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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4227 matches for " YC Miao "
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An endophytic Taxol-producing fungus BT2 isolated from Taxus chinensis var. mairei
BH Guo, YC Wang, XW Zhou, K Hu, F Tan, ZQ Miao, KX Tang
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2006,
Abstract: BT2, a newly isolated endophytic fungus from Taxus chinensis var. mairei, was observed to produce Taxol. Besides Taxol, a potent anticancer drug, BT2 could also yield taxane baccatin III, which was an important intermediate for Taxol and semi-synthesis of Taxol in industry. The isolation of such a fungus may provide a promising alterative approach to produce Taxol, and BT2 can serve as a potential material for fungus engineering to improve Taxol production
SIMULATION OF THE TWIN ROLL STAINLESS STRIP CASTING PROCESS
YC Miao,XM Zhang,GD Wang,
Y.C. Miao
,X.M. Zhang,G.D. Wang,H.S. Di and X.H. Liu

金属学报(英文版) , 2001,
Abstract: The position of the solidification completed temperature of twin roll stainless strip casting process is very important to the quality of the casting strip. In order to control this position, the .solidification completed temperature should be known at first. The present paper first. simulated dendritic microsegregation under conditions of twin roll stainless strip casting, and got the relationship between the temperature and solid fraction of the mush zone. The temperatures such as ZDT (equal to the solidifica- tion completed temperature and LIT (liquid impenetrable temperature), et al., also were obtained. Then by using the turbulent model, the flow and thermal fields of the pool of the twin roll stainless strip casting, and the speed and temperature fields oj different casting speeds were given cud also explained. The results are coincident with the experimental result. Combined with the results of these two simulations, the appropriated casting speed was found.
PREHYPERTENSION: WHAT IS THE CURRENT STATUS?
CHIA YC
Malaysian Family Physician , 2008,
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is a continuum across blood pressure. The term prehypertension was introduced because it is now recognized that blood pressure readings between what is deemed optimal and hypertension is associated with increased CVD risk. The prevalence of prehypertension is high and the progression to hypertension is also high. Prehypertension is also commonly associated with other CVD risk factors namely dyslipidaemia, dysgylcaemia and overweight/obesity. Eighty-five percent of prehypertensives have one other or more CVD risk factor compared to normotensives. A recent study has shown a reduction in the development of hypertension from prehypertension with the use of an angiotensin receptor blocker. Unfortunately to date, the impact of treatment of prehypertension on CVD outcome is still unknown except in those with high CVD risk like diabetes or established CVD. However this does not mean nothing can be done for those with prehypertension. The aim of managing prehypertension is to lower the BP, prevent progression to hypertension and to prevent BP related CVD deaths. Lifestyle changes can reduce BP and this by itself can lower CVD risk. Until more evidence about other modalities of treatment become available this is a sensible and cost-effective way to manage prehypertension.
UNDERSTANDING PATIENT MANAGEMENT: THE NEED FOR MEDICATION ADHERENCE AND PERSISTENCE
CHIA YC
Malaysian Family Physician , 2008,
Abstract:
Extensive Mongolian Spots with Autosomal Dominant Inheritance
Beeregowda YC,Naveen Kumar,Manjunatha YC
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Mongolian spots are benign skin markings at birth which fade and disappear as the child grows.Often persistent extensive Mongolian spots are associated with inborn error of metabolism. We report thirteen people of the single family manifested with extensive Mongolian spots showing autosomal dominantinheritance.Case Presentation: A one day old female child, product of second degree consanguineous marriage, born bynormal vaginal delivery with history of meconium stained amniotic fluid and birth asphyxia. On examination the child showed extensive bluish discoloration of the body involving trunk and extremities in both anterior and posterior aspects associated with bluish discoloration of the tongue. A detailed family history revealedmost of the family members manifested with extensive bluish discoloration of the body soon after birth which faded in the first few years of life and completely disappeared by puberty. Thus it was diagnosed to be extensive Mongolian spots with an autosomal dominant inheritance.Conclusion: Knowledge about the natural history of extensive ongolian spots, their inheritance and association with certain metabolic diseases mainly IEM and Mucopolysaccharidosis aids in the diagnosis and in order to improve the patient’s prognosis.
