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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 50966 matches for " Y. Gul "
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Effect of Capture Method on Hematological and Serum Biochemical Values of Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) in Turkey
Ayse Topal,Nihal Y. Gul,Kemal Yanik
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2010.1227.1231
Abstract: Hematological and serum biochemical values were measured in blood samples collected from ten adult red deer (Cervus elaphus) which were captured physically or by the use of a combination of xylazine/ketamine. The investigated hematological values were white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume and platelets count. The serum values of glucose, total bilirubin, Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, uric acid, cholesterol, Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides, Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT), Creatine Kinase (CK), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), amylase, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, Total Protein (TP), albumin and globulin were also measured. Heart and respiratory rates decreased in chemically captured animals, while rectal temperature did not fall in any group. The physically captured animals revealed significantly higher packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, glucose, triglycerides, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase than the chemically captured deer.
Isolation, Identification and Antibiotic Resistance Profile of Indigenous Bacterial Isolates from Urinary Tract Infection Patients
Nadia Gul,Talat Y. Mujahid,Samia Ahmad
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: Sixty-five bacterial strains were isolated from urine samples of patients suffering from urinary tract infection and identified by conventional methods. Eighty percent of total isolated organisms were found to be gram negative while remaining 20% were gram positive. Among gram negatives, E. coli and gram positive S. aureus and S. pyogene were the most prevalent organism. The percentage of gram negative isolates was as follows Escherichia coli (47.6%) followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (9.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (7.6%), Enterobacter aerogenes (6.1%), Proteus mirabilis and Serratia marcescens (4.6% each). The percentage of gram positive isolates includes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (4.6% each), Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis (3% each) and Staphylococcus saprophyticus (1.5%). The antibiotic resistance of identified organisms was carried out by disc-diffusion method with commercially available disc of fifteen antibiotics having different mode of actions such as cell wall synthesis inhibitors, membrane permeability alternatives, protein synthesis inhibitors and DNA synthesis inhibitors. Gram negatives showed more resistance to these antibiotics as compared to gram positive organisms. The most effective antibiotic for gram negative UTI isolates is gentamycin showing 69.2% efficacy, then sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SXT-TMP) with 55% efficacy and then kanamycin having 50% efficacy. Among gram positives, chloramphenicol is most effective with 84.6% efficacy, then ofloxacin and gentamycin with 76.9% efficacy and then norfloxacin with 69.2% efficacy.
EVALUATION OF APPARENT DIGESTIBILITY COEFFICIENTS OF DIFFERENT DIETARY PROTEIN LEVELS WITH AND WITHOUT FISH MEAL FOR LABEO ROHITA
Y. GUL, M. SALIM AND B. RABBANI
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2007,
Abstract: The apparent digestibility coefficients of three protein levels of reference diets (without fish meal) and test diets (with fish meal) were estimated for Labeo rohita. Three test diets (test diet-I, test diet-II and test diet-III) and three reference diets (reference diet-I, reference diet-II and reference diet-III) having 28, 30 and 32% protein levels were prepared. Chromic oxide was used as an internal marker in the experimental diets for the evaluation of digestibility of protein levels. The differences in apparent digestibility for dry matter, crude protein, crude fat and gross energy of reference and test diets were highly significant (P<0.01). The apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) of dry matter were 32.10 ± 0.30 and 35.30 ± 0.30% for reference and test diets -III. The ADCs of crude protein and crude fat were 77.92 ± 0.10, 69.23 ± 0.06 and 75.77 ± 0.05, 70.40 ± 0.22% for reference and test diets-III, respectively. The values of ADCs of gross energy were maximum for reference diet-III (52.28 ± 0.25%) and test diet-III (48.65 ± 0.78%). The ADCs of dry matter were 19.80 ± 1.40 and 18.15 ± 0.05% for reference and test diet-I. The ADCs of crude protein and crude fat were 73.93 ± 0.05, 68.43 ± 1.58 and 59.49 ± 1.13, 57.02 ± 2.42% for reference and test diet-I respectively. The ADCs values of gross energy were for reference diet-I (42.43 ± 0.36%) and test diet-I (39.09 ± 1.35%). The better ADCs for dry matter, crude protein, crude fat and gross energy were at 32% protein level.
Deterministic Transformations of Multipartite Entangled States with Tensor Rank 2
S. Turgut,Y. Gul,N. K. Pak
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.012317
Abstract: Transformations involving only local operations assisted with classical communication are investigated for multipartite entangled pure states having tensor rank 2. All necessary and sufficient conditions for the possibility of deterministically converting truly multipartite, rank-2 states into each other are given. Furthermore, a chain of local operations that successfully achieves the transformation has been identified for all allowed transformations. The identified chains have two nice features: (1) each party needs to carry out at most one local operation and (2) all of these local operations are also deterministic transformations by themselves. Finally, it is found that there are disjoint classes of states, all of which can be identified by a single real parameter, which remain invariant under deterministic transformations.
Feelings and Spiritual Practices of Patients with Mastectomy: A Qualitative Study from Turkey  [PDF]
Gul Pinar
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2012.325100
Abstract: Purpose: This study was conducted to describe feelings and spiritual practices of patients with mastectomy. Method: The study was employed a qualitative design at a private university hospital oncology unit in Ankara, Turkey. Interviews were performed with 20 mastectomized women. Results: The findings indicated that commonly used in several spiritual practices; prayer was used by 96%, of the patients, and 94% requested that others pray for their health, the practice to positive reframing (76%), the practice to planning for family-friends activities (74%), visiting mos-que-shrine (73%), and the practice to reading Quran (71%). The categorization of the data led to identification of three thematic units. The first we described as “Experiencing the consequences of illness as a disorder”. The second was “Restoring a sense of order to life”, and the third was “Living with the new condition”. Conclusion: We concluded that a having mastectomy was difficult for the subjects. In this respect, nurses’ role is vital to help women with breast cancer in such a difficult and modifying process as breast removal.
