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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 78015 matches for " Y. Y. Sun "
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Unburned Carbon from Fly Ash for Mercury Adsorption: I. Separation and Characterization of Unburned Carbon  [PDF]
J. Y. Hwang, X. Sun, Z. Li
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2002, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2002.11004
Abstract: In searching for a low cost adsorbent for mercury removal from flue gas, this study focuses on the utilization of unburned carbons from fly ash as the substitute material for the costly activated carbons. In this first paper of the series, various separation technologies are introduced for the extraction of unburned carbon from different sources of fly ash. The unburned carbons have been efficiently separated from clean ash, which is a value-added product for the concrete industry, with the separation technologies such as gravity separation, electrostatic separation, and froth flotation. Carbon concentrate with a LOI (Loss On Ignition) value of 67~80% has been generated from the processes. Characterization of the carbon products has been performed to determine the physical and chemical properties of the material. It has been found that the unburned carbon particles had a porous structure, which is similar to the activated carbon. The BET surface area of these materials was in a range of 25~58m2/g. The majority of the pores are in the range of macropore, and some parts of the surface were embedded with glass spheres. There is a linear relationship between the LOI value and the carbon and sulfur content in the carbon concentrate. Chemical analysis indicated that the mercury content in unburned carbon was much higher than the other separation products, which suggests that the carbon has certain ability to capture mercury from flue gas.
Effect of the equilibrium pair separation on cluster structures
Y. Yang,D. Y. Sun
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.4208/cicp.2009.v6.p730
Abstract: A simple pair potential, which equilibrium pair separation can be varied under a fixed interaction range, has been proposed. The new potential can make both face-centered-cubic(fcc) and body-centered-cubic(bcc) structure stable by simply changing one parameter. To investigate the general effect of the potential shape on cluster structures, the evolution of cluster structures is calculated for different equilibrium pair separations. The small size clusters($N<25$), which adopt the polytetrahedra, are almost independent on the details of the potential. For the large size clusters($25
Local Coarse-grained Approximation to Path Integral Monte Carlo Integration for Fermion Systems
D. Y. Sun
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.79.034002
Abstract: An approximate treatment of exchange in finite-temperature path integral Monte Carlo simulations for fermions has been proposed. In this method, some of the fine details of density matrix due to permutations have been smoothed over or averaged out by using the coarse-grained approximation. The practical usefulness of the method is tested for interacting fermions in a three dimensional harmonic well. The results show that, the present method not only reduces the sign fluctuation of the density matrix, but also avoid the fermion system collapsing into boson system at low temperatures. The method is substantiated to be exact when applied to free particles.
Discussion on `Characterization of 1-3 piezoelectric polymer composites - a numerical and analytical evaluation procedure for thickness mode vibrations' by C.V. Madhusudhana Rao, G. Prasad, Condens. Matter Phys., 2010, Vol.13, No.1, 13703
Y. Sun,Z. Li
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.5488/CMP.17.25001
Abstract: In the paper entitled "Characterization of 1-3 piezoelectric polymer composites - a numerical and analytical evaluation procedure for thickness mode vibrations", the dependence of the thickness electromechanical coupling coefficient on the aspect ratio of piezoceramic fibers is studied by finite element simulation for various volume fractions of piezoceramic fibers in a 1-3 composite. The accuracy of the results is questionable because the boundary condition claiming that `predefined displacements are applied perpendicularly on $C^+$ plane on all nodes' is not suitable for the analysis of 1-3 composite with comparatively large aspect ratio from 0.2 to 1. A discussion regarding this problem and the suggested corrections are presented in this paper.
A Sparse Semi-Blind Source Identification Method and Its Application to Raman Spectroscopy for Explosives Detection
Y. Sun,J. Xin
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: Rapid and reliable detection and identification of unknown chemical substances is critical to homeland security. It is challenging to identify chemical components from a wide range of explosives. There are two key steps involved. One is a nondestructive and informative spectroscopic technique for data acquisition. The other is an associated library of reference features along with a computational method for feature matching and meaningful detection within or beyond the library. Recently several experimental techniques based on Raman scattering have been developed to perform standoff detection and identification of explosives, and they prove to be successful under certain idealized conditions. However data analysis is limited to standard least squares method assuming the complete knowledge of the chemical components. In this paper, we develop a new iterative method to identify unknown substances from mixture samples of Raman spectroscopy. In the first step, a constrained least squares method decomposes the data into a sum of linear combination of the known components and a non-negative residual. In the second step, a sparse and convex blind source separation method extracts components geometrically from the residuals. Verification based on the library templates or expert knowledge helps to confirm these components. If necessary, the confirmed meaningful components are fed back into step one to refine the residual and then step two extracts possibly more hidden components. The two steps may be iterated until no more components can be identified. We illustrate the proposed method in processing a set of the so called swept wavelength optical resonant Raman spectroscopy experimental data by a satisfactory blind extraction of a priori unknown chemical explosives from mixture samples.