Comparison of the air-Q ILA and the LMA-Fastrach in airway management during general anaesthesia
EU Neoh, YC Choy
Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia , 2012,
Abstract: One hundred and sixty patients aged between 20-60 years with ASA physical status I-II, undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia, were enrolled into this prospective, randomised, double-blinded study to compare the success rate of tracheal intubation between the air-Q intubating laryngeal airway (ILA) and the laryngeal mask airway (LMA)-Fastrach (80 patients in each group). The degree of mouth opening, occurrence of coughing, laryngospasm, ease of insertion, adequacy of ventilation, and number of attempts were recorded during the insertion of the air-Q ILA and the LMA-Fastrach . Tracheal intubation via the supraglottic airway devices was then performed, and cricoid manipulation, ease of insertion and number of attempts, were noted. Postoperatively, the degree to which patients had a sore throat using visual analogue scale (VAS), hoarseness of voice and blood on the air-Q ILA and the LMA-Fastrach were recorded. In terms of ease of insertion, there was no statistically significant difference between the insertion of the air-Q ILA and the LMA-Fastrach . However, in terms of ease of tracheal intubation, the LMA-Fastrach group was superior (p-value = 0.001) in terms of external cricoid manipulation requirement, ease of intubation, and the number of attempts (p-value = 0.009). The success of blind intubation, with up to three attempts, was 77 (97.47%) and 60 (75%) patients, in the LMA-Fastrach and air-Q ILA groups, respectively. In conclusion, there was no statistical difference between the air-Q ILA and the LMA-Fastrach in terms of ease of insertion, incidence of adverse response, and adequacy of ventilation. However, tracheal intubation was superior using the LMAFastrach , rather than the air-Q ILA.
Whole body vibration therapy in fracture prevention among adults with chronic disease
Marco YC Pang
World Journal of Orthopedics , 2010, DOI: 10.5312/wjo.v1.i1.20
Abstract: Due to various physical impairments, individuals with chronic diseases often live a sedentary lifestyle, which leads to physical de-conditioning. The associated muscle weakness, functional decline and bone loss also render these individuals highly susceptible to falls and fragility fractures. There is an urgent need to search for safe and effective intervention strategies to prevent fragility fractures by modifying the fall-related risk factors and enhancing bone health. Whole body vibration (WBV) therapy has gained popularity in rehabilitation in recent years. In this type of treatment, mechanical vibration is delivered to the body while the individual is standing on an oscillating platform. As mechanical loading is one of the most powerful stimuli to induce osteogenesis, it is proposed that the mechanical stress applied to the human skeleton in WBV therapy might be beneficial for enhancing bone mass. Additionally, the vibratory signals also constitute a form of sensory stimulation and can induce reflex muscle activation, which could potentially induce therapeutic effects on muscle strength and important sensorimotor functions such as postural control. Increasing research evidence suggests that WBV is effective in enhancing hip bone mineral density, muscle strength and balance ability in elderly patients, and could have potential for individuals with chronic diseases, who often cannot tolerate vigorous impact or resistance exercise training. This article aims to discuss the potential role of WBV therapy in the prevention of fragility fractures among people with chronic diseases.
Application of Hierarchical Model in Non-Life Insurance Actuarial Science  [PDF]
Guiming Miao
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.93025
Abstract: Loss data structures in non-life insurance businesses are increasingly complex, and the tendency of correlation and heterogeneity is gradually presented. Hierarchical model can breakthrough limitation that the traditional rate determination method only analyzes the loss data of the same insurance policy; meanwhile, the accuracy of complex structure data prediction is improved. This paper, using a hierarchical generalized linear model, studies the non-life rate determination of multi-year loss data and takes auto insurance data for empirical analysis. The research results show that GLMM’s fitting degree is greatly improved compared with GLM, considering the random effects. It can more effectively reflect different risk individual differences and also reveal the heterogeneity and correlation of risk individual loss during multiple insurance periods.
Study on Regional Efficiency and Productivity of Guangdong Province
—Based on Hicks-Moorsteen TFP Index
 [PDF]

Jia Miao
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.912134
Abstract: In this paper, Hicks-Moorsteen TFP index is employed to investigate regional efficiency and productivity of 21 cities in Guangdong province during 2000-2015. The findings demonstrate that the efficiency of the whole province first rises and then falls, and has rebounded in recent years. Technical efficiency and scope efficiency have increased, while regional scale efficiency has declined. The Pearl River Delta region has obvious competitive advantages, and scope efficiency alleviates the decline in the efficiency of the non PRD. Secondly, the results indicate that Shenzhen has strong regional development competitiveness, and the economic development efficiency which leads Guangdong province. Thirdly, although the total factor productivity of 21 cities in Guangdong province has increase 0.38 percent with an average level of 1.0165 during this period with a comparatively large fluctuation, the slow growth of technological progress hindered the progress of TFP to some extent. In addition, the TFP level in the PRD region has some advantages over the non PRD region. Finally, as the most efficient city, Shenzhen’s TFP level is in the middle and upper reaches and has great potential.
Literature Review of the Research on Real Estate Financial Risk  [PDF]
Yemin Miao
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2019.72060
Abstract: After a brief conceptual explanation and background introduction of real estate finance and its risks, this paper mainly focuses on the relationship between real estate price fluctuation and financial risk, real estate bubble, the formation and transmission of real estate financial risk, and the control of real estate financial risk. Several research categories were classified and related research was reviewed. In the end, it summarizes and puts forward that China’s research on real estate financial risk also has the following problems and development direction: the research on the connotation of real estate financial risk needs to be improved; the research on real estate bubble needs to be quantified; the research on risk formation needs to be deepened from the mechanism; the research on risk transmission needs to be combined with the reality of China; and the empirical research on real estate financial risk needs to be improved.
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