Simulation-Enhanced Interprofessional Education in Health Care  [PDF]
Gul Pinar
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.617189
Abstract: Using simulation-enhanced interprofessional education in health care increasingly refers to the development of team member. Collaborative teamwork in a simulated healthcare environment can contribute to increasing students’ understanding of professional roles and team building in clinical settings. Common objectives are developed for both teams that focused on safer care, effective communication, and implementation of appropriate decision-making in the management of patients. Studies highlight the benefits of social learning with peers, noting that collaboration enhances knowledge, especially when learners are responsive to the contributions of others. However, simulated interprofessional education presents many challenges that can impact teamwork opportunities. Additional research needs to be conducted to evaluate the most effective way to incorporate simulation in teamwork learning. The purpose of this study is to present a framework of IPE and specific recommendations to achieve competencies and address these challenges for IPE using simulation.
Severe Persistent Contagious Ecthyma Cases in Twin Goats
M. Issi,I. Gulacti,H. Bulut,Y. Gul
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2010.2477.2481
Abstract: In the present study, severe persistent orf cases affecting only twin kids following an orf outbreak in a flock is reported to contribute the discussions on severe persistent form of orf. Although, orf lesions occurred only around the mouth of most of kids of the flock of 230 hair goats, 12 twin kids had lesions around mouth, feet, eye lids and anus area. A 2 month old kid suspected of orf was admitted to the clinics of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Firat, Turkey. The kid was clinically examined and samples were collected for hematological and virological examinations. The results confimed the presence of severe persistent form of orf. In conclusion, the results may contribute to the discussions going on over the pathogenesis of the severe persistent form the disease.
Studies on the Antibacterial Effect of Different Fractions of Curcuma longa Against Urinary Tract Infection Isolates
Nadia Gul,Talat Y. Mujahid,Nayyar Jehan,Samia Ahmad
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: Curcuma longa belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, commonly known as turmeric. Antibacterial activity of ionic, oil, resins and ethanolic fractions of turmeric was checked against both gram positive and gram negative Urinary Tract Infection isolates. Sixty-five bacterial strains were isolated from urine of patients suffering from urinary tract infection and identified by conventional methods. Eighty percent of total isolated organisms were found to be gram negative while remaining 20% were gram positive. Ionic, resin and ethanolic fractions of turmeric were found to possessed antibacterial activity against S. saprophyticus, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, S. pyogenes, E. faecalis and B. subtilis while oil fraction exhibited no activity against the same organisms. No activity of any of the four fractions was found against gram negative isolates. The antibacterial activity of turmeric was also compared with fifteen standard antibiotics. Comparative study of turmeric fractions with standard antibiotics showed that ionic, resin and ethanolic fractions of turmeric are 100% effective against all tested gram positive organisms, which are resistant to most of the broad-spectrum antibiotics used.
EFFECT OF SOYBEAN MEAL, MAIZE GLUTEN 30% AND FEATHER MEAL ON THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND FEED CONVERSION RATIO OF HYBRID (LABEO ROHITA X CATLA CATLA) FINGERLINGS
S. NOREEN, M. SALIM, M. ZAHRA AND Y. GUL
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Growth performance and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of hybrid (Labeo rohita x Catla catla) fingerlings fed for six weeks on soybean meal, maize gluten 30% and feather meal were evaluated. The feed trails were replicated for each of the ingredients. The feed was supplied at the rate of 4% of wet body weight of fingerlings twice a day. The hybrid (Labeo rohita x Catla catla) fingerlings gained highest body weight (2.07 ± 0.01g) on maize gluten 30%, followed by feather meal (1.88 ± 0.04g) and soybean meal (1.66 ± 0.01g) and these values were significantly different from each other (p<0.05). The growth measured in terms of total length was significantly higher on maize gluten 30% (6.85 ± 0.04 cm) than feather meal (6.20 ± 0.05 cm) and soybean meal (6.15 ± 0.04 cm). The difference between the latter two groups was, however, non significant. FCR calculated for three ingredients was lower (better) on maize gluten 30% (1.90 ± 0.06), followed by feather meal (1.97 ± 0.04) and soybean meal (2.06 ± 0.08). The FCR value on maize gluten 30% was significantly better than soybean meal but non significantly different from feather meal. It was concluded that maize gluten 30% could be included in the feed formulation for fingerling hybrids.
Comparison of Profitableness between Tobacco and Some Products in Scope of Alternative Product Project
U. Gul,H. Arisoy,H. Sivuk,Y. Ataseven
Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty , 2009,
Abstract: Tobacco is fairly contributed Turkish economy through mainly export and tax revenues. It has been applied restriction policies of tobacco planting areas with “Tobacco Law” which was passed an act in 2002. Therefore, it has been given promotions to producers who produce loss of production instead of tobacco with Alternative Product Project which has been applied since 2002. It has been saw not enough to be adopted by producers in 11 provinces in 2002-2007. The big number of the producers which used project support by abandoning tobacco production have tended cereal cultivation. In fact, this information is clearly indicator at indecision for producers to product which is chosen instead of tobacco. The project will continue with 3 years by chancing supporting amount and limiting its scope with 9 provinces from 2008. It has been intended with this work to direct to producers which are seeking alternative products instead of tobacco. Therefore, profitableness levels of wheat, aspir and canola which will be alternative for tobacco has been analyzed. It has been used Absolute Profit and Relative Profit at the analyze phase. It has been found that the best alternative for tobacco is canola as a result of the study.
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