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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23970 matches for " Xucheng Jiang "
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A Study on Numerical Calculation Method of Small Cluster Density in Percolation Model  [PDF]
Xucheng Wang, Junhui Gao
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.48159
Abstract:
Percolation theory deals with the numbers and properties of the clusters formed in the different occupation probability. In this Paper, we study the calculation method of small clusters. We calcu-lated the small cluster density of 1, 2 and 3 in the percolation model with the exact method and the numerical method. The results of the two methods are very close, which can be verified by each other. We find that the cluster density of all three kinds of small clusters reaches the highest value when the occupation probability is between 0.1 and 0.2. It is very difficult to get the analytical formula for the exact method when the cluster area is relatively large (such as the area is more than 50), so we can get the density value of the cluster by numerical method. We find that the time required calculating the cluster density is proportional to the percolation area, which is indepen-dent of the cluster size and the occupation probability.
Decrease of Plasma Platelet-Activating Factor Acetylhydrolase Activity in Lipopolysaccharide Induced Mongolian Gerbil Sepsis Model
Junwei Yang,Jing Xu,Xiaoying Chen,Yixuan Zhang,Xucheng Jiang,Xiaokui Guo,Guoping Zhao
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009190
Abstract: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis, and the level of plasma PAF acetylhydrolase (pPAF-AH), which inactivates PAF, decreases in sepsis patients except for the sepsis caused by severe leptospirosis. Usually, increase of pPAF-AH activity was observed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Syrian hamster and rat sepsis models, while contradictory effects were reported for mouse model in different studies. Here, we demonstrated the in vivo effects of LPS upon the change of pPAF-AH activity in C57BL/6 mice and Mongolian gerbils. After LPS-treatment, the clinical manifestations of Mongolian gerbil model were apparently similar to that of C57BL/6 mouse sepsis model. The pPAF-AH activity increased in C57BL/6 mice after LPS induction, but decreased in Mongolian gerbils, which was similar to that of the human sepsis. It thus suggests that among the LPS-induced rodent sepsis models, only Mongolian gerbil could be used for the study of pPAF-AH related to the pathogenesis of human sepsis. Proper application of this model might enable people to clarify the underline mechanism accounted for the contradictory results between the phase II and phase III clinical trials for the administration of recombinant human pPAF-AH in the sepsis therapy.
Study on the Trend and Disease Burden of Injury Deaths in Chinese Population, 2004–2010
Lijuan Zhang, Zhiqiang Li, Xucheng Li, Jie Zhang, Liang Zheng, Chenghua Jiang, Jue Li
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085319
Abstract: Injuries are a growing public health concern in China, accounting for more than 30% of all Person Years of Life Lost (PYLL) due to premature mortality. This study analyzes the trend and disease burden of injury deaths in Chinese population from 2004 to 2010, using data from the National Disease Surveillance Points (DSPs) system, as injury deaths are classified based on the International Classification of Disease-10th Revision (ICD-10). We observed that injury death accounted for nearly 10% of all deaths in China throughout the period 2004–2010, and the injury mortality rates were higher in males than those in females, and higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Traffic crashes (33.79–38.47% of all injury deaths) and suicides (16.20–22.01%) were the two leading causes of injury deaths. Alarmingly, suicide surpassed traffic crashes as the leading cause of injury mortality in rural females, yet adults aged 65 and older suffered the greatest number of fatal falls (20,701 deaths, 2004–2010). The burden of injury among men (72.11%) was about three times more than that of women's (28.89%). This study provides indispensible evidence that China Authority needs to improve the surveillance and deterrence of three major types of injuries: Traffic-related injury deaths should be targeted for injury prevention activities in all population, people aged 65+ should be encouraged to take individual fall precautions, and prevention of suicidal behavior in rural females should be another key priority for the government of China.
Prediction of powder particle size during centrifugal atomisation using a rotating disk
Huiping Li and Xucheng Deng
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials , 2007,
Abstract: The centrifugal atomisation of metallic melts using a rotating disk is an important process for powder production and spray deposition. The theoretical prediction of powder particle size is desirable for the design of atomisers. In this paper, wave theory was applied to analyse the disintegration of metallic melts in the film disintegration regime during centrifugal atomisation using a rotating disk. A mathematical model was proposed to predict the spray parameters. The governing equation for the fastest-growing wave number was developed and solved numerically. The effect of the variation in film thickness during film extension was taken into account. Film length and powder particle size were calculated and compared with available experimental data in the literature, and a good agreement was achieved. The influence of the break-up parameter was studied, and it is shown that the break-up parameter is not sensitive to the predicted powder particle size. Both simulated results and experimental data showed that fine powders can be produced by increasing disk speed.
