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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27177 matches for " YUAN Chuan "
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Some Equivalent Forms of Bernoulli’s Inequality: A Survey  [PDF]
Yuan-Chuan Li, Cheh-Chih Yeh
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.47146
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to link some known inequalities which are equivalent to Bernoulli’s inequality.
Lorentz Factor Constraint from the very early external shock of the gamma-ray burst ejecta
Yuan-Chuan Zou,Tsvi Piran
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15863.x
Abstract: While it is generally agreed that the emitting regions in Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) move ultra relativistically towards the observer, different estimates of the initial Lorentz factors, $\Gamma_0$, lead to different, at times conflicting estimates. We show here that the quiet periods in which the signals goes down below the instrumental thresholds, put strong upper limits on the values of $\Gamma_0$. According to the standard internal-external shocks model an external shock should develop during the prompt stage. This external shock radiates in the hard X-rays to soft gamma-rays bands and this emission should be seen as a smooth background signal. The observed deep minima indicate that this contribution is negligible. This limits, in turn, $\Gamma_0$. We obtain upper limits on $\Gamma_0$ for several bursts with typical values around hundreds. We compare these values with those obtained by the other methods, which typically yield lower limits. The results are marginally consistent leaving only a narrow range of allowed values for $\Gamma_0$.
A new representation of the light curve and its power density spectrum
Jun Tian,Yuan-Chuan Zou
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We present a new representation of light curves, which is quite different from the binning method. Instead of choosing uniform bins, the reciprocal of interval between two successive photons is adopted to represent the counting rate. A primary application of this light curve is to compute the power density spectrum by means of Lomb Periodogram and to find possible periods. To verify this new representation, we apply this method to artificial periodic data and some known periodic celestial objects, and the periods are all correctly found. Compared with the traditional fast Fourier transform method, our method does not rely on the bin size and has a spontaneously high time resolution, guaranteeing a wide frequency range in power density spectrum, and is especially useful when the photons are rare for its little information losses. Some other applications of the new light curve, like pulse identification, variability and spectral time lag, are also discussed.
Low-Latency SC Decoder Architectures for Polar Codes
Chuan Zhang,Bo Yuan,Keshab K. Parhi
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: Nowadays polar codes are becoming one of the most favorable capacity achieving error correction codes for their low encoding and decoding complexity. However, due to the large code length required by practical applications, the few existing successive cancellation (SC) decoder implementations still suffer from not only the high hardware cost but also the long decoding latency. This paper presents novel several approaches to design low-latency decoders for polar codes based on look-ahead techniques. Look-ahead techniques can be employed to reschedule the decoding process of polar decoder in numerous approaches. However, among those approaches, only well-arranged ones can achieve good performance in terms of both latency and hardware complexity. By revealing the recurrence property of SC decoding chart, the authors succeed in reducing the decoding latency by 50% with look-ahead techniques. With the help of VLSI-DSP design techniques such as pipelining, folding, unfolding, and parallel processing, methodologies for four different polar decoder architectures have been proposed to meet various application demands. Sub-structure sharing scheme has been adopted to design the merged processing element (PE) for further hardware reduction. In addition, systematic methods for construction refined pipelining decoder (2nd design) and the input generating circuits (ICG) block have been given. Detailed gate-level analysis has demonstrated that the proposed designs show latency advantages over conventional ones with similar hardware cost.
Reduced-Latency SC Polar Decoder Architectures
Chuan Zhang,Bo Yuan,Keshab K. Parhi
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: Polar codes have become one of the most favorable capacity achieving error correction codes (ECC) along with their simple encoding method. However, among the very few prior successive cancellation (SC) polar decoder designs, the required long code length makes the decoding latency high. In this paper, conventional decoding algorithm is transformed with look-ahead techniques. This reduces the decoding latency by 50%. With pipelining and parallel processing schemes, a parallel SC polar decoder is proposed. Sub-structure sharing approach is employed to design the merged processing element (PE). Moreover, inspired by the real FFT architecture, this paper presents a novel input generating circuit (ICG) block that can generate additional input signals for merged PEs on-the-fly. Gate-level analysis has demonstrated that the proposed design shows advantages of 50% decoding latency and twice throughput over the conventional one with similar hardware cost.
A Flexible Quasi-Solid-State Electrochromic Device with Polymeric Electrolyte and WO3/NiO Complementary System  [PDF]
Jen-Yuan Wang, Min-Chuan Wang, Der-Jun Jan
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.37018

A flexible quasi-solid-state electrochromic device (ECD), assembled with a polymeric crystal composite electrolyte and tungsten oxide/nickel oxide (WO3/NiO) complementary system, is demonstrated in this study. The polymer composite, which is composed of a UV-cured ethoxylated trimethylolpropane triacrylate (ETPTA), propylene carbonate (PC) and ferrocene (Fc), is used as the electrolyte in the flexible quasi-solid-state ECD. The optimal composition ration of this composite is at the weight ratio of 15/85 for ETPTA/PC with 1 M LiClO4. For the cathodic electrochromic electrode, a flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is used as the substrate, and indium-tin- oxide (ITO) and WO3 are deposited sequentially on the PET by sputtering. A NiO/ITO/PET electrode prepared by sputtering is used as the anodic coloring electrode. The thickness of ITO, WO3 and NiO film is 110, 70 and 60 nm, respectively. This flexible all-solid-state ECD fabricated with the polymeric crystal composite electrolyte shows an optical contrast of ca. 37.5% at 550 nm. The optical transmittance of the ECD at 550 nm can be reversibly modulated from 47.5% (bleached) to 10.0% (darkened), by applying potentials of 2.5 and 2.5 V, respectively.