On Ratio Monotonicity of a New Kind of Numbers Conjectured by Z.-W. Sun
Brian Y. Sun
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Recently, Z. W. Sun put forward a series of conjectures on monotonicity of combinatorial sequences in the form of $\{z_n/z_{n-1}\}_{n=N}^\infty$ and $\{\sqrt[n+1]{z_{n+1}}/\sqrt[n]{z_n}\}_{n=N}^\infty$ for some positive integer $N$, where $\{z_n\}_{n=0}^\infty$ is a sequence of positive integers. Luca and St\u{a}nic\u{a}, Hou et al., Chen et al., Sun and Yang proved some of them. In this paper, we give an affirmative answer to monotonicity of another new kind of number conjectured by Z. W. Sun via interlacing method for log-convexity and log-concavity of a sequence, and we also use the criterion for log-concavity of a sequence in the form of $\{\sqrt[n]{z_n}\}_{n=1}^\infty$ due to Xia.
Some Ratio Monotonic Properties of a New Kind of Numbers introduced by Z.-W. Sun
Brian Y. Sun
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Recently, Z. W. Sun introduced a new kind of numbers $S_n$ and also posed a conjecture on ratio monotonicity of combinatorial sequences related to $S_n$. In this paper, by investigating some arithmetic properties of $S_n$, we give an affirmative answer to his conjecture. Our methods are based on a newly established criterion and interlacing method for log-convexity, and also the criterion for ratio log-concavity of a sequence due to Chen, Guo and Wang.
Strongly outer product type actions
Michael Y. Sun
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We show that for any countable discrete maximally almost periodic group $G$ and any UHF algebra $A$, there exists a strongly outer product type action $\alpha$ of $G$ on $A$. We also show the existence of countable discrete almost abelian group actions with a certain Rokhlin property on the universal UHF algebra. Consequently we get many examples of unital separable simple nuclear $C^*$-algebras with tracial rank zero and a unique tracial state appearing as crossed products.
Genomic Markers Reveal Introgressive Hybridization in the Indo-West Pacific Mangroves: A Case Study
Mei Sun,Eugenia Y. Y. Lo
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019671
Abstract: Biodiversity of mangrove ecosystems is difficult to assess, at least partly due to lack of genetic verification of morphology-based documentation of species. Natural hybridization, on the one hand, plays an important role in evolution as a source of novel gene combinations and a mechanism of speciation. However, on the other hand, recurrent introgression allows gene flow between species and could reverse the process of genetic differentiation among populations required for speciation. To understand the dynamic evolutionary consequences of hybridization, this study examines genomic structure of hybrids and parental species at the population level. In the Indo-West Pacific, Bruguiera is one of the dominant mangrove genera and species ranges overlap extensively with one another. Morphological intermediates between sympatric Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and Bruguiera sexangula have been reported as a variety of B. sexangula or a new hybrid species, B. × rhynchopetala. However, the direction of hybridization and extent of introgression are unclear. A large number of species-specific inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers were found in B. gymnorrhiza and B. sexangula, and the additive ISSR profiling of B. × rhynchopetala ascertained its hybrid status and identified its parental origin. The varying degree of scatterness among hybrid individuals in Principal Coordinate Analysis and results from NewHybrids analysis indicate that B. × rhynchopetala comprises different generations of introgressants in addition to F1s. High genetic relatedness between B. × rhynchopetala and B. gymnorrhiza based on nuclear and chloroplast sequences suggests preferential hybrid backcrosses to B. gymnorrhiza. We conclude that B. × rhynchopetala has not evolved into an incipient hybrid species, and its persistence can be explained by recurrent hybridization and introgression. Genomic data provide insights into the hybridization dynamics of mangrove plants. Such information can assist in biodiversity assessment by helping detect novel taxa and/or define species boundaries.
Influence of Al addition on the thermal stability and mechanical properties of Fe76.5-xCu1Si13.5b9Alx amorphous alloys
Sun Y.Y.,Song M.
Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, Section B : Metallurgy , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/jmmb110727009s
Abstract: This paper fabricated Fe76.5-xCu1Si13.5B9Alx (x=0,1,2,3,5,7 at.%) amorphous ribbons using singleroller melt-spinning method. The effect of Al content on the thermal stability and mechanical properties was investigated. The results indicated that Al addition have little effect on the amorphous formation ability of the alloys. On the other hand, increasing the Al content can substantially increase Tx2, which corresponds to the crystallization of Fe borides. Nanoindentation tests indicated that hardness of the alloys increase slightly with increasing the Al content, and Young’s modulus has a complicated relationship with the Al content.
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