Serum Activity of Platelet-Activating Factor Acetylhydrolase Is a Potential Clinical Marker for Leptospirosis Pulmonary Hemorrhage
Junwei Yang,Yixuan Zhang,Jing Xu,Yan Geng,Xiaoying Chen,Hongliang Yang,Shengnian Wang,Hengan Wang,Xucheng Jiang,Xiaokui Guo,Guoping Zhao
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004181
Abstract: Pulmonary hemorrhage has been recognized as a major, often lethal, manifestation of severe leptospirosis albeit the pathogenesis remains unclear. The Leptospira interrogans virulent serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae serovar Lai encodes a protein (LA2144), which exhibited the platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity in vitro similar to that of human serum with respect to its substrate affinity and specificity and thus designated L-PAF-AH. On the other hand, the primary amino acid sequence of L-PAF-AH is homologous to the α1-subunit of the bovine brain PAF-AH isoform I. The L-PAF-AH was proven to be an intracellular protein, which was encoded unanimously and expressed similarly in either pathogenic or saprophytic leptospires. Mongolian gerbil is an appropriate experimental model to study the PAF-AH level in serum with its basal activity level comparable to that of human while elevated directly associated with the course of pulmonary hemorrhage during severe leptospirosis. Mortality occurred around the peak of pulmonary hemorrhage, along with the transition of the PAF-AH activity level in serum, from the increasing phase to the final decreasing phase. Limited clinical data indicated that the serum activity of PAF-AH was likely to be elevated in the patients infected by L. interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae, but not in those infected by other less severe serogroups. Although L-PAF-AH might be released into the micro-environment via cell lysis, its PAF-AH activity apparently contributed little to this elevation. Therefore, the change of PAF-AH in serum not only may be influential for pulmonary hemorrhage, but also seems suitable for disease monitoring to ensure prompt clinical treatment, which is critical for reducing the mortality of severe leptospirosis.
Some results of ruin probability for the classical risk process
He Yuanjiang,Li Xucheng,John Zhang
Advances in Decision Sciences , 2003, DOI: 10.1155/s1173912603000130
Abstract: The computation of ruin probability is an important problem in the collective risk theory. It has applications in the fields of insurance, actuarial science, and economics. Many mathematical models have been introduced to simulate business activities and ruin probability is studied based on these models. Two of these models are the classical risk model and the Cox model. In the classical model, the counting process is a Poisson process and in the Cox model, the counting process is a Cox process. Thorin (1973) studied the ruin probability based on the classical model with the assumption that random sequence followed the Γ distribution with density function f(x)=x1β−1β1βΓ(1/β)e−xβ, x>0, where β>1. This paper studies the ruin probability of the classical model where the random sequence follows the Γ distribution with density function f(x)=αnΓ(n)xn−1e−αx, x>0, where α>0 and n≥2 is a positive integer. An intermediate general result is given and a complete solution is provided for n=2. Simulation studies for the case of n=2 is also provided.
Effects of nitrogen fertilization on leaf photosynthesis and respiration of different drought-resistance winter wheat varieties
施氮对不同抗旱性冬小麦叶片光合与呼吸的调控

ZHANG Xucheng,SHANGGUAN Zhouping,
张绪成
,上官周平

应用生态学报 , 2006,
Abstract: .Under field condition, this paper measured the leaf gas exchange parameters and photosynthetic pigments content of different drought-resistance wheat varieties at all growth stages, with their responses to different nitrogen fertilization levels studied. The results showed that in treatment N_ 180 , the leaf G_s, P_n, and total photosynthetic pigments content of dry land varieties increased by 43.75%, 18.54% and 49.66%, while those of watered land varieties increased by 12.12%, 20.88% and 29.25%, respectively, compared with control. On the contrary, the respiration rate of dry land and watered land varieties decreased by 4.8% and 4.5%, respectively. Nitrogen supply accelerated the photosynthetic carbon assimilation, because the gas exchange capacity and photosynthetic pigments content increased while the respiration rate decreased with increasing nitrogen supply. The difference in photosynthetic capacity between different winter varieties was mainly dependent on non-stomatal factors. The dry land varieties had higher capacities of light energy absorption and photosynthetic carbon assimilation, because they had higher leaf photosynthetic pigments content but lower respiration rate. Compared with watered land varieties, dry land varieties had an 8.9% decrease of respiration rate and a 14.12% increase of P_n. At the same growth stage, the photosynthetic and respiration rates in the control varied consistently, while in treatments N_ 180 and N_ 360 , the photosynthetic rate increased but the respiration rate decreased. Nitrogen fertilization promoted the absorbed light energy allocating to the process of photosynthetic carbon assimilation. It could be concluded that nitrogen supply was favorable to the improvement of winter wheat drought-resistance, because it could improve leaf gas exchange capacity, increase leaf photosynthetic pigments content, and optimize the allocation of absorbed light energy.