Mathematical Modeling of the Phoenix Rising Pathway
Chad Liu,Chuan-Yuan Li,Fan Yuan
PLOS Computational Biology , 2014, DOI: doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003461
Abstract: Apoptosis is a tightly controlled process in mammalian cells. It is important for embryogenesis, tissue homoeostasis, and cancer treatment. Apoptosis not only induces cell death, but also leads to the release of signals that promote rapid proliferation of surrounding cells through the Phoenix Rising (PR) pathway. To quantitatively understand the kinetics of interactions of different molecules in this pathway, we developed a mathematical model to simulate the effects of various changes in the PR pathway on the secretion of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a key factor for promoting cell proliferation. These changes include activation of caspase 3 (C3), caspase 7 (C7), and nuclear factor κB (NFκB). In addition, we simulated the effects of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) inhibition and C3 knockout on the level of secreted PGE2. The model predictions on PGE2 in MEF and 4T1 cells at 48 hours after 10-Gray radiation were quantitatively consistent with the experimental data in the literature. Compared to C7, the model predicted that C3 activation was more critical for PGE2 production. The model also predicted that PGE2 production could be significantly reduced when COX2 expression was blocked via either NFκB inactivation or treatment of cells with exogenous COX2 inhibitors, which led to a decrease in the rate of conversion from arachidonic acid to prostaglandin H2 in the PR pathway. In conclusion, the mathematical model developed in this study yielded new insights into the process of tissue regrowth stimulated by signals from apoptotic cells. In future studies, the model can be used for experimental data analysis and assisting development of novel strategies/drugs for improving cancer treatment or normal tissue regeneration.
Multiobjective Optimization of Low-Specific-Speed Multistage Pumps by Using Matrix Analysis and CFD Method
Qiaorui Si,Shouqi Yuan,Jianping Yuan,Chuan Wang,Weigang Lu
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/136195
Abstract: The implementation of energy-saving and emission-reduction techniques has become a worldwide consensus. Thus, special attention should be provided to the field of pump optimization. With the objective of focusing on multiobjective optimization problems in low-specific-speed pumps, 10 parameters were carefully selected in this study for an (310) orthogonal experiment. The parameters include the outlet width of the impeller blade, blade number, and inlet setting angle of the guide vane. The numerical calculation appropriate for forecasting the performance of multistage pumps, such as the head, efficiency, and shaft power, was analyzed. Results were obtained after calculating the two-stage flow field of the pump through computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods. A matrix method was proposed to optimize the results of the orthographic experiment. The optimal plan was selected according to the weight of each factor. Calculated results indicate that the inlet setting angle of the guide vane influences efficiency significantly and that the outlet angle of blades has an effect on the head and shaft power. A prototype was produced with the optimal plan for testing. The efficiency rating of the prototype reached 58.61%; maximum shaft power was within the design requirements, which verifies that the proposed method is feasible for pump optimization. 1. Introduction Pumps are widely utilized in various fields of the national economy [1]. Where there is water, there are pumps. Low-specific-speed centrifugal pumps are commonly employed in sewage treatment and well pumping because of their small flow and high head. They consume large amounts of energy and have a potential for energy saving. Low efficiency and overload tendency in long-term large-flow operations are the two obstacles in designing such pumps; the impeller diameter of low-specific-speed centrifugal pumps is relatively large, and the flow channel is long and narrow, resulting in significant disc friction and hydraulic loss. Thus, the efficiency of low-specific-speed centrifugal pumps is relatively low; the shaft power curves of such pumps increase sharply. The greater flow method is usually adopted in the design of low-specific-speed pumps to enhance flow efficiency. Thus, the ratio of macroshaft power to designed power becomes much higher than that of common centrifugal pumps. A motor whose export pipeline has no valve burns out easily [2, 3]. Pumps are usually designed in multistages to increase the amount of pressure because of limitations imposed by costs or diameter, such as the case of well pumps.
On Local -Times Integrated -Semigroups
Yuan-Chuan Li,Sen-Yen Shaw
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/34890
Abstract: This paper presents several characterizations of a local α-times integrated C-semigroup {T(t);0≤t<τ} by means of functional equation, subgenerator, and well-posedness of an associated abstract Cauchy problem. We also discuss properties concerning the nondegeneracy of T(⋅), the injectivity of C, the closability of subgenerators, the commutativity of T(⋅), and extension of solutions of the associated abstract Cauchy problem.
One- and two-photon absorption properties of two metalloporphyrin complexes

Sun Yuan-Hong,Wang Chuan-Kui,

中国物理 B , 2011,
Abstract: The linear and nonlinear optical properties of two metalloporphyrin complexes formed by the complementary coordination of central zinc or magnesium ions to the ligand 5, 10, 15-tri-(p-tolyl)-20-phenylethynylporphyrin are theoretically investigated by using the analytic response theory at the density functional theory level. The results indicate that the studied complexes present more symmetric geometry structures than the ligand. The charge-transfer states of the two complexes in the lower energy region are all almost degenerate but those of the ligand are well separated. The ratio of the two-photon absorption cross sections of the ligand, zinc-porphyrin and magnesium-porphyrin complexes is 1.0:1.5:1.8, demonstrating that the two-photon absorption capability can be greatly increased when the ligand is coordinated with a metal ion. Moreover, several physical micro-mechanisms including electron transitions and intramolecular charge-transfer processes are discussed to explore the differences in optical property between the ligand and two complexes.
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