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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 120224 matches for " Xuelei Wang "
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Pseudo-Goldstone Bosons in Technicolor Models and the Phenomenology
Zhenjun Xiao,Xuelei Wang
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: In this report we present a review of recent developments in the TC/ETC theories, concentrating on the theoretical estimations and the phenomenological analysis about the Non-Oblique corrections on the $Zb\overline{b}$ vertex from ETC dynamics and Pseudo-Goldstone Bosons. The relevant studies about the vertex corrections on other processes from the PGBs were also considered.
Experimental Study on Indoor Thermal Stratification in Large Space by under Floor Air Distribution System (UFAD) in Summer  [PDF]
Xin Wang, Chen Huang, Weiwu Cao, Xuelei Gao, Wen Liu
Engineering (ENG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2011.34044
Abstract: A ventilation method of down-supply up-return has grown popular in large space in recent years for comfort ventilation with low thermal load, especially in China, including gymnasium, factory space, and exhibition hall, etc. The undisturbed flow pattern in the space gives a gradient in temperature, and the vertical thermal stratification appears markedly in large space. The object for this paper is to understand the behaviour of an under floor air distribution system in a ventilated space. The thermal stratification characteristics in a real UFAD experimental space were measured. The effects of different supply conditions on the thermal stratification characteristics are investigated based on the experimental results. The relations between space air stratification and the control parameter is predicted. It can be indicated that there are 4 zones composing the vertical thermal stratification. And different zone has different control parameter.
The production of the new gauge boson $B_{H}$ via $e^{-}\gamma$ collision in the littlest Higgs model
Wang, Xuelei;Jin, Zhenlan;Zheng, Qingguo
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007,
Abstract: The new lightest gauge boson $B_H$ with mass of a few hundred GeV is predicted in the littlest Higgs model. $B_H$ should be accessible in the planed ILC and the observation of such particle can strongly support the littlest Higgs model. The realization of $\gamma\gamma$ and $e\gamma$ collision will open a wider window to probe $B_H$. In this paper, we study the new gauge boson $B_{H}$ production processes $e^{-}\gamma\to e^{-}\gamma B_{H}$ and $e^{-}\gamma\to e^{-}Z B_{H}$ at the ILC. Our results show that the production cross section of the process $e^{-}\gamma\to e^{-}Z B_{H}$ is less than one fb in the most parameter spaces while the production cross section of the process $e^{-}\gamma\to e^{-}\gamma B_{H}$ can reach the level of tens fb and even hundreds of fb in the sizable parameter spaces allowed by the electroweak precision data. With the high luminosity, the sufficient typical signals could be produced, specially via $e^{-}\gamma\to e^{-}\gamma B_{H}$. Because the final electron and photon beams can be easily identified and the signal can be easily distinguished from the background produced by $Z$ and $H$ decaying, $B_H$ should be detectable via $e\gamma$ collision at the ILC. Therefore, the processes $e^{-}\gamma\to e^{-}\gamma B_{H}$ and $e^{-}\gamma\to e^{-}Z B_{H}$ provide a useful way to detect $B_{H}$ and test the littlest Higgs model.
Topology of large scale structure as test of modified gravity
Xin Wang,Xuelei Chen,Changbom Park
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/747/1/48
Abstract: The genus of the iso-density contours is a robust measure of the topology of large scale structure, and it is relatively insensitive to nonlinear gravitational evolution, galaxy bias and redshift-space distortion. We show that the growth of density fluctuations is scale-dependent even in the linear regime in some modified gravity theories, which opens a new possibility of testing the theories observationally. We propose to use the genus of the iso-density contours, an intrinsic measure of the topology of large scale structure, as a statistic to be used in such tests. In Einstein's general theory of relativity, density fluctuations are growing at the same rate on all scales in the linear regime, and the genus per comoving volume is almost conserved as structures are growing homologously, so we expect that the genus-smoothing scale relation is basically time-independent. However, in some modified gravity models where structures grow with different rates on different scales, the genus-smoothing scale relation should change over time. This can be used to test the gravity models with large scale structure observations. We studied the case of the f(R) theory, DGP braneworld theory as well as the parameterized post-Friedmann (PPF) models. We also forecast how the modified gravity models can be constrained with optical/IR or redshifted 21cm radio surveys in the near future.
Signatures of the neutral top-pion in $eγ$ collisions
Chongxing Yue,Hong Li,Xuelei Wang
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1142/S0217732302008836
Abstract: We calculate the contributions of the neutral top-pion $\pi_{t}^0$ to the process $e^-\gamma\to e^-\bar{t}c$ in the framework of topcolor-assisted technicolor(TC2) models and discuss the possible of detecting $\pi_t^0$ at the high energy linear $e^+e^-$ collider(LC). Our results show that $\pi_t^0$ can give significant contributions to this process. With reasonable values of the parameters in TC2 models, the cross section $\sigma$ can reach 0.19 fb which may be detected at the $e\gamma$ collisions based on the future LC experiments.
The associated productions of the new gauge boson $B_{H}$ in the littlest Higgs model with a SM gauge boson via $e^+e^-$ collision
Wang, Xuelei;Zeng, Qingguo;Jin, Zhenlan;Liu, Suzhen
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007,
Abstract: With the high energy and luminosity, the planned ILC has the considerable capability to probe the new heavy particles predicted by the new physics models. In this paper, we study the potential to discover the lightest new gauge boson $B_{H}$ of the littlest Higgs model via the processes $e^+e^- \to \gamma (Z)B_H$ at the ILC. The results show that the production rates of these two processes are large enough to detect $B_H$ in a wide range of the parameter space, specially for the process $e^+e^- \to \gamma B_H$. Furthermore, there exist some decay modes for $B_H$ which can provide the typical signal and clean background. Therefore, the new gauge boson $B_H$ should be observable via these production processes with the running of the ILC if it exists indeed.