Measurement of Spatial Distribution of Cold Atoms in An Integrating Sphere
Xucheng Wang,Huadong Cheng,Ling Xiao,Yanling Meng,Liang Liu,Yuzhu Wang
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper, we present an experiment to measure the spatial distribution of cold atoms in a ceramic integrating sphere. An quadrupole field is applied after the atoms are cooled by diffuse light produced in the ceramic integrating sphere, thus the shift of atomic magnetic sub-levels are position-dependent. We move the anti-Helmholtz coil horizontally while keeping the probe laser beam resonant with the cold atoms at the zero magnetic field. The absorption of the probe beam gives the number of cold atoms at different position. The results show that at the center of the integrating sphere, less atoms exist due to the leakage of diffuse light into the hole connecting to the vacuum pump. The method we developed in this paper is useful to detect cold atoms in a region where imaging is not possible.
The responses of photosynthetic energy use in wheat flag leaves to nitrogen application rates and light density under elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration
高大气CO2浓度下小麦旗叶光合能量利用对氮素和光强的响应

ZHANG Xucheng,YU Xianfeng,MA Yifan,SHANGGUAN Zhouping,
张绪成
,于显枫,马一凡,上官周平

生态学报 , 2011,
Abstract: 采用开顶式气室盆栽培养小麦,设计2个大气CO2浓度、2个光照强度和2个氮水平的组合处理,通过测定小麦叶片光合速率-胞间CO2浓度响应曲线和叶绿素荧光参数,来测算小麦叶片光化学速率、光合电子传递速率以及叶绿体磷酸丙糖利用效率(TPU)等参数,研究施氮量和光强对高大气CO2浓度下小麦旗叶光合能量传递与分配的影响,以阐明全球气候变化下植物光合能量分配对光合作用适应性下调的作用机制及其氮素调控。结果表明,大气CO2浓度升高后小麦叶片的光呼吸电子传递速率(J0)和Rubisco氧化速率(V0)显著下降;光合电子流的光化学传递速率(JC)、Rubisco羧化速率(VC)和TPU则明显升高,而且施氮后变化幅度加大;小麦叶片JC/JF(PSⅡ反应中心总电子流速率)和TPU/VC显著增加,经过PSⅡ反应中心的电子流更多地进入碳同化过程,表现较高的光合速率(Pn)。遮荫提高了叶片光化学速率和PSⅡ反应中心总电子流速率(JF),这一作用在低氮叶片尤为突出,但使得J0和V0明显升高,并显著降低JC/JF,所以Pn明显下降。正常光照条件下,增施氮素可提高小麦叶片的JF、JC、VC和TPU,并使高大气CO2浓度下J0和V0较正常大气CO2浓度处理显著降低,有效地提高了植物叶片对光能的利用效率;遮荫后高大气CO2浓度下小麦叶片JC、VC、TPU、JC/JF和TPU/VC显著高于正常大气CO2浓度处理,而且这一变化不受氮素水平的显著调节。因此,氮素在高大气CO2浓度下对小麦叶片光合能量利用的调节因光强而异,正常光照下可显著改善小麦叶片对光合能量的利用状况,而遮荫后这一作用减弱。
Comparison of the Water Quality between the Surface Microlayer and Subsurface Water in Typical Water Bodies in Sichuan  [PDF]
Jiang Yu
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.210101
Abstract: Investigation and assessment of water quality status in the surface microlayer (SML) and subsurface water (SSW) in several kinds of typical water bodies in Sichuan were carried out from May to June 2010.The results showed that N, P were enriched to some extent at SML in Xichi pool, Funan River and Longquan reservoir, which made concentrations of the indexes such as total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), chemical oxygen demand (COD)of SML be much higher than those of SSW (P<0.05), and the exceeding rates were up to 100%. The contents of TN,TP,COD of SML and SSW in Xichi pool, and Funan River exceeded III even Ⅳlevel of water quality standard, while these indexes in Longquan reservoir were lower than Ⅲ or Ⅱlevel of water quality standard. Though Chl. a mass concentration at SML and SSW in Funan River was prominently lower than those in Xichi pool and Longquan reservoir, according to the eutrophic evaluation standard, the water bodies of SML and SSW in Funan River and Xichi pool were in middle eutrophication, the highest index of eutrophication (E value) was up to 66.78, while there was light entuophic in Longquan reservoir, and there had obvious difference with E value and COD, TP, TN (P<0.05). This research shows that the water quality of Longquan reservoir is generally well. While Funan River is a middle eutrophication, and its pollution is more serious than Xichi pool, the two waters belong to national III even IV level, and SML has the capability of enrichment to the pollutants such as N, P.
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