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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 41103 matches for " YAO Jian "
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Aerodynamic Optimization of the Expansion Section in a Hypersonic Quiet Nozzle Based on Favorable Pressure Effect  [PDF]
Jian Gong, Dapeng Yao, Xunhua Liu
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.26054

Maximum expansion angle is the primary parameter for the design of expansion section of hypersonic quiet nozzle. According to the quantity of maximum expansion angle, expansion section could be classified as fast expansion and slow expansion. In order to diminish the effect of instability of Görtler vortex, gradually, slow expansion was employed for quiet nozzle design. Based on the favorable pressure effect, the maximum expansion angle is optimized in this paper, and a considerable selective session of maximum expansion angle is obtained. The trend that slow expansion is employed instead of fast expansion is explained, and a new method is established for aerodynamic optimization of expansion section contour in a quiet nozzle.

Multi-level Evaluation of Load Supply Adequacy for Transmission Network  [PDF]
Zheng-lin Yang, Jian-guo Yao, Jian Geng
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B141

Considering sharp increase of central integration scale of intermittent energy generation, power system couldn’t rely on the determined model based operation schedule to assure its reliable load supply. Then, this article presents a new load supply adequacy evaluation method, which based on continuous security constrained generation optimization, and provides the functional architecture design of online multi-level short term load supply adequacy evaluation system.

Incentive Mechanism of Green Supply Chain to Promote Supplier’s Technology R&D
Jian Cao,Qingqin Yao
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: Based on the actual situation that the green market started to develop in China today, how to enhance the activity of supplier’s technology R&D is discussed in the study. According to a two-echelon supply chain system consists of a manufacturer and a supplier, under the asymmetric information of supplier’s R&D efforts level, the incentive mechanism for supplier to improve the green degree of intermediate goods is designed. The proposed incentive mechanism can stimulate the supplier’s R&D effort level at its maximum and achieve the system revenue as much as possible. The conclusion has a good practical guidance to operational decision-making of the members of green supply chain in the early green market.
A preliminary study on DNA sequence diversity of soil microbial community affected by agricultural chemicals

YAO Jian,

生态学报 , 2000,
Abstract: The DNA sequence diversity in four soil microbial communities affected by agricultural chemicals was evaluated by using random amplified polymorphic DNA(RAPD)fingerprints.The results showed that these soil microbial communities had differences at DNA sequence richness,diversity index and evenness.The changes in the soil microbial community diversity by agricultural chemicals were found at the DNA level.It was suggested that enrichment or loss of some microbial species may occur in the soils polluted by fert...
Interactions between Multipolar Nuclear Transitions and Gravitational Waves
Yao Cheng,Jian Qi Shen
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: Interactions between multipolar nuclear transitions and gravitational waves (GWs) are theoretically investigated. Two nonclassical scenarios of the GW detection are suggested. We demonstrate in this report that the long-lived Moessbauer nuclides of multipolar transitions are suitable transducers to detect the impinging GWs. Shape deformation and spin flip of nucleus are derived from the Hamiltonian with gravity interaction. The GWs generate a nuclear quadrupole deformation in analogy with the Stark effect, of which the electric field generates the dipole deformation of electron orbits. Likewise in analogy with the nuclear magnetic resonance that the rotating radio-frequency field flips the nuclear spin, the GWs flip the nuclear spin by the resonant helicity-rotation-gravity coupling. The high energy states of the quadrupole deformation in heavy nuclides can dramatically speed up the multipolar transitions, which may be important for the GW detection particularly in the low frequency band, ranging from 100 nHz to 1 Hz.
Comparative Analysis of Protein Expression Concomitant with DNA Methyltransferase 3A Depletion in a Melanoma Cell Line  [PDF]
Xiaoyan Liu, Shengnan Tang, Tonghua Li, Haoyue Wang, Jiangming Sun, Qian Qiao, Jun Yao, Jian Fei
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.25064
Abstract: DNA methyltransferase 3A (Dnmt3a), a de novo methyltransferase, has attracted a great deal of attention for its important role played in tumorigenesis. We have previously demonstrated that melanoma is unable to grow in-vivo in conditions of Dnmt3a depletion in a mouse model. In this study, we cultured the Dnmt3a depletion B16 melanoma (Dnmt3a-D) cell line to conduct a comparative analysis of protein expression con-comitant with Dnmt3a depletion in a melanoma cell line. After two-dimensional separation, by gel electro-phoresis and liquid chromatography, combined with mass spectrometry analysis (1DE-LC-MS/MS), the re-sults demonstrated that 467 proteins were up-regulated and 535 proteins were down-regulated in the Dnmt3a-D cell line compared to the negative control (NC) cell line. The Genome Ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway were used to further analyze the altered proteins. KEGG pathway analysis indicated that the MAPK signaling pathway exhibited a greater alteration in proteins, an interesting finding due to the close relation-ship with tumorigenesis. The results strongly suggested that Dnmt3a potentially controls the process of tu-morigenesis through the regulation of the proteins (JNK1, p38α, ERK1, ERK2, and BRAF) involved in tu-mor-related pathways, such as the MAPK signaling pathway and melanoma pathway.
Genotoxic and Biological Evaluation of a Nano Silica Cross Linked Composite Specifically Used for Intra-Vas Device  [PDF]
Shu-Jian Chen, Yao Bai, Xun-Bin Huang, Jin-Ping Suo, Juan Li
Soft Nanoscience Letters (SNL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/snl.2012.23005
Abstract: The Context: Aims: To evaluate the biocompatibility and in vitro genotoxicity of a non-copper nano silica polymer modified composite for filtering-type intra-vas devices. Settings and Design: Academic research laboratory, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Prospective experimental study. Methods and Material: Non-copper nano silica polymer modified composite rods were implanted into the back muscle of rabbits for biocompatibility evaluation. Comet assay was applied to the determination of DNA damage, while, Mutagenic activity was tested by means of Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA 100 tester strains with and without metabolic activation. Statistical analysis used: qualitative and quantitative data were tested using the Chi-square test and Student’s test. Results: Only mild inflammatory reaction was observed in the surrounding tissues of the implanted nano-silica modified polymer composite in the early implantation stage, which was similar to that of the sham-operated group. The inflammatory reaction was completely disappeared after 12 weeks. No significant DNA damage (P > 0.05) were tested on the nano-silica modified polymer composite in Comet assay. In Ames test, the extracts from non-copper composite did not exert mutagenic effect on the bacterial. Conclusions: The non-copper nano silica modified composite did not exhibit in vitro genotoxicity and obvious inflammation in tissue, it would be a safe biomaterial for further clinical trial.
Automatic Body Feature Extraction from Front and Side Images  [PDF]
Lingyan Jiang, Jian Yao, Baopu Li, Fei Fang, Qi Zhang, Max Q.-H. Meng
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2012.512B019
Abstract: Human body feature extraction based on 2D images provides an efficient method for many applications, e.g. non-contact body size measurements, constructing 3D human model and recognizing human actions. In this paper a systematic approach is proposed to detect feature points of human body automatically from its front and side images. Firstly, an efficient approach for silhouette and contour detection is used to represent the contour curves of a human body shape with Freeman’s 8-connected chain codes. The contour curves are considered as a number of segments connected together. Then, a series of feature points on human body are extracted based on the specified rules by measuring the differences between the directions of the segments. In total, 101 feature points with clearly geometric properties (that rather accurately reflect the bump or turning of the contours) are extracted automatically, including 27 points corresponding to the definitions of the landmarks about garment measurements. Finally, the proposed approach was tested on ten human subjects and the entire 101 feature points with specific geography geometrical characteristics were correctly extracted, indicating an effective and robust performance.