The productions of the top-pions and top-Higgs associated with the charm quark at the hadron colliders
Xu, Wenna;Wang, Xuelei;Xiao, Zhen-jun
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-007-0331-6
Abstract: In the topcolor-assistant technicolor (TC2) model, the typical physical particles, top-pions and top-Higgs, are predicted and the existence of these particles could be regarded as the robust evidence of the model. These particles are accessible at the Tevatron and LHC, and furthermore the flavor-changing(FC) feature of the TC2 model can provide us a unique chance to probe them. In this paper, we study some interesting FC production processes of top-pions and top-Higgs at the Tevatron and LHC, i.e., $c\Pi_{t}^{-}$ and $c\Pi_{t}^{0}(h_{t}^{0})$ productions. We find that the light charged top-pions are not favorable by the Tevatron experiments and the Tevatron has a little capability to probe neutral top-pion and top-Higgs via these FC production processes. At the LHC, however, the cross section can reach the level of $10\sim 100$ pb for $c\Pi_t^-$ production and $ 10\sim 100$ fb for $c\Pi_t^0(h_t^0)$ production. So one can expect that enough signals could be produced at the LHC experiments. Furthermore, the SM background should be clean due to the FC feature of the processes and the FC decay modes $\Pi_t^-\to b\bar{c}, \Pi_t^0(h_t^0)\to t\bar{c}$ can provide us the typical signal to detect the top-pions and top-Higgs. Therefore, it is hopeful to find the signal of top-pions and top-Higgs with the running of the LHC via these FC processes.
Probing the lightest new gauge boson $B_H$ in the littlest Higgs model via the processes $\gamma\gamma \to f\bar{f}B_H$ at the ILC
Wang, Xuelei;Liu, Suzhen;Zeng, Qingguo;Jin, Zhenlan
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0253-6102/49/2/36
Abstract: The neutral gauge boson $B_H$ with the mass of hundreds GeV, is the lightest particle predicted by the littlest Higgs(LH) model, and such particle should be the first signal of the LH model at the planed ILC if it exists indeed. In this paper, we study some processes of the $B_H$ production associated with the fermion pair at the ILC, i.e., $\gamma\gamma\to f\bar{f}B_{H}$. The studies show that the most promising processes to detect $B_H$ among $\gamma\gamma\to f\bar{f}B_{H}$ are $\gamma\gamma\to l'^+l'^-B_{H}(l'=e,\mu)$, and they can produce the sufficient signals in most parameter space preferred by the electroweak precision data at the ILC. On the other hand, the signal produced via the certain $B_H$ decay modes is typical and such signal can be easily identified from the SM background. Therefore, $B_H$, the lightest gauge boson in the LH model would be detectable at the photon collider realized at the ILC.
A doping-free approach to carbon nanotube electronics and optoelectronics
Lian-Mao Peng,Zhiyong Zhang,Sheng Wang,Xuelei Liang
AIP Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4773222
Abstract: The electronic properties of conventional semiconductor are usually controlled by doping, which introduces carriers into the semiconductor but also distortion and scattering centers to the otherwise perfect lattice, leading to increased scattering and power consumption that becomes the limiting factors for the ultimate performance of the next generation electronic devices. Among new materials that have been considered as potential replacing channel materials for silicon, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been extensively studied and shown to have all the remarkable electronic properties that an ideal electronic material should have, but controlled doping in CNTs has been proved to be challenging. In this article we will review a doping-free approach for constructing nanoelectronic and optoelectronic devices and integrated circuits. This technique relies on a unique property of CNTs, i.e. high quality ohmic contacts can be made to both the conduction band and valence band of a semiconducting CNT. High performance nanoelectronic and optoelectronic devices have been fabricated using CNTs with this method and performance approach to that of quantum limit. In principle high performance electronic devices and optoelectronic devices can be integrated on the same carbon nanotube with the same footing, and this opens new possibilities for electronics beyond the Moore law in the future.
An apoA-I mimetic peptide facilitates off-loading cholesterol from HDL to liver cells through scavenger receptor BI
Xuelei Song, Paul Fischer, Xun Chen, Charlotte Burton, Jun Wang
International Journal of Biological Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic peptides have been pursued as new therapeutic agents for the treatment of atherosclerosis, yet their precise mechanism responsible for atheroprotection remains unclear. Like apoA-I itself, most of these peptides are capable of stimulating cholesterol efflux from macrophages or foam cells, and some of them stimulate lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity in the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) pathway. However, the ability of mimetic peptides to deliver cholesterol into hepatocytes (off-loading), the last step of the RCT pathway, has not been demonstrated. In this study, we compared a mimetic peptide D-4F to purified apoA-I, to address the role that mimetics play during the off-loading process. Both D-4F and apoA-I formed spherical nano-particles when reconstituted with cholesteryl ester and phospholipids. Compared to apoA-I, D-4F particles were 20 times more efficient in off-loading cholesterol to HepG2 hepatocytes with an apparent Kt (transport) of 0.74 μg/mL. Furthermore, D-4F also facilitated cholesteryl ester offloading from HDL particles into HepG2 cells when it was pre-incubated with these HDL particles. Using an inducible HEK293 cell line, we demonstrated that these nano-particles were able to be taken up through SR-BI, a HDL selective receptor. Cholesterol uptake by HepG2 cells was completely blocked by a neutralizing monoclonal antibody against SR-BI, demonstrating that D-4F particles, similar to HDL, specifically off-loaded cholesterol through SR-BI. Overall our data provides evidence that D-4F is capable of mimicking apoA-I to form HDL-like particles, and off-loads cholesterol for catabolism and excretion, thus completing RCT.
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