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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 62076 matches for " Y. Yin "
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Singlet-triplet relaxation induced by confined phonons in nanowire-based quantum dots
Y. Yin
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0268-1242/25/12/125004
Abstract: The singlet-triplet relaxation in nanowire-based quantum dots induced by confined phonons is investigated theoretically. Due to the quasi-one-dimensional nature of the confined phonons, the singlet-triplet relaxation rates exhibit multi-peaks as function of magnetic field and the relaxation rate between the singlet and the spin up triplet state is found to be enhanced at the vicinity of the singlet-triplet anti-crossing. We compare the effect of the deformation-potential coupling and the piezoelectric coupling and find that the deformation-potential coupling dominates the relaxation rates in most cases.
The effects of heating by transported dust layers on cloud and precipitation: a numerical study
Y. Yin ,L. Chen
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2007,
Abstract: There have been numerous recent publications showing that mineral dust might be a good absorber for solar radiation in addition to its capability to act as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice forming nuclei (IFN), and could lead to reduced cloud cover and precipitation in the region where it is present. This effect is investigated using a dynamic cloud model with detailed microphysics of both warm and ice phase processes. The model is initialized using measured size distributions and concentrations of mineral dust particles. Our results show that when dust appears at the cloud-base height and below 3 km, where the temperature is warmer than 5°C, the heating induced by the presence of dust layers can inhibit the formation of cloud droplets and suppresses the development of precipitation, leading to lower cloud optical depth and albedo. On the other hand, when the dust layers are located at altitudes with temperature colder than 5°C, or above the 5°C level, mineral aerosols can act as effective ice nuclei, intensify the ice-forming processes, and may enhance the development of cloud and precipitation. It is also found that the heating effect is more pronounced in continental clouds than in maritime clouds.
Long-range transport of mineral aerosols and its absorbing and heating effects on cloud and precipitation: a numerical study
Y. Yin,L. Chen
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions , 2007,
Abstract: There have been numerous recent publications showing that mineral dust might be a good absorber for solar radiation in addition to its capability as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice forming nuclei (IFN), and could lead to reduced cloud cover and precipitation in the region it presents. This effect is investigated using a cloud model with detailed microphysics of both warm and ice phase processes. The model is initialized using measured distributions and concentration of mineral dust particles. Our results show that when the dust layer with peak concentration appears at the cloud-base height and below 3 km, where the temperature is warmer than –5°C, inhibits the development of cloud particles and precipitation, and together with early activation of larger cloud droplets on giant cloud condensation nuclei, which accelerates drizzle formation through collision coalescence process, reduces the cloud optical depth and albedo. It is also found that only when the dust layer locates at altitudes with temperature colder than –5°C, mineral aerosols can act as effective ice nuclei and intensify the ice-forming processes. Under this condition, the existence of dust layer can either increase or decrease cloud optical depth and albedo, depending on the concentration and chemical composition of the absorbing components, or the time the mineral aerosols suspended in the atmosphere.
Unique Electron Spin Relaxation Induced by Confined Phonons in Nanowire-Based Quantum Dots
Y. Yin,M. W. Wu
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1063/1.3488623
Abstract: Electron spin relaxation in nanowire-based quantum dots induced by confined phonons is investigated theoretically. Due to the one-dimensional nature of the confined phonons, the van Hove singularities of the confined phonons and the zero of the form factor of the electron-phonon coupling can lead to unique features of the spin relaxation rate. Extremely strong spin relaxation can be obtained at the van Hove singularity. Meanwhile the spin relaxation rate can also be greatly suppressed at the zero of the form factor. This unique feature indicates the flexibility of nanowire-based quantum dots in the manipulation of spin states. It also offers a way to probe the property of the confined phonons.
Origin of Low Thermal Conductivity in Nuclear Fuels
Quan Yin,Sergey Y. Savrasov
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.225504
Abstract: Using a novel many-body approach, we report lattice dynamical properties of UO2 and PuO2 and uncover various contributions to their thermal conductivities. Via calculated Grueneisen constants, we show that only longitudinal acoustic modes having large phonon group velocities are efficient heat carriers. Despite the fact that some optical modes also show their velocities which are extremely large, they do not participate in the heat transfer due to their unusual anharmonicity. Ways to improve thermal conductivity in these materials are discussed.
