observed. there was no statistical difference in the ocular complications after conjunctivitis between both groups. conclusions: this study showed trend of better and faster response of the signs and symptoms of the patients treated with ganciclovir compared with the control group, but with no statistical significant. these results need to be confirmed by additional studies, with more patients and longer follow-up. clinical trails.gov: nct01349452
Influência da idade no comportamento da press?o intraocular em uma popula??o da regi?o Sul-brasileira
Sakata, Viviane Mayumi;Sakata, Lisandro Massanori;Yabiku, Mariann;Duarte Filho, Newton Parreira;Moreira, Ana Tereza Ramos;Sakata, Kenji;
Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72802010000200005
Abstract: purpose: to assess the influence of age on intra-ocular pressure (iop) in subjects aged over 40 years old. methods: this transversal and observational study realized at piraquara city (pr) measured the iop using goldmann applanation tonometry. all subjects were submitted to a screening exam and patients considered as glaucoma suspects or ocular hypertensive patients were invited to a second evaluation, where a complete ophthalmological exam was performed. for the data analysis, all subjects were separated by age (40-49; 50-59; 60-69; and above 70 years of age). further analysis excluded all patients with glaucoma and/or glaucoma suspects, systemic arterial hypertension (sah) and diabetes. results: a total of 3360 subjects were evaluated of whom 2001 (59,79%) were females. the mean age was 54,04 ± 10,52 years. there was no difference in mean iop among age groups (p = 0.19; anova test). it was not observed any significant correlation between age and iop (p = 0,11; pearson linear correlation). when all the subjects with glaucoma and/or glaucoma suspects (n=161), dm (n=360) and sah (n=1671) were excluded, there was no difference in mean iop among age groups (p = 0.17; anova test). however, it was observed a weak and significant negative correlation between age and iop (p = 0,03; r = - 0,055; pearson linear correlation). conclusion: in our sample, there was no significant influence of age in iop. however, after all subjects with glaucoma and/or glaucoma suspects, diabetes and sah were excluded, it was observed a weak negative influence of age in iop.
Aberra??es ópticas de alta ordem em pacientes com distonias faciais tratados com toxina botulínica
Yabiku, Mariann Midori;Sartori, Juliana de Filippi;Sarraff, Eduardo Pantale?o;Osaki, Tammy Hentona;Hossaka, Sidarta Keizo;Pereira, Carolina Isolane;Freitas, Wilson de;Osaki, Midori Hentona;Cariello, Angelino Julio;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492011000600006
Abstract: purpose: to analyze the ocular wavefront aberrations in patients with facial dystonia treated with botulinum toxin a. methods: patients with benign essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm in activity underwent slit lamp examination and bilateral wavefront analysis under pharmacologic mydriasis using alcon ladarvision? wavefront aberrometry system. after that, all patients were treated with botulinum toxin a injections performed by the same ophthalmologist. after one month, the wavefront analysis was performed in the same way and by the same examiner. the main outcome measure was the change in ocular wavefront aberrations. paired t-test was used to compare pre and post-injection numeric wavefront values. results: from a total of 11 patients enrolled in this study, 6 (54.5%) had essential blepharospasm and 5 (45.5%) had hemifacial spasm. the fellow eyes of patients with hemifacial spasm were not included, totalizing 17 eyes with spasm. eight patients were female (72.7%) and three were male (27.3%), the male:female ratio was 1:2.6. the age ranged from 50 to 72 years old with a mean of 65.9 ± 8.2 years. the mean of high order root mean square (rms) wavefront aberrations was 0.68 before and 0.63 one month after the treatment (p=0.01). before the treatment, the mean of spherical aberration was 0.23 and decreased to 0.17 one month after the treatment (p=0.01). there was no significant difference in the other higher-order aberrations before and after the treatment (p>0.05). conclusion: the treatment with botulium toxin may decrease spherical aberrations in patients with facial dystonia.
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