Regulated Spatial Distribution of Cyclooxygenases and Lipoxygenases in Crohn's Ulcer
Yao Mao,Jian'an Ren,Jieshou Li
Mediators of Inflammation , 2006, DOI: 10.1155/mi/2006/89581
Abstract: Background and Aims. Arachidonic acid metabolism actively participates in the initiation, climaxing, and resolution phases of inflammation, and its close connection with inflammatory bowel diseases has been only recently discovered. We aimed to clarify the role of different arachidonic pathways and the interrelationships between them in Crohn's disease. Methods. Seventeen specimens of Crohn's disease dated between 2003/1/1 and 2005/1/1 were collected and underwent immunohistochemical analyses with cylcooxygenase 1, cyclooxygenase 2, 5-lipoxygenase, and 15-lipoxygenase-1 antibodies. Results. (1) The spatial distribution of the three leading enzymes in arachidonic acid pathway—cyclooxygenase 2, 5-lipoxygenase, and 15-lipoxygenase-1—followed sequential arrangement in Crohn's ulcer: neutrophils highly expressing 5-lipoxygenase were in the utmost surface which bordered the band of cyclooxygenase-2 expression that is located just beneath it, and in the lower layers and below the granulation region were eosinophils carrying 15-lipoxygeanse-1. (2) Cyclooxygenase-2 and 15-Lipoxygenase-1-positive cells formed two barrier-like structures that possibly inhibited neutrophil infiltration. Conclusion. The regulated distribution indicated coordinated interplay between inflammatory cells and parenchymal cells, between arachidonic acid pathways, and between innate and adaptive immunity; and the barrier-like structures indicated protective roles for cyclooxygenase 2 and 15-Lipoxygenase-1 in Crohn's disease.
Interaction of aerodynamic roughness length and windflow conditions and its parameterization over vegetation surface
Qiang Zhang,Jian Zeng,Tong Yao
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-012-5000-y
Abstract: Surface aerodynamic roughness length is usually taken as a constant. In fact, it displays a remarkable dynamic change over underlying vegetation surfaces, because of the coupling of land surface roughness elements and windflow conditions. Current international research on this dynamic change and associated mechanisms is very limited. Using observations from different underlying surfaces (including forest, farmland and grassland) provided by a northern China coordinated observation test, the variation of aerodynamic roughness length, along with wind speed and friction velocity, is analyzed. We introduce two relationship fits, between aerodynamic roughness length and wind speed u, and dynamic variable u 2/u*. Results show that aerodynamic roughness length has a clear dynamic change, and has complicated interactions with near-surface windflow. Further, the relationship fits between aerodynamic roughness length, u and u 2/u*, are not only related to the roughness properties of the underlying vegetation surface (e.g. plant height), but also to plant dynamic response characteristics (e.g. flexibility). Aerodynamic roughness length decreases with increasing wind speed, because near-surface windflow conditions can change both plant roughness properties and airflow. However, the change of aerodynamic roughness length with friction velocity is complicated, and its sensitivities and transition points significantly depend on vegetation type. For underlying surfaces of forest and corn, with relatively substantial vegetative cover, roughness length correlates well with wind speed. For a surface with short vegetative cover, like natural lawn, the correlation is low. However, for all of the three vegetative surfaces, there is a close relation between roughness length and u 2/u*, and their coefficients of fit from testing essentially represent the plant height and flexibility of different vegetation types. The test results also indicate that the parameterized relationships of roughness length over the underlying vegetation surface hold prospects for application.
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