Trapped unitary two-component Fermi gases with up to ten particles
X. Y. Yin,D. Blume
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.013608
Abstract: The properties of two-component Fermi gases with zero-range interactions are universal. We use an explicitly correlated Gaussian basis set expansion approach to investigate small equal-mass two-component Fermi gases under spherically symmetric external harmonic confinement. At unitarity, we determine the ground state energy for systems with up to ten particles interacting through finite-range two-body potentials for both even and odd number of particles. We extrapolate the energies to the zero-range limit using a novel scheme that removes the linear and, in some cases, also the quadratic dependence of the ground state energies on the two-body range. Our extrapolated zero-range energies are compared with results from the literature. We also calculate the two-body Tan contact and structural properties.
Kinetic theory of surface plasmon polariton in semiconductor nanowires
Y. Yin,M. W. Wu
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.165412
Abstract: Based on the semiclassical model Hamiltonian of the surface plasmon polariton and the nonequilibrium Green-function approach, we present a microscopic kinetic theory to study the influence of the electron scattering on the dynamics of the surface plasmon polariton in semiconductor nanowires. The damping of the surface plasmon polariton originates from the resonant absorption by the electrons (Landau damping), and the corresponding damping exhibits size-dependent oscillations and distinct temperature dependence without any scattering. The scattering influences the damping by introducing a broadening and a shifting to the resonance. To demonstrate this, we investigate the damping of the surface plasmon polariton in InAs nanowires in the presence of the electron-impurity, electron-phonon and electron-electron Coulomb scatterings. The main effect of the electron-impurity and electron-phonon scatterings is to introduce a broadening, whereas the electron-electron Coulomb scattering can not only cause a broadening, but also introduce a shifting to the resonance. For InAs nanowires under investigation, the broadening due to the electron-phonon scattering dominates. As a result, the scattering has a pronounced influence on the damping of the surface plasmon polariton: The size-dependent oscillations are smeared out and the temperature dependence is also suppressed in the presence of the scattering. These results demonstrate the the important role of the scattering on the surface plasmon polariton damping in semiconductor nanowires.
Chiral Kinetic Theory
M. A. Stephanov,Y. Yin
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.162001
Abstract: We derive the non-equilibrium kinetic equation describing the motion of chiral massless particles in the regime where it can be considered classically. We show that the Berry monopole which appears at the origin of the momentum space due to level crossing is responsible for the chiral magnetic and vortical effects.
Small two-component Fermi gases in a cubic box with periodic boundary conditions
X. Y. Yin,D. Blume
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.87.063609
Abstract: The properties of two-component Fermi gases become universal if the interspecies s-wave scattering length $a_s$ and the average interparticle spacing are much larger than the range of the underlying two-body potential. Using an explicitly correlated Gaussian basis set expansion approach, we determine the eigen energies of two-component Fermi gases in a cubic box with periodic boundary conditions as functions of the interspecies s-wave scattering length and the effective range of the two-body potential. The universal properties of systems consisting of up to four particles are determined by extrapolating the finite-range energies to the zero-range limit. We determine the eigen energies of states with vanishing and finite momentum. In the weakly-attractive BCS regime, we analyze the energy spectra and degeneracies using first-order degenerate perturbation theory. Excellent agreement between the perturbative energy shifts and the numerically determined energies is obtained. For the infinitely large scattering length case, we compare our results - where available - with those presented in the literature.
Preparation and characterization of keratin-K2Ti6O13 whisker composite film
Y Liu, R Yin, W Yu
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2010,
Abstract: Wool is the most popular natural material. In the textile industries, a lot of waste wool fibres and their products induce actions which lead to the regeneration of wool keratin materials. However, the most significant limitations may be the poor fracture resistance of neat keratin materials. Traditionally, biopolymer was used to enhance the mechanical property of wool keratin material, but it limits the application of the keratin material as a biomaterial. In this article, it was firstly proposed that potassium hexatitanate (K2Ti6O13) whiskers be used to reinforce keratin film. The effects of coupling agent, whisker content, distribution and orientation on properties of composite were investigated by microscope and tensile testing. It was found that K2Ti6O13 whiskers can effectively improve the mechanical properties of keratin